Genesis 7

 

Genesis 7:1–24

The Historical Record of the Great Flood


These studies are designed for believers in Jesus Christ only. If you have exercised faith in Christ, then you are in the right place. If you have not, then you need to heed the words of our Lord, Who said, “For God so loved the world that He gave His only-begotten [or, uniquely-born] Son, so that every [one] believing [or, trusting] in Him shall not perish, but shall be have eternal life! For God did not send His Son into the world so that He should judge the world, but so that the world shall be saved through Him. The one believing [or, trusting] in Him is not judged, but the one not believing has already been judged, because he has not believed in the Name of the only-begotten [or, uniquely-born] Son of God.” (John 3:16–18). “I am the Way and the Truth and the Life! No one comes to the Father except through [or, by means of] Me!” (John 14:6).


Every study of the Word of God ought to be preceded by a naming of your sins to God. This restores you to fellowship with God (1John 1:8–10). If there are people around, you would name these sins silently. If there is no one around, then it does not matter if you name them silently or whether you speak aloud.


This is a collection of the weekly lessons of Genesis (HTML) (PDF) interspersed with the complete word-by-word exegesis of this chapter from the Hebrew with some information from Genesis (HTML) (PDF) thrown in. Furthermore, the examination of this chapter has been expanded with additional commentary as well. However, much of this material was thrown together without careful editing. Therefore, from time to time, there will be concepts and exegetical material which will be repeated, because there was no overall editing done once all of this material was combined. At some point in the future, I need to go back and edit this material and consider other source material as well.

 

One more thing: it is not necessary that you read the grey Hebrew exegesis tables. They are set apart from the rest of the study so that you can easily skip over them. Footnote However, if you ever doubt a translation of a phrase or a verse, these translation tables will tell you exactly where that translation came from.


This should be the most extensive examination of Gen. 7 available, where you will be able to examine in depth every word of the original text.


Outline of Chapter 7:

 

Introduction

 

         vv.     1–4           God’s Instructions to Noah

         vv.     5–9           Noah’s Obedience to God

         vv.    10–12         Overview of the Flood

         vv.    13–16         Noah, his Family, and the Animals all Enter the Ark

         vv.    17–20         The Flood

         vv.    21–23         What the Flood Destroyed; Noah and Company Were Saved in the Flood

         v.       24           The Flood Continues

 

Addendum


Charts, Maps and Short Doctrines:

 

         v.      12              The Flood Time Table

         v.      16              The Organization of Genesis 7

         v.      17              The Changing Conditions of the Earth

         v.      17              Theoretical Changing Conditions of the Earth

         v.      20              Robert Dean on Why the Noahic Flood was Worldwide

         v.      23              Fossil Evidence for Massive Animal Graveyards

         v.      24              Dean’s Lessons from the Deluge

         v.      24              Principle Features of the Biblical Record (a chart)

         v.      24              The Statistics of the Genesis Record and Heathen Flood Epics

         v.      24              Similarities between Genesis and Gilgamesh

         v.      24              In both the Genesis and Galgamesh stories...

         v.      24              Significant Differences Between Genesis and Epic of Gilgamesh

         v.      24              A Comparison Table of Genesis and Gilgamesh

         v.      24              Present-Day Earth Topography (a graphic)

 

         Addendum          Josephus’ History of this Time Period

         Addendum          Edersheim Summarizes Genesis 7

         Addendum          A Complete Translation of Genesis 7


Chapter Outline

 

Charts, Maps and Short Doctrines

Forward

Doctrines Covered and Alluded to

Chapters of the Bible Alluded To

Psalms Appropriately Exegeted with this Chapter

Other Chapters of the Bible Appropriately Exegeted with this Chapter

Definition of Terms

Introduction

Text

Addendum

www.kukis.org

 

Exegetical Studies in Genesis


Doctrines Covered

Doctrines Alluded To

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Chapters of the Bible Alluded To

 

 

 

 


Psalms Appropriately Exegeted with this Chapter

Psalm 29

 

 

 


Other Chapters of the Bible Appropriately Exegeted with this Chapter

 

 

 

 



Many who read and study this chapter are 1st or 2nd generation students of R. B. Thieme, Jr., so that much of this vocabulary is second nature. One of Bob’s contributions to theology is a fresh vocabulary along with a number of concepts which are theologically new or reworked, yet still orthodox. Therefore, if you are unfamiliar with his work, the definitions below will help you to fully understand all that is being said. In addition to this, I will use a number of other more traditional technical theological terms which will be used and therefore defined as well.

Definition of Terms

Client Nation

Client-Nation, is a national entity in which a certain number of spiritually mature Christians (the salt of the earth) have formed a pivot sufficient to sustain the nation and through which God specifically protects this nation so that believers can fulfill the divine mandates of evangelism, communication and custodianship of Bible doctrine, providing a haven for Jews, and sending missionaries abroad. The United States is a client-nation to God. A client nation must have freedom: Freedom to seek God, freedom to use one’s own volition and self-determination to succeed or fail, freedom from anarchy and tyranny, freedom for evangelism, freedom for believers to hear Bible teaching without government interference and, therefore, to grow spiritually, and freedom to send missionaries to other nations.

Cycles of Discipline (Stage of National Discipline)

A national entity which is a client nation to God is under both God’s protection and His discipline (much like the individual believer). As a nation moves further and further from God, God may impose disciplinary measures on that nation, which include economic disaster, illness, civil unrest, military defeat, and even invasion which may include a slavery or dispersion of the people. These cycles are found in Lev. 26. Although these warnings are designed for Israel, all client nations to God may face similar downward historical trends.

Fifth Cycle of Discipline (the 5th Stage of National Discipline)

The fifth cycle of discipline involves complete loss of personal and national sovereignty, the destruction of the family and the nation. Offerings to God are unacceptable. Nations which have undergone this destruction have experienced slavery, cannibalism, and the assimilation of its surviving citizens into other cultures.

Rebound (Restoration to fellowship with God)

In the New Testament, this is naming your sins to God, so that you are both restored to temporal fellowship with God and are then filled with the Spirit of God. In the Old Testament, naming your sins to God would result in a restoration of fellowship and, in some cases, the empowerment of the Holy Spirit once again (the Holy Spirit was not given to all Old Testament believers).

Some of these definitions are taken from

http://gracebiblechurchwichita.org/?page_id=1556

http://www.bibledoctrinechurch.org/?subpages/GLOSSARY.shtml

http://rickhughesministries.org/content/Biblical-Terms.pdf

http://www.gbible.org/index.php?proc=d4d

http://www.wordoftruthministries.org/termsanddefs.htm

http://www.realtime.net/~wdoud/topics.html

http://www.theopedia.com/


——————————


An Introduction to Genesis 7


I ntroduction: The first third of Gen. 6 was about the corruption of mankind, which was why God would destroy almost all life upon the earth. Gen. 6 was also about God speaking to Noah and Noah placing his faith in God and doing what he was directed to do.


Fallen angelic creation has had an opportunity to think about what it has done for centuries—perhaps millenniums—and when given the opportunity to come back to the earth, they have not learned a lesson, they have not reformed, they do not recognize God's power and righteousness. The sum total of their influence over the newly fallen world is one of corruption and violence. Only Noah—weak, humble Noah (this is in comparison to the angelic host on the earth) is righteous before God. His righteousness is observed by fallen and elect angels alike.


Gen. 8 will be the abatement of the waters. Gen. 7, the chapter which we have just begun, is all about the flood itself. All of Gen. 7 is devoted to the flood.


There are those—including Christians—who believe that this is just some story with the intent of teaching us something. If this is a teaching fable, then what exactly is it teaching? Why do we have 16 verses on entering the ark, the days numbered during which this flood occurs, and the death of all living things outside of the ark confirmed? As a real event, this tells us a lot about God, man, civilizations, the judgment of God, etc. As a teaching fable, it tells us very little. Surely you have heard various fables, like the goose that laid the golden eggs or the ant and the grasshopper (two fables very pertinent to today’s political climate). These fables have 2 things in common: (1) they are clearly fables and (2) what they teach is obvious. This history of Noah and the ark does not fit into the pattern of a teaching fable. It is not clearly a fable and what it teaches, if the Noahic narrative is false, is not obvious.


Have you ever heard a parent threaten his child with ridiculous threats {“If you kids don’t stop acting up, I am going to sell all of you to an orphanage”)? If Noah and the ark is some sort of a fable, then much of it is all about God threatening to do stuff that He is not ever going to do. If this flood is just astray to illustrate the surety of God’s judgment, then it comes off like the parent who makes ridiculous threats. In fact, this approach to Gen. 6–8 makes out God to be a liar, among other things. God becomes that parent threatening to drop off his children at an orphanage. This approach nullifies all that God is. He is no longer Truth; His Word means nothing; and His threats mean even less—if this is just some Bible fable.


This, in part, helps to explain why we live in such a perverted, evil and hurtful world. We live in a world where man makes decisions which are perverted, evil and hurtful—and we see the results of these decisions in crime and in war. We live in a world where Satan rules (2Cor. 4:4 Eph. 2:2); the outcome of his rulership is going to involve pain and misery. One of the best examples of this is Communist China. Mao had in his mind the perfect society as guided from the top; he had to quash human freedom in order to bring this to pass, which meant killing millions of people. I know a Chinese woman who adores Mao and does not believe that he could be a heartless killer. However, in order to impose his philosophy of government, he needed to get rid of those who did not see things his way.


My point here is, if there was no evil in the world and no pain and suffering, we would not recognize the real drama in which we find ourselves. God has to allow the cruelty of man from two theological perspectives: (1) God has given us free will; what sense does that make if He does not allow us to use it? (2) We need to know what and what we are as man, and where human viewpoint leads us. We know that nothing can be more cruel than man, and this ought to give us pause. If we recognize the inherent evil of man (and the inherent evil in ourselves), we are better prepared to be realistic about our lives.


If there was no real suffering in this world, and we hear the gospel of Jesus redeeming us from sin and death, we’d say, “We’re doing pretty well right now. Not interested.”


Or the old conundrum of people who are successful often pat themselves on the back because of their own brilliant choices; and those who are suffering blame God for their misery. At least these who blame God are thinking about Him.


Part of what we learn in the Bible is the surety of God’s judgment. We do not have to theorize that God will allow suffering; we see it every day. If God allows suffering here on earth, how much more so will He allow suffering after the final judgment? Furthermore, we want God to judge mankind at the end—we do not want Hitler and Stalin and Mao to just simply die, and that is it. They should pay for their gross evil.


If Noah and the ark and the worldwide flood is just some meaningless fable, how can we believe in the surety of God’s judgment? How can we believe that God will inevitably judge us? It makes little sense to teach that which is Christian truth, and to build it upon a foundation of made-up stories. Satanic doctrine is based upon lies, but not the Bible. The narratives of actual events is the basis for Bible doctrine. What sense does it make to develop spiritual and moral truth based upon a bunch of made-up stories?


Jesus will teach by parable, but it will be clear that these are parables. Furthermore, these parables, in order to have any meaning, are based upon common events in people’s lives, things which the listeners have actually participated in (unlike a worldwide flood). God the Holy Spirit also teaches us such things through His Word, but based upon actual historical events. When there is teaching which can occur, God the Holy Spirit records the events in order to teach us this or that principle. The narratives must be true in order for the spiritual lessons to have a solid foundation upon which truth can be built.


And, as we have already examined, with some detail, is that everything about this event is reasonable—the size and dimensions of the boat with respect to the number of animals aboard and with respect to being sea worthy in the first place. The length of days required for the earth to flood is going to be reasonable, just as will the time it takes for these waters to abate will be reasonable.


Furthermore, there are volumes of books written both supporting and denying the historicity of this event. On any given day, people are posting things on the internet about the flood—both for and against. Take any other deluge account from any culture, and there are people who comment on these other accounts and read about them, from time to time, but no one is arguing about them, and certainly not every single day. No one is writing books about other deluge accounts saying, “This just can’t be true, and here’s why.” No one is writing books about these other flood narratives saying, “Of course this makes sense, and here’s why...” But, in the book of Genesis, there is something to argue about—there is substance here. No other account of the flood is similar in that regard.


What is unique about most of Gen. 6–8 is, it is just too reasonable and it is just too possible. It is so reasonable and possible that men will write passionate books about how they don’t think it could have happened; and how they think it is nonsense and a fable. It is their passion and need to berate the details of this event which confirms to us that, maybe this is true; maybe the Noahic flood did occur, just exactly like the Bible tells us it did. These same people do not write, The Flood, Volume 2: Why the Akkadian Deluge Myth is False—they have no passion to write such a book and, besides, no one would read it. But, Gen. 6–8 concerns them; the Biblical record of the deluge gets them both engaged and vexed.


In Gen. 7, Noah and his family enter into the Ark, and then, after 7 days, it begins to rain—and it continues to rain for 40 days and the flood waters dominate the earth for another 150 days, and all life on land is destroyed by a worldwide flood.


——————————


Chapter Outline

Charts, Maps and Short Doctrines


God's Instructions to Noah


Slavishly literal:

 

Moderately literal:

And so says Yehowah to Noah, “Go, you and all your house, unto the ark, for you I have seen righteous to My faces in the generation the this.

Genesis

7:1

Then Yehowah said to Noah, “Come into the ark, you and your household, for I have observed you [to be] righteous before Me in this generation.

Then Jehovah said to Noah, “Come into the ark, you and all the members of your family, for I have observed you to be righteous before Me in this generation.


Here is how others have translated this verse:

 

Ancient texts:                       Note: I compare the Hebrew text to English translations of the Latin, Syriac and Greek texts, using the Douay-Rheims translation Footnote ; George Lamsa’s translation, and Sir Lancelot Charles Lee Brenton’s translation as revised and edited by Paul W. Esposito, respectively. I often update these texts with non-substantive changes (e.g., you for thou, etc.). I often use the text of the Complete Apostles’ Bible instead of Brenton’s translation, because it updates the English text.

 

The Septuagint was the earliest known translation of a book (circa 200 b.c.). Since this translation was made before the textual criticism had been developed into a science and because different books appear to be translated by different men, the Greek translation can sometimes be very uneven.

 

When there are serious disparities between my translation and Brenton’s (or the text of the Complete Apostles’ Bible), I look at the Greek text of the Septuagint (the LXX) to see if a substantive difference actually exists (and I reflect these changes in the English rendering of the Greek text). I use the Greek LXX with Strong’s numbers and morphology available for e-sword. The only problem with this resource (which is a problem for similar resources) is, there is no way to further explore Greek verbs which are not found in the New Testament. Although I usually quote the Complete Apostles’ Bible here, I have begun to make changes in the translation when their translation conflicts with the Greek and note what those changes are.

 

The Masoretic text is the Hebrew text with all of the vowels (vowel points) inserted (the original Hebrew text lacked vowels). We take the Masoretic text to be the text closest to the original. However, differences between the Masoretic text and the Greek, Latin and Syriac are worth noting and, once in a great while, represent a more accurate text possessed by those other ancient translators.

 

In general, the Latin text is an outstanding translation from the Hebrew text into Latin and very trustworthy (I say this as a non-Catholic). Unfortunately, I do not read Latin—apart from some very obvious words—so I am dependent upon the English translation of the Latin (principally, the Douay-Rheims translation).

 

Underlined words indicate differences in the text.

 

Bracketed portions of the Dead Sea Scrolls are words, letters and phrases lost in the scroll due to various types of damage. Underlined words or phrases are those in the Dead Sea Scrolls but not in the Masoretic text.

 

The Targum of Onkelos is actually the Pentateuchal Targumim, which are The Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan Ben Uzziel. On the Pentateuch With The Fragments of the Jerusalem Targum From the Chaldee by J. W. Etheridge, M.A. Take from http://targum.info/targumic-texts/pentateuchal-targumim/ and first published in 1862.

 

Targum of Onkelos                And the Lord said to Noah, Enter, thou, and every one of thy house, into the ark; for thee have I seen righteous before me in this generation.

Latin Vulgate                          And the Lord said to him: Go in, thou and all thy house, into the ark: for thee I have seen just before me in this generation.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And so says Yehowah to Noah, “Go, you and all your house, unto the ark, for you I have seen righteous to My faces in the generation the this.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    THEN God said to Noah, Enter into the ark; you and all your household, for you alone have I seen righteous before me in this generation.

Septuagint (Greek)                And the Lord God said to Noah, Enter therefore, you and all your family, into the ark, for I have seen that you are righteous before Me in this generation.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           The Lord said to Noah, "Go into the ark with your whole household, because among this generation I've seen that you are a moral man.

Contemporary English V.       The LORD told Noah: Take your whole family with you into the boat, because you are the only one on this earth who pleases me.

Easy English                          God saves Noah from the flood, 7:1-24

Then the *Lord said to Noah, `Go into the *ark and take all your family with you. I have seen that you alone are good among those that are living now.

Easy-to-Read Version            Then the Lord said to Noah, “I have seen that you are a good man, even among the evil people of this time. So gather your family and all of you go into the boat.

Good News Bible (TEV)         The LORD said to Noah, "Go into the boat with your whole family; I have found that you are the only one in all the world who does what is right.

The Message                         Next GOD said to Noah, "Now board the ship, you and all your family--out of everyone in this generation, you're the righteous one.

New Berkeley Version           The Lord said to Noah: come into the ark, you and your whole family, because you alone in this entire generation have I found upright in My presence.

New Century Version             The Flood Begins

Then the Lord said to Noah, "I have seen that you are the best person among the people of this time, so you and your family can go into the boat.

New Life Bible                                                              The Flood

Then the Lord said to Noah, "Go into the boat, you and all your family. For I have seen that you only are right and good at this time.

New Living Translation           The Flood Covers the Earth

When everything was ready, the Lord said to Noah, "Go into the boat with all your family, for among all the people of the earth, I can see that you alone are righteous.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          Then Jehovah God said to Noah: 'Now, you and your family must go into the chest, because I have found [just] you to be righteous among this generation.

Beck’s American Translation “You and your whole family,” the LORD told Noah, “go into the ark, because I have seen how righteous you are before Me among the people of today.

God’s Word                         The LORD said to Noah, "Go into the ship with your whole family because I have seen that you alone are righteous among the people of today.

New American Bible              Then the LORD said to Noah: Go into the ark, you and all your household, for you alone in this generation have I found to be righteous before me. 2Peter 2:5

NIRV                                      Then the Lord said to Noah, "Go into the ark with your whole family. I know that you are a godly man among the people of today.

New Jerusalem Bible             Yahweh said to Noah, 'Go aboard the ark, you and all your household, for you alone of your contemporaries do I see before me as an upright man.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      Yahweh said to Noah, "You come into the box, you and all your house, for I see your righteousness in front of me in this generation.

Bible in Basic English             And the Lord said to Noah, Take all your family and go into the ark, for you only in this generation have I seen to be upright.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 Noah Ordered to Enter the Ark or Ship

Afterwards, the Lord said to Noah, “Go yourself and all your household into the ark, for I have seen that you have been righteous in the face of this generation.

HCSB                                     Then the LORD said to Noah, "Enter the ark, you and all your household, for I have seen that you alone are righteous before Me in this generation.

New Advent Bible                  And the Lord said to him: Go in, you and all your house, into the ark: for you I have seen just before me in this generation.

NET Bible®                             The LORD said to Noah, "Come into the ark, you and all your household, for I consider you godly among this generation [Heb "for you I see [as] godly before me in this generation." The direct object ("you") is placed first in the clause to give it prominence. The verb "to see" here signifies God's evaluative discernment.]. When it comes to making an actual material change to the text, the NET Bible® is pretty good about indicating this. Since most of these corrections will be clear in the more literal translations below and within the Hebrew exegesis itself, I will not continue to list every NET Bible® footnote.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

The Amplified Bible                And the Lord said to Noah, Come with all your household into the ark, for I have seen you to be righteous (upright and in right standing) before Me in this generation.

Concordant Literal Version    And saying is Yahweh Elohim to Noah, "Come, you and all your household, into the ark, for you I see righteous before Me in this generation.

Context Group Version          And YHWH said to Noah, Come you and all your house into the ark; for you have been vindicated before me in this generation.

NASB                                     Then the Lord said to Noah, "Enter the ark, you and all your household, for you alone I have seen to be righteous before Me in this time [Lit generation].

Syndein/Thieme                     {Verses 1-9: Noah's obedience to God - based on Divine Invitation}

Then Jehovah/God said {'amar} unto Noah, "Come into the ark {picture of salvation - Jesus says 'Come all ye to Me}, with all your household, for you alone have I found righteous {tsaddiyq} before Me in this generation.".

World English Bible                Yahweh said to Noah, "Come with all of your household into the ark, for I have seen your righteousness before me in this generation.

Young’s Updated LT             And Jehovah says to Noah, “Come in, you and all your house, unto the ark, for you I have seen righteous before Me in this generation.

 

The gist of this verse:          God begins to give instructions to Noah about going into the ark.


Genesis 7:1a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

ʾâmar (אָמַר) [pronounced aw-MAHR]

to say, to speak, to utter; to say [to oneself], to think

3rd person masculine singular, Qal imperfect

Strong’s #559 BDB #55

YHWH (יהוה) [pronunciation is possibly yhoh-WAH]

transliterated variously as Jehovah, Yahweh, Yehowah

proper noun

Strong’s #3068 BDB #217

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to

directional/relational preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #510

Nôach (נֹחַ) [pronounced NOH-ahkh]

rest, repose; consolation; transliterated Noah

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5146 BDB #629


Translation: Then Yehowah said to Noah,... Interestingly enough, we do not have the oft used preposition unto, which generally suggests some formality or respect. The fact that God will say this to Noah and begin with an imperative suggests that there is a time element to all of this; this is, he needs to get his butt in gear.


Genesis 7:1b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

bôwʾ (בּוֹא) [pronounced boh]

come [in], go [in], enter, advance

2nd person masculine singular, Qal imperative

Strong’s #935 BDB #97

ʾattâh (אַתָּה) [pronounced aht-TAW]

you (often, the verb to be is implied)

2nd person masculine singular, personal pronoun

Strong’s #859 BDB #61

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

every, each, all of, all; any of, any

masculine singular construct not followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

bayith (בַּיִת) [pronounced BAH-yith]

house, residence; household, habitation as well as inward

masculine singular noun with the 2nd person masculine singular suffix

Strong's #1004 BDB #108

ʾel (אֶל) [pronounced ehl]

unto; into, among, in; toward, to; against; concerning, regarding; besides, together with; as to

directional preposition (respect or deference may be implied)

Strong's #413 BDB #39

têbâh (תֵּבָה) [pronounced tayb-VAW]

an ark, a chest

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong’s #8392 BDB #1061


Translation:...“Come into the ark, you and your household,... The first two words that God says to Noah are, “Go, you.” This sounds quite urgent. God orders Noah and all of his family into the ark.


Genesis 7:1c

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

kîy (כִּי) [pronounced kee]

for, that, because; when, at that time, which, what time

explanatory or temporal conjunction; preposition

Strong's #3588 BDB #471

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

you; untranslated mark of a direct object; occasionally to, toward

affixed to a 2nd person masculine singular suffix

Strong's #853 BDB #84

râʾâh (רָאָה) [pronounced raw-AWH]

to see, to look, to look at, to view, to behold; to observe; to perceive, to understand, to learn, to know

1st person singular, Qal perfect

Strong's #7200 BDB #906

tsaddîyq (צַדִּיק) [pronounced tsahd-DEEK]

just, righteous, justified, vindicated; absolute or perfect righteousness [if applied to God]

adjective, often used as a substantive

Strong’s #6662 BDB #843

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to

directional/relational preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #510

pânîym (פָּנִים) [pronounced paw-NEEM]

face, faces countenance; presence

masculine plural noun (plural acts like English singular); with the 1st person singular suffix

Strong’s #6440 BDB #815

Together, they mean before me, before my face, in my presence, in my sight, in front of me.


Translation: ...for I have observed you [to be] righteous before Me... God explains why Noah is to enter the ark; he is to enter the ark because he is righteous before God. At this point in time, in Genesis, we don’t know exactly what righteousness is; however, this will be further defined in Gen. 15:6: And Abraham had believe Yehowah and it was credited to his account as righteousness. The key has always been faith. Obviously Noah believed God; he spent that past 120 years building this ark, which stood as a testament to God’s perfection and God’s omniscience. Who believed God? Noah and his family alone. We do not seem to have anyone else watching and saying, “Hey, take us with you.”


At this point in time, there is not rain; there is probably not a cloud in the sky, but there are probably observers who come by to watch the show. No doubt they holler out and make fun of what Noah and his family are doing. However, it is also clear that, despite all of the violence on the earth, God did not allow anyone to lift a hand against Noah or against any of his family members.


It says that Noah is observed to be righteous. What is suggested here is, Noah has experiential righteousness. That is, he believed in Jesus Christ, but then, he is also acting on this faith. However, Noah cannot do this on his own. His sons are acting in concert with him to both build the ark and to collect the animals and food.


Noah and his family had all believed in Jehovah Elohim. They placed their trust in Him. This is what makes them righteous (Gen. 15:6). The verb here is the Qal perfect of the common verb to see. A Qal imperfect would have indicated that God watched over Noah for a long while and determined that he was righteous in his daily life. However, the Qal perfect is a completed action, not an ongoing action; implying that Noah was righteous at some point in time (when he believed in Jehovah Elohim). In other words, Noah’s righteousness was a completed event, not an ongoing process.


The demonic infiltration of the rest of the human race was a result of their own free will choices and their negative volition toward Jehovah Elohim. Throughout, the Bible clearly teaches free will, for man and angels; and, therefore, this quality of being a free moral agent reasonably extends to those who are half and half.


As we have seen in the previous chapter, Noah is both righteous (justified by faith in Jehovah Elohim) and that he walks with God (he is maturing spiritually). Furthermore, Noah had not been corrupted (Gen. 6:9). This impacts his family.


Genesis 7:1d

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

dôwr (דּוֹר) [pronounced dohr]

generation; race; people; age, period, time period [of a generation], a time slice

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong’s #1755 BDB #189

zeh (זֶה) [pronounced zeh]

here, this, this one; thus; possibly another

masculine singular demonstrative adjective with a definite article

Strong’s #2088, 2090 (& 2063) BDB #260


Translation: ...in this generation. This could also be rendered, in this time period or among this people or in this age.


Gen 7:1 And Jehovah said to Noah, “You and all your house come into the ark, for I have observed [lit., seen] you righteous before Me in this generation.


One of the very important doctrines of the Bible is blessing by association, and here we find this doctrine hinted at; Noah, who is justified before God, will be saved (delivered), along with his house—God says to Noah, “You and all your house come into the ark, for I have observed [lit., seen] you righteous before Me in this generation.” (house is a metonym for his family). We have a parallel passage in the New Testament: And the jailer called for lights and rushed in, and trembling with fear he fell down before Paul and Silas. Then he brought them out and said, "Sirs, what must I do to be saved?" And they said, "Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved, you and your household." (Acts 16:29–31). The salvation of this jailer would impact his family.


God continues to give Noah direction. The ark is built, the rain will soon come, so God gives Noah the final few instructions before the deluge.


——————————


From all the beast the clean you will take to you seven a seven a man and his woman; and from the beast that she [is] not clean, two, a man and his woman.

Genesis

7:2

From all of the clean beasts, you will take for yourself seven pairs, a male and his female; and from the beasts which [are] not clean, a pair, a male and his female.

From all the clean animals, you will take seven males and seven females; and from the unclean land animals, you will take a pair of them—one male and one female.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                Of all clean cattle take thou seven by seven, male and female, and of all cattle not clean, two (and two), male and female.

Latin Vulgate                          Of all clean beasts take seven and seven, the male and the female. The Latin takes the second half of this verse and places it with v. 3, which makes a lot of sense.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        From all the beast the clean you will take to you seven a seven a man and his woman; and from the beast that she [is] not clean, two, a man and his woman.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    Of all clean animals you shall take with you seven pairs, both males and females; and of the beasts that are not clean two pairs, males and females.

Septuagint (Greek)                You shall take with you seven each of every clean animal, male and female, and of the unclean animals take two each, male and female.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Contemporary English V.       Take seven pairs of every kind of animal that can be used for sacrifice and one pair of all others.

Easy English                          Take 7 pairs of all *clean animals with you. So there will be seven males and their mates. Take one male and one female from each kind of *unclean anima.

Easy-to-Read Version            Get seven pairs (seven males and seven females) of every kind of clean animal [Birds and animals that God said could be used for sacrifices.]. And get one pair (one male and one female) of every other animal on the earth. Lead all these animals into the boat with you.

Good News Bible (TEV)         Take with you seven pairs of each kind of ritually clean animal, but only one pair of each kind of unclean animal.

The Message                         "Take on board with you seven pairs of every clean animal, a male and a female; one pair of every unclean animal, a male and a female;...

New Life Bible                        Take with you seven of every clean animal of each sex, and one of each sex of the animals that are unclean.

New Living Translation           Take with you seven pairs-male and female-of each animal I have approved for eating and for sacrifice [Hebrew of each clean animal; similarly in 7:8.], and take one pair of each of the others.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          Take the clean cattle in with you by sevens (males and females), and bring in pairs of unclean cattle (males and females).

Christian Community Bible     Of all the clean animals, you are to take with you seven of each kind, male and female, and a pair of unclean animals, a male and a female.

God’s Word                         Take with you seven pairs of every kind of clean animal (a male and a female of each) and one pair of every kind of unclean animal (a male and a female).

New Simplified Bible              »Take with you seven of every kind of clean animal, a male and its mate, and two of every kind of unclean animal, a male and its mate.

Revised English Bible            Take with you seven pairs, a male and female, of all beasts that are ritually clean, and one pair, a male and female, of all beasts that are not clean;...

Today’s NIV                          Take with you seven pairs of every kind of clean animal, a male and its mate, and one pair of every kind of unclean animal, a male and its mate,...


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      Take all your clean animals seven by seven, men and women. For animals that are not clean it's by two, men and women.

Bible in Basic English             Of every clean beast you will take seven males and seven females, and of the beasts which are not clean, two, the male and his female;...

Complete Jewish Bible           Of every clean animal you are to take seven couples, and of the animals that are not clean, one couple;...

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 Take with you of all clean cattle seven, male and female, and of beasts which are unclean two of them, a male and a female.

HCSB                                     You are to take with you seven pairs, a male and its female, of all the clean animals, and two of the animals that are not clean, a male and its female,...

New Advent Bible                  Of all clean beasts take seven and seven, the male and the female.

NET Bible®                             You must take with you seven [Or "seven pairs" (cf. NRSV).] of every kind of clean animal [For a study of the Levitical terminology of "clean" and "unclean," see L. E. Toombs, IDB 1:643.], the male and its mate [Heb "a male and his female" (also a second time at the end of this verse). The terms used here for male and female animals (אִישÑ, 'ish) and אִשÑָּה, 'ishah) normally refer to humans.], two of every kind of unclean animal, the male and its mate,...


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

American KJV                        Of every clean beast you shall take to you by sevens, the male and his female: and of beasts that are not clean by two, the male and his female.

The Amplified Bible                Of every clean beast you shall receive and take with you seven pairs, the male and his mate, and of beasts that are not clean a pair of each kind, the male and his mate,...

 

oncordant Literal Version       Of every clean beast you are to take to you seven by seven, the sire and his dam, and of the beast which is not clean, of it a pair, the sire and his dam.

English Standard Version      Take with you seven pairs of all clean animals, the male and his mate, and a pair of the animals that are not clean, the male and his mate,...

exeGeses companion Bible   Of every pure animal take to you seven by seven,

the man and his woman:

and of animals that are not pure by two,

the man and his woman.

Syndein                                  {Obedience based on Divine Instruction}

Of every clean animal you shall take seven pairs, males and their mates {7 pair of clean animals - these are used in sacrifice to God}, and of every animal that is not clean, two, a male and their mates {2 pair of unclean animals},...

World English Bible                You shall take seven pairs of every clean animal with you, the male and his female. Of the animals that are not clean, take two, the male and his female.

Young’s Updated LT             Of all the clean beasts you will take to you seven pairs, a male and its female; and of the beasts which are not clean two, a male and its female;...

 

The gist of this verse:          God tells Noah which type of animals and how many of each he is to bring on board the ark.


Genesis 7:2a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

min (מִן) [pronounced min]

from, off, out from, of, out of, away from, on account of, since, than, more than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

the whole, all of, the entirety of, all; can also be rendered any of

masculine singular construct followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

Literally, they mean from all... However, together, various literal translations give the following renderings: about all, of all (1Sam. 23:23); over all, more than all, above all (Gen. 3:14).

behêmâh (בְּהֵמָה) [pronounced behay-MAW]

beasts [a collective of all animals]; mammal (s), beast, animal, cattle, livestock [domesticated animals]; wild beasts

feminine singular noun often used in the collective sense; with the definite article

Strong’s #929 BDB #96

ţâhôwr (טָהוֹר) [pronounced taw-BOHR]

clean, ceremonially clean; pure,, unmixed, unalloyed, physically pure (like pure gold); clean [of a garment, as opposed to filthy]

feminine singular adjective with the definite article

Strong’s #2889 & #2890 BDB #373

lâqach (לָקַח) [pronounced law-KAHKH]

to take, to take away, to take in marriage; to seize

2nd person masculine singular, Qal imperfect

Strong’s #3947 BDB #542

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to

directional/relational preposition with the 2nd person masculine singular suffix

No Strong’s # BDB #510

shibeʿâh (שִבְָה) [pronounced shibve-ĢAW]

seven

numeral feminine sometimes used as a substantive

Strong's #7651 BDB #987

shibeʿâh (שִבְָה) [pronounced shibve-ĢAW]

seven

numeral feminine sometimes used as a substantive

Strong's #7651 BDB #987


Translation: From all of the clean beasts, you will take for yourself seven pairs,... First of all, we know that there has been a designation of clean animals and unclean animals, even though such a differentiation has not been recorded in Scripture at this time. All we know about this is suggested in the Mosaic Law; but based upon this passage, it makes sense that these extra animals were used to populate the animal kingdom more quickly, as well as for animal sacrifices


Literally, this reads: From each of the clean beast, you will take to yourself seven, seven... Matching this with what comes next suggests that Noah was to take seven males and seven females of each kind of clean animal.


Genesis 7:2b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

ʾîysh (אִיש) [pronounced eesh]

a man, a husband; anyone; a certain one; each, each one, everyone

masculine singular noun (sometimes found where we would use a plural)

Strong's #376 BDB #35

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾîshshâh (אִשָּה) [pronounced eesh-SHAW]

woman, wife

feminine singular noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong's #802 BDB #61


Translation: ...a male and his female;... Since this reads, a man and his woman, we are dealing with mated pairs of animals.


One of the things which we find in Gen. 7:2 (and often not translated) is the phrase, the man and his woman as applied to animals (that is the literal rendering from the Hebrew). The implication is, God even designed a system of right man/right woman in the animal kingdom. There was the ʾish and the ʾishshah. Although this system does not survive the entire animal kingdom, there are still certain species which often mate for life.


Genesis 7:2c

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

min (מִן) [pronounced min]

from, off, out from, of, out of, away from, on account of, since, than, more than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

behêmâh (בְּהֵמָה) [pronounced behay-MAW]

beasts [a collective of all animals]; mammal (s), beast, animal, cattle, livestock [domesticated animals]; wild beasts

feminine singular noun often used in the collective sense; with the definite article

Strong’s #929 BDB #96

ʾăsher (אֲֹשֶר) [pronounced uh-SHER]

that, which, when, who, whom

relative pronoun

Strong's #834 BDB #81

lôʾ (לֹא or לוֹא) [pronounced low]

not, no

negates the word or action that follows; the absolute negation

Strong’s #3808 BDB #518

ţâhôwr (טָהוֹר) [pronounced taw-BOHR]

clean, ceremonially clean; pure,, unmixed, unalloyed, physically pure (like pure gold); clean [of a garment, as opposed to filthy]

feminine singular adjective

Strong’s #2889 & #2890 BDB #373

hîyʾ (הִיא) [pronounced hee]

she, it; also used as a demonstrative pronoun: that, this (one)

3rd person feminine singular, personal pronoun; sometimes the verb is, is implied

Strong’s #1931 BDB #214


Translation: ...and from the beasts which [are] not clean,... This is quite difficult to give a literal translation to. In order to keep the definite article with beast, we would translate it as a plural noun, which then, is not longer compatible with the personal pronoun she (which is in agreement with the noun beast, mammal).


This is also the first time the Bible distinguishes between clean and unclean animals. Since God had not yet designated animals for food, the difference between clean and unclean must have been associated with which animals were sacrificed to God and which were not.


Genesis 7:2d

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

shenayîm (שְנַיִם) [pronounced shen-AH-yim]

two, a pair; a second [time]; again; a repetition, a repeating; cognate of a verb which means to repeat

dual numeral substantive

Strong’s #8147 BDB #1040

ʾîysh (אִיש) [pronounced eesh]

a man, a husband; anyone; a certain one; each, each one, everyone

masculine singular noun (sometimes found where we would use a plural)

Strong's #376 BDB #35

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾîshshâh (אִשָּה) [pronounced eesh-SHAW]

woman, wife

feminine singular noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong's #802 BDB #61


Translation: ...a pair, a male and his female. Of the uncleaned land animals, Noah was to take one pair, a male and a female.


Gen 7:2 You shall take with you every clean animal by sevens, the male and his female. And take two of the animals that are not clean, the male and his female [literally, the man and his woman].


We are given scant information as to the spiritual life before the flood. God did speak to Adam and Eve after the fall, as well as to Cain and Abel. However, there did come a point where man began to call on the name of the Lord. We don’t know if God generally removed His presence at that time or very nearly fully removed it. However, it is certain that animal sacrifices were a necessary spiritual function of that time, as they looked forward to Jesus Christ. It was a ritual which found is reality (its fulfillment) in the death of Jesus on the cross.


——————————


Also from bird of the [two] heavens, [you will take] seven a seven, a male and a female, to keep alive seed upon faces of all the earth.

Genesis

7:3

Also [you will take] from the birds of the skies, seven males and seven females, to preserve [their] seed on the face of the earth.

Also, you will take from the birds of the skies, seven males an seven females, in order to preserve their various species on the face of the earth.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                But of birds of the heaven, seven by seven, male and female, to preserve from them seed upon the earth.

Latin Vulgate                          But of the beasts that are unclean two and two, the male and the female. Of the fowls also of the air seven and seven, the male and the female: that seed may be saved upon the face of the whole earth. The Latin combined a bit of v. 2 with v. 3

Masoretic Text (Hebrew) 

Peshitta (Syriac)                    Likewise, of the fowls of the air that are clean seven pairs, both males and the females; to keep their posterity alive upon the face of the earth.

Septuagint (Greek)                And also seven each of the clean flying creatures of the sky, male and female, and also pairs of all unclean flying creatures, male and female, to maintain seed on all the earth.

Brenton’s Septuagint             And of clean flying creatures of the sky sevens, male and female, and of all unclean flying creatures pairs, male and female, to maintain seed on all the earth.

 

Significant differences:           In the Greek, there is a preservation of 7 pairs of clean flying animals, a one pair of the unclean flying animals.


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Contemporary English V.       Also take seven pairs of every kind of bird with you. Do this so there will always be animals and birds on the earth.

Easy English                          Take seven pairs (male and female) of every bird that flies in the air. So then you will keep each kind of bird alive on the earth.

Easy-to-Read Version            Get seven pairs (seven males and seven females) of all the birds. This will allow all these animals to continue living on the earth after the other animals are destroyed.

Good News Bible (TEV)         Take also seven pairs of each kind of bird. Do this so that every kind of animal and bird will be kept alive to reproduce again on the earth.

The Message                         ...and seven pairs of every kind of bird, a male and a female, to insure their survival on Earth.

New Century Version             Take seven pairs of all the birds of the sky, each male with its female. This will allow all these animals to continue living on the earth after the flood.

New Life Bible                        And take with you seven of every kind of bird of the sky of each sex, to keep their kind alive over all the earth.

New Living Translation           Also take seven pairs of every kind of bird. There must be a male and a female in each pair to ensure that all life will survive on the earth after the flood.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          And [do the same with] the winged creatures of the sky. bring in the clean by sevens (males and females), and [just] pairs of all the unclean winged creatures (males and females), so their seed will remain on the earth.

Beck’s American Translation ...also seven pairs of the birds of the air, male and females, so they can have young ones living all over the earth.

Christian Community Bible     In the same way for the birds of the air, take seven and seven, male and female, to keep their kind alive over all the earth,...

God’s Word                         Also, take seven pairs of every kind of bird (a male and a female of each) to preserve animal life all over the earth after the flood.

New American Bible              ...likewise, of every bird of the air, seven pairs, a male and a female, to keep their progeny alive over all the earth.

NIRV                                      Also take seven of every kind of bird. Take male and female of them. That will keep every kind alive. Then they can spread out again over the whole earth.

New Jerusalem Bible             ...(and of the birds of heaven, seven pairs, a male and its female), to preserve their species throughout the earth.

Revised English Bible            ...also seven pairs, males and females, of every bird—to ensure that life continues on earth.

Today’s NIV                          ...and also seven pairs of every kind of bird, male and female, to keep their various kinds alive throughout the earth.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Bible in Basic English             And of the birds of the air, seven males and seven females, so that their seed may still be living on the face of the earth.

Complete Jewish Bible           ...also of the birds in the air take seven couples - in order to preserve their species throughout the earth.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 Also from birds of the sky seven, seven male and female, so as to preserve a seed of life upon the surface of the land.

NET Bible®                             ...and also seven [Or "seven pairs" (cf. NRSV).] of every kind of bird in the sky, male and female [Here (and in Gen. 7:9) the Hebrew text uses the normal generic terms for "male and female" (זָכָר וּנְקֵבָה, zakhar uneqevah).], to preserve their offspring [Heb "to keep alive offspring."] on the face of the earth.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

The Amplified Bible                Also of the birds of the air seven pairs, the male and the female, to keep seed [their kind] alive over all the earth or land.

English Standard Version      ...and seven pairs [Or seven of each kind] of the birds of the heavens also, male and female, to keep their offspring alive on the face of all the earth.

Fred Miller’s Revised KJV     Also fowls of the air by sevens, the male and the female; to keep seed alive on the face of all the earth.

World English Bible                Also of the birds of the sky, seven and seven, male and female, to keep seed alive on the surface of all the earth.

Young's Literal Translation     ...also, of fowl of the heavens seven pairs, a male and a female, to keep alive seed on the face of all the earth.

 

The gist of this verse:          7 pairs of birds were to be brought into the ark.


Genesis 7:3a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

gam (גַם) [pronounced gahm]

also, furthermore, in addition to, even, moreover

adverb

Strong’s #1571 BDB #168

min (מִן) [pronounced min]

from, off, out from, of, out of, away from, on account of, since, than, more than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

ʿôwph (עוֹף) [pronounced ģohf]

birds; used collectively for anything that flies, including bats and flying insects

masculine singular collective noun; construct form

Strong’s #5775 BDB #733

shâmayîm (שָמַיִם) [pronounced shaw-MAH-yim]

heaven, heavens, skies; the visible heavens, as in as abode of the stars or as the visible universe, the sky, atmosphere, etc.; Heaven (as the abode of God)

masculine dual noun with the definite article

Strong’s #8064 BDB #1029

shibeʿâh (שִבְָה) [pronounced shibve-ĢAW]

seven

numeral feminine sometimes used as a substantive

Strong's #7651 BDB #987

shibeʿâh (שִבְָה) [pronounced shibve-ĢAW]

seven

numeral feminine sometimes used as a substantive

Strong's #7651 BDB #987

zâkâr (זָכָר) [pronounced zaw-KAWR]

 male, male offspring (whether animal or people); this word is not used as a collective for males and females

masculine singular noun

Strong's #2145 BDB #271

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

neqêbâh (נְקֵבָה) [pronounced ne-kayb-AW]

female in contrast to male; woman, female [woman, child animal]

feminine singular noun:

Strong’s #5347 BDB #666

The Greek has seven pairs of clean birds and one pair of unclean birds here.


Translation: Also [you will take] from the birds of the skies, seven males and seven females,... Because of the also, we carry over the verb from the previous verse (this could be made into one long sentence as well). This would probably include bats as flying animals.


Why do we need just one pair of mated mammals and other land animals, but seven pairs of birds? There will not be any trees after the flood, so these birds will be much more vulnerable.


In the antediluvian state, it appears almost as though there were a kind of right man/right woman with animals with the possessive his female. By sevens is literally seven seven, meaning there were seven males and seven females taken into the ark of the clean animals. There was apparently some sort of a theological development in the antediluvian state that we are not partial to whatsoever. We do not hear about clean and unclean animals until we get to Leviticus 7 and 10. What was the proper protocol in the antediluvian system and the method of spirituality is at best alluded to. We know that animal sacrifices were required as plainly stated in the record of Cain and Abel (and implied by Gen. 3:21). Distinguishing between clean and unclean animals tells us that this was a more elaborate system than just going out and killing any animal (clean and unclean in the antediluvian life was not a matter of what animals could be eaten because animals were not eaten prior to the flood). These additional animals were for sacrifices and not necessarily for food. It is possible, however, that the half breeds of Gen. 6 began eating meat. This is only hypothetical. Man was not specifically allowed to eat meat until after the flood.


Genesis 7:3b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to

directional/relational preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #510

châyâh (חָיָה) [pronounced khaw-YAW]

to cause to live, to make alive; to keep alive, to preserve; to call back to life; to restore life; to rebuild [a city]

Piel infinitive construct

Strong's #2421 & #2425 BDB #310

zeraʿ (זֶרַע) [pronounced ZEH-rahģ]

a seed, a sowing; an offspring, progeny, descendant; posterity

masculine singular noun

Strong’s #2233 BDB #282

ʿal (עַל) [pronounced ģahl]

upon, beyond, on, against, above, over, by, beside

preposition of proximity

Strong’s #5921 BDB #752

pânîym (פָּנִים) [pronounced paw-NEEM]

face, faces, countenance; presence

masculine plural construct (plural acts like English singular)

Strong’s #6440 BDB #815

Together, ʿâl and pânîym mean upon the face of, facing, in front of, before (as in preference to), in addition to, overlooking.

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

the whole, all of, the entirety of, all; can also be rendered any of

masculine singular construct followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

ʾădâmâh (אֲדָמָה) [pronounced uh-daw-MAWH]

ground, soil, dirt, earth, tillable earth, land, surface of the earth

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #127 BDB #9


Translation: ...to preserve [their] seed on the face of the earth. Noah is doing this to preserve alive all of the birds as well.


Gen 7:3 Also take of the birds of the air by sevens, the male and the female, to keep seed alive upon the face of all the earth.


We have no idea how many birds are involved here and how much they subdivided into groups after the flood. However, the idea is, there needed to be enough to continue the bird population. Since birds are not tied to the earth, God begins the post-deluvian civilization with more of them.


So, why doesn’t God just kill everyone off, and keep Noah and his family alive without this ark and without the gathering of these animals? What Noah does will be a witness to those on the earth. This may all seem pretty crazy, but God is giving all those with volition a chance to observe what Noah is doing and to reconsider.


This tells us that when men and fallen angels have mated, that none of their offspring will choose faith in Yehowah Elohim.


There is also an analogy to salvation being set up. Remember that all of the angels, fallen and elect, are observing this unfold in real time. They have, I would assume, near-perfect memories, so they can see the analogies that God sets up throughout human history. That is, God telegraphs the cross over and over again, and His wisdom and mercy are seen in that.


Some of the mechanics of what is going on are not given to us, but God is giving this order and there are 7 days remaining before He sends rain and a flood over the entire earth (v. 4). Therefore, we would assume that since God issued His original order (or set of orders), Noah’s family has been gathering animals. We do not know how they got there. Did some of them just come to the ark? Probably. Did Noah’s sons barter for some animals? Possibly. Did half-breeds bring them animals to make fun of the situation? Possibly. So, here is what we have so far: Then Jehovah said to Noah, “Come into the ark, you and all the members of your family, for I have observed you to be righteous before Me in this generation. From all the clean animals, you will take seven males and seven females; and from the unclean land animals, you will take a pair of them—one male and one female. Also, you will take from the birds of the skies, seven males an seven females, in order to preserve their various species on the face of the earth. It is possible that prior to the loading of the ark, Noah and his sons had a veritable zoo established, with possibly a dozen or more of each animal. The building of the ark took 120 years; the collecting of the animals was a part of this process, so it is reasonable to suppose that they began collecting animals over the years.


There are some that teach that these animals just showed up and began boarding the ship. Although this is possible, and certainly within God’s power to do so, the language used above suggests that there were decisions made: here is a group of pigs, and Noah was to select one pair from them to bring aboard the ark. If God simply led all of the animals from wherever they were to board the ark, God would have said something like, “And then you will open the door of the ark, and I will lead (or, guide) the animals in.” However, the verbiage suggests that there was a selection process that took place, and that Noah (and his sons) did it.


I sat down with the calculator and, looking at the normal value given for a cubit (18") and taking one set of numbers for animals and birds, determined the square footage allotted to each pair of animals. According to taxonomists, there are approximately 4500 different species of animals and 8650 species of birds (there have been comparatively few extinctions of animals during the past 10,000 years). In allowing 500 of the animals and all of the birds to occupy one floor of the ark, that leaves 2000 pairs of animals for each of the other two floors. If my math can be depended upon, that leaves an average of 16 square feet per pair of animals on the ark. Certainly, for a pair of elephants, this is too small, but for a pair of mice, this is more than adequate. Furthermore, not being a biologist, I do not know what species of animals would have common ancestors. It surprises me that greyhounds, St. Bernard’s and beagles all have a common ancestor. In examining other people, I am surprised that we have a common ancestor in Adam and Noah. My point here is that I do not know if 4500 species would be necessary. How many common ancestors some groups of animals would have is beyond my realm of expertise, however the figures which I have put together make this a reasonable size for an ark. Insofar as feeding and waste removal, we are given no information; but my thoughts are there was a supernatural force at work preserving the animals just as there was one which brought the animals to the ark in the first place. It would not surprise me that most of the animals went into a state of divine-induced hibernation during the year that they were in the ark.


There is no reason to suppose that this is a myth or a fable. I have heard one person call this a fable which teaches conservation. This, as a fable, teaches absolutely nothing to us. We cannot look upon our antediluvian ancestors and look upon this as a story of warning to us. We do not have to be concerned about a flood because God has promised us in Gen. 8:21–22 that He will never destroy the entire population of the earth with a flood. What God is doing is He has finished with one dispensation entirely; He has allowed the fallen angels to cohabit with man and thereby have direct input upon the state of the world; and has shown that demonic involvement in our day-to-day affairs is not an improvement but results in violence and licentiousness (Gen. 6:1, 2, 11) and in a world without a concern or an interest in its creator (Matt. 24:38).


——————————


For to the days still seven I am sending rain upon the earth forty a day and forty a night and I have obliterated all the living that I have made from upon faces of the ground.”

Genesis

7:4

For regarding days as of yet [there remain] seven [and] I am sending rain upon the earth [for] forty days and forty nights when I will obliterate all the living [creatures] which I have made from upon the surface of the ground.”

For there are yet seven days and I will send rain upon the earth for 40 days and 40 nights, at which time I will obliterate every living creature that I have made from off the earth.”


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                For, behold, I give you space of seven days; if they will be converted, it shall be forgiven them; but if they will not be converted, after a time of days yet seven, I will cause rain to come down upon the earth forty days and forty nights, and will destroy all bodies of man and of beast upon the earth.

Latin Vulgate                          For yet a while, and after seven days, I will rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights: and I will destroy every substance that I have made, from the face of the earth.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        For to the days still seven I am sending rain upon the earth forty a day and forty a night and I have obliterated all the living that I have made from upon faces of the ground.”

Peshitta (Syriac)                    For in seven days I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and every living thing that I have made will I destroy from off the face of the earth.

Septuagint (Greek)                For yet seven days having passed I shall bring rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights, and I shall blot out every offspring which I have made from the face of all the earth.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           In seven days from now I will send rain on the earth for forty days and forty nights. I will wipe off from the fertile land every living thing that I have made."

Contemporary English V.       Seven days from now I will send rain that will last for forty days and nights, and I will destroy all other living creatures I have made.

Easy English                          After 7 days, I will send rain upon the earth. It will rain for 40 days and 40 nights. I will completely take away from the earth every *creature that is alive. I will take away from the earth's surface all those that I have made.'

Easy-to-Read Version            Seven days from now I will send much rain on the earth. It will rain for 40 days and 40 nights. And I will wipe everything off the face of the earth. I will destroy everything I made.”

Good News Bible (TEV)         Seven days from now I am going to send rain that will fall for forty days and nights, in order to destroy all the living beings that I have made."

The Message                         In just seven days I will dump rain on Earth for forty days and forty nights. I'll make a clean sweep of everything that I've made."

New Berkeley Version           For after seven more days I will make it to rain upon the earth for forty days and nights and I will blot off the face of the earth every existing thing that I have made.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          For, in just seven days I will bring rain on the earth [that will last for] forty days and forty nights, and I will blot out every creature that I've made from the face of the entire earth!'

Beck’s American Translation There are seven days left; after that I will make it rain forty days, and I will wipe off the earth every living thing I made.”

God’s Word                         In seven days I will send rain to the earth for 40 days and 40 nights. I will wipe off the face of the earth every living creature that I have made."

Revised English Bible            For in seven days’ time I am going to send rain on the earth for forty days and forty nights, and I shall wipe off the face of the earth every living creature I have made.’


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      For in seven days, I will still rain over the land for forty days and forty nights. Any creature that I made I will wipe from over the face of the earth.".

Bible in Basic English             For after seven days I will send rain on the earth for forty days and forty nights, for the destruction of every living thing which I have made on the face of the earth.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 Because at the end of seven days, I will pour on to the earth for forty days and forty nights; and I will sweep away every creature that I have made from off the surface of the ground.”

JPS (Tanakh—1985)               For in seven days’ time I will make it rain upon the earth, forty days and forty nights, and I will blot out from the earth all existence that I created.”

NET Bible®                             For in seven days [Heb "for seven days yet," meaning "after [or "in"] seven days."] I will cause it to rain [The Hiphil participle מַמְטִיר (mamtir, “cause to rain”) here expresses the certainty of the act in the imminent future.] on the earth for forty days and forty nights, and I will wipe from the face of the ground every living thing that I have made."

NIV – UK                                Seven days from now I will send rain on the earth for forty days and forty nights, and I will wipe from the face of the earth every living creature I have made.'


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

The Amplified Bible                For in seven days I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights, and every living substance and thing that I have made I will destroy, blot out, and wipe away from the face of the earth.

Concordant Literal Version    For, seven days further, I will cause it to rain on the earth forty days and forty nights, and I will wipe every risen thing which I have made off the surface of the entire ground.

English Standard Version      For in seven days I will send rain on the earth forty days and forty nights, and every living thing that I have made I will blot out from the face of the ground."

exeGeses companion Bible   For again seven days

and I rain on the earth forty days and forty nights;

and every risen being whom I worked

I wipe out from the face of the earth.

A Voice in the Wilderness      For after seven more days I will cause it to rain on the earth forty days and forty nights, and I will obliterate from off the face of the earth all living substance that I have made.

World English Bible                In seven days, I will cause it to rain on the earth for forty days and forty nights. Every living thing that I have made, I will destroy from the surface of the ground."

Young’s Updated LT             For after other seven days I am sending rain on the earth forty days and forty nights, and have wiped away all the substance that I have made from off the face of the ground.”

 

The gist of this verse:          God warns Noah that, in seven more days, He will cause it to rain for 40 days and destroy all that is alive on the earth.


Genesis 7:4a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

kîy (כִּי) [pronounced kee]

for, that, because; when, at that time, which, what time

explanatory or temporal conjunction; preposition

Strong's #3588 BDB #471

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to, with reference to, as to, with regards to; belonging to; by

directional/relational preposition with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

No Strong’s # BDB #510

yâmîym (יָמִים) [pronounced yaw-MEEM]

days, a set of days; time of life, lifetime; a specific time period, a year

masculine plural noun with the definite article

Strong’s #3117 BDB #398

ʿôwd (עוֹד) [pronounced ģohd]

still, yet, again, again and again, repeatedly, in addition to; more, farther, besides; as yet, yet, still, even yet

adverb

Strong’s #5750 BDB #728

shibeʿâh (שִבְָה) [pronounced shibve-ĢAW]

seven

numeral feminine

Strong's #7651 BDB #987

ʾânôkîy (אָנֹכִי) [pronounced awn-oh-KEE]

I, me; (sometimes a verb is implied)

1st person singular personal pronoun

Strong’s #595 BDB #59

mâţar (מָטַר) [pronounced maw-TAHR]

sending [causing] rain, pouring down rain; raining hail, sending hail

Hiphil participle

Strong’s #4305 BDB #565

ʿal (עַל) [pronounced ģahl]

upon, beyond, on, against, above, over, by, beside

preposition of proximity

Strong’s #5921 BDB #752

ʾerets (אֶרֶץ) [pronounced EH-rets]

earth (all or a portion thereof), land, territory, country, continent; ground, soil; under the ground [Sheol]

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #776 BDB #75


Translation: For regarding days as of yet [there remain] seven [and] I am sending rain upon the earth... As is true with many quotations from God, the translation is often quite difficult. What you see here is an attempt to literally translate what God said, but to make it sensible at the same time. The overall meaning is fairly easy to grasp, but the actual translation is much more difficult.


What is being said is, God will send rain upon the earth in seven days. This means that Noah and his family must begin to load up the ark at this point in time. Considering all of the animals, their food, the initial water that must be needed, and whatever supplies they are going to take with them, this is a lot to take into the ark.


Noah had 7 days to get all of the animals into the Ark and to be ready for the rains. This indicates that 120 years had passed since God spoke to Noah about building the ark, and that the ark had been completed. It would take 7 (or, perhaps 6?) days to fill the ark with animals and provisions for the animals.


Genesis 7:4b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

ʾarebâʿîym (אַרְבָעִים) [pronounced are-BAW-ĢEEM]

forty

undeclinable plural noun

Strong’s #705 BDB #917

yôwm (יוֹם) [pronounced yohm]

day; time; today (with a definite article); possibly immediately

masculine singular noun

Strong’s #3117 BDB #398

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾarebâʿîym (אַרְבָעִים) [pronounced are-BAW-ĢEEM]

forty

undeclinable plural noun

Strong’s #705 BDB #917

layelâh (לַיְלָה) [pronounced LAY-law]

night; nightly, at night, in the night, during the night

masculine singular noun; this word can take on adverbial qualities

Strong’s #3915 BDB #538


Translation:...[for] forty days and forty nights... The length of time that it would rain is given here, which is for 40 days and 40 nights. It never let up. I have been in some serious rainstorms here in the Houston area where you could not see past the front of your own car, the rain is pouring down so quickly. Here, our heavy rains may last a couple of days; and the amount of rain is really quite startling in those 2 or 3 days. I recall one rain that was unofficially 45 inches in one day; 35 inches officially. And there are other areas in the world where the rain is much more severe than here. So the idea that it would rain for this period of time is quite remarkable.


I have observed some horrendous rains here in Texas. The worst rains here tend to be around 1–1½ inches/hour. In order for these rains to go as high as 1 mile in 40 days, the rainfall would need to be approximately 5.5 inches/hour (we will later find out that much of the water came from below). I have suggested that the earth did not have nearly the depths and heights then as it does today. I believe that tremendous differential in heights to have occurred due to the flood and subsequent volcanic and seismic activity.


The 40 days and 40 nights is not some arbitrary number. 40 is often associated, in the Bible, with judgment, testing and preparation. When Moses spoke to God on Mount Sinai, he was on the mountain for forty days (Ex. 24:18 Deut. 9:9). Israel, due to the apostasy of the first free generation, remained in the desert for forty years while God removed those who were unwilling to take the Land of Promise (Num. 14:32–35 Deut. 29:5). When a civil case was tried in court, the loser was not awarded forty million dollars in judgement but was struck up to forty times. Elijah went without food and fled Jezebel for forty days and nights (1Sam. 19:1–8). God judged Egypt by scattering its inhabitants and leaving the land fallow for forty years (Ezek. 29:1–13). Our Lord fasted and was tested by the devil for forty days and nights before He began His public ministry (Matt. 4:1–11).


Zodhiates points out that the forty days and forty nights are not arbitrary, but a number often used by God when testing or judging. When Moses spoke to God on Mount Sinai, he was on the mountain for forty days (Ex. 24:18 Deut. 9:9). Israel, due to the apostasy of the first free generation, wandered the desert for forty years (Num. 14:32–35 Deut. 29:5). When a civil case was tried in court, the loser was not awarded forty million dollars in judgement but was struck up to forty times. Elijah went without food and fled Jezebel for forty days and nights (1Sam. 19:1–8). God judged Egypt by scattering its inhabitants and leaving the land fallow for forty years (Ezek. 29:1–13). Our Lord fasted and was tested by the devil for forty days and nights (Matt. 4:1–11).


Genesis 7:4c

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

mâchâh (מָחָה) [pronounced maw-KHAWH]

to wipe, to wipe out, to blot out, to obliterate, to exterminate; to completely blot out, to completely obliterate, to completely remove something

1st person singular, Qal perfect

Strong's #4229 BDB #562

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

the whole, all of, the entirety of, all; can also be rendered any of

masculine singular construct followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

yeqûwm (יֶקוּם) [pronounced YEHK-oom]

living substance, that which stands or exists, whatever is living on the earth; existence

masculine singular noun

Strong’s #3351 BDB #879

ʾăsher (אֲֹשֶר) [pronounced uh-SHER]

that, which, when, who, whom

relative pronoun

Strong's #834 BDB #81

ʿâsâh (עָשָֹה) [pronounced ģaw-SAWH]

to do, to make, to construct, to fashion, to form, to prepare, to manufacture

1st person singular, Qal perfect

Strong's #6213 BDB #793

min (מִן) [pronounced mihn]

from, away from, out from, out of from, off, on account of, since, above, than, so that not, beyond, more than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

ʿal (עַל) [pronounced ģahl]

upon, beyond, on, against, above, over, by, beside

preposition of proximity

Strong’s #5920, #5921 BDB #752

Together, they mean from upon, from over, from by, from beside, from attachment to, from companionship with, from accompanying [in a protective manner], from adhesion to, from. Some translators rendered this away from.

pânîym (פָּנִים) [pronounced paw-NEEM]

face, faces, countenance; presence

masculine plural construct (plural acts like English singular)

Strong’s #6440 BDB #815

Gesenius suggests that this means in front of a thing; before a thing. However, various translators rendered this as from upon the face [surface] of, from the face [surface] of, on.

ʾădâmâh (אֲדָמָה) [pronounced uh-daw-MAWH]

ground, soil, dirt, earth, tillable earth, land, surface of the earth

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #127 BDB #9


Translation: ...when I will obliterate all the living [creatures] which I have made from upon the surface of the ground.” The prophetic perfect tense is found here. Usually, the perfect tense is for a past action or for a punctiliar action; however, the idea is, this is so certain to come to pass that God uses the perfect tense.


Which I have made is parenthetical, so we could read this: “...and I will obliterate all life from upon the surface of the ground.”


Because there are half-animal creatures which are a part of mythology, I would guess that animals, at the very least, were terribly abused in this era, which required them to be destroyed as well.


Although it is not alluded to in the Bible, it is not unimaginable that some fallen angels cohabited with animals. Degenerate man has been known to do such a thing. Furthermore, half man/half animals continually show up in mythology. And God destroyed the animals along with the human race.


——————————


Chapter Outline

Charts, Maps and Short Doctrines


Noah's Obedience to God


And so does Noah as all that commanded him Yehowah.

Genesis

7:5

Therefore, Noah did according to all that God had commanded him.

Therefore, Noah obeyed God’s every instruction.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                And Noah did acccording to all that the Lord had commanded him.

Latin Vulgate                          And Noe did all things which the Lord had commanded him.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And so does Noah as all that commanded him Yehowah.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    And Noah did according to all that the LORD commanded him.

Septuagint (Greek)                And Noah did all things, whatever the Lord God commanded him.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Contemporary English V.       Noah was six hundred years old when he went into the boat to escape the flood, and he did everything the LORD had told him to do. His wife, his sons, and his daughters-in-law all went inside with him.

Easy-to-Read Version            Noah did everything the Lord told him to do.

New Berkeley Version           Noah carried out all the Lord’s orders;...


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          So Noah did everything that Jehovah God commanded him.

Beck’s American Translation Noah did just as the LORD ordered him.

God’s Word                         So Noah did everything that the LORD commanded him.

New American Bible              Noah complied, just as the LORD had commanded.

New Jerusalem Bible             Noah did exactly as Yahweh commanded him.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Bible in Basic English             And Noah did everything which the Lord said he was to do.

Complete Jewish Bible           Noach did all that ADONAI ordered him to do.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 And Noah did all that the Ever-living instructed him.

NET Bible®                             And Noah did all [Heb "according to all."] that the LORD commanded him.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Concordant Literal Version    And doing is Noah according to all which Yahweh Elohim instructs him.

exeGeses companion Bible   And Noach works

according to all Yah Veh misvahs him.

World English Bible                Noah did everything that Yahweh commanded him.

Young’s Updated LT             And Noah does according to all that Jehovah has commanded him.

 

The gist of this verse:          Noah obeyed God.


Genesis 7:5

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

ʿâsâh (עָשָֹה) [pronounced ģaw-SAWH]

to do, to make, to construct, to fashion, to form, to prepare, to manufacture

3rd person masculine singular, Qal imperfect

Strong's #6213 BDB #793

Nôach (נֹחַ) [pronounced NOH-ahkh]

rest, repose; consolation; transliterated Noah

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5146 BDB #629

kaph or ke (כְּ) [pronounced ke]

like, as, according to; about, approximately

preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #453

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

every, each, all of, all; any of, any

masculine singular construct not followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

ʾăsher (אֲֹשֶר) [pronounced ash-ER]

that, which, when, who, whom

relative pronoun

Strong's #834 BDB #81

Ke kôl asher (כְּכֹל) appears to mean as all, according to all that, just as all that, exactly as all which.

tsâvâh (צָוָה) [pronounced tsaw-VAW]

to commission, to mandate, to lay charge upon, to give charge to, charge, command, order; to instruct [as in, giving an order]

3rd person masculine singular, Piel imperfect, 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong's #6680 BDB #845

YHWH (יהוה) [pronunciation is possibly yhoh-WAH]

transliterated variously as Jehovah, Yahweh, Yehowah

proper noun

Strong’s #3068 BDB #217


Translation: Therefore, Noah did according to all that God had commanded him. If you ever want to feel badly about your own spiritual life, then just read this verse over and over. But, after you feel badly, rebound, get up, and move on.


As is probably true with many of God’s instructions, only a portion are probably found here. God may have given more details to Noah. In any case, Noah followed God’s instructions to the letter.


Gen 7:5 And Noah did according to all that Jehovah commanded him.


Noah had authority orientation. There was no room for error here. God gave Noah specific directions, and Noah had to follow them exactly. As you will recall from the previous lesson, everyone has faith. What is important is where faith is directed. For faith to be meaningful, the object of faith must be true and accurate. Quite obviously, if instead of a world-wide flood, Noah built the ark just in time for a heavy 3-day rain, his faith would have been meaningless. He believed God and God brought it to pass.


It is also important to point out that Noah could not do a half-___ job here. He could not appear to be working on the ark, but was just sloughing off, putting in his time. This would not work. He knew that judgment was to come and that he needed to pull things together in 120 years in order to preserve mankind and animals. Obviously, Noah believed God.


As an application, so should the quality of your work be. God has given you a job and your labor ought to be as if God looked you in the eyes and told you what He expected you to do, and so you do it. You do not do your job in order to necessarily get ahead; you do not do your job so that your boss will be pleased with you; you do your job to the best of your ability because that is what God has given you to do. It does not matter if you are snaking out a toilet, sweeping a floor, asking someone if they want fries with their meal; it is the job God has given you to do. Furthermore, it does not matter if you have been given a two-weeks notice that you will be laid off; you still do your job as unto the Lord, without bitterness or rancor.


——————————


And Noah, a son of six hundreds a year and the flood was; waters upon the earth.

Genesis

7:6

Noah [was] 600 years old when the flood occurred [lit., was] [and there was] water upon the earth.

Noah was 600 years old when the floor occurred and there was water covering the earth.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:


 

argum of Onkelos                  And Noah was the son of six hundred years when the deluge of waters was upon the earth.

Latin Vulgate                          And he was six hundred years old, when the waters of the flood overflowed the earth.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And Noah, a son of six hundreds a year and the flood was; waters upon the earth.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters came upon the earth.

Septuagint (Greek)                And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of water came upon the earth.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           Noah was 600 years old when the floodwaters arrived on earth.

Easy-to-Read Version            Noah was 600 years old at the time the rains came.

New Berkeley Version           ...he was 600 years old when the deluge of waters overwhelmed the earth.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          Noah was six hundred years old when the Downpour of waters started on the earth.

God’s Word                         Noah was 600 years old when the flood came to the earth.

New American Bible              The Great Flood.

Noah was six hundred years old when the flood came upon the earth.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Bible in Basic English             And Noah was six hundred years old when the waters came flowing over all the earth.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 Noah was six hundred years old when the downrush water came upon the earth.

HCSB                                     Noah was 600 years old when the deluge came and water covered the earth.

New Advent Bible                  And he was six hundred years old, when the waters of the flood overflowed the earth.

NET Bible®                             Noah [Heb "Now Noah was." The disjunctive clause (conjunction + subject + predicate nominative after implied "to be" verb) provides background information. The age of Noah receives prominence.] was 600 years old when the floodwaters engulfed [Heb “and the flood was water upon.” The disjunctive clause (conjunction + subject + verb) is circumstantial/temporal in relation to the preceding clause. The verb הָיָה (hayah) here carries the nuance “to come” (BDB 225 s.v. הָיָה). In this context the phrase “come upon” means “to engulf.”] the earth.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Concordant Literal Version    And Noah is six hundred years of age. And the deluge of water comes to be on the earth.

Context Group Version          And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood was on the land { or earth }.

Emphasized Bible                  Now, Noah, was six hundred years old,—when, the flood, came, even waters on the earth.

English Standard Version      Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters came upon the earth.

Young’s Updated LT             And Noah is a son of six hundred years, and the deluge of waters has been upon the earth.

 

The gist of this verse:          Noah is 600 when the flood was on the earth.


Genesis 7:6a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

Nôach (נֹחַ) [pronounced NOH-ahkh]

rest, repose; consolation; transliterated Noah

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5146 BDB #629

bên (בֵּן) [pronounced bane]

son, descendant

masculine singular construct

Strong’s #1121 BDB #119

shêsh (שֵש) [pronounced shaysh]

six

masculine form of numeral

Strong’s #8337 BDB #995

mêʾôwth (מֵאוֹת) [pronounced may-OHTH]

hundreds

feminine plural absolute; numeral

Strong’s #3967 BDB #547

shânâh (שָנָה) [pronounced shaw-NAW]

year

feminine singular noun

Strong’s #8141 BDB #1040


Translation: Noah [was] 600 years old... Noah’s age is given prominence here; and in this sentence, Noah’s name is given prominence. We have a worldwide disaster which is going to destroy all life on earth. The only life which is saved is that which is associated with Noah. Only those in Noah’s family who went with him would have their lives saved. Only those animals that they brought into the ark with them would be preserved.


Genesis 7:6b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

mabbûwl (מַבּוּל) [pronounced mahb-BOOL]

flood, a deluge, an inundation of water

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong’s #3999 BDB #550

hâyâh (הָיָה) [pronounced haw-YAW]

to be, is, was, are; to become, to come into being; to come to pass

3rd person masculine singular, Qal perfect

Strong's #1961 BDB #224

mayim (מַיִם) [pronounced mah-YIHM]

water (s)

masculine plural noun

Strong’s #4325 BDB #565

ʿal (עַל) [pronounced ģahl]

upon, beyond, on, against, above, over, by, beside

preposition of proximity

Strong’s #5920, #5921 BDB #752

ʾerets (אֶרֶץ) [pronounced EH-rets]

earth (all or a portion thereof), land, territory, country, continent; ground, soil; under the ground [Sheol]

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #776 BDB #75


Translation: ...when the flood occurred [lit., was] [and there was] water upon the earth. This verse appears to be more of a title for the next section, than anything else. However, this also allows us to put together timelines with Noah and his ancestors.


Nothing is said about the Holy Spirt and Noah here. There had to be some involvement with Noah and the Spirit as God said, "My Spirit shall not strive with man forever." This indicates that Noah's building of the ark and an explanation was to what he was doing as evangelism. It is likely that no one prior to Noah even had built a boat or a ship. Whereas man was fully capable of such a project, there is no indication that he ever did prior to Noah. Since then, people have tried to imitate Noah; in many towns there is some person building an ark for the oncoming flood. It is one of the town's kooks. Noah also attracted a lot of attention. First of all, he was one of the only persons who was still alive who was 100% human (along with his immediate family). Secondly, he was building an ark because of an oncoming flood (it is possible that it had never even rained before). And thirdly, he spoke of Yahweh, the God of Adam, who walked with Adam and the woman in the garden. For all intents and purposes, Noah was the first evangelist, and one of the least successful by human standards. He evangelized a world for 120 years and during that time three of his sons and his wife and three women came to know Yahweh and to believe in Yahweh Footnote .


Notice also that this is a fulfillment of what was said in Acts 11:14; And he will speak words to you by which you will be saved, you and all your household. It is easier to evangelize strangers because they do not know what you are like in real life. Those of your immediate family are the toughest to reach because they see you day in and day out and they know every bit of hypocrisy that is in your soul.


——————————


And so enters Noah and his sons and his woman and women of his sons with him unto the ark from faces of the waters of the flood.

Genesis

7:7

And Noah along with [lit., with him] his sons, his wife and his sons’ wives, entered into the ark because of the waters of the flood.

And Noah, along with his sons, his wive and his sons’ wives, entered into the ark in order to escape the impending flood.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                And Noah entered, with his sons and his wife and the wives of his sons with him, into the ark, from before the waters of the deluge.

Latin Vulgate                          And Noe went in and his sons, his wife and the wives of his sons with him into the ark, because of the waters of the flood.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And so enters Noah and his sons and his woman and women of his sons with him unto the ark from faces of the waters of the flood.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    And Noah, with his sons and his wife and his sons' wives, went into the ark because of the waters of the flood.

Septuagint (Greek)                And then Noah, his sons, his wife, and his sons' wives, went into the ark, because of the water of the flood.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           Noah, his sons, his wife, and his sons' wives with him entered the ark to escape the floodwaters.

Easy English                          Noah went into the *ark. He took with him his sons, his wife and his sons' wives. They entered the *ark in order to escape the waters of the flood.

Easy-to-Read Version            Noah and his family went into the boat to be saved from the flood. Noah’s wife and his sons and their wives were on the boat with him.

Good News Bible (TEV)         He and his wife, and his sons and their wives, went into the boat to escape the flood.

The Message                         Noah and his wife and sons and their wives boarded the ship to escape the flood.

New Berkeley Version           Noah boarded the ark with his sons, his wife and his sons’ wives ahead of the flood-waters.

New Life Bible                        Then Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons' wives all went into the large boat because of the water of the flood.

New Living Translation           He went on board the boat to escape the flood-he and his wife and his sons and their wives.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          Then Noah, his woman, his sons, and their women, went into the chest with him (because of the Downpour of water).

God’s Word                         Noah, his sons, his wife, and his sons' wives went into the ship to escape the floodwaters.

New American Bible              Together with his sons, his wife, and his sons' wives, Noah went into the ark because of the waters of the flood. Wis 14:6; 1 Pt 3:20; 2 Pt 2:5.

Revised English Bible            So to escape the floor Noah went into the ark together with his sons, his wife, and his sons’ wives.

Today’s NIV                          And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons' wives entered the ark to escape the waters of the flood.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      Noah brought his sons, his woman, and the women of his sons with him into the box to face the flood waters.

Bible in Basic English             And Noah, with his sons and his wife and his sons' wives, went into the ark because of the flowing of the waters.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 Noah with his children and wife, and the wives of his sons with them went accordingly into the Ark from the face of the waters of the deluge,...

NET Bible®                             Noah entered the ark along with his sons, his wife, and his sons' wives because [The preposition מִן (min) is causal here, explaining why Noah and his family entered the ark.] of the floodwaters.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Concordant Literal Version    And coming is Noah, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons' wives with him, into the ark in view of the water of the deluge.

Context Group Version          And Noah went in, and his sons, and his woman { or wife }, and his sons' women { or wives } with him, into the ark, because of the waters of the flood.

Emphasized Bible                  So Noah entered, and his sons and his wife and his sons wives with him into the ark,—from before the waters of the flood,...

English Standard Version      And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons' wives with him went into the ark to escape the waters of the flood.

World English Bible                Noah went into the ark with his sons, his wife, and his sons' wives, because of the waters of the flood.

Young’s Updated LT             And Noah goes in, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons’ wives with him, unto the ark, from the presence of the waters of the deluge.

 

The gist of this verse:          Noah and his family boarded the ark in order to escape the flood waters.


Genesis 7:7a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

bôwʾ (בּוֹא) [pronounced boh]

to come in, to come, to go in, to go, to enter, to advance

3rd person masculine singular, Qal imperfect

Strong’s #935 BDB #97

Nôach (נֹחַ) [pronounced NOH-ahkh]

rest, repose; consolation; transliterated Noah

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5146 BDB #629

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

bânîym (בָּנִים) [pronounced baw-NEEM]

sons, descendants; children; people; sometimes rendered men

masculine plural noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong’s #1121 BDB #119

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾîshshâh (אִשָּה) [pronounced eesh-SHAW]

woman, wife

feminine singular noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong's #802 BDB #61

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾîshshâh (אִשָּה) [pronounced eesh-SHAW]

woman, wife

feminine plural construct

Strong's #802 BDB #61

bânîym (בָּנִים) [pronounced baw-NEEM]

sons, descendants; children; people; sometimes rendered men

masculine plural noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong’s #1121 BDB #119

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

with, at, near, by, among, directly from

preposition (which is identical to the sign of the direct object); with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong's #854 BDB #85

ʾel (אֶל) [pronounced ehl]

unto; into, among, in; toward, to; against; concerning, regarding; besides, together with; as to

directional preposition (respect or deference may be implied)

Strong's #413 BDB #39

têbâh (תֵּבָה) [pronounced tayb-VAW]

an ark, a chest

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong’s #8392 BDB #1061


Translation: And Noah along with [lit., with him] his sons, his wife and his sons’ wives, entered into the ark... I have switched the order of a number of things in this translation in order to give a good English sense to it. In the Hebrew, it is common for the leader to do something, and a masculine singular verb is assigned to him, even though several people may participate with him. So, it might read, “And David went to war, with his soldiers and all Israel,...” The verb is actually singular to agree with David, but everyone named went along with David. So it is in this verse.


All of these people enter into the ark. The more literal translation is: And so enters Noah and his sons and his woman and women of his sons with him unto the ark... However, the general sense is the same and not lost with updating this translation.


Genesis 7:7b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

min (מִן) [pronounced mihn]

from, away from, out from, out of from, off, on account of, since, above, than, so that not, beyond, more than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

pânîym (פָּנִים) [pronounced paw-NEEM]

face, faces, countenance; presence

masculine plural construct (plural acts like English singular)

Strong’s #6440 BDB #815

Together, min pânîym mean from before the face of; out from before the face, from the presence of. However, together, they can also be a reference to the cause, whether near or remote, and can therefore be rendered because of, because that; by.

mayim (מַיִם) [pronounced mah-YIHM]

water (s)

masculine plural construct

Strong’s #4325 BDB #565

mabbûwl (מַבּוּל) [pronounced mahb-BOOL]

flood, a deluge, an inundation of water

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong’s #3999 BDB #550


Translation: ...because of the waters of the flood. As you will notice in the Hebrew exegesis above, even those this reads from faces of waters of the flood; this phrase can also indicate causality; they went into the ark because of the flood of waters.


Now, it does not appear to have begun to rain just yet; but God’s promise and Noah’s insistence were enough for them all. This is one of the many instances where people place the Word of God over and above what they can see with their own eyes. There is no text here to indicate that there was any foreboding signs of weather. Noah and his family began this project 120 years ago; and no rain fell for 120 years while they built the ark and gathered the animals.


——————————


This verse should not be isolated; it does not even have a regular verb in it; it is tied to the verb in the verse to follow, in which we find the verb.


Gen 7:6–7 And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters was upon the earth. And Noah went in. And his sons and his wife and his sons' wives went in with him into the ark, because of the waters of the flood.


This verse, along with a few others, lays out a simple timeline. God came to Noah when he was 480 years old and warned him of the coming flood, and told him to build an ark. 20 years later, Noah has 3 sons, who come on the scene after the ark-building project had began (and probably when Noah was in the beginning stages of establishing an animal preserve). So his sons, for 100 years, would grow up with this focus—to build the ark and to collect animals from all over the world. I have assumed that Noah collected the animals over a period of many years rather than having them all show up 7 days before the flood. If Noah’s sons have been brought up around animals all of their lives, they certainly would have adjusted well to taking care of them. We have either known or have seen people who have a way with animals. It is very likely that Noah began an animal preserve and the building of the ark around the same time. When his children came along (20 years later), they would have been raised around animals, learning to care for and feed them.


One of the other aspects of this narrative, which is ignored by commentators, would have been the sheer joy of doing a project like this. God coming to Noah and telling him, “You are going to build a huge ark” is not necessarily a curse that God has laid upon Noah, which Noah, gritting his teeth, engages in for the next 120 years. This would have been a great challenge to Noah in every way—the design, the collection of tools and supplies, the taking raw resources and building this tremendous ark. This project would have thoroughly consumed Noah, causing him to fire on all cylinders, and every night, he went to bed tired—which is not a bad thing—and every day, he arose, excited about continuing this project.


Do you know that there are people who love to build stuff and others who love to care for animals? This project which God placed upon Noah and his family, although quite dramatic, was not a project outside of their skill set nor was it outside of their interests. This project was perfectly suited for Noah and sons.


Noah’s marriage, his sons, this project and the animal preserve probably mark the highlight of his life. This 120 years was probably the greatest challenge that he faced, and there is no reason to think that this portion of his life was anything but exciting, fulfilling, dramatic, and, quite obviously, memorable.


Sometime during this 100 years, Noah’s sons married. We are never given any information about their wives. Although they may have married the last uncorrupted 3 females on the earth; it is also possible that they married their sisters.


For 120 years, Noah evangelized the earth and warned the population of the coming judgment of God, and he was ignored by everyone except for his sons and the women whom they married. By God’s standards, he was a faithful and successful evangelist.


Just as God called Noah to certain responsibilities, we also have spiritual responsibilities, which are not onerous or difficult. This is the promise of Jesus to those who hear Him: “Come to Me, all of you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. All of you, take up My yoke and learn from Me, because I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for yourselves. For My yoke is easy and My burden is light.” (Matt. 11:28–30). These responsibilities do not necessarily include results. Billy Graham may speak to hundreds of millions of people and millions come forward; we may speak to 20 people in our lifetimes, and only one or two of them may actually listen to us. Doing God’s will merely requires us to know the Word of God and to walk by means of the Spirit. Everything else has been worked out for us. We may have a ministry to millions of people or to a handful of people; it is our faithfulness in that ministry which is key. Charlie Brown, from Podunk, Iowa, who grows to become a mature believer through grace and doctrine, who is faithful in his job and in his marriage, and raises 2 believers in Jesus Christ, can receive the same rewards in heaven that Billy Graham does. And Charlie Brown may witness to 5 people in his entire life. God has provided a different sort of ministry for every believer—a ministry which requires spiritual maturity to execute—and this ministry is designed and suited for you, and your yoke will be easy and your burden light. Jesus Christ promised you this.


And so that there is no confusion, all believers today are in full-time service to God. God does not differentiate between those who work as or with missionaries, churches or evangelical ministries; and those who do not. God has a place and a function for every single one of us, although most of us will never be in what is seen as some sort of ministerial function. That does not mean that we are off the hook when it comes to our daily lives and our spiritual ministry, no matter how modest that ministry is (the ministry of 2 parents might be directed primarily to the raising of their children).


Whatever God has designed for you, it is specifically designed for you, knowing all there is to know about you. There is no benefit to living a mediocre Christian life, attending church on a weekly basis, just so that God does not put too much on you. What God has designed for you is perfect and you will like doing it. When I was a young Christian, I was worried that God was going to send me off to some place as a missionary, and I did not want to go. I had foolish thoughts like that because I did not know or understand Jesus promise: “All of you, take up My yoke and learn from Me, because I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for yourselves. For My yoke is easy and My burden is light.” (Matt. 11:29–30). God has a place and a purpose for every one of us, and we are going to enjoy it. However, you have to grow to spiritual adulthood in order to handle it and to appreciate it. You do not grow to spiritual adulthood merely by being a Christian for a long period of time. You grow to spiritual maturity by means of grace and doctrine (John 1:14 2Cor. 8:7 Col. 1:6 2Peter 1:2 3:18). And Jesus Christ, being fully human, as well as fully God, grew in the exact same manner (Luke 2:40, 52 John 1:14).


From the beast the clean and from the beast which she [is] not clean, and from the bird and all which is creeping upon the ground,...

Genesis

7:8

From the clean beast and from the beast which [is] not clean, and from the bird and all that creeps upon the ground,...

Of the clean beast and of the unclean beasts, and from the birds and all that creeps along the ground,...


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                Of all cattle clean, and of cattle unclean, of birds, and of whatever creepeth upon the earth,...

Latin Vulgate                          And of beasts clean and unclean, and of fowls, and of every thing that moveth upon the earth,...

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        From the beast the clean and from the beast which she [is] not clean, and from the bird and all which is creeping upon the ground,...

Peshitta (Syriac)                    Of clean animals, and of unclean animals, and of fowls, and of everything that creeps upon the earth,...

Septuagint (Greek)                And of clean flying creatures and of unclean flying creatures, and of clean cattle and of unclean cattle, and of all things that creep upon the earth,...

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           From the clean and unclean animals, from the birds and everything crawling on the ground,...

Contemporary English V.       He obeyed God and took a male and a female of each kind of animal and bird into the boat with him.

Easy English                          Also, there were pairs of *clean animals and there were pairs of *unclean animals. There were pairs of birds. And there were pairs of everything that crawls on the ground.

Good News Bible (TEV)         A male and a female of every kind of animal and bird, whether ritually clean or unclean,...

The Message                         Clean and unclean animals, birds, and all the crawling creatures...

New Living Translation           With them were all the various kinds of animals-those approved for eating and for sacrifice and those that were not-along with all the birds and the small animals that scurry along the ground.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          And the clean winged creatures, the unclean winged creatures, the clean cattle, the unclean cattle and wild animals (as well as all the things that crawl on the earth)...

Beck’s American TranslationClean animals and unclean animals, birds, and everything that moves on the earth ...

God’s Word                         Clean and unclean animals, birds, and creatures that crawl on the ground...

NIRV                                      Pairs of "clean" animals and pairs of animals that were not "clean" came to Noah. So did pairs of birds and pairs of all of the creatures that move along the ground.

New Simplified Bible              Pairs of clean and unclean animals, of birds and of all creatures that move along the ground,...


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Bible in Basic English             Of clean beasts, and of beasts which are not clean, and of birds, and of everything which goes on the earth,...

Complete Jewish Bible           Of clean animals, of animals that are not clean, of birds, and of everything that creeps on the ground,...

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 ...with the clean cattle and with the unclean cattle, and with the birds, and all that crawls upon the field,...

NET Bible®                             Pairs [Heb "two two" meaning "in twos."] of clean animals, of unclean animals, of birds, and of everything that creeps along the ground,...

NIV – UK                                Pairs of clean and unclean animals, of birds and of all creatures that move along the ground,...


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Concordant Literal Version    Of the clean beast, and of the beast which is not clean, and of the flyer, and of every animal which is moving on the ground,...

 

exeGeses companion Bible   ...of animals pure,

and of animals not pure;

and of flyers and of all creeping on the soil,...

Green’s Literal Translation    And they went in to Noah into the ark, male and female of clean animals, and of animals that are not clean, and of fowl, and of every thing that creeps on the earth,...

A Voice in the Wilderness      Of clean animals, of animals that are not clean, of flying creatures, and of everything that moves upon the earth,...

World English Bible                Clean animals, animals that are not clean, birds, and everything that creeps on the ground...

Young's Updated LT              Of the clean beasts and of the beasts that are not clean, and of the fowl, and of every thing that is creeping upon the ground,...

 

The gist of this verse:          This is an incomplete sentence which must be combined with the next one. It speaks of clean and unclean animals, birds, and that which creeps along the ground.


Genesis 7:8a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

min (מִן) [pronounced min]

from, off, out from, of, out of, away from, on account of, since, than, more than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

behêmâh (בְּהֵמָה) [pronounced behay-MAW]

beasts [a collective of all animals]; mammal (s), beast, animal, cattle, livestock [domesticated animals]; wild beasts

feminine singular noun often used in the collective sense; with the definite article

Strong’s #929 BDB #96

ţâhôwr (טָהוֹר) [pronounced taw-BOHR]

clean, ceremonially clean; pure,, unmixed, unalloyed, physically pure (like pure gold); clean [of a garment, as opposed to filthy]

feminine singular adjective with the definite article

Strong’s #2889 & #2890 BDB #373

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

min (מִן) [pronounced min]

from, off, out from, of, out of, away from, on account of, since, than, more than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

behêmâh (בְּהֵמָה) [pronounced behay-MAW]

beasts [a collective of all animals]; mammal (s), beast, animal, cattle, livestock [domesticated animals]; wild beasts

feminine singular noun often used in the collective sense; with the definite article

Strong’s #929 BDB #96

ʾăsher (אֲֹשֶר) [pronounced uh-SHER]

that, which, when, who, whom

relative pronoun

Strong's #834 BDB #81

ʾêyn (אֵין) [pronounced ān]

nothing, not, [is] not; not present, not ready; expresses non-existence, absence or non-possession; [there is] no [none, not one, no one, not]

particle of negation; substantive of negation; with the 3rd person feminine singular suffix

Strong’s #369 BDB #34

ţâhôwr (טָהוֹר) [pronounced taw-BOHR]

clean, ceremonially clean; pure,, unmixed, unalloyed, physically pure (like pure gold); clean [of a garment, as opposed to filthy]

feminine singular adjective with the definite article

Strong’s #2889 & #2890 BDB #373


Translation: From the clean beast and from the beast which [is] not clean,... Before Noah are a ton of animals. Noah is going to choose from them in these categories to bring onto the ark.


Genesis 7:8b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

min (מִן) [pronounced min]

from, off, out from, of, out of, away from, on account of, since, than, more than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

ʿôwph (עוֹף) [pronounced ģohf]

birds; used collectively for anything that flies, including bats and flying insects

masculine singular collective noun; construct form; with the definite article

Strong’s #5775 BDB #733


Translation: ...and from the bird... These include any sort of animal that flies.


Genesis 7:8c

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

every, each, all of, all; any of, any

masculine singular construct not followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

ʾăsher (אֲֹשֶר) [pronounced ash-ER]

that, which, when, who, whom

relative pronoun

Strong's #834 BDB #81

Ke kôl asher (כְּכֹל) appears to mean as all, according to all that, just as all that, exactly as all which.

râmas (רָמַשֹ) [pronounced raw-MAHS]

to creep, move lightly, move about, to glide; to bustle [about]; to be animated, to be active; it carries the implication of surreptitiously moving about.

Qal active participle

Strong’s #7430 BDB #942

ʿal (עַל) [pronounced ģahl]

upon, beyond, on, against, above, over, by, beside

preposition of proximity

Strong’s #5921 BDB #752

ʾădâmâh (אֲדָמָה) [pronounced uh-daw-MAWH]

ground, soil, dirt, earth, tillable earth, land, surface of the earth

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #127 BDB #9


Translation: ...and all that creeps upon the ground,... Then there are the animals which creep along the ground, like reptiles and amphibians (perhaps).


——————————


...two, two, they went with Noah unto the ark, male and female, as which commanded Elohim Abraham.

Genesis

7:9

...two [by] two, they entered into the ark with Noah, male and female, as Elohim commanded Noah.

...by twos, they entered into the ark with Noah, male and female, just as God had commanded Noah.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                ...two and two they entered unto Noah into the ark, male and female, as the Lord had instructed Noah.

Latin Vulgate                          Two and two went in to Noe into the ark, male and female, as the Lord had commanded Noe.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        ...two, two, they went with Noah unto the ark, male and female, as which commanded Elohim Abraham.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    ...there went in two and two with Noah into the ark, the males and the females, as God had commanded Noah.

Septuagint (Greek)                ...pairs went in to Noah into the ark, male and female, as God commanded Noah.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Easy English                          They all went into the *ark with Noah. They went in order as pairs, male and female. It was exactly as God had given the command to Noah.

Easy-to-Read Version            ...went into the boat with Noah. These animals went into the boat in groups of two, male and female, just like God commanded.

Good News Bible (TEV)         ...went into the boat with Noah, as God had commanded.

New Berkeley Version           ..both male and female, came into the ark to Noah, as God had commanded,...

New Life Bible                        ...went into the large boat with Noah. They went two by two, male and female, just as God had told Noah.

New Living Translation           They entered the boat in pairs, male and female, just as God had commanded Noah.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          ...came to Noah and entered the chest in pairs of males and females, just as God had commanded Noah.

God’s Word                         ...came to Noah to go into the ship in pairs (a male and female of each) as God had commanded Noah.

NIRV                                      Male and female of all of them came to Noah and entered the ark.

New Jerusalem Bible             ...one pair boarded the ark with Noah, one male and one female, as God had commanded Noah.).


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Bible in Basic English             In twos, male and female, they went into the ark with Noah, as God had said.

Complete Jewish Bible           ...couples, male and female, went in to Noach in the ark, as God had ordered Noach.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 ...who came two by two to the ark, male and female, as God had directed Noah.

NET Bible®                             ...male and female, came into the ark to Noah [The Hebrew text of vv. 8-9a reads, "From the clean animal[s] and from the animal[s] which are not clean and from the bird[s] and everything that creeps on the ground, two two they came to Noah to the ark, male and female."], just as God had commanded him [Heb "Noah"; the pronoun has been used in the translation for stylistic reasons.].

NIV – UK                                ...male and female, came to Noah and entered the ark, as God had commanded Noah.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Concordant Literal Version    ...pair by pair they come to Noah into the ark, male and female, as the Elohim instructs Noah.

exeGeses companion Bible   ...there go in two and two to Noach into the ark

- the male and the female,

as Elohim misvahed Noach.

LTHB                                     ...two by two, as God had commanded Noah, they went into the ark, male and female.

World English Bible                ...went by pairs to Noah into the ark, male and female, as God commanded Noah.

Young’s Updated LT             ...two by two they have come in unto Noah, unto the ark, a male and a female, as God has commanded Noah.

 

The gist of this verse:          All of the animals, as God commanded, entered into the ark with Noah.


Genesis 7:9a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

shenayîm (שְנַיִם) [pronounced shen-AH-yim]

two, a pair; a second [time]; again; a repetition, a repeating; cognate of a verb which means to repeat

dual numeral substantive

Strong’s #8147 BDB #1040

shenayîm (שְנַיִם) [pronounced shen-AH-yim]

two, a pair; a second [time]; again; a repetition, a repeating; cognate of a verb which means to repeat

dual numeral substantive

Strong’s #8147 BDB #1040

bôwʾ (בּוֹא) [pronounced boh]

to come in, to come, to go in, to go, to enter, to advance

3rd person plural, Qal perfect

Strong’s #935 BDB #97

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

with, at, near, by, among, directly from

preposition (which is identical to the sign of the direct object); with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong's #854 BDB #85

Nôach (נֹחַ) [pronounced NOH-ahkh]

rest, repose; consolation; transliterated Noah

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5146 BDB #629

ʾel (אֶל) [pronounced ehl]

unto; into, among, in; toward, to; against; concerning, regarding; besides, together with; as to

directional preposition (respect or deference may be implied)

Strong's #413 BDB #39

têbâh (תֵּבָה) [pronounced tayb-VAW]

an ark, a chest

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong’s #8392 BDB #1061


Translation: ...two [by] two, they entered into the ark with Noah,... Even though we are dealing with a variety of animals, some of which could be quite ferocious, this describes an orderly entrance into the ark. So, even though there is nothing supernatural specifically attributed to this, either these animals were really well-trained or God kept them somewhat pacified.


Genesis 7:9b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

zâkâr (זָכָר) [pronounced zaw-KAWR]

 male, male offspring (whether animal or people); this word is not used as a collective for males and females

masculine singular noun

Strong's #2145 BDB #271

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

neqêbâh (נְקֵבָה) [pronounced ne-kayb-AW]

female in contrast to male; woman, female [woman, child animal]

feminine singular noun:

Strong’s #5347 BDB #666

kaph or ke (כְּ) [pronounced ke]

like, as, according to; about, approximately

preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #453

ʾăsher (אֲֹשֶר) [pronounced ash-ER]

that, which, when, who, whom

relative pronoun

Strong's #834 BDB #81

Together, kaʾăsher (כַּאֲשֶר) [pronounced kah-uh-SHER] means as which, as one who, as, like as, just as; because; according to what manner, in a manner as.

tsâvâh (צָוָה) [pronounced tsaw-VAW]

to commission, to mandate, to lay charge upon, to give charge to, charge, command, order; to instruct [as in, giving an order]

3rd person masculine singular, Piel perfect

Strong's #6680 BDB #845

ʾĚlôhîym (אלֹהִים) [pronounced el-o-HEEM]

God; gods, foreign gods, god; rulers, judges; superhuman ones, angels; transliterated Elohim

masculine plural noun

Strong's #430 BDB #43

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

Nôach (נֹחַ) [pronounced NOH-ahkh]

rest, repose; consolation; transliterated Noah

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5146 BDB #629


Translation: ...male and female, as Elohim commanded Noah. All of these were mated pairs. Again, Noah does exactly as God commanded him.


Notice that Noah was commanded to bring the animals into the ark, but God was the one who made it possible for this to occur. Whether or not any of this was miraculous, we are not told; in any case, it is never alluded to as such. Furthermore, if there was a miraculous entering into the ark of all the animals, then we would expect to read here instead, ...as Elohim commanded the animals.


How these animals were chosen was probably based upon very practical reasons. I believe that Noah and his sons had assembled an animal preserve over the past 120 years, and that they took the best of the lot into the ark. Had there been any commingling of demons and animals, Footnote then God would have certainly excluded those animals from the ark.


——————————


Chapter Outline

Charts, Maps and Short Doctrines


Overview of the Flood


And so he is to seven of the days and the waters of the flood were upon the earth.

Genesis

7:10

And so it is, by the seven days that the waters of the flood were upon the earth.

And it happened, after seven days, that the waters of the flood began to engulf the earth.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                And it was at the time of seven days after the conclusion of the mourning for Methushelach, that the Lord beheld, and, lo, the sons of men had not turned. And the waters of the deluge came down hotly from the heavens upon the earth.

Latin Vulgate                          And after the seven days were passed, the waters of the flood overflowed the earth.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And so he is to seven of the days and the waters of the flood were upon the earth.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    And it came to pass after seven days that the waters of the flood came upon the earth.

Septuagint (Greek)                And it came to pass after the seven days that the water of the flood came upon the earth.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           After seven days, the floodwaters arrived on the earth.

Contemporary English V.       Seven days later a flood began to cover the earth.

 

asy-to-Read Version              Seven days later the flood started. The rain began to fall on the earth.

Good News Bible (TEV)         Seven days later the flood came.

The Message                         In seven days the floodwaters came.

New Berkeley Version           ...until at the end of the seven days the deluge came upon the earth.

New Century Version             Seven days later the flood started.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          Then after seven days, the water from the Downpour came to the earth.

Christian Community Bible     And after seven days the waters of the flood were over the earth.

New American Bible              When the seven days were over, the waters of the flood came upon the earth.

New Jerusalem Bible             Seven days later the waters of the flood appeared on earth.

New Simplified Bible              Seven days passed and the floodwaters came on the earth.

Revised English Bible            At the end of seven days the water of the flood came over the earth.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      It was in seven days, and the flood waters were over the land.

Bible in Basic English             And after the seven days, the waters came over all the earth.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 When the seven days had passed, then the downrush of water came upon the earth.

HCSB                                     Seven days later the waters of the deluge came on the earth.

New Advent Bible                  And after the seven days were passed, the waters of the flood overflowed the earth.

NET Bible®                             And after seven days the floodwaters engulfed the earth [Heb "came upon."].


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Concordant Literal Version    And coming is it, after seven days, that the waters of the deluge come to be on the earth,...

English Standard Version      And after seven days the waters of the flood came upon the earth.

exeGeses companion Bible   And so be it, after seven days,

the waters of the flood become on the earth.

Green’s Literal Translation    And it was after the seven days, the waters of the flood came into being on the earth.

LTHB                                     And it was after the seven days, the waters of the flood came into being on the earth.

NASB                                     It came about after the seven days, that the water of the flood came [Lit were] upon the earth.

World English Bible                It happened after the seven days, that the waters of the flood came on the earth.

Young’s Updated LT             And it comes to pass, after the seventh of the days, that waters of the deluge have been on the earth.

 

The gist of this verse:          After seven days, the flood waters came upon the earth.


Genesis 7:10a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

hâyâh (הָיָה) [pronounced haw-YAW]

to be, is, was, are; to become, to come into being; to come to pass

3rd person masculine singular, Qal imperfect

Strong's #1961 BDB #224

Without a specific subject and object, the verb hâyâh often means and it will come to be, and it will come to pass, then it came to pass (with the wâw consecutive). It may be more idiomatically rendered subsequently, afterwards, later on, in the course of time, after which. Generally, the verb does not match the gender whatever nearby noun could be the subject (and, as often, there is no noun nearby which would fulfill the conditions of being a subject).

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to, with reference to, as to, with regards to; belonging to; by

directional/relational preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #510

shibeʿâh (שִבְָה) [pronounced shibve-ĢAW]

seven

numeral feminine; construct form (I think)

Strong's #7651 BDB #987

Owen does not list this as a construct.

yâmîym (יָמִים) [pronounced yaw-MEEM]

days, a set of days; time of life, lifetime; a specific time period, a year

masculine plural noun with the definite article

Strong’s #3117 BDB #398


Translation: And so it is, by the seven days... It may be confusing, if you read through the Hebrew exegesis table above and see the lâmed preposition. There is a word in the Hebrew that means after, but it is not used here. What this says is, regarding the seven days, concerning the seven days. So, seven days were previously mentioned, and this indicates that we are going back to that particular seven days.


In other words, Noah and the animals did not all enter into the ark, wait around for seven days, and then the flood waters began. God said you have seven days and then the flood will come, so while those seven days were passing, Noah and his family were leading all of the animals into the ark and getting everything prepared.


Genesis 7:10b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

mayim (מַיִם) [pronounced mah-YIHM]

water (s)

masculine plural construct

Strong’s #4325 BDB #565

mabbûwl (מַבּוּל) [pronounced mahb-BOOL]

flood, a deluge, an inundation of water

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong’s #3999 BDB #550

hâyâh (הָיָה) [pronounced haw-YAW]

to be, is, was, are; to become, to come into being; to come to pass

3rd person plural, Qal perfect

Strong's #1961 BDB #224

ʿal (עַל) [pronounced ģahl]

upon, beyond, on, against, above, over, by, beside

preposition of proximity

Strong’s #5921 BDB #752

ʾerets (אֶרֶץ) [pronounced EH-rets]

earth (all or a portion thereof), land, territory, country, continent; ground, soil; under the ground [Sheol]

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #776 BDB #75


Translation: ...that the waters of the flood were upon the earth. As will be told to us later in the narrative, most of the flood waters came from below, so the ocean waters had begun to rise and water from under the ground began to surface at this time.


Gen 7:8–10 Of the clean animals, and of the animals that were not clean, and of the birds, and of everything that creeps on the earth, two by two they went in to Noah into the ark, male and female, as God had commanded Noah. And it happened after seven days that the waters of the flood were upon the earth.


Loading the animals (and possibly the food) upon the Ark was a process which took 7 days for them to do. Obviously, despite the fallen state of the earth, it is reasonable to assume that God took part in this process. We do not know at which point Noah and his family began to gather the animals together in one place. We do not know if God led the animals to the Ark or if Noah collected animals for 120 years (the latter seems most likely to me). However, the actual boarding process took 7 days. One more assumption I would make: the boarding process probably took 6 days followed by a day of rest.


Again, recall my hypothesis that Noah and his sons ran, for all intents and purposes, an animal preserve for several years (maybe as many as 120 years), so that Noah’s entire family was experienced in the raising and feeding of all kinds of animals.


Was this boarding of the animals two by two miraculous? Although it is certainly possible that Jesus Christ led all of the animals to Noah and they obediently entered into the ark two by two, there is nothing in this narrative which suggests that is how it happened. The exact way that this happened is not given to us. However, just as circus trainers have control over their animals, Noah and his sons could have had the same sort of control over theirs, had they been raised up from youth.


There is a book called Noah’s Ark: A Feasability Study, wherein the author, John Woodmorappe (a pseudonym, I believe), takes the Bible literally (as I do) and examines the nuts and bolts of the Genesis account here, to determine whether it is even possible to do what we find in Gen. 7. This author estimates, that if animals were chosen at a young age (as teens, so to speak), the median size of an animal on the Ark would have been the size of a rat. Only 11% would have been larger than a sheep. Footnote


There is one area in which I have some uncertainties, and that is with respect to dinosaurs. Personally, I believe that dinosaurs were the animal life form on this planet when angels lived upon the earth (this would have taken place before Gen. 1:2). We studied this, briefly, back in Lesson 2. If this is the case, then all of the animal and plant life which we associate with dinosaurs, would have been on this earth before it was encased in ice. Therefore, in the time of Noah, there are no dinosaurs. There are many Christians who believe otherwise—that dinosaurs were a part of the ante and post-deluvian civilizations, but which died out soon after the flood. I do not really have a set of pros and cons on this issue. Given that God created animal and plant life to be a part of man’s existence on this earth (Gen. 1:11–26), and given the evidence for there being angelic life on this earth long before man came along (Gen. 1:2–3 properly exegeted Isa. 14:12–17 45:18 Ezek. 28:13–19), then it is reasonable to assume that there was plant and animal life suited for angelic existence.


About the only thing which I am fairly certain of is, oil is not the result of crushed dinosaurs, as I believe I was taught in my youth. Now, how much of a part decayed organic matter is a part of oil, I have no idea; but I would not be shocked to know that oil is created today under the surface of the earth, as a result of what is below the earth’s surface along with the great pressure which exists there.


——————————


Back to Noah:


In a year of six hundreds a year to lives of Noah, in the month the second in seven-teen a day to the month, in the day the this split open all springs of ocean depth great, and windows of the [two] heavens were opened.

Genesis

7:11

In the year of 600 regarding the life of Noah—in the second month, in the 17th day regarding that month—on this day, the springs of the great ocean depth split open and the windows of the heavens were opened.

In the 600th year of Noah’s life—on the 17th day of the second month—on that day, the deep springs of the great ocean depths split open and the windows of the heavens were opened up.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                In the six-hundredth year of the life of Noah, in the second month, which was the month of Marchesvan, for hitherto the months had been numbered from Tishri which was the beginning of the year at the completion of the world, in the seventeenth day of the month, in that day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up. And the giants were gathered there together with their sons and perturbed them, and afterwards the windows of heaven were opened.

Latin Vulgate                          In the six hundredth year of the life of Noe, in the second month, in the seventeenth day of the month, all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the floodgates of heaven were opened.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        In a year of six hundreds a year to lives of Noah, in the month the second in seven-teen a day to the month, in the day the this split open all springs of ocean depth great, and windows of the [two] heavens were opened.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, on that very day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth and the windows of heaven were opened.

Septuagint (Greek)                In the six hundredth year of the life of Noah, in the second month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, on this day all the fountains of the abyss were broken up, and the flood gates of heaven were opened.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Contemporary English V.       Noah was six hundred years old when the water under the earth started gushing out everywhere. The sky opened like windows, and rain poured down for forty days and nights. All this began on the seventeenth day of the second month of the year.

Easy English                          It was the 600th year in Noah's life. It was the 2nd month in that year. And it was the 17th day in that month. Then all the water rushed up from the seas, which were great and deep. And rain poured down from the skies.

Good News Bible (TEV)         When Noah was six hundred years old, on the seventeenth day of the second month all the outlets of the vast body of water beneath the earth burst open, all the floodgates of the sky were opened,...

The Message                         It was the six-hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month that it happened: all the underground springs erupted and all the windows of Heaven were thrown open.

New Century Version             When Noah was six hundred years old, the flood started. On the seventeenth day of the second month of that year the underground springs split open, and the clouds in the sky poured out rain.

New Life Bible                        In the year 600 of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, all the wells of water under the earth broke open. The windows of the heavens were opened.

New Living Translation           When Noah was 600 years old, on the seventeenth day of the second month, all the underground waters erupted from the earth, and the rain fell in mighty torrents from the sky.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

Christian Community Bible     In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month and on the seventeenth day of the month, all the fountains of the great deep burst forth...

God’s Word                         On the seventeenth day of the second month of the six hundredth year of Noah's life, all the deep springs burst open. The sky opened,...

New American Bible              In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month: on that day

All the fountains of the great abyss [the subterranean ocean; see note on Gen. 1:2.] burst forth,

and the floodgates of the sky were opened.

NIRV                                      Noah was 600 years old. It was the 17th day of the second month of the year. On that day all of the springs at the bottom of the oceans burst open. God opened the windows of the skies.

New Jerusalem Bible             In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, and on the seventeenth day of the month, that very day all the springs of the great deep burst through, and the sluices of heaven opened.

Revised English Bible            In the year when Noah was six hundred years old, on the seventeenth day of the second month, that very day all the springs of the great deep burst out, the windows of the heavens were opened,...


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      In the year six hundred of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month: That day all the legions of fountains in the abyss split, and the vents of heaven opened.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 In the six hundredth year of the life of Noah, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the depths of the Great Ocean were heaved up, and the belts in the heavens were broken,...

HCSB                                     In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the sources of the watery depths burst open, the floodgates of the sky were opened,...

 

PS (Tanakh—1985)                 In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day

All the fountains of the great deep burst apart.

And the floodgates of the sky broke open.

Judaica Press Complete T.    In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on this day, all the springs of the great deep were split, and the windows of the heavens opened up.

NET Bible®                             In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month — on that day all the fountains of the great deep [The Hebrew term תְּהוֹם (tÿhom, “deep”) refers to the watery deep, the salty ocean – especially the primeval ocean that surrounds and underlies the earth (see Gen 1:2).] [The watery deep. The same Hebrew term used to describe the watery deep in Gen 1:2 (תְּהוֹם, tihom) appears here. The text seems to picture here subterranean waters coming from under the earth and contributing to the rapid rise of water. The significance seems to be, among other things, that in this judgment God was returning the world to its earlier condition of being enveloped with water – a judgment involving the reversal of creation. On Gen 7:11 see G. F. Hasel, “The Fountains of the Great Deep,” Origins 1 (1974): 67-72; idem, “The Biblical View of the Extent of the Flood,” Origins 2 (1975): 77-95.] burst open and the floodgates of the heavens [On the prescientific view of the sky reflected here, see L. I. J. Stadelmann, The Hebrew Conception of the World (AnBib), 46.] were opened.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Concordant Literal Version    ...in the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month. On this day rent are all the springs of the vast submerged chaos, and the crevices of the heavens are opened,...

exeGeses companion Bible   In the year

- the six hundredth year of the life of Noach,

in the second month,

the seventeenth day of the month,

this day all the fountains of the great abyss split

and the windows of the heavens open.

Green’s Literal Translation    In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, in the seventeenth day of the month, in this day all the fountains of the great deep were risen, and the windows of the heavens were opened up.

LTHB                                     In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, in the seventeenth day of the month, in this day all the fountains of the great deep were risen, and the windows of the heavens were opened up.

A Voice in the Wilderness      In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of the heavens were opened.

World English Bible                In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep were burst open, and the sky's windows were opened.

Young’s Updated LT             In the six hundredth year of the life of Noah, in the second month, in the seventeenth day of the month, in this day have been broken up all fountains of the great deep, and the net-work of the heavens has been opened,...

 

The gist of this verse:          On the 17th day of the 2nd month in the year that Noah was 600, the water from below and above were unleashed upon the earth.


Genesis 7:11a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

shânâh (שָנָה) [pronounced shaw-NAW]

year

feminine singular construct

Strong’s #8141 BDB #1040

shêsh (שֵש) [pronounced shaysh]

six

masculine form of numeral

Strong’s #8337 BDB #995

mêʾôwth (מֵאוֹת) [pronounced may-OHTH]

hundreds

feminine plural absolute; numeral

Strong’s #3967 BDB #547

shânâh (שָנָה) [pronounced shaw-NAW]

year

feminine singular noun

Strong’s #8141 BDB #1040

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to, with reference to, as to, with regards to; belonging to; by

directional/relational preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #510

chayyîym (חַיִּים) [pronounced khay-YEEM]

life, lives, living, being alive, having life, immortality, a long life, sustenance, sustaining life; refreshment; being vigorous; prosperity, welfare, happiness, living prosperously

masculine plural substantive; construct form

Strong's #2416 BDB #313

Nôach (נֹחַ) [pronounced NOH-ahkh]

rest, repose; consolation; transliterated Noah

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5146 BDB #629


Translation: In the year of 600 regarding the life of Noah... The author of this—who would be Noah or Shem—makes it very clear as to the time frame. Way back in Gen. 1, we have that the stars, the sun and moon were all given so that we could mark time and celebrate holidays and feast days. Therefore, we know Noah’s age—he is 600 years old, and that is when this all takes place.


Genesis 7:11b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

chôdesh (חֹדֶש) [pronounced KHOH-desh]

new moon, month; monthly; first day of the month

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong’s #2320 BDB #294

This is the first occurrence of this word in Scripture.

shênîy (שֵנִי) [pronounced shay-NEE]

second, the second; two, both, double, twice; When only two items are named, it can be rendered [the] other

adjective singular numeral ordinal

Strong’s #8145 BDB #1041

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

shibeʿâh (שִבְָה) [pronounced shibve-ĢAW]

seven

numeral feminine

Strong's #7651 BDB #987

ʿâsâr (עָשָֹה) [pronounced ģaw-SAWR]

ten; –teen [resulting in numbers 11–19]

masculine/feminine singular noun

Strong’s #6240 BDB #797

yôwm (יוֹם) [pronounced yohm]

day; time; today (with a definite article); possibly immediately

masculine singular noun

Strong’s #3117 BDB #398

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to, with reference to, as to, with regards to; belonging to; by

directional/relational preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #510

chôdesh (חֹדֶש) [pronounced KHOH-desh]

new moon, month; monthly; first day of the month

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong’s #2320 BDB #294


Translation:...—in the second month, in the 17th day regarding the month—... This is fairly complex language, but it simply refers to the 17th day of the second month, indicating that people kept track of years, months and days.


Genesis 7:11c

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

yôwm (יוֹם) [pronounced yohm]

day; time; today (with a definite article); possibly immediately

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong’s #3117 BDB #398

zeh (זֶה) [pronounced zeh]

here, this, thus

demonstrative adjective with the definite article

Strong’s #2063, 2088, 2090 BDB #260

The bêyth preposition, yôwm and hûw (with definite articles) mean in this day, on this day.

bâqaʿ (בָּקַע) [pronounced baw-KAHĢ]

to be cleft, be rent open, be split open; to be broken into

3rd person plural, Niphal perfect

Strong’s #1234 BDB #131

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

every, each, all of, all; any of, any

masculine singular construct not followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

maʿeyân (מַעְיָן) [pronounced mahģ-YAWN]

spring, fountain; a place irrigated with fountains

masculine plural construct

Strong’s #4599 BDB #745

tehôwm (תְּהוֹם) [pronounced te-HOHM]

ocean depths, a surging mass of water, deep waters, a sea, a subterranean water-supply, abyss, primeval oceans, the vast depths

feminine singular noun

Strong's #8415 BDB #1062

rabbâh (רָבָּה) [pronounced rahb-BAW]

many, much, great (in the sense of large or significant, not acclaimed)

feminine singular adjective

Strong's #7227 BDB #912


Translation: ...on this day, the springs of the great ocean depth split open... The water which would flood the earth came from two places: from the underground springs and wells below, which probably provided most of the water.


Genesis 7:11d

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾărubbâh (אֲרֻבָּה) [pronounced ur-oob-BAW]

lattice, window, sluice; chimney; a dove house; an area enclosed with lattice

feminine plural construct

Strong’s #699 BDB #70

This is the first occurrence of this word in the Bible.

shâmayîm (שָמַיִם) [pronounced shaw-MAH-yim]

heaven, heavens, skies; the visible heavens, as in as abode of the stars or as the visible universe, the sky, atmosphere, etc.; Heaven (as the abode of God)

masculine dual noun with the definite article

Strong’s #8064 BDB #1029

pâthach (פָּתַח) [pronounced paw-THAHKH]

to be opened, to open up onself; to be loosed, to be set free

3rd person plural, Niphal perfect; pausal form

Strong’s #6605 BDB #834 (& #836)

This is the first occurrence of this word in the Bible.


Translation: ...and the windows of the heavens were opened. The windows of heaven being opened means, it began to rain, and it rained hard. This is the first rain ever.


Gen 7:11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, in the seventeenth day of the month, in this day all the fountains of the great deep were broken into, and the windows of the [two] heavens were opened up.


Water came from two directions—from above and below. The literal translation is, all the fountains [wells] of the great deep [or, subterranean waters] were broken into [split open, torn open]. We do not know how this happened, just that it did. Somehow, for some reason, the waters from below were opened up, and they began to flood the earth from below.


Where I live, we have something called the Artesian Well, which, when I first observed it, appeared to be a leaky pipe which was sticking out of the ground. Later on, I found out that the piping was done for decorative effect, and that the water just came out of the ground on its own. The whole concept of drilling for a well is that there are underground streams and rivers, which can often provide enough water for a household to use for years.


Something brought these waters to the surface, and there are naturally occurring waters which come to the surface and burst out—geysers.


At he same time, the windows of the [two] heavens were opened [or, loosened, freed]. Both verbs are Niphal perfect verbs, which is a passive stem looked at as a completed or single action. This verse does not tell us about the entire period of time that the earth became covered with water, but views this as a particular event in human history when this suddenly occurred.


Although most geologists accept things like an ice age and the warming and cooling of the earth occurring over extended periods of time, it is harder for us to wrap our minds around a period of time when there was no rain, but that is antediluvian era—there was no rain (Gen. 2:5–6). Then came the deluge, and it was sudden—waters came from below the earth and from above. So there was a dramatic change in the earth which took place and it happened all at once. There was water vapor in the air; in fact, many believe, because of the description we find in the book of Genesis, that there water a vapor canopy about the earth—much more water vapor in the atmosphere than there is today. But, for some reason, it never rained.


From what I have read—and I am certainly not an expert in the field of meteorology—there are several factors which produce rain. There must be relative humidity which is at or near 100% (which appears to be the condition of the earth throughout the antediluvian era). Sometimes, rain can be triggered by colder air but more often, from rising air. As air rises, it becomes cooler, because it expands as it rises (as one goes up, there is less atmospheric pressure, causing air molecules to spread out, which causes them to collide less, and therefore, become cooler). Interestingly enough, when H2O goes from a vapor to water, it does not necessarily fall, but it begins to affix itself to other droplets of water and form clouds. Just because there are clouds and wind, does not mean that there will be rain (living in Texas, I have seen clouds move about like planes in the sky without it raining). So, somehow, by a combination of these factors—rising air and cooler air came into contact with a huge amount of water vapor and water droplets in the atmosphere and it began to rain, something which had never occurred before. I suspect that atmospheric pressure was a key factor in all of this. Here in Texas, the last place you want to be is where the atmospheric pressure has suddenly dropped. That often acts as a magnet for high winds, heavy rain and sometimes lightning.


I also recall that particulate matter in the air is a factor related to causing it to rain. Could the restored earth be practically devoid of particulate matter in the atmosphere for 1600 years?


I would not be shocked to learn that some cataclysmic event (or set of events) occurred which jump-started all of this. Whether we are talking some sort of collision with comets, asteroids or meteors; or whether, for reasons unknown, the earth began to tilt on its axis, causing a dramatic change in winds and air pressure, I don’t know. I would think that a meteorologist who believes in the Bible would have a ball trying to figure out how we could go from a time of no rain to a time when it will rain for 40 days and 40 nights.


I have read one web page which seemed reasonable, where the author suggested volcanic activity on the subsurface ocean ridges. The same author suggested a swarm of small ice comets entering out atmosphere as another scenario. This person presents some interesting theories, and offers actual observations which back up his theories:


http://www.accuracyingenesis.com/flood.html


One record for rain is 12 inches of rain to come down in 42 minutes in Holt, Missouri in 1947. Had that occurred today, global warming enthusiasts all over the world would point to global warming as the cause for such an astonishing event (as I write this, the great snowstorms of 2010 are being attributed to global warming, and recent flooding has also been said by Al Gore to be a result of global warming, which is apparently capable of causing just about anything).


If an unusually heated earth gave rise to the waters from the deep, this would have also pushed air upward, which would have opened the floodgates of the heavens.


Dr. Robert Dean has suggested that there were thousands of volcanic eruptions, which would have been related to the water coming from the deep; and then the volcanic ash in the air would have caused the rain to fall. Footnote This would have brought in the factor of particulate matter.


Obviously, we do not know if there are a mixture of natural and supernatural causes for these wells to burst open and for the rain to come down—nor do we know how the rain had been restrained in the past. We have no idea as to what factors restrained rain from falling and then, suddenly, it came down for 40 days. All we have it the Biblical record which tells us that water came from above and below the ground.


The theory which makes most sense to me is, there was a great deal of water vapor in the air for these 1600 years, but no particulate matter; and great earthquakes and volcanic explosions suddenly filled the atmosphere with particulates, causing the rain to fall.


There are unusual weather events which still occur on this earth. In Calama, Chile, no rain fell for 400 years, then, on February 10, 1972, the skies opened up during the mid-afternoon. Catastrophic floods and mudslides swept through that region. Footnote


God is not constrained by His creation; but there are times that He chooses to constrain Himself in what He does. I am personally of the view that many (not all) of the miracles of the Bible were the result of natural phenomena which God caused to come to pass at just the right time. This is not because I view God as less powerful than others do. For God to set things into motion so that we might pray one day for such and such, and the next day it comes to pass, is far more amazing than our prayers being answered through some earth-shaking miracle. A process of normal events involving the volition of hundreds or thousands of individuals along with cause and effect, which culminates in that which glorifies God is far more incredible than God snapping His fingers and causing a miracle to occur. It is astonishing that God can take events of history, with the complexity of billions of people all with their individual thoughts and actions, all with their own volition, combine this with a very complex set of physical laws for the earth and its atmosphere; and cause all of these things to come out as He wants them to come out. And we know that, for those who love God, all things work together for good, for those who are called according to his purpose (Rom. 8:28).


Furthermore, as I have pointed out, it is the remarkable lack of miraculous things in the flood narrative of the Bible which has caused this epic to endure and be a subject of discussion and disagreement, even today.


Gen. 7:6–10 Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters came upon the earth. And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons' wives with him went into the ark to escape the waters of the flood. Of clean animals, and of animals that are not clean, and of birds, and of everything that creeps on the ground, two and two, male and female, went into the ark with Noah, as God had commanded Noah. And after seven days the waters of the flood came upon the earth.


For 6 or 7 days, the animals were loaded onto the ark, and after 7 days, the waters of the deluge begun to come upon the earth.


We are going to notice an odd thing in this chapter; the author seems to go over the same material 3 times. This will be explained a little later in this lesson.


Gen 7:11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, in the seventeenth day of the month, in this day all the fountains of the great deep were broken into, and the windows of the [two] heavens were opened up.


It is fascinating that the author chose to be as precise as this, to note the month and the day. In the next chapter, this narrative will continue with precise dates and time periods. We will know exactly how long Noah and his family were in the Ark and exactly the time frame of every single event of the deluge.


Quite obviously, the only people who could recall something like this would have been Noah or one of his sons. Since this is all tied to Noah’s age, Noah is probably the one writing these words (or remembering these things).


As has been previously discussed, man had a much great mental and physical capacity during the time of Noah than he does now, so it is not out of the question for Noah to have written the first 9 or 10 chapters of Genesis in his head, and for this to be taught from generation to generation. I would also not be surprised if there was a written language at this time as well as writing materials.


——————————


And so is the rain upon the earth forty a day and forty a night.

Genesis

7:12

And the rain was on the earth [for] 40 days and 40 nights.

And it rained for 40 days and 40 nights.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                And the rain came down upon the earth forty days and forty nights.

Latin Vulgate                          And the rain fell upon the earth forty days and forty nights.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And so is the rain upon the earth forty a day and forty a night.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    And the rain fell upon the earth for forty days and forty nights.

Septuagint (Greek)                And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

The Message                         Rain poured for forty days and forty nights.

New Berkeley Version           ...the rains gushed down upon the earth for 40 days and 40 nights.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

Beck’s American Translation ...and for 40 days rain poured down on the earth.

God’s Word                         ...and rain came pouring down on the earth for 40 days and 40 nights.

New Jerusalem Bible             And heavy rain fell on earth for forty days and forty nights.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Bible in Basic English             And rain came down on the earth for forty days and forty nights.

JPS (Tanakh—1985)               (The rain fell on the earth forty days and forty nights.)

NET Bible®                             And the rain fell20 on the earth forty days and forty nights.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Concordant Literal Version    ...and coming is the downpour on the earth forty days and forty nights.

English Standard Version      And rain fell upon the earth forty days and forty nights.

exeGeses companion Bible   And the downpour becomes on the earth

forty days and forty nights.

LTHB                                     And the rain was on the earth forty days and forty nights.

Young's Literal Translation     ...and the shower is on the earth forty days and forty nights.

 

The gist of this verse:          The rain began and continued for 40 days.


Genesis 7:12a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

hâyâh (הָיָה) [pronounced haw-YAW]

to be, is, was, are; to become, to come into being; to come to pass

3rd person masculine singular, Qal imperfect

Strong's #1961 BDB #224

geshem (גֶּשֶם) [pronounced GHEH-Shem]

rain, showers; violent rain, heavy shower

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong’s #1653 BDB #177

ʿal (עַל) [pronounced ģahl]

upon, beyond, on, against, above, over, by, beside

preposition of proximity

Strong’s #5921 BDB #752

ʾerets (אֶרֶץ) [pronounced EH-rets]

earth (all or a portion thereof), land, territory, country, continent; ground, soil; under the ground [Sheol]

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #776 BDB #75


Translation: And the rain was on the earth... Rain for this civilization was unknown. Water had come from below as a mist in the mornings. This is the first time there is actual rain.


Genesis 7:12b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

ʾarebâʿîym (אַרְבָעִים) [pronounced are-BAW-ĢEEM]

forty

undeclinable plural noun

Strong’s #705 BDB #917

yôwm (יוֹם) [pronounced yohm]

day; time; today (with a definite article); possibly immediately

masculine singular noun

Strong’s #3117 BDB #398

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾarebâʿîym (אַרְבָעִים) [pronounced are-BAW-ĢEEM]

forty

undeclinable plural noun

Strong’s #705 BDB #917

layelâh (לַיְלָה) [pronounced LAY-law]

night; nightly, at night, in the night, during the night

masculine singular noun; this word can take on adverbial qualities

Strong’s #3915 BDB #538


Translation:...[for] 40 days and 40 nights. The rain lasts for 40 days and 40 nights, as God had said.


Gen 7:12 And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.


If you will recall from Gen. 2:5, there had never been rain on the earth before (that there is no rain for all the antediluvian period only seems to be suggested by this verse). If there are a natural set of laws which God put into motion, which resulted in no rain for 1600 years and suddenly a 40 day rain, we do not know. We have already theorized some of what may have happened.


This is not a fable to teach us anything; the flood and Noah and his ark all really occurred. The Bible is very specific as to names and dates.


Chapter Outline

Charts, Maps and Short Doctrines


This also gives us a time table:

The Flood Time Table

                At Flood minus 120, God came to Noah and began to tell him what would occur 120 years in the future and what Noah had to do to prepare for it. Noah began to build the ark. He also probably began to establish an animal preserve on his property.

                Around F minus 100, Noah (who is already about 500 years old) began to have the children who would travel with him on the ark. We do not know whether he had other children, sons or daughters or not. However, it is due to this restricted gene pool that the age of man began to decline rapidly. Whereas man at one time lived to be nearly a millennium; he would almost immediately drop to 500 years old, and, in a few generations, to what our age is today. If you took any group of people and began to inbreed, there would be a lowering of the life expectancy of their children and children's children.

                At F minus 90, Noah's children begin to grow up and notice that Noah is the odd man out. Their father is building an ark and warning those around him of an impending flood. They apparently trusted Noah so much, even through their teens, that they believed him and remained with him.

                F minus 80: Very likely, after Noah had been working on this ark for 40 years or so, his sons began to help him finish the ark. Sometime around this time, these young men would marry, and it would not be out of the question for them to marry their sisters.

                We are now at F minus zero; Noah's children are fully grown, capable of making their own decisions, and are married. They are probably the only uncorrupted male flesh upon the earth. They are all around a hundred years old and about to enter the ark.

 


Chapter Outline

Charts, Maps and Short Doctrines


Now would be the time to deal with the extent and the location of the flood. The Hebrew word for flood is used only in connection with the Genesis flood and the Greek translation of the word is found only in connection with this flood (with the exception of Psalm 29:10). That means that this word does not tell us the extent or the location of the flood. Very likely it covers the entirety of the inhabited world, but we do not know how large that area is. We cannot assume that the flood took place in or around Mesopotamia. Such a thing is assumed because the rivers the Tigris and the Euphrates are mentioned. If this record is made by someone from the antediluvian era, then they would have no knowledge of the present day Euphrates and Tigris rivers. It has been the habit of man throughout all of human history to name a new area to which he has come after an old area from whence he came. Where Noah and the ark landed could have been thousands of miles away from where he began. The land where Noah was could have been in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, totally submerged at this point in time. The flood carried over to other nearby portions of the earth, to the point where the ark did rest upon Mount Ararat and civilization began anew in the Mesopotamian area. The word translated earth can also mean land. Heavens also can mean the entire universe above us and it can refer to only that which goes from horizon to horizon. When all the earth and mountains under the heavens are covered by flood waters, this could refer to a continent off the coast of Europe or Africa, long since submerged. This land could have been low to the water to begin with, the mountains were not necessarily 14,000 feet high (or even 2000 feet high). It could have been laying upon a great body of water (throughout the world, there are bodies of water beneath the surface of the earth). The fountains of the deep refer to water coming from below. The windows of the heavens refer to water coming from above. The water came down with such force that the people and animals were engulfed between the waters and drown. Wherever this area was, it was large enough to support a fairly large population (some have estimated that the earth’s population at this time could have numbered in the billions).


I need to make clear that this is only a thought, a theory and there is nothing in the Bible which would substantiate this nor preclude it from the list of possible flood scenarios. Psalm 74:13 reads: You divided the sea by Your strength and you broke the heads of the great sea creatures in the waters. Such a passage to me suggests that there was a division of the waters took place after the floor (in fact, there are several verses in Psalm 74 which make this an ideal psalm to teach after Genesis 8. It would help to explain why we have not found irrefutable evidence of a Genesis flood in the mid-East and it may be the source of stories of the famous submerged continent Atlantis. There is no reason that this flood has to be the product of a natural series of events either. God can work within the confines of nature and outside those confines. God invented all the physical laws to which we are subject yet He is not. I do not mean in anyway to denigrate the great flood of Genesis or doubt God's ability to cover the entire earth with water. However, that is not necessarily the scenario presented here and we must go by the scenario presented to us in the Word. What we can be certain of is that this flood covered the mountains of the populated area of the earth, destroyed all the human and partially human beings and all of the animal upon the earth, and that there was an incredible amount of water brought from below as well as from above when the flood came. Whereas the days of restoration are likely 24 hours and whereas we can be fairly certain that there are no gaps in the Adamic line presented in Gen. 5; concerning this flood, the Bible does not allow us to be as dogmatic about its extent or its location. If such a theory is correct, then I should deal with man and his tendency to explore. Those who explore are primarily men. If there are any famous female sea captains, then I do not know their names. The population of the earth was composed primarily of human women and fallen angels and their progeny. Man, who would normally explore, was probably destroyed or killed. The fallen angels were far superior in every way to the human male and the violence upon the earth certain referred to murder and fighting. It is likely that the human males mostly perished during this time period. The fallen angels were content to cohabit with the beautiful human females and the half angelic creation was also similarly disposed. My point being is that these angelic beings, although they had been throughout the entire world in the past, had no need to build ships and travel from their general area. They were interested in the women and the women were right there.


——————————


Chapter Outline

Charts, Maps and Short Doctrines


Noah, his Family, and the Animals all Enter the Ark


In the same day the this entered Noah and Shem and Ham and Japheth (sons of Noah) and a woman of Noah and three of the women of his sons with them unto the ark;...

Genesis

7:13

In this very same day, Noah entered into the ark; and Shem, Ham and Japheth (sons of Noah); and Noah’s wife; and his son’s three wives with them;...

On this very same day, Noah entered into the ark; along with Shem, Ham and Japheth (sons of Noah); and Noah’s wife; and his son’s three wives with them.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                In that same day entered Noah, and Shem, and Cham, and Yapheth, the sons of Noah, and the wife of Noah, and the three wives of his sons with him, into the ark:...

Latin Vulgate                          In the selfsame day Noe, and Sem, and Cham, and Japheth, his sons: his wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, went into the ark.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        In the same day the this entered Noah and Shem and Ham and Japheth (sons of Noah) and a woman of Noah and three of the women of his sons with them unto the ark;...

Peshitta (Syriac)                    On that same day entered Noah and Shem and Ham and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's wife, and the three wives of his sons with him, into the ark;...

Septuagint (Greek)                On that very day entered Noah, Shem, Ham, Japheth, the sons of Noah, and the wife of Noah, and the three wives of his sons with him into the ark.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Contemporary English V.       On that day Noah and his wife went into the boat with their three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth, and their wives.

New Berkeley Version           This is the date on which Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth, his sons, also Noah’s wife and the three wives of his sons along with them boarded the ark —...

New Life Bible                        On the very same day Noah and his sons, Shem and Ham and Japheth, and Noah's wife and the three wives of his sons with them, all went into the large boat.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          And it started on the very day that Noah, his woman, Shem, Ham, JaPheth (the sons of Noah and his woman), and their three women went into the chest with him.

Christian Community Bible     On that same day Noah went into the ark, as well as Shem, Ham and Japheth, his sons, and his wife and his daughters-inlaw.

God’s Word                         On that same day Noah and his sons Shem, Ham, and Japheth, as well as Noah's wife and his three daughters-in-law went into the ship.

New Jerusalem Bible             That very day Noah and his sons Shem, Ham and Japheth boarded the ark, with Noah's wife and the three wives of his sons.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      In this same day Noah came into the box with Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah; Noah's woman; and the three women of his sons with them.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 At the close of that day [“That day” refers to the 15th day of the month when Noah entered into the ark. —F.F.], Noah, along with.

HCSB                                     On that same day Noah along with his sons Shem, Ham, and Japheth, Noah's wife, and his three sons' wives entered the ark with him.

 

NET Bible®                             On that very day Noah entered the ark, accompanied by his sons Shem, Ham, and Japheth, along with his wife and his sons' three wives [Heb "On that very day Noah entered, and Shem and Ham and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and the wife of Noah, and the three wives of his sons with him into the ark."].


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Concordant Literal Version    On this very day come Noah, and Shem, Ham, and Japheth, Noah's sons, and Noah's wife, and the three wives of his sons, with them, into the ark,...

Context Group Version          In the very same day entered Noah, and Shem, and Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's woman { or wife }, and the three women { or wives } of his sons with them, into the ark;...

English Standard Version      On the very same day Noah and his sons, Shem and Ham and Japheth, and Noah's wife and the three wives of his sons with them entered the ark,...

exeGeses companion Bible   In the same day Noach

and Shem and Ham and Yepheth the sons of Noach

and the woman of Noach

and the three women of his sons with them,

enter into the ark...

Hebrew Names Version         In the same day Noach, and Shem, Cham, and Yefet, the sons of Noach, and Noach's wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, entered into the teivah; ...

LTHB                                     In this same day Noah and Shem and Ham and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, went into the ark;...

Young's Updated LT              In this same day went in Noah, and Shem, and Ham, and Japheth, sons of Noah, and Noah's wife and the three wives of his sons with them, unto the ark.

 

The gist of this verse:          It is on this day that Noah and his family entered into the ark.


Genesis 7:13a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

ʿetsem (עֶצֶם) [pronounced ģeh-TSEM]

bone, substance, self; self-same, (very) same; corporeality, duration, existence, and therefore identity

feminine singular substantive

Strong’s #6106 BDB #782

yôwm (יוֹם) [pronounced yohm]

day; time; today (with a definite article); possibly immediately

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong’s #3117 BDB #398

zeh (זֶה) [pronounced zeh]

here, this, thus

demonstrative adjective with the definite article

Strong’s #2063, 2088, 2090 BDB #260

The bêyth preposition, yôwm and hûw (with definite articles) mean in this day, on this day.


Translation: In this very same day,... The day which we are talking about is the 17th day of the 2nd month. God came to Noah one week prior to this and told him, “Time to get everything loaded because the flood starts in 7 days.”


Genesis 7:13b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

bôwʾ (בּוֹא) [pronounced boh]

to come in, to come, to go in, to go, to enter, to advance

3rd person masculine singular, Qal perfect

Strong’s #935 BDB #97

Nôach (נֹחַ) [pronounced NOH-ahkh]

rest, repose; consolation; transliterated Noah

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5146 BDB #629

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

Shêm (שֵם) [pronounced shame]

name, reputation, character; and is transliterated Shem

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #8035 BDB #1028

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

Owen forgets to mention this additional wâw conjunction.

Hâm (הָם) [pronounced hawm]

hot, sunburnt, brown; the Egyptian word means black; transliterated Ham; originally of a son of Noah and his ancestors; and later applied to Egypt

proper noun, masculine

Strong’s #2526 BDB #325

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

Yepheth (יֶפֶתּ) [pronounced YEH-fehth]

open, spacious; simple foolish, beguiled; and transliterated Japheth

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #3315 BDB #834

bânîym (בָּנִים) [pronounced baw-NEEM]

sons, descendants; children; people; sometimes rendered men

masculine plural construct

Strong’s #1121 BDB #119

Nôach (נֹחַ) [pronounced NOH-ahkh]

rest, repose; consolation; transliterated Noah

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5146 BDB #629

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾîshshâh (אִשָּה) [pronounced eesh-SHAW]

woman, wife

feminine singular construct

Strong's #802 BDB #61

Nôach (נֹחַ) [pronounced NOH-ahkh]

rest, repose; consolation; transliterated Noah

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5146 BDB #629

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

shelôshâh (שְלֹשָה) [pronounced shiloh-SHAW]

a three, a trio, a triad, a threesome

feminine numeral construct

Strong’s #7969 BDB #1025

ʾîshshâh (אִשָּה) [pronounced eesh-SHAW]

woman, wife

feminine plural construct

Strong's #802 BDB #61

bânîym (בָּנִים) [pronounced baw-NEEM]

sons, descendants; children; people; sometimes rendered men

masculine plural noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong’s #1121 BDB #119

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

with, at, near, by, among, directly from

preposition (which is identical to the sign of the direct object); with the 3rd person masculine plural suffix

Strong's #854 BDB #85

ʾel (אֶל) [pronounced ehl]

unto; into, among, in; toward, to; against; concerning, regarding; besides, together with; as to

directional preposition (respect or deference may be implied)

Strong's #413 BDB #39

têbâh (תֵּבָה) [pronounced tayb-VAW]

an ark, a chest

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong’s #8392 BDB #1061


Translation: ...Noah entered into the ark; and Shem, Ham and Japheth (sons of Noah); and Noah’s wife; and his son’s three wives with them;... This may seem repetitious to you. First time I read this, I thought, “Heck, we know who all these people are.” But the Bible is very careful to lay out the fact that Shem, Ham and Japheth are Noah’s sons; that Noah’s wife enters as well; and the wives of his sons. What are we being told? Those people associated with a mature believer Footnote are delivered with this supergrace believer. Now, they are obviously participating in all of this, although we are not given any details. But God is giving Noah direction, and these who are related to Noah follow his lead. But they are delivered through their association with Noah.


Application: If you love your family, then the best thing that you can do for them is enter into spiritual maturity. And, so there is no confusion, you will note that Noah is acting. That is, he is doing something. He is first spiritually mature, but now he is acting upon it. So let me put a bit of a burden upon you: once you begin to enter spiritual maturity, then you need to figure out what your spiritual gift is and use it. Most of the time, this is a very natural process, but, if you have been steadily taking in doctrine for 5 or 10 or 20 years, and you do not have a clue as to what your gift is, that is problematic. You may be burdened to pray for others; you may be burdened to give; you may want to do stuff around a church.


Application: We are all on a team. Think of it as a football team, if that helps. The people that we actually see, the football players who are on the field, only make up a small part of the team; and the entire team is not all who are involved, as there are numerous people involved in making all of this team work: the owners, the managers, those manning the concession stand, those who set up the website where you might go to buy tickets, and the team of janitors who go in after the fact and clean everything up, so that when you return, everything is clean. We have several missions: to evangelize the world, to learn Bible doctrine, to provide Bible doctrine for others; to support a local church; and to glorify God with our life and our decisions. That is what you and your team are doing; so, somewhere in all of that, you need to figure out who you are. God is not going to come to you and say, “Noah, you are going to build an ark.” However, your entrance into spiritual maturity and the function of your spiritual gift is key to your life and to the lives of those whom you love.


Gen 7:13 In this same day [the day he rain began], Noah and Shem and Ham and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, entered into the ark.


On the same day that the rain began, Noah and his family all entered into the ark. To see water come from below and fall down as rain—things which Noah and his family had never seen before, must have been quite amazing, if not a little frightening. Furthermore, the rain must have been tremendous. When I first moved to Texas and saw a few real storms (as compared to the few raindrops that fall in California), I was quite amazed, if not a little unnerved. What Noah and his family witness here is far greater than any storm you or I have been in—and, they had never even seen rain before.


——————————


...they and all the living thing to her kind and all the beast to her kind and all the lively creature the creeping upon the earth to his kind and all the bird to his kind, every bird, every wing.

Genesis

7:14

...they and all [wild] beasts according to their species, and all [domesticated] animals according to their species, and all small animals that creep upon the earth, and all birds according to their species—every flying creature of every [sort of] wing.

Noah’s family along with every kind of wild animal, every kind of domesticated animal, every sort of small animal that runs along the ground, and every sort of flying animal, whether bird, mammal or insect, entered into the ark.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                ...they, and every animal after his kind, and all cattle after their kind, and every reptile that creepeth upon the earth after his kind, and every fowl after its kind, every bird which flieth.

Latin Vulgate                          ...They and every beast according to its kind, and all the cattle in their kind, and every thing that moveth upon the earth, according to its kind, and every fowl according to its kind, all birds, and all that fly,...

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        ...they and all the living thing to her kind and all the beast to her kind and all the lively creature the creeping upon the earth to his kind and all the bird to his kind, every bird, every wing.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    They and every beast after its kind and all the cattle after their kind and every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth after its kind and every fowl after its kind, every bird of every sort.

Septuagint (Greek)                And all the wild beasts after their kind, and all cattle after their kind, and every reptile moving itself on the earth after its kind, and every flying bird after its kind,...

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           They and every kind of animal-every kind of livestock, every kind that crawls on the ground, every kind of bird [LXX; MT every bird, every winged thing]-...

Contemporary English V.       They took along every kind of animal, tame and wild, including the birds.

Easy-to-Read Version            Those people and every kind of animal on the earth were in the boat. Every kind of cattle, every kind of animal that crawls on the earth, and every kind of bird were in the boat.

Good News Bible (TEV)         With them went every kind of animal, domestic and wild, large and small, and every kind of bird.

The Message                         And with them every kind of wild and domestic animal, right down to all the kinds of creatures that crawl and all kinds of birds and anything that flies.

New Berkeley Version           ...they and every kind of wild beast, of domestic animals, of every creature that creeps on the earth, and of winged bird.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          Also, all the wild animals (each of its kind), all the cattle (each of its kind), all the slithering animals that move on the earth (each of its kind),...

Beck’s American Translation ...they and every kind of wild and tame animal, every kind of living thing that moves on the earth, every kind of fowl, every bird that flies.

Christian Community Bible     All the animals according to their kind also entered into the ark, all the cattle, all the creeping things that crawl on the earth and all the birds according to their kind; all that flies and everything with wings.

God’s Word                         They had with them every type of wild animal, every type of domestic animal, every type of creature that crawls on the earth, and every type of bird (every creature with wings).

New American Bible              ...together with every kind of wild animal, every kind of tame animal, every kind of crawling thing that crawls on the earth, and every kind of bird.

New Jerusalem Bible             ...and with them every species of wild animal, every species of cattle, every species of creeping things that creep along the ground, every species of bird, everything that flies, everything with wings.

Revised English Bible            Wild animals of every kind, cattle of every kind, every kind of thing that creeps on the ground, and winged birds of every kind—.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      They, and all kinds of life, all kinds of animals, all kinds of reptiles creeping over the land, all kinds of birds, and all fowls of all wings...

Bible in Basic English             And with them, every sort of beast and cattle, and every sort of thing which goes on the earth, and every sort of bird.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 ...they themselves and all the animals according to their species, and all the cattle, according to their species, and all the crawlers upon the earth, by their species, and all birds by their species, every bird of every wing.

HCSB                                     They entered it with all the wildlife according to their kinds, all livestock according to their kinds, every creature that crawls on the earth according to its kind, all birds, every fowl, and everything with wings according to their kinds.

Judaica Press Complete T.    They, and every beast after its kind, and every domestic animal after its kind, and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth after its kind, and every fowl after its kind, every bird of every wing.

NET Bible®                             They entered [The verb "entered" is not in the Hebrew text, but is supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.], along with every living creature after its kind, every animal after its kind, every creeping thing that creeps on the earth after its kind, and every bird after its kind, everything with wings [Heb "every bird, every wing."].

NIV, ©2011                             They had with them every wild animal according to its kind, all livestock according to their kinds, every creature that moves along the ground according to its kind and every bird according to its kind, everything with wings.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

The Amplified Bible                They and every [wild] beast according to its kind, all the livestock according to their kinds, every moving thing that creeps on the land according to its kind, and every fowl according to its kind, every winged thing of every sort.

Concordant Literal Version    ...they, and every living animal for its from-kind, and every beast for its from-kind, and every moving animal moving on the earth for its from-kind, and every flyer for its from-kind, every bird of every wing.

Emphasized Bible                  ...they, and all the wild-beasts after their kind and all the tame-beasts after their kind, and all the creeping things that creep on the earth after their kind,—and all the birds after their kind, every bird of every wing.

English Standard Version      ...they and every beast, according to its kind, and all the livestock according to their kinds, and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth, according to its kind, and every bird, according to its kind, every winged creature.

exeGeses companion Bible   ...- they and every live being in species

and all the animals in species

and every creeper creeping on the earth in species

and every flyer in species

- every bird of every wing:...

World English Bible                ...they, and every animal after its kind, all the cattle after their kind, every creeping thing that creeps on the earth after its kind, and every bird after its kind, every bird of every sort.

Young's Updated LT              ...they, and every living creature after its kind, and every beast after its kind, and every creeping thing that is creeping on the earth after its kind, and every fowl after its kind, every bird--every wing.

 

The gist of this verse:          Along with Noah’s family, every animal entered into the ark.


Genesis 7:14a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

hêmmâh (הֵמָּה) [pronounced haym-mawh]

they, those; themselves; these [with the definite article]

3rd person masculine plural personal pronoun

Strong’s #1992 BDB #241

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

the whole, all of, the entirety of, all; can also be rendered any of

masculine singular construct followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

chayyâh (חַיָּה) [pronounced khay-YAWH]

living thing, animal, life, organisms, life form; appetite, revival, renewal; community, family, assembled group, allied families, bands

substantive; feminine singular noun; can be used in a collective sense; with the definite article

Strong's #2416 BDB #312

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to, with reference to, as to, with regards to; belonging to; by

directional/relational preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #510

mîyn (מִין) [pronounced meen]

 kind, sort, species

masculine singular noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong’s #4327 BDB #568

Together, these mean according to its [own] kind, according to its species.


Translation: ...they and all [wild] beasts according to their species,... Every sort of animal imaginable went with Noah’s family into the ark. In those days, they did not classify them as being mammals, reptiles, amphibians, etc. as we do. Now, even though this seems primitive, we classify both gorillas and mice as mammals.


In this particular phrase, it appears as though we are simply talking about the wild beasts, those which were not domesticated.


As has been said before, we do not know how this was done. Did the animals just appear and follow Noah and his sons onto the ark. Were they collected over a period of time, and the most controllable pairs were taken aboard the ark. We think, for instance, of full-grown lions or elephants, and wonder how they were fed and controlled. However, Noah and his family could have also led recently-weaned cubs and recently-weaned calves onto the ship. The Bible does clearly states that they enter into the ark with Noah (v. 9). That suggests that even the wild beasts were controllable (which is something that we observe in circuses). How much of this was supernatural; how much of this was done through trading or people simply bringing animals to Noah to make sport of him, we don’t know.


Genesis 7:14b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

the whole, all of, the entirety of, all; can also be rendered any of

masculine singular construct followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

behêmâh (בְּהֵמָה) [pronounced behay-MAW]

beasts [a collective of all animals]; mammal (s), beast, animal, cattle, livestock [domesticated animals]; wild beasts

feminine singular noun often used in the collective sense; with the definite article

Strong’s #929 BDB #96

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to, with reference to, as to, with regards to; belonging to; by

directional/relational preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #510

mîyn (מִין) [pronounced meen]

 kind, sort, species

masculine singular noun with the 3rd person feminine singular suffix

Strong’s #4327 BDB #568

Together, these mean according to its [own] kind, according to its species.


Translation: ...and all [domesticated] animals according to their species,... As we would expect, domesticated animals were fairly easy to control and they entered the ark easily and willingly, as a shepherd leads his sheep about.


Genesis 7:14c

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

the whole, all of, the entirety of, all; can also be rendered any of

masculine singular construct followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

remes (רֶמֶשֹ) [pronounced REH-mes]

active life forms, animated and active organisms, lively creatures, animated things, bustling creatures, reptiles

collective masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong’s #7431 BDB #943

We are dealing with the smaller creatures who have four feet or more and are close to the ground, e.g., lizards, snakes, worms, mice, crabs, etc. It is used at least once of a sea animal in Psalm 104:25.

The Greek word that we have translated as 'slithering animals' herein, is herpeton. it is where the English word reptile comes from, as does herpetology - a study of reptiles. However, from the context, we (the translators) have concluded that the Bible wasn't using this word to refer to the specific cold-blooded animal variety, but to the characteristic of slithering or crawling on the ground. This fact is born out by the types of animals that the IsraElites were forbidden to eat (in the book of Leviticus), and listed among the herpeton are insects, weasels, and mice. So in most instances, we have rendered the word herpeton as slithering animals (or creatures).


We have taken a similar liberty with the Greek word peteina, which is usually translated birds, but it literally means winged creatures, because bats are listed among them in Leviticus.


So, whereas modern science may have grouped all animals into types, such as mammals, reptiles, birds, amphibians, insects, fish, etc, the Bible groups them into flying creatures, wild animals, cattle, slithering things, and things that live in (or come from) the water. This difference doesn't appear to be the result of a lack of recognition on the part of Bible writers of basic animal types, but rather, it stems from the ways they were grouped by ancient peoples to describe all possible animal species. Footnote

râmas (רָמַשֹ) [pronounced raw-MAHS]

the creeping thing, that moves lightly, moving about, that glides [bustles [about]; is animated], the active [thing, creature]; it carries the implication of surreptitiously moving about.

Qal active participle with the definite article

Strong’s #7430 BDB #942

ʿal (עַל) [pronounced ģahl]

upon, beyond, on, against, above, over, by, beside

preposition of proximity

Strong’s #5921 BDB #752

ʾerets (אֶרֶץ) [pronounced EH-rets]

earth (all or a portion thereof), land, territory, country, continent; ground, soil; under the ground [Sheol]

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #776 BDB #75

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to, with reference to, as to, with regards to; belonging to; by

directional/relational preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #510

mîyn (מִין) [pronounced meen]

 kind, sort, species

masculine singular noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong’s #4327 BDB #568

Together, these mean according to its [own] kind, according to its species.


Translation: ...and all small animals that creep upon the earth,... Whereas we have been trained to think of a mouse as related to a giraffe, it is not so with Abraham and the people of that era. There were all of these small animals that seemed to scurry along the ground, like rats, lizards, and, perhaps beetles; and these smaller animals were classified loosely under the term remes (רֶמֶשֹ) [pronounced REH-mes], which is discussed in greater detail above in the Hebrew exegesis.


Genesis 7:14d

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

the whole, all of, the entirety of, all; can also be rendered any of

masculine singular construct followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

ʿôwph (עוֹף) [pronounced ģohf]

birds; used collectively for anything that flies, including bats and flying insects

masculine singular collective noun; construct form; with the definite article

Strong’s #5775 BDB #733

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to, with reference to, as to, with regards to; belonging to; by

directional/relational preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #510

mîyn (מִין) [pronounced meen]

 kind, sort, species

masculine singular noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong’s #4327 BDB #568

Together, these mean according to its [own] kind, according to its species.


Translation: ...and all birds according to their species... Using the exact same formula as found in the previous three instances, we have the birds here according to their species. This is probably a term which can refer only to birds, but can also incorporate all flying creatures, including bats and locusts.


Genesis 7:14e

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

every, each, all of, all; any of, any

masculine singular construct not followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

tsippôwr (צִפּוֹר) [pronounced tsihp-POOR]

small bird, sparrow; bird [singular, collective sense]; fowl, birds

feminine singular noun

Strong’s #6833 BDB #861

This is the first occurrence of this word in Scripture.

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

every, each, all of, all; any of, any

masculine singular construct not followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

kânâph (כָּנָף) [pronounced kaw-NAWF]

wings of birds (Gen. 1:21 Ex. 19:4 Deut. 32:11) as well as the extremity of a garment (Deut. 22:12, 30 Ruth 3:9)

feminine singular noun

Strong’s #3671 BDB #489

Just as a bird’s wing sticks out from the torso of the bird; so also the end of Samuel’s robe was away from his body. Or, as the wing of a bird flaps, so did the extremity of Samuel’s robe. This is the connection between the two meanings.


Translation:...—every flying creature of every [sort of] wing. Although the word used above for birds is applied to small birds, it is possible that it can be applied to all flying creatures. Early animal lovers perhaps began to distinguish flying animals according to their wings.


It takes a very special kind of person to deal with animals. We may reasonably assume that some of Noah’s three sons and their wives were animal lovers and that this 120 years spent building the ark also involved collecting and breeding animals. This seems more reasonable to me than God simply leading all of the animals to Noah’s family, because they would have to care for these animals over a period of a year, care for these animals aboard this ark. So, it would make sense that they had trained for this.


——————————


And so they come unto Noah unto the ark, two, two from all the flesh which in him [is] a breath of lives.

Genesis

7:15

Consequently, they came unto Noah into the ark, two [by] two from all flesh in which [lit., which in him] [is] the breath of lives.

Consequently, these animals all came unto Noah and went into the ark, in pairs, from every living animal in nature.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                And they entered to Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh in which was the breath of life.

Latin Vulgate                          ...went in to Noe into the ark, two and two of all flesh, wherein was the breath of life.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And so they come unto Noah unto the ark, two, two from all the flesh which in him [is] a breath of lives.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    They went with Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh in which there is the breath of life.

Septuagint (Greek)                ...went in to Noah into the ark, pairs, male and female of all flesh in which is the breath of life.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Contemporary English V.       Noah took a male and a female of every living creature with him,...

Easy-to-Read Version            All these animals went into the boat with Noah. They came in groups of two from every kind of animal that had the breath of life.

Good News Bible (TEV)         A male and a female of each kind of living being went into the boat with Noah,...

The Message                         They came to Noah and to the ship in pairs--everything and anything that had the breath of life in it,...

New Berkeley Version           Of all living, breathing creatures they came to Noah in the ark two by two, male and female, as God had ordered him.

New Century Version             Every creature that had the breath of life came to Noah in the boat in groups of two.

New Living Translation           Two by two they came into the boat, representing every living thing that breathes.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          ...and all the winged creatures (each of its kind) went inside the chest to Noah, in pairs of males and females...everything that had the breath of life.

God’s Word                         A pair of every living, breathing animal came to Noah to go into the ship.

New Jerusalem Bible             One pair of all that was alive and had the breath of life boarded the ark with Noah,...


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      ...came two by two at Noah into the box from all flesh with the spirit-wind of life in it.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 There also came to Noah into the Ark two by two, from all the creatures which have animal breath.

HCSB                                     Two of all flesh that has the breath of life in it entered the ark with Noah.

JPS (Tanakh—1985)               They came to Noah into the ark, two each of all flesh in which there was breath of life.

NET Bible®                             Pairs [Heb "two two" meaning "in twos."] of all creatures [Heb "flesh."] that have the breath of life came into the ark to Noah.

NIV – UK                                Pairs of all creatures that have the breath of life in them came to Noah and entered the ark.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Concordant Literal Version    And coming are they to Noah into the ark, pair by pair, of all flesh, which has in it the spirit of the living.

English Standard Version      They went into the ark with Noah, two and two of all flesh in which there was the breath of life.

World English Bible                They went to Noah into the ark, by pairs of all flesh with the breath of life in them.

Young's Updated LT              And they come in unto Noah, unto the ark, two by two of all the flesh in which is a living spirit.

 

The gist of this verse:          A pair of every kind of animal in which there was the breath of life came to Noah.


Genesis 7:15a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

bôwʾ (בּוֹא) [pronounced boh]

to come in, to come, to go in, to go, to enter, to advance

3rd person plural, Qal imperfect

Strong’s #935 BDB #97

ʾel (אֶל) [pronounced ehl]

unto; into, among, in; toward, to; against; concerning, regarding; besides, together with; as to

directional preposition (respect or deference may be implied)

Strong's #413 BDB #39

Nôach (נֹחַ) [pronounced NOH-ahkh]

rest, repose; consolation; transliterated Noah

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5146 BDB #629

ʾel (אֶל) [pronounced ehl]

unto; into, among, in; toward, to; against; concerning, regarding; besides, together with; as to

directional preposition (respect or deference may be implied)

Strong's #413 BDB #39

têbâh (תֵּבָה) [pronounced tayb-VAW]

an ark, a chest

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong’s #8392 BDB #1061


Translation: Consequently, they came unto Noah into the ark,... This suggests that these animals had been trained and/or this was a supernatural control exerted by God. They automatically paired up, they did not fight or attack the other animals (we do not know if they ate one another at this time), and they came unto Noah and went into the ark.


Genesis 7:15b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

shenayîm (שְנַיִם) [pronounced shen-AH-yim]

two, a pair; a second [time]; again; a repetition, a repeating; cognate of a verb which means to repeat

dual numeral substantive

Strong’s #8147 BDB #1040

shenayîm (שְנַיִם) [pronounced shen-AH-yim]

two, a pair; a second [time]; again; a repetition, a repeating; cognate of a verb which means to repeat

dual numeral substantive

Strong’s #8147 BDB #1040

min (מִן) [pronounced mihn]

from, away from, out from, out of from, off, on account of, since, above, than, so that not, beyond, more than, greater than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

the whole, all of, the entirety of, all; can also be rendered any of

masculine singular construct followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

Literally, they mean from all... However, together, various literal translations give the following renderings: about all, of all (1Sam. 23:23); over all, more than all, above all (Gen. 3:14).

bâsâr (בָּשָֹר) [pronounced baw-SAWR]

flesh; body; animal meat

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #1320 BDB #142


Translation: ...two [by] two from all flesh... The repetition of the word two, a pair simply indicates that they walked by twos into the ark. Every kind of animal was represented here.


Genesis 7:15c

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

ʾăsher (אֲֹשֶר) [pronounced ash-ER]

that, which, when, who, whom

relative pronoun

Strong's #834 BDB #81

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

No Strong’s # BDB #88

rûwach (רוּחַ) [pronounced ROO-ahkh]

wind, breath, spirit, apparition

feminine singular construct

Strong’s #7307 BDB #924

The Greek word pneuma (as in pneumonia, a breathing disease) means breath or wind - the movement of air. In other Bible translations, this word is often translated as spirit or ghost, as in Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost. However, spirit is just a shortened form of the Latin word spiritu, which just means breath in Latin. And ghost conveys another meaning altogether.


In the Bible, the most common use of the word pneuma is to convey the idea of a force that can't be seen, such as breath or wind. And the problem with translating it as spirit or ghost, is that those words have been given religious meanings that aren't implied by the Greek texts.


Therefore, to prevent confusion, the Greek word pneuma is frequently translated as breath herein. However, there are exceptions, as in instances where the Bible refers to demons as 'spirits.' Translating pneuma as breath in these cases, although correct, might just be confusing. There are also places where we have left pneuma translated as spirit, when the word implies a person's tendency (or spirit). And, since the nuance implied by the word spirit in the English language (an unseen power) is correct, we recently changed back to translating pneuma as spirit in several places, when referring to God's Holy Spirit. However, recognize that pneuma is often best defined by calling it [God's] Holy Breath. For an example, see the Note Worshiping God In Spirit and Truth.


Another important use of the word pneuma is in the phrase, 'Breath of Life.' This phrase appears to mean more than just breathing, for it seems to refer to the entire mechanics of life itself. It's the unseen force of life for all creatures. it's what makes each cell alive. However, nowhere does the Bible describe the 'pneuma' as immortal, nor is it the same as the soul (a breathing thing), so it can (figuratively) 'return to God' at death,' because all hope of future life depends on God and His promise of a resurrection.


Note in particular how the term Breath is used at Job 27:3, where Job spoke of God's Breath or Spirit. For there he asked, 'Does the Breath of the Divine One remain in my nose?' As you can see from his application of this word, pneuma obviously referred to God's Breath, not to a person or to an unseen force. He was talking about that which comes from God and which caused him (Job) to breathe. the Breath of Life.


It is interesting that at Genesis 6:3, God said concerning the wicked people on earth before the Downpour: 'I won't allow My Breath to stay with these men through the age, for they are fleshly.' In Greek that reads, 'Ou me katameine to pneuma mou en tois anthropois toutoiseis ton aiona, dia ai einai autous sarka,' or, 'Not not should stay the Breath Mine with these men the age through, their being flesh.'


While the words Breath Mine (pneuma mou) here can refer to God's Holy Breath, it seems more likely that He is referring to the breath of life that He gave to Adam. So it appears as though what God was saying here, is that the breath of life (of the people of that age) would be removed prematurely. However, since God referred to it as 'My Breath,' there may be a link implied between God's Holy Breath and the breath of life. For more information, see the linked document, 'The Powers of God's Holy Spirit.'


However, when Jesus died (as the words recorded at John 19:30 say), 'he hung his head and gave up the breath' (gr. kai klinas ten kephalen paredoken to pneuma, or, and inclined his head giving/up the breath). In this case, the obvious reference is to 'the breath of life,' or that force which gave him life as a human.

From: http://www.2001translation.com/Genesis.htm#_Breath accessed September 1, 2012.

chayyîym (חַיִּים) [pronounced khay-YEEM]

life, lives, living, being alive, having life, immortality, a long life, sustenance, sustaining life; refreshment; being vigorous; prosperity, welfare, happiness, living prosperously

masculine plural substantive

Strong's #2416 BDB #313


Translation: ...in which [lit., which in him] [is] the breath of lives. If the animal breathed, then it was among the animals who came into the ark with Noah and his family. This would have excluded whales and dolphins, I assume; and possibly sea turtles.


Gen 7:14–15 They went in, and every animal [lit., living creature] after its kind, and all the cattle after their kind, and every moving thing that moves upon the earth after its kind, and every fowl after its kind, every bird of every sort. And they went in to Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh, in which is the breath of life.


As we have seen previously, the author of Genesis gives us the basic information and then goes back over this information. In vv. 7–10, Noah and his family and the animals go into the ark, beginning 7 days before the flood (as warned by God). In the first section, the time frame for loading the animals is given. In this 2nd section, what is emphasized is, these are the things with the breath of life in them. Those animals which breathe oxygen and live on land are the ones which Noah is specifically saving.


Kind is probably similar to our term genus, so that Noah did not bring a Zebra, a donkey and a horse into the ark, but whatever animal which is their common ancestor (we know by the breeding of dogs that we are able to develop a lot of very specific and different characteristics of different dog breeds, and that this is accomplished over a relatively short period of time (in less than 1000 years for dogs, if my memory of dog breeding history is correct).


I have mentioned Woodmorappe’s book on several occasions. He also cited various studies which deal with a small founding population, speciation and inbreeding. Single-pair founders is not simply a theoretical possibility, but an establsihed fact. Many bird populations in Australia were started with a single paid of birds. He lists several instances of just a few founders of this or that animal beginning an entire population in a new area. For instance, the American Gray Squirrel as started by one pair of founders in Victoria, Australia; as was the rock wallaby in Hawaii and rabbits in the Balearic Islands, etc. When there is abundant food and space and a lack of competition for that food and space, there can be explosive population growth rates (we will deal with the food situation in another lesson).


There are studies which show that many animals have a built-in mechanism to take advantage of empty niches, and therefore, to adapt quickly to a new environment. We have real examples of dramatic population growth of specific animals. The Collared Dove began in Britain as 4 birds and grew to at least 19,000 in 9 years. The same is true of larger animals (although the population growth is not quite as dramatic, of course. 5 feral cattle grew to 1500 on the Amsterdam Island in 60 years, despite non-ideal conditions. Woodmorappe gives many examples, and cites the studies from which these examples came. Again, I don’t know that this book would really appeal to many people, unless you want to examine the reasonableness of Noah’s flood. Woodmorappe takes pretty much every aspect of this event and looks at related studies which have been done, which prove that almost every aspect of Noah’s ark, whether stated specifically or not, is within the realm of possibility. He also examines the problems of inbreeding and the ability of an animal to form new species over a relatively short period of time.


——————————


And the ones entering, male and female from all flesh, went in as which commanded him Elohim. And so shuts in Yehowah in him.

Genesis

7:16

And those entering, the males and females from every animal species [lit., from all flesh], went in [to the ark], just as Elohim had commanded him. Then Yehowah shut him in [lit., shut in him].

Just as God had commanded, every male and female from every animal species went into the ark. Once they were all in, God shut the door behind them.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                And they coming entered, male and female, of all flesh unto him, as the Lord had instructed him; and the Word of the Lord covered over the door of the ark upon the face thereof. [JERUSALEM. And the Word of the Lord was merciful upon him.] I do not know if that is in addition to what is found in the targum of Onkelos or not.

Latin Vulgate                          And they that went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God had commanded him: and the Lord shut him in on the outside.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And the ones entering, male and female from all flesh, went in as which commanded him Elohim. And so shuts in Yehowah in him.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    And they that entered, males and females of every living thing went in, as God had commanded him. Then the LORD shut him in.

Septuagint (Greek)                And they that entered went in male and female of all flesh, as God commanded Noah, and the Lord God shut the ark outside of him.

NETS (Greek)                        And those that were coming in, male and female of all flesh, entered as God had commanded Noe. And the Lord God closed the ark apart from him [i.e., Noe].

Brenton’s Septuagint             And they that entered went in male and female of all flesh, as God commanded Noe, and the Lord God shut the ark outside of him.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           Male and female of every creature went in, just as God had commanded him. Then the Lord closed the door behind them [Heb lacks the door.].

Contemporary English V.       ...just as God had told him to do. And when they were all in the boat, God closed the door.

Easy English                          All those were male and female *creatures from all the kinds that were living. And they went into the *ark, as God had given the command to Noah. And then the *Lord shut Noah in.

Easy-to-Read Version            All these animals went into the boat in groups of two, just like God had commanded Noah. Then the Lord closed the door behind him.

Good News Bible (TEV)         ...as God had commanded. Then the LORD shut the door behind Noah.

New Berkeley Version           Then the Lord closed the entrance behind him.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          Males and females of all flesh went inside, just as God commanded Noah; then Jehovah God closed the chest from the outside.

Christian Community Bible     And they that went in were male and female just as God had commanded.

Then Yahweh closed the door on Noah.

NIRV                                      Everything happened exactly as God had commanded Noah. Then the Lord shut him in.

New Jerusalem Bible             ...and those that went aboard were a male and female of all that was alive, as God had commanded him. Then Yahweh shut him in.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      Male and female of all flesh came to him as God commanded. Yahweh enclosed them.

Bible in Basic English             Male and female of all flesh went in, as God had said, and the ark was shut by the Lord.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 Thus they came male and female of all creatures, as God had directed them; and the Lord shut him inside.

HCSB                                     Those that entered, male and female of all flesh, entered just as God had commanded him. Then the LORD shut him in.

JPS (Tanakh—1985)               Thus they that entered comprised male and female of all flesh, as God had commanded him. And the Lord shut him in.

NET Bible®                             Those that entered were male and female [Heb "Those that went in, male and female from all flesh they went in."], just as God commanded him. Then the LORD shut him in.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

The Amplified Bible                And they that entered, male and female of all flesh, went in as God had commanded [Noah]; and the Lord shut him in and closed [the door] round about him.

Concordant Literal Version    And those coming, male and female of all flesh, come as the Elohim instructs him. And closing the ark is Yahweh Elohim about him.

English Standard Version      And those that entered, male and female of all flesh, went in as God had commanded him. And the LORD shut him in.

exeGeses companion Bible   And going in,

they go in male and female of all flesh,

as Elohim misvahed him:

and Yah Veh shuts him in.

 

Green’s Literal Translation    And those going in went in male and female of all flesh, as God had commanded him. And Jehovah shut him within.

World English Bible                Those who went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God commanded him; and Yahweh shut him in.

Young’s Updated LT             And they that are coming in, male and female of all flesh, have come in as God has commanded him, and Jehovah does close it for him.

 

The gist of this verse:          Every animal went into the ark, just as God commanded Noah. Then God closed the door behind them.


Genesis 7:16a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

bôwʾ (בּוֹא) [pronounced boh]

the one entering [coming, going, advancing] [in]; he who enters [goes, comes (in)]

masculine plural, Qal active participle with the definite article

Strong’s #935 BDB #97

zâkâr (זָכָר) [pronounced zaw-KAWR]

 male, male offspring (whether animal or people); this word is not used as a collective for males and females

masculine singular noun

Strong's #2145 BDB #271

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

neqêbâh (נְקֵבָה) [pronounced ne-kayb-AW]

female in contrast to male; woman, female [woman, child animal]

feminine singular noun:

Strong’s #5347 BDB #666


Translation: And those entering, the males and females... There seems to be some repetition here, and some believe that it is two different accounts of the ark woven together (which is a distinct possibility). The theme of by twos continues, but with the emphasis upon their pairing being male and female.


Genesis 7:16b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

min (מִן) [pronounced mihn]

from, away from, out from, out of from, off, on account of, since, above, than, so that not, beyond, more than, greater than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

the whole, all of, the entirety of, all; can also be rendered any of

masculine singular construct followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

Literally, they mean from all... However, together, various literal translations give the following renderings: about all, of all (1Sam. 23:23); over all, more than all, above all (Gen. 3:14).

bâsâr (בָּשָֹר) [pronounced baw-SAWR]

flesh; body; animal meat

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #1320 BDB #142

bôwʾ (בּוֹא) [pronounced boh]

to come in, to come, to go in, to go, to enter, to advance

3rd person plural, Qal perfect

Strong’s #935 BDB #97


Translation: ...from every animal species [lit., from all flesh] went in [to the ark],... The Hebrew has from all flesh here; which simply indicates that these animals were taken from every species.


As has been discussed, there are probably related animals who were not brought on board. That is, there may have been two horses but not two zebras, the genetic ability to produce a zebra would have been in the horse (or vice versa).


Genesis 7:16c

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

kaph or ke (כְּ) [pronounced ke]

like, as, according to; about, approximately

preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #453

ʾăsher (אֲֹשֶר) [pronounced ash-ER]

that, which, when, who, whom

relative pronoun

Strong's #834 BDB #81

Together, kaʾăsher (כַּאֲשֶר) [pronounced kah-uh-SHER] means as which, as one who, as, like as, just as; because; according to what manner, in a manner as. Back in 1Sam. 12:8, I rendered this for example.

tsâvâh (צָוָה) [pronounced tsaw-VAW]

to commission, to mandate, to lay charge upon, to give charge to, charge, command, order; to instruct [as in, giving an order]

3rd person masculine singular, Piel perfect

Strong's #6680 BDB #845

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

him; untranslated mark of a direct object; occasionally to, toward

affixed to a 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong's #853 BDB #84

ʾĚlôhîym (אלֹהִים) [pronounced el-o-HEEM]

God; gods, foreign gods, god; rulers, judges; superhuman ones, angels; transliterated Elohim

masculine plural noun

Strong's #430 BDB #43


Translation: ...just as Elohim had commanded him. All this came about because God commanded Noah. We have the 3rd person masculine singular suffix, which indicates that God commanded Noah and not the animals. Again, God may have had something to do with getting those animals aboard; and maybe they were trained. But ultimately, this is because God commanded Noah and Noah did what God told him to do.


All angels, fallen and elect, would be observing this. For 120 years, they watched Noah and his sons build the ark and collect animals (the latter being an assumption on my part).


Genesis 7:16d

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

çâgar (סָגַר) [pronounced saw-GAHR]

to shut up, to close up

3rd person masculine singular, Qal imperfect

Strong’s #5462 BDB #688

The Greek adds, from without, from outside.

YHWH (יהוה) [pronunciation is possibly yhoh-WAH]

transliterated variously as Jehovah, Yahweh, Yehowah

proper noun

Strong’s #3068 BDB #217

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

No Strong’s # BDB #88

The Greek adds the accusative of the ark at the end of this sentence.


Translation: Then Yehowah shut him in [lit., shut in him]. The idea of shutting Noah in mean that the Second Member of the Trinity did not just close the door that Noah had made, but then He covered it over with pitch or asphalt in order to make it watertight. Noah would have been doing the same thing from the inside.


Although this narrative does not include each and every detail; and we certainly do have some questions and discussion; there are many details which this narrative explains, such as, how did Noah get into the ark and close the door and make it watertight. In this, God the Son participated.


Now it sounds as though Noah and his family entered the ark on the day that it began to rain and flood. I have also noticed that this author has become rather repetitive. Vv. 6–10 give us an overview. Then this story is basically repeated in vv. 11–24 but with more details. The door could be opened from the inside and only closed from the outside. God—Jesus Christ—closed the door behind Noah.


In my thinking concerning this flood, I have thought that earthquakes and falling and rising lands would be possible. I have thought that some mountain ranges could have been formed due to this flood. Others before have had the same thoughts, but there is not agreement here with the geologists. However, it would be helpful at this time to note a reading from the Psalms: He [Yahweh] appointed [to] the earth its fixed, established place [i.e., its orbit] so that it would not totter [or, be shaken] forever and ever. The sea as with a garment, You covered with it. The waters were standing above the mountains. At Your rebuke, they fled; at the sound of Your thunder, they hurried away. The mountains rose, the valleys sank down to the place which You had established for them. You set a boundary that they may not pass over; that they may not return to cover the earth. (Psalm 104:5–9). This portion of Psalm 104 belongs to the restoration of the earth or to the flood. Under restoration, the angelic host had inhabited the earth but they destroyed it with their partying. God froze the earth in an ice pack (this is the ice age) and later restored it. At the time of restoration, there were major changes in the earth's surface; the valleys sunk lower and the mountains rose higher. However, we have a parallel situation with the flood. Due to the angelic host living upon the earth again, God covered the earth (or at least the inhabited portion of the earth) with water. At the proper time, the waters receded and it is possible (but I would not stake my theological life upon it) that the valleys sunk again and the mountains rose even further. However, v. 9 seems to indicate that we are speaking of the Genesis flood here because the writer says that they might not return to cover the earth. After the ice age, the waters did return and covered at least a portion of the earth.


Cover in Psalm 104:6 is in the Piel perfect, meaning that this was an intensive, completed action. The process of covering was not a gentle occurrence, but could refer to the destruction of a flood or to the desolation of an ice age. However, it has a third person, masculine singular suffix where we would expect a feminine suffix to correspond with the earth. The only masculine singular anywhere around is garment.


Gen 7:16 And they that entered, went in male and female of all flesh, as God had commanded him. And Jehovah closed up behind him.


Jesus Christ, the revealed member of the Godhead, was the One who shut the door behind them. Whether our Lord played a part in loading the ark, we do not know. Had Noah and his family collected and raised animals, this would not have been necessary. I would think it would be likely that Jehovah Elohim would have also applied a layer or two of pitch on the door in order to seal it. We may reasonably see this as Jesus putting His seal of approval on the ark. As we have previously discussed, the covering of pitch is a symbol of atonement, where our sins are merely covered over temporarily (we studied the Doctrine of Atonement back in Lesson #39).


It may seem as if the author is rambling, but that is because we tend to think in a linear fashion—we tend to place things in chronological order. God the Holy Spirit, Who is not confined to time, and Who perceives all the events of time all at once, rather than as successive events, does not think in terms of chronology. However, there is great organization to be found in this 7th chapter of Genesis.


This is organized so that we first see Noah and his family; then the animals that they save, and then the destructive rains which come down.

The Organization of Genesis 7

You will note there will be a 3-fold repetition throughout this chapter:

Noah and his family

The animals which Noah preserves

The judgment of God; the rain and waters which God brings to cleanse the earth.

God’s warnings to Noah:

Then the Yehowah said to Noah, "Go into the ark, you and all your household, for I have seen that you are righteous before me in this generation.

Take with you seven pairs of all clean animals, the male and his mate, and a pair of the animals that are not clean, the male and his mate, and seven pairs of the birds of the heavens also, male and female, to keep their offspring alive on the face of all the earth.

For in seven days I will send rain on the earth forty days and forty nights, and every living thing that I have made I will blot out from the face of the ground."

And Noah did all that Yehowah had commanded him.

The timing in which this all took place.

Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters came upon the earth. And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons' wives with him went into the ark to escape the waters of the flood.

Of clean animals, and of animals that are not clean, and of birds, and of everything that creeps on the ground, two and two, male and female, went into the ark with Noah, as God had commanded Noah.

And after seven days the waters of the flood came upon the earth. In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened. And rain fell upon the earth forty days and forty nights.

God fulfills His promises and warnings:

On the very same day Noah and his sons, Shem and Ham and Japheth, and Noah's wife and the three wives of his sons with them entered the ark,

they and every beast, according to its kind, and all the livestock according to their kinds, and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth, according to its kind, and every bird, according to its kind, every winged creature. They went into the ark with Noah, two and two of all flesh in which there was the breath of life. And those that entered, male and female of all flesh, went in as God had commanded him. And the Yehowah shut him in.

The flood continued forty days on the earth. The waters increased and lifted up the ark, and it rose high above the earth. The waters prevailed and increased greatly on the earth, and the ark floated on the face of the waters. And the waters prevailed so mightily on the earth that all the high mountains under the whole heaven were covered. The waters prevailed above the mountains, covering them fifteen cubits deep. And all flesh died that moved on the earth, birds, livestock, beasts, all swarming creatures that swarm on the earth, and all mankind. Everything on the dry land in whose nostrils was the breath of life died. He blotted out every living thing that was on the face of the ground, man and animals and creeping things and birds of the heavens. They were blotted out from the earth.

Only Noah was left, and those who were with him in the ark. And the waters prevailed on the earth 150 days.

You will note the two verses in this chapter which do not fit into this pattern, and so they stand out:

And Noah did all that the Yehowah had commanded him. This was incorporated into the 3-fold narrative. And:

Only Noah was left, and those who were with him in the ark. And the waters prevailed on the earth 150 days.

The final verse is an abbreviation or a summary of this 3-fold organization of chapter 7: Noah, his family, and the animals are delivered in the ark; and the rains then come down.

This leaves us with one verse that stands out from all of the others (and was later incorporated into the narrative):

And Noah did all that the Yehowah had commanded him.

The key to all of this coming to pass as it did is, Noah’s obedience and Noah’s action.

However, far more intricate than this is how Gen. 6–8 were organized. That is nothing short of amazing, and it will be covered in a future lesson.


Chapter Outline

Charts, Maps and Short Doctrines


In the previous lesson, we touched on the final verses of this chapter, and the pattern which the writer had developed throughout this chapter.


What we will find to be remarkable, as we continue the Biblical flood narrative, is just how unremarkable this narrative is. Given the cataclysmic event before us, the language and description is rather low-key and understated.


——————————


Chapter Outline

Charts, Maps and Short Doctrines


The Flood


And so is a flood forty a day upon the earth; and so multiplies the waters; and so they lift up the ark; and so she raises up from above the earth.

Genesis

7:17

The flood is on the earth [for] 40 days and the waters increased [greatly]. They [the waters] lifted up the ark, and it [the ark] raised up from over the earth.

The rain continued on the earth for 40 days and the waters increased significantly. These waters lifted up the ark, which was raised up far above the ground.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                And there was a flood forty days upon the earth, and the waters were multiplied and bare up the ark, and it was lifted from the earth.

Latin Vulgate                          And the flood was forty days upon the earth: and the waters increased, and lifted up the ark on high from the earth.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And so is a flood forty a day upon the earth; and so multiplies the waters; and so they lift up the ark; and so she raises up from above the earth.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    And the flood lasted forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased and bore up the ark so that it was lifted up above the earth.

Septuagint (Greek)                And the flood was upon the earth forty days and forty nights, and the water abounded greatly and bore up the ark, and it was lifted on high from off the earth.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           The flood remained on the earth for forty days. The waters rose, lifted the ark, and it rode high above the earth.

Contemporary English V.       For forty days the rain poured down without stopping. And the water became deeper and deeper, until the boat started floating high above the ground.

Easy-to-Read Version            Water flooded the earth for 40 days. The water began rising and lifted the boat off the ground.

Good News Bible (TEV)         The flood continued for forty days, and the water became deep enough for the boat to float.

New Berkeley Version           For 40 days the flooding continued on the earth. The waters mounted and lifted the ark so that it rose from the ground. The floating structure is rightly called “ark” because it was no sailing ship; it had no destination at some harbor. It was probably built with square corners, simply to float.

New Life Bible                        The flood came upon the earth for forty days. The water got deeper and raised up the large boat so that it was lifted above the earth.

New Living Translation           For forty days the floodwaters grew deeper, covering the ground and lifting the boat high above the earth.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          Thereafter, the Downpour continued on the earth for forty days and forty nights, and the water got so deep that it lifted the chest high above the ground.

God’s Word                         The flood continued for 40 days on the earth. The water increased and lifted the ship so that it rose high above the ground.

New Jerusalem Bible             The flood lasted forty days on earth. The waters swelled, lifting the ark until it floated off the ground.

Revised English Bible            The flood continued on the earth for forty days, and the swelling waters lifted up the ark so that it rose high above the ground.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      The flood was forty days over the land. The waters multiplied and lifted the box, uplifting it above the land.

Bible in Basic English             And for forty days the waters were over all the earth; and the waters were increased so that the ark was lifted up high over the earth.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 The downrush continued forty days upon the earth; and the waters swelled and lifted up the Ark, and raised it from off the land.

NET Bible®                             The flood engulfed the earth for forty days. As the waters increased, they lifted the ark and raised it above the earth.

New Heart English Bible        The flood was forty days on the earth. The waters increased, and lifted up the ship, and it was lifted up above the earth.

NIV – UK                                For forty days the flood kept coming on the earth, and as the waters increased they lifted the ark high above the earth.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

The Amplified Bible                The flood [that is, the downpour of rain] was forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased and bore up the ark, and it was lifted [high] above the land.

 

oncordant Literal Version       And coming is the deluge forty days and forty nights on the earth. And increasing are the waters, and lifting up the ark, and it is high above the earth.

Context Group Version          And the flood was forty days on the land { or earth }; and the waters increased, and bore up the ark, and it was lifted up above the land { or earth }.

English Standard Version      The flood continued forty days on the earth. The waters increased and bore up the ark, and it rose high above the earth.