Genesis 36

Written and compiled by Gary Kukis

Genesis 36:1–36

Nation Esau (Edom)


These studies are designed for believers in Jesus Christ only. If you have exercised faith in Christ, then you are in the right place. If you have not, then you need to heed the words of our Lord, Who said, “For God so loved the world that He gave His only-begotten [or, uniquely-born] Son, so that every [one] believing [or, trusting] in Him shall not perish, but shall be have eternal life! For God did not send His Son into the world so that He should judge the world, but so that the world shall be saved through Him. The one believing [or, trusting] in Him is not judged, but the one not believing has already been judged, because he has not believed in the Name of the only-begotten [or, uniquely-born] Son of God.” (John 3:16–18). “I am the Way and the Truth and the Life! No one comes to the Father except through [or, by means of] Me!” (John 14:6).


Every study of the Word of God ought to be preceded by a naming of your sins to God. This restores you to fellowship with God (1John 1:8–10). If there are people around, you would name these sins silently. If there is no one around, then it does not matter if you name them silently or whether you speak aloud.


Document Navigation

Preface

Quotations

Outline of Chapter

Charts, Graphics, Short Doctrines

Doctrines Alluded to

Chapters Alluded to

Dictionary of Terms

Introduction and Text

First Verse

Addendum

A Complete Translation

Chapter Word Clouds


Links to the word-by-word, verse-by-verse studies of Genesis (HTML) (PDF) (that is what this document is). This incorporates 2 previous studies done in the book of Genesis. However, much of this material was thrown together without careful editing. Therefore, from time to time, there will be concepts and exegetical material which will be repeated, because there was no overall editing done once all of this material was combined.

 

There is a second, less complete set of weekly lessons of Genesis (HTML) (PDF). Every word of that study can be found in the word-by-word, verse-by-verse studies.

 

This study makes reference to a wide-range of sources. There are quotations from doctrinal teachers, of course; but from Catholic commentaries and from other sources as well. Wherever I found relevant truth, I quoted from it or was inspired by it. Even though it is clear that some churches have a better concept of our reason for being here, that does not mean that there is no truth to be found anywhere else. So, from time to time, I will quote from John Calvin, even though I do not subscribe to 5-point Calvinism; I will quote from some Catholic sources, even though I believe that they are very wrong regarding Mary, the pope, apostolic succession and other such doctrines. The intention is for this to be the most thorough and accurate study of Genesis available anywhere.

 

Also, it is not necessary that you read the grey Hebrew exegesis tables. They are set apart from the rest of the study so that you can easily skip over them (based upon the suggestion of a friend). However, if you ever doubt the translation of a word, phrase or a verse, these translation tables are then available.


Preface: This is the genealogy of Esau. Esau is Jacob’s twin brother, of whom God has said, “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.” Gen. 36 is Esau’s line, including the many rulers who have come from his loins. The line of Esau seemed poised to become great in the land.


On the surface, Gen. 36 appears to be nothing more than a list of names, most of whom are lost to history and not found in the Bible again. However, there are a great many lessons that we can take from this chapter—contemporary and spiritual.


This should be the most extensive examination of Gen. 36 available, where you will be able to examine in depth every word of the original text.


Quotations:

 

Kukis: The line of Esau seemed poised to become great in the land.

 

  Who has despised the day of small things?


Outline of Chapter 36:

 

Introduction

 

         vv.     1–5           Title of Chapter/Esau in Canaan

         vv.     6–14         Esau and His Descendants in Seir

         vv.    15–19         Esau’s Chieftain Sons

         vv.    20–30         The Descendants of Seir

         vv.    31–39         The Kings of Edom

         vv.    40–43         A Reprise of the Chieftains to Come from Esau

 

Addendum


Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines:

 

         Preface               Quotations

 

         Introduction         The Prequel of Genesis 36

         Introduction         The Principals of Genesis 36

         Introduction         The Places of Genesis 36

         Introduction         The Patriarchal Timeline for Genesis 36

         Introduction         A Synopsis of Genesis 36

         Introduction         Paragraph Divisions of Modern Translations for Genesis 36 (from Dr. Bob Utley)

         Introduction 

         Introduction 

         Introduction 

 

         v. 

         v.       1              Ron Snider on, Why study the line of a man on negative volition?

         v.       1              Map of Edom

         v.       1              Torrey on the Edomites

         v.       2              Hittites, Hivites and Horites

         v. 

         v.       3              Comparing the Wives of Esau

         v.       3              Esau’s Wives

         v. 

         v. 

         v.       8              Where exactly did Esau live?

         v. 

         v. 

         v.      12              Amalek, by Ron Snider

         v.      12              The Amalekites

         v. 

         v.      14              Genesis 36:1–14 Meanings of Names

         v. 

         v. 

         v. 

         v.      18              The Descendants of Esau

         v.      18              David Guzak on the Edomites

         v. 

         v.      19              Genesis 36:15–19 Meanings of Names

         v. 

         v. 

         v. 

         v. 

         v. 

         v. 

         v.      30              The Descendants of Seir

         v.      30              Genesis 36:20–28 The Meanings of Names

         v. 

         v.      31              Opinions on Before a king reigned for the sons of Israel

         v. 

         v. 

         v. 

         v. 

         v. 

         v. 

         v. 

         v. 

 

         Summary            A Set of Summary Doctrines and Commentary

         Summary            Lessons from Genesis 36

         Summary            Why we know that the true line of promise goes through Jacob

         Summary            B. H. Carroll Summarizes Genesis 36

         Summary            Edersheim Summarizes Genesis 36

         Summary 

 

         Addendum          Why Genesis 36 is in the Word of God

         Addendum          What We Learn from Genesis 36

         Addendum          Doctrine of the Edomites—Part I

         Addendum          Josephus’ History of this Time Period

         Addendum          Edersheim Summarizes Genesis 36

         Addendum          A Complete Translation of Genesis 36

         Addendum          Word Cloud from a Reasonably Literal Paraphrase of Genesis 36

         Addendum          Word Cloud from Exegesis of Genesis 36


Chapter Outline

 

Charts, Graphics, Short Doctrines

Beginning of Document

Doctrines Covered or Alluded to

Chapters of the Bible Alluded to

Definition of Terms

Introduction and Text

Addendum

www.kukis.org

 

Exegetical Studies in Genesis


Doctrines Covered or Alluded To

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional doctrines and links are found in Definition of Terms below.


Chapters of the Bible Alluded To and/or Appropriately Exegeted with this Chapter

 

 

 

 


Many who read and study this chapter are 1st or 2nd generation students of R. B. Thieme, Jr., so that much of this vocabulary is second nature. One of Bob’s contributions to theology is a fresh vocabulary along with a number of concepts which are theologically new or reworked, yet still orthodox. Therefore, if you are unfamiliar with his work, the definitions below will help you to fully understand all that is being said. Also, I have developed a few new terms and concepts which require definition as well.

In addition, there are other more traditional yet technical theological terms which will be used and therefore defined as well.

Sometimes the terms in the exegesis of this chapter are simply alluded to, without any in-depth explanation of them. Sometimes, these terms are explained in detail and illustrated. A collection of all these terms is found here: (HTML) (PDF) (WPD).

Definition of Terms

Gloss

A word or phrase added in by way of explanation by a later author (or copyist). I include in this those people who might relay this narrative verbally. This would have been done by a later writer or copyist.

Rebound (Restoration to fellowship with God)

In the New Testament, this is naming your sins to God, so that you are both restored to temporal fellowship with God and are then filled with the Spirit of God. In the Old Testament, naming your sins to God would result in a restoration of fellowship and, in some cases, the empowerment of the Holy Spirit once again (the Holy Spirit was not given to all Old Testament believers). See the Doctrine of Rebound (HTML) (PDF) (WPD).

Some of these definitions are taken from

http://gracebiblechurchwichita.org/?page_id=1556

http://www.bibledoctrinechurch.org/?subpages/GLOSSARY.shtml

http://rickhughesministries.org/content/Biblical-Terms.pdf

http://www.gbible.org/index.php?proc=d4d

http://www.wordoftruthministries.org/termsanddefs.htm

http://www.realtime.net/~wdoud/topics.html

http://www.theopedia.com/


Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


——————————


An Introduction to Genesis 36


I ntroduction: We have been studying Jacob, the son of Isaac. However, you may recall that Jacob has a twin brother, Esau, whom Jacob has attempted to swindle on several occasions. We do not know the relationship between Jacob and Esau upon Jacob’s return to the Land of Promise, but we may assume, based upon this chapter, that it was a friendly reunion. All of the bitterness had gone by the wayside. Both men would be about 60 at this point, and both men have matured a great deal since those ancient days. This chapter incidentally fills in some gaps. However, their father Isaac is not mentioned, even though he would still be alive at this time.


Esau, as a people, had a great head start on his twin brother Jacob and his nation, Edom, began before Israel. We would expect for his people to become a great people; but they did not. They were for a time, but they faded away into time.


Gen. 36 is all about the sons of Esau and the kingdom of Edom. This is an odd chapter because we primarily follow the Jews from Abraham forward. But here, we take a sudden detour and look at Esau. The line of promise and line of blessing is Abraham, Isaac and Jacob; Jacob being Esau’s twin. However, God blessed Esau. God did not leave him out in the cold; and it appears that he placed his trust Abraham’s God Yehowah. Since his children and grandchildren are found here, this suggests to us that they were believers as well.


So we are looking at a people who should have, given all that they began with, become a successful people. But, they were not. Why? At some point, in some generation, they turned against the God of Abraham. How do we know this? 400 or so years from this point, God will help Moses take the Jews out of the slavery of Egypt. At some point, the Jews will ask the Edomites for safe passage, but they are denied. This is how we know they have turned against the God of their fathers, Abraham and Isaac.


Human viewpoint, based upon the information in this chapter, tells us that this nation should have become a great nation; but they turned against the Lord. You cannot turn against God.


Most of those reading this live in the United States, and our country was built upon Biblical principles and founded by godly men. This does not mean that our history is perfect or that no one in our history has not made mistakes; but fundamentally, our country is ideal for the Church Age. And God has blessed us like no other country in world history. What is unfortunate, few people who live here appreciate just how great their lives are.


To read liberal icons, you would think this is the most evil nation in human history (they do not like Israel very much either). This is negative volition. People can live in the midst of great prosperity and blessing, and they make it their life’s work to bitch, moan, and complain (much like Gen X who were led by God out of Egypt—they spent much of their lives bitching, moaning and complaining).


This is how we learn how powerful negative volition is. All that is good and honorable, the American liberal rejects; and all that is demonstrably evil, they embrace, in hopes of establishing some kind of nirvana here on earth, pursuing systems which have failed throughout the past few hundred years.


Chapter 36 is a genealogical chapter, which can be a verse by verse, name by name slug-fest. Herein is Esau's line followed. When you decided the read through the Bible in a year, you read through this chapter in about 1 minute, noting where the genealogy began, skimming through to the end, and then picking up the narrative in Gen. 37. We will spend a little longer here and perhaps even derive a little spiritual benefit and a worthwhile historical background from Gen. 36.


This chapter is known as a parecbasis [pronounced par-EK-ba-sis]; that is, it is a digression, a temporary turning aside from one subject to another. We have been following the line of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and we will resume that line after this chapter. We will step aside to this chapter to examine Esau's line.


Some think that this chapter was arbitrarily inserted into Genesis sometime after the time of Saul, citing v. 31 as proof of that view. We will discuss this when we come to v. 31.


Esau and Jacob are the same age (being twins) and the generations named would have been those who would have been alive during the funeral of Isaac, their father. It is my opinion that Esau, in his old age, kept a genealogical chart which he shared with Joseph, or that Joseph pressed him for knowledge of his family. In the time that passed during the funeral of Isaac, which occurred when Joseph was young (his early teens) whom Joseph did not know at all, that Esau took a fondness for his youngest nephew whom he had never seen before and spent some time with this nephew. Joseph was somewhat of an outcast from his own family. However, any relationship between Esau and his nephew Joseph is purely speculative.


We do have an apparent contradiction which must be sorted out. When Esau and Jacob reunite in Ge. 32, they spend a short time together, but Esau returns that day to Seir (Gen. 32:16). In Gen. 36:6–8, Esau and Jacob separated because they had too much in the way of livestock. What apparently happened was, at the death of Isaac, when Isaac's wealth was to be divided up, Esau returned from the land of Seir with all of his family and possessions. Jacob also moved to that area. However, after living in that area for awhile together, Esau voluntarily moved back to where he had been living. Anytime we have the same city or area named in the Bible, we are not necessarily speaking of the exact same time-frame as all other references to that city or area. People are born in one state, move to another and reside there for a great many years, return to their home state, and then, after a short time, move back to where they came from. This is not unusual behavior, nor should it be misconstrued as some sort of contradiction. The time frame for Esau moving into the same area as Jacob is purely conjecture; but it does fit with the facts that we do know.


One of the things which caught my eye was, these men are not given names that relate to God in any way. Not every person in a family was named in some way as to be related to God; but many were. It is quite telling that, in this chapter, no one has a name which relates them to God (meaning the parents had no thought of God when naming their children).


Genesis 36 is a self-contained chapter, all about the line of Esau. Isaac had twin sons, Esau and Jacob. The line of promise would go through Jacob; and the other line is Esau’s.


Sometimes, I am quite surprised at all that can be found in a chapter filled with names of men, most of whom we will not hear of again.


In most cases, the line that goes nowhere is named first; and then the line of promise. However, all of Jacob’s children were named at the end of the previous chapter, along with Isaac’s death.


In this chapter, the leaders/chiefs of Esau’s line will be named.


It is important to understand what has gone before.

The Prequel of Genesis 36

 

Gen. 36 will begin with

Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


We need to know who the people are who populate this chapter.

The Principals of Genesis 36

Characters

Commentary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


We need to know where this chapter takes place.

The Places of Genesis 36

Place

Description

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


The Patriarchal Timeline for Genesis 36


Legend

Birth or death

God speaks with Abraham

Historical incidents (most of which are related to Abraham)

Parenthetical dates (2065 b.c.) simply refer to taking the date assigned by the chronologist and using Scripture to determine the next date.

The entire Abrahamic Timeline (HTML) (PDF) (WPD).

The entire Patriarchal Timeline (HTML) (PDF) (WPD).


MacDonald

(N. Berkeley Bible)

Reese’s Chronology Bible

Bible Hub

Ages

Scripture

Event/Description

2234 b.c.

2097 b.c.

 

 

Gen. 11:24

Terah, Abram’s father, is born. Gen 11:24–26 Nahor lived 29 years and fathered Terah. After he fathered Terah, Nahor lived 119 years and fathered other sons and daughters. Terah lived 70 years and fathered Abram, Nahor, and Haran.

 

1978 b.c.

 

 

Gen. 11:25

Death of Nahor, Abram’s uncle

 

1969 b.c.

 

Noah is 950

Gen. 9:28–29

Death of Noah

2164 b.c.

1967 b.c.

 

 

Gen. 11:26–27

Abraham (Terah’s son) and Lot (Haran’s son) born in Ur of the Chaldeans. Abram would be the 43rd generation from Adam. Gen 11:26 Terah lived 70 years and fathered Abram, Nahor, and Haran.

2078 b.c.

1881 b.c.

2080 b.c.

Abraham is 86

Gen. 16:15–16

Ishmael born to Abraham and Hagar in the land of Canaan. Gen 16:16 Abram was 86 years old when Hagar bore Ishmael to him.

2064 b.c. (2066 b.c.)

 

2066 b.c.

Abraham is 100

Gen. 21:1–7 1Chron. 1:34

Isaac born to Abraham. Isaac would be the 44th generation from Adam. Gen 21:5 Abraham was 100 years old when his son Isaac was born to him.

 

1841–

1816 b.c.

 

 

Gen. 25:12–16 1Chron. 1:29–31

Ishmael’s children.

 

1834 b.c.

1829 b.c. (Klassen)

2054 b.c.

 

Gen. 22:1–19

Abraham is told by God to go to the land of Moriah to offer up his son Isaac to God as a sacrifice. This was a 3-day journey away. They then go to Beer-sheba, which could simply indicate that they are returning home to Beer-sheba.

Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge puts this date at 1872 b.c., based upon Antiquities by Josephus.

(2029 b.c.)

1830 b.c.

2030 b.c.

Abraham is 137

Gen. 23:1–20

The death of Sarah. She dies in Kirjatharba, it is Hebron, in the land of Canaan. Gen 23:1 Now Sarah lived 127 years; these were all the years of her life. She is buried in a cave of the field of Machpelah before Mamre; it is Hebron, in the land of Canaan, purchased by Abraham from the sons of Heth.

(2026 b.c.)

 

 

 

Gen. 24:1–67 Gen. 25:20

Isaac (Abraham’s son) and Rebecca. Gen. 25:20 Isaac was 40 years old when he took as his wife Rebekah daughter of Bethuel the Aramæan from Paddan-aram, and sister of Laban the Aramæan. At this time, Isaac is living in the Negev. It is likely that Abraham lived there as well; or near to there.

 

 

2026 b.c.

Isaac is 40

Gen. 25:20

Isaac marries Rebecca. Gen. 25:20

 

1826 b.c.

 

 

Gen. 25:1

Abraham marries Keturah. Smith puts the date at 1860 b.c.; and Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge at 1853 b.c.

 

 

 

 

Gen. 25:2–4 1Chron. 1:32–33

Abraham’s fathers children by Keturah.

 

1817 b.c.

 

Shem is 600

Gen. 11:11

Death of Shem.

2004 b.c.

1807 b.c.

2006 b.c.

Abraham is 160; Isaac is 60

Gen. 25:19, 21–26

Jacob & Esau born to Isaac. Gen 25:26 After this, his brother came out grasping Esau's heel with his hand. So he was named Jacob. Isaac was 60 years old when they were born. Therefore, Abraham would be 160 years old.

(1991 b.c.)

 

 

 

Gen. 25:5–6

Isaac is the heir of all things that Abraham has (but, most importantly, of the covenant of God with Abraham).

1989 b.c.

1792 b.c.

1991 b.c.

Abraham is 175

Gen. 25:7–10

Abraham dies. Gen 25:7 This is the length of Abraham's life: 175 years. He is buried in the cave of Machpelah near Mamre, in the field of Nephron (this would be with Sarah).

 

 

 

 

Gen. 25:11

God blesses Isaac.

(1943 b.c.)

1788 b.c.

 

 

Gen. 25:17

The death of Ishmael. Gen 25:17 This is the length of Ishmael's life: 137 years. He took his last breath and died, and was gathered to his people.

 

 

 

Eber is 464

Gen. 11:17

Death of Eber.

 

1782 b.c.

1978 b.c.

 

Gen. 25:27–34

Jacob obtains Esau’s birthright for a mess of pottage.

 

1782 b.c.

1740 b.c. (Klassen)

 

 

Gen. 26:1–5

A famine in the land; God renews covenant with Isaac at Gerar.

 

 

 

 

Gen. 26:6–10

Rebecca and Isaac in Gerar.

 

 

 

 

Gen. 26:11–16

Isaac is blessed by God in Gerar.

 

1782 b.c.

1735 b.c. (Klassen)

 

 

Gen. 26:17–22

Strife between Isaac and Philistines in and near Gerar.

 

1767 b.c.

 

 

Gen. 26:34–35

Esau marries two Canaanite women.

 

1757–

1739 b.c.

1733 b.c.

(Klassen)

 

 

Gen. 26:23–25

Isaac makes an altar in Beer-sheba.

(1943 b.c.)

1744 b.c.

 

Ishmael is 137

Gen. 25:17–18

The death of Ishmael.

 

1738 b.c.

c 1732 b.c.

(Klassen)

1977 b.c.

 

Gen. 26:26–33

Isaac’s alliance with Abimelech at Beersheba.

(1929 b.c.)

1737 b.c.

1730 b.c. (Klassen)

1929 b.c.

 

Gen. 27:1–46

Jacob by deception receives a final blessing from Isaac that was meant for Esau.

 

 

 

 

Gen. 28:1–5

Jacob goes to his Uncle Laban’s home in Padan-aram for a wife.

 

 

1928 b.c.

 

Gen. 28:10–22

Jacob’s dream; God speaks to Jacob.

 

 

 

 

Gen. 28:6–9

Esau marries a daughter of Ishmael.

 

 

1906 b.c. (For descendants)

 

Gen. 36:1–42

Esau’s marriages and descendants.

 

1736 b.c.

1730 b.c. (Klassen)

1928 b.c.

 

Gen. 29:1–14

Jacob in Haran (Charan).

 

1736–

1729 b.c.

1730–

1723 b.c. (Klassen)

 

 

Gen. 29:15–20

Jacob works 7 years to marry Rachel, but is deceived by Laban, and Jacob marries Leah, her older sister.

 

1729 b.c.

1724 b.c. (Klassen)

1921 b.c.

 

Gen. 29:21–31

Jacob marries Rachel

(1915 b.c.)

1729–

1716 b.c.

1723–

1710 b.c. (Klassen)

1921 b.c.

1916 b.c. (Rachel bears Joseph)

 

Gen. 29:32–34

Gen. 30:1–6

Gen. 29:35

Gen. 30:9, 7–8, 10–24

Jacob has 12 children by his wives, Rachel and Leah; and by their personal servants as well. Reese breaks the timeline down in smaller increments in his book.

1915 b.c.

 

 

 

Gen. 

Joseph is born.

 

1711 b.c.

 

 

Gen. 36:31–33

1Chron. 1:43–44

Gen. 26:34–39

1Chron. 1:45–50

Gen. 36:40–43

1Chron. 1:51–54

The kings of Edom.

(1909 b.c.)

1716 b.c.

1710 b.c. (Klassen)

 

 

Gen. 30:25–43

Gen. 31:1–16

Jacob’s final years with Laban.

 

 

 

 

Gen. 31:17–55

Jacob’s departure from Laban.

 

 

1908 b.c.

 

Gen. 32:1–23

Jacob returns to Canaan.

 

 

1906 b.c.

 

Gen. 32:24–32

Gen. 35:10

Jacob wrestles with the angel.

 

 

1906 b.c.

 

Gen. 33:1–16

Jacob meets Esau face to face.

 

1715 b.c.

1710 b.c. (Klassen)

1906 b.c.

 

Gen. 33:17–20

The resumption of Jacob’s journey.

 

1711–

1708 b.c.

1706–

1705 b.c. (Klassen)

 

 

Gen. 38:1–5

1Chron. 2:3

Judah fathers 3 sons.

 

1700 b.c.

1687 b.c. (Klassen)

1906 b.c.

 

Gen. 34:1–31

Dinah, daughter of Judah, is defiled.

 

 

1906 b.c.

 

Gen. 35:1–15

Jacob returns to Bethel.

 

1700 b.c.

1710 b.c. (Klassen)

1903 b.c.

 

Gen. 35:16–19 48:7 35:20–22

Rachel dies when giving birth to Benjamin.

(1898 b.c.)

 

 

 

Gen. 35:27 37:1

The return to Hebron.

 

1699 b.c.

 

Joseph is 17

Gen. 37:2–11

Joseph—his early days and his dreams.

 

 

 

 

Gen. 37:12–35

Joseph in Shechem and Dothan.

1897 b.c.

 

1898 b.c.

 

Gen. 37:36 39:1

Joseph is sold into slavery, to end up in Egypt.

 

c1699–

1690 b.c.

1898 b.c.

 

Gen. 39:2–6

Joseph enjoys prosperity in Egypt.

 

c1695 b.c.

1707 b.c. (Klassen)

1898 b.c.

 

Gen. 38:6–11

Judah and Tamar.

 

1692 b.c.

 

 

Gen. 38:12–26

Judah’s wife dies.

 

1692 b.c.

1691 b.c. (Klassen)

 

 

Gen. 38:27–30

1Chron. 2:4

The birth of Pharez, the 41st generation from Adam.

 

c1690 b.c.

1689 b.c. (Klassen)

1889 b.c.

 

Gen. 39:7–19

Joseph flees adultery.

 

 

1889 b.c.

 

Gen. 39:20–23

Joseph is put into jail; yet prospers in jail.

(1887 b.c.)

1688 b.c.

1887 b.c.

 

Gen. 40:1–23

Joseph gives the interpretation of the dreams of the baker and the butler.

1884 b.c.

1687 b.c.

 

Isaac is 180

Gen. 35:28–29

The death of Isaac. Now the days of Isaac were 180 years. (Gen. 35:28)

(1885 b.c.)

1686 b.c.

1886 b.c.

 

Gen. 41:1–37

Joseph interprets the Pharaoh’s dream.

 

 

1886 b.c.

 

Gen. 41:38–44

Joseph is made governor.

 

 

 

 

Gen. 41:45

Joseph marries Asenath.

1884 b.c.

1686–

1679 b.c.

1886 b.c. (Beginning)

 

Gen. 41:46–49

The 7 years of plenty.

 

1685–

1683 b.c.

 

 

Gen. 41:50–53

Sons are born to Joseph.

 

1685–

1681 b.c.

 

 

Ex. 6:16 Num. 3:17 1Chron. 6:1, 16

The descendants of Levi are born.

 

1679–

1672 b.c.

1875 b.c.

 

Gen. 41:54–57

The seven years of famine.

(1876 b.c.)

1678 b.c.

1677 b.c. (Klassen)

1875 b.c.

 

Gen. 42:1–44:34

Joseph provides his family with food.

 

 

1875 b.c.

 

Gen. 45:1–15

Joseph reveals himself to his brothers.

 

 

1875 b.c.

 

Gen. 45:16–28

Jacob hears that his son, Joseph, is still alive, and he prepares to travel to Egypt himself.

 

1677 b.c.

 

 

Ruth 4:18 1Chron. 2:5

Birth of Hezron, the 40th generation.

1873 b.c.

1677 b.c.

1875 b.c.

 

Gen. 46:1–7, 28

Jacob goes to Egypt after God’s assurance in Beersheba.

 

 

1875 b.c.

Jacob is 130

Gen. 46:8–27 Ex. 1:1–5

Summary of the 70 who came to Egypt. Compare Gen. 47:8–9 and 46:27 for Jacob’s age.

 

 

1875 b.c.

 

Gen. 46:29–34 47:1–12

The people of Joseph are established in Egypt.

 

1676–

1675 b.c.

 

 

Gen. 47:13–21

Joseph continues as prime minister in Egypt, exercising wise leadership during the famine.

 

 

 

 

Gen. 47:22–26

The land of the priests in Egypt.

 

1672–

1593 b.c.

 

 

1Chron. 2:6–8

Zerah, the brother of Pharez, and his descendants.

 

1671 b.c.

1660 b.c. (Klassen)

 

 

Gen. 48:1–22

Blessings to Manasseh and Ephraim.

 

1660 b.c.

1665 b.c. (Klassen)

 

 

 

Birth of Berith to Ephraim.

 

 

 

 

Gen. 47:28–31

The last days of Jacob; his charge to Joseph.

 

 

1859 b.c.

 

Gen. 49:1–32

Jacob speaks to his sons, giving them their final blessings and encouraging them.

1857 b.c.

1660 b.c.

1859 b.c.

Jacob is 147

Gen. 49:33

The death of Jacob.

 

 

1859 b.c.

 

Gen. 50:1–14

The burial of Jacob.

 

 

 

 

Gen. 50:15–21

The fears of Joseph’s brothers after the death of Jacob.

 

1638 b.c.

1644 b.c. (Klassen)

 

 

 

Birth of Resheph (who is in the line between Ephraim and Joshua).

 

1625 b.c.

1620 b.c. (Klassen)

 

 

Num. 26:58

Birth of Aram (Levi’s grandson and Moses’ father.

 

1623 b.c.

1604 b.c. (Klassen)

 

 

 

The birth of Ram, the 39th generation.

 

1615 b.c.

1625 b.c. (Klassen)

 

 

 

The birth of Telah, in the line between Ephraim and Joshua.

 

 

 

 

Gen. 50:22–23

Joseph’s last days.

 

1606 b.c.

 

 

Gen. 50:24–25

Joseph’s last words.

1805 b.c. (1805 b.c.)

 

1806 b.c.

Joseph is 110

Gen. 50:26 Ex. 1:6

The death of Joseph. His brothers also die.

 

1606–

1462 b.c.

 

 

Gen. 47:27 Ex. 1:7

The population explosion among the Jews living in Egypt.


Bibliography

MacDonald’s timeline is from: http://www.bibleistrue.com/qna/qna63.htm accessed October 11, 2011 and August 12, 2014. Included in MacDonald’s timeline is a timeline for Egypt interspersed.

See http://www.bibleistrue.com/qna/qna63dating.htm for his justification of his timeline.


The Bible Hub timeline (accessed January 11, 2015) appears to be pretty thorough, but no one specifically is credited.

From: http://www.christianshepherd.org/bible_study_guides/abram_to_the_exodus.pdf (Christian shepherd). This source believes that the Jews live only a short time in Egypt (210 years).

The Reese Chronological Bible; KJV translation; Editor: Edward Reese; ©1977 by Edward Reese and Klassen’s dating system ©1975 by Frank R. Klassen; Ⓟ1980 by Bethany House Publishers, South Minneapolis, MN; pp. 18–19, 54–74.


The Modern Language Bible (The New Berkeley Version), Revised Edition; ©1969 by Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.; pp. 10–54.

Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


Here is what to expect from Genesis 36:

A Synopsis of Genesis 36

 

 

 

 

Like all chapters of the Word of God, you need more than just the simple plot outline to understand what God wants us to know.

Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


 

Synopses of Genesis 36 from Various Sources

New American Bible: [36:1–43] The line of Esau. In the preceding chapter (35:22–26), the list of Jacob’s children completes the narrative of Jacob; in this chapter, the narrative of Esau is complete when his descendants are listed. The notice of Abraham’s death and burial in 25:7–10 was followed by a list of the line of his elder son Ishmael (25:12–18) and here Isaac’s death and burial are followed by the line of Esau. The lines of both Ishmael and Esau are introduced by the same double formula, “These are the descendants of…” (25:12; 36:9) and “These are the names of the sons of…” (25:13; 36:10). The chapter consists of diverse material: vv. 1–3, Esau’s wives; vv. 9–14, Esau’s descendants; vv. 15–19, the clans of Esau; vv. 20–30, the Horites of Seir; vv. 31–39, the Edomite kings; vv. 40–43, the Edomites.

 

The NET Bible: Chapter 36 records what became of Esau. It will list both his actual descendants as well as the people he subsumed under his tribal leadership, people who were aboriginal Edomites. The chapter is long and complicated (see further J. R. Bartlett, “The Edomite King-List of Genesis 36:31-39 and 1 Chronicles 1:43-50,” JTS 16 [1965]: 301-14; and W. J. Horowitz, “Were There Twelve Horite Tribes?” CBQ 35 [1973]: 69-71). In the format of the Book of Genesis, the line of Esau is “tidied up” before the account of Jacob is traced (37:2). As such the arrangement makes a strong contrast with Jacob. As F. Delitzsch says, “secular greatness in general grows up far more rapidly than spiritual greatness” (New Commentary on Genesis, 2:238). In other words, the progress of the world far out distances the progress of the righteous who are waiting for the promise.

 

Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


 

Paragraph Divisions of Modern Translations for Genesis 36 (from Dr. Bob Utley)

NASB

NKJV

NRSV

TEV

NJB (FOLLOWS MT)

Esau Moves

The Family of Esau

Edomite Lists

The Descendants of Esau

Esau's Wives and Children in Canaan

Gen. 36:1

Gen. 36:1-8

Gen. 36:1-5

Gen. 36:1-5

Gen. 36:1-5

Gen. 36:2-5

 

 

 

Esau's Migration

Gen. 36:6-8

 

Gen. 36:6-8

Gen. 36:6-8

Gen. 36:6-8

Descendants of Esau

 

 

 

Esau's Descendants in Seir

Gen. 36:9-14

Gen. 36:9-14

Gen. 36:9-14

Gen. 36:9-13a

Gen. 36:9

Gen. 36:10

Gen. 36:11-12

Gen. 36:13b

Gen. 36:13

Gen. 36:14

Gen. 36:14

 

The Chiefs of Edom

 

 

The Chieftains of Edom

Gen. 36:15-19

Gen. 36:15-16

Gen. 36:15-19

Gen. 36:15-16

Gen. 36:15-16

Gen. 36:17

Gen. 36:17

Gen. 36:17

Gen. 36:18-19

Gen. 36:18-19

Gen. 36:18

Gen. 36:19

 

The Sons of Seir

 

The Descendants of Seir

The Descendants of Seir the Horite

Gen. 36:20-30

Gen. 36:20-30

Gen. 36:20-30

Gen. 36:20-21

Gen. 36:20-28

Gen. 36:22

Gen. 36:23

Gen. 36:24-26

Gen. 36:27

Gen. 36:28

Gen. 36:29-30

Gen. 36:29-30

 

The Kings of Edom

 

The Kings of Edom

The Kings of Edom

Gen. 36:31-39

Gen. 36:31-39

Gen. 36:31-39

Gen. 36:31-39

Gen. 36:31-39

 

The Chiefs of Esau

 

 

The Chieftains of Edom

Gen. 36:40-43

Gen. 36:40-43

Gen. 36:40-43

Gen. 36:40-43

Gen. 36:40 to Gen. 37:1

From Dr. Bob Utley, Copyright © 2014 Bible Lessons International; www.freebiblecommentary.org; from e-sword; Gen. 36 chapter comments).

Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


——————————


Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


Title of Chapter/Esau in Canaan


Kukis slavishly literal:

 

Kukis moderately literal:

These [are] generations of Esau (he [is] Edom):

Esau took his women from daughters of a Canaanite: Adah a daughter of Elon the Hittite and Oholibamah a daughter of Anah a daughter of Zibeon the Hivite and Basemath a daughter of Ishmael a sister of Nebaioth.

Genesis

36:1–3

These [are] the generations of Esau (that [is], Edom):

Esau took his wives from the daughters of the Canaanites: [there was] Adah, the daughter of Elon the Hittite; Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah [who was] the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite; and Basemath, the daughter of Ishmael, [and] the sister of Nebaioth.

Kukis not-so-literal paraphrase:

These are the generations of Esau (that is, Edom):

Esau took his wives from the Canaanites. There was Adah, the daughter of Elon (a Hitite); Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah, who was the daughter of Zibeon (a Hivite); and Basemath, the daughter of Ishmael and also the sister of Nebaioth.


Here is how others have translated this verse:

 

Ancient texts:                       Note: I compare the Hebrew text to English translations of the Latin, Syriac and Greek texts, using the Douay-Rheims translation; George Lamsa’s translation, and Sir Lancelot Charles Lee Brenton’s translation as revised and edited by Paul W. Esposito, respectively. I often update these texts with non-substantive changes (e.g., you for thou, etc.). I often use the text of the Complete Apostles’ Bible instead of Brenton’s translation, because it updates the English text.

 

The Septuagint was the earliest known translation of a book (circa 200 b.c.). Since this translation was made before the textual criticism had been developed into a science and because different books appear to be translated by different men, the Greek translation can sometimes be very uneven.

 

When there are serious disparities between my translation and Brenton’s (or the text of the Complete Apostles’ Bible), I look at the Greek text of the Septuagint (the LXX) to see if a substantive difference actually exists (and I reflect these changes in the English rendering of the Greek text). I use the Greek LXX with Strong’s numbers and morphology available for e-sword. The only problem with this resource (which is a problem for similar resources) is, there is no way to further explore Greek verbs which are not found in the New Testament. Although I usually quote the Complete Apostles’ Bible here, I have begun to make changes in the translation when their translation conflicts with the Greek and note what those changes are.

 

The Masoretic text is the Hebrew text with all of the vowels (vowel points) inserted (the original Hebrew text lacked vowels). We take the Masoretic text to be the text closest to the original. However, differences between the Masoretic text and the Greek, Latin and Syriac are worth noting and, once in a great while, represent a more accurate text possessed by those other ancient translators.

 

In general, the Latin text is an outstanding translation from the Hebrew text into Latin and very trustworthy (I say this as a non-Catholic). Unfortunately, I do not read Latin—apart from some very obvious words—so I am dependent upon the English translation of the Latin (principally, the Douay-Rheims translation).

 

Underlined words indicate differences in the text.

 

Bracketed portions of the Dead Sea Scrolls are words, letters and phrases lost in the scroll due to various types of damage. Underlined words or phrases are those in the Dead Sea Scrolls but not in the Masoretic text.

 

I will only list the translation from the Dead Sea Scrolls if it exists and if it is different from the Masoretic text.

 

The Targum of Onkelos is actually the Pentateuchal Targumim, which are The Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan Ben Uzziel. On the Pentateuch With The Fragments of the Jerusalem Targum From the Chaldee by J. W. Etheridge, M.A. From http://www.becomingjewish.org/texts/targum/onkelos_genesis.html and first published in 1862.

 

The very fact that we have ancient Greek, Latin, Syriac and Arabic translations of the Bible testifies to its accuracy. There may be a difference word or phrase here or there; the Greek may have a singular where the Hebrew has a plural, but there is no set of doctrines in the Latin Bible which are any different from those found in the Greek Bible or the Syriac Bible. These different cultures when they chose to translate the Bible chose to translate it as accurately as possible. Where human viewpoint would expect to find doctrinal differences between the Bible of the Hebrews, of the Greeks or of the Romans, no such differences exist.


Ancient texts:

 

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        These [are] generations of Esau (he [is] Edom):

Esau took his women from daughters of a Canaanite: Adah a daughter of Elon the Hittite and Oholibamah a daughter of Anah a daughter of Zibeon the Hivite and Basemath a daughter of Ishmael a sister of Nebaioth.

Dead Sea Scrolls                   .

Targum (trans. Etheridge)      .

Jerusalem targum                  .

Targum (Onkelos)                  And these are the generations of Esau, who is Edom. Esau took his wives from the daughters of Kenaan: Ada, daughter of Helon the Hittite, and Ahalivama, the daughter of Ana, the daughter of Sibeon the Hivite, and Basemath, the daughter of Ishmael, the sister of Nebaioth. Translation for Onkelos and Pseudo-Jonathan by J. W. Etheridge, M.A. (1862).

Targum (Pseudo-Jonathan)   These are the genealogies of Esau, who is called Edom. Esau took wives of the daughters of Kenaan, Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittah, and Ahalibama the daughter of Ana, the daughter of Sibeon the Hiva, and Basemath the daughter of Ishmael whom Nebaioth her brother gave to him.

Jerusalem targum                  .

Revised Douay-Rheims         And these are the generations of Esau, the same is Edom.

Esau took wives of the daughters of Chanaan: Ada the daughter of Elon the Hethite, and Oolibama the daughter of Ana, the daughter of Sebeon the Hevite: And Basemath the daughter of Ismael, sister of Nabajoth.

Aramaic ESV of Peshitta        Now this is the history of the generations of Esau (that is, Edom).

Esau took his wives from the daughters of Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon, the Hittite; and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon, the Hivite; and Basemath, Ishmael's daughter, sister of Nebaioth.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    NOW these are the generations of Esau, who is Edom. 2 Esau took his wives from among the daughters of Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, Aholibamah the daughter of Anah, the son of Zibeon the Hivite; 3 And Bismath, Ishmaels daughter, sister of Nebioth.

Septuagint (Greek)                Generations - Esau. Gn.36.1-19 - 1Chr.1.34-37

And these are the generations of Esau; this is Edom. And Esau took to himself wives of the daughters of the Chananites; Ada, the daughter of Aelom the Chettite; and Olibema, daughter of Ana the son of Sebegon, the Evite; and Basemath, daughter of Ismael, sister of Nabaioth.

NETS (Greek)                        .

Brenton’s Septuagint             .

 

Significant differences: 


Limited Vocabulary Translations:

 

Bible in Basic English             Now these are the generations of Esau, that is to say, Edom. Esau's wives were women of Canaan: Adah, the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite, And Basemath, Ishmael's daughter, the sister of Nebaioth.

Easy English                          This is a list of the descendants of Esau. (Esau is also called Edom.) 2 Esau took women from Canaan to be his wives. They were: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite and Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite 3 and Basemath, the daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.

Easy-to-Read Version            Esau’s Family

This is the history of the family of Esau (Edom). Esau married women from the land of Canaan. His wives were Adah, the daughter of Elon the Hittite, Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah, the son of Zibeon the Hivite, and Basemath, Ishmael’s daughter, the sister of Nebaioth.

God’s Word                         .

Good News Bible (TEV)         .

The Message                         This is the family tree of Esau, who is also called Edom.

Esau married women of Canaan: Adah, daughter of Elon the Hittite;

Oholibamah, daughter of Anah and the granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite; and Basemath, daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.

Names of God Bible               The Origin of Edom

This is the account of Esau (that is, Edom) and his descendants. Esau chose his wives from the women of Canaan: Adah, daughter of Elon the Hittite; Oholibamah, daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite; also Basemath, daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.

NIRV                                      The Family Line of Esau

Here is the story of the family line of Esau. Esau was also called Edom.

Esau got his wives from among the women of Canaan. He married Adah, the daughter of Elon the Hittite. He also married Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah and the granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite. And he married Basemath, the daughter of Ishmael and the sister of Nebaioth.

New Simplified Bible              .


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           .

Contemporary English V.       Esau, also known as Edom, had many descendants.

He married three Canaanite women: The first was Adah, the daughter of Elon the Hittite; the second was Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah and the granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite; the third was Basemath, who was Ishmael's daughter and Nebaioth's sister.

The Living Bible                     Here is a list of the descendants of Esau (also called Edom): Esau married three local girls from Canaan: Adah (daughter of Elon the Hethite), Oholibamah (daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite), Basemath (his cousin—she was a daughter of Ishmael—the sister of Nebaioth).

New Berkeley Version           .

New Century Version             Esau’s Family

This is the family history of Esau (also called Edom). Esau married women from the land of Canaan: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite; and Oholibamah daughter of Anah, the son of Zibeon the Hivite; and Basemath, Ishmael’s daughter, the sister of Nebaioth.

New Life Version                    These are the children of Esau (that is, Edom). Esau took his wives from the women of Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite, and Ishmael's daughter Basemath, the sister of Nebaioth.

New Living Translation           Descendants of Esau

This is the account of the descendants of Esau (also known as Edom). Esau married two young women from Canaan: Adah, the daughter of Elon the Hittite; and Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite. He also married his cousin Basemath, who was the daughter of Ishmael and the sister of Nebaioth.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          And these are the generations of Esau (or Edom). Esau took these women from the daughters of the CanaAnites: There was Ada (the daughter of AiLom the Chettite), OliBema (the daughter of Ana [who was] the son of SebeGon the Hivite), and BaseMath (the daughter of IshMaEl and the sister of NabaiOth).

Beck’s American Translation .

International Standard V        Esau’s Genealogies

This is a record of Esau’s genealogy, that is, of Edom. Esau had married Canaanite women, including Elon the Hittite’s daughter Adah, Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah (who was Zibeon the Hivite’s daughter), and Ishamael’s daughter Basemath (who was Nebaioth’s sister).

New Advent (Knox) Bible       Here is a list of the descendants of Esau (or Edom). Esau’s Chanaanite wives were Ada, daughter of Elon the Hethite, Oölibama, who was daughter of Ana and grand-daughter of Sebeon the Hevite, and Basemath, who was daughter of Ismael and sister of Nabaioth.

Today’s NIV                          .

Translation for Translators                                 The descendants of Esau

◂This is/I will now give you► a list of the descendants of Esau, whose other name was Edom. Esau married three women from Canaan land: Adah, the daughter of Elon from the Heth people-group; Oholibamah, who was the daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon from the Hiv people-group; and Basemath, who was the daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Awful Scroll Bible                   The descendants of Esau; that is Edom.

Esau is to have received out his wives, from the daughters of Canaan: Adah, the daughter of Elon, the Hittite, and Aholibamah, the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon, the Hivite; and Basemath, Ishma-el's daughter, sister of Nebajoth.

Conservapedia                       Here is the Testimony of Esau, also known as Edom:

Jacob took down these details from Esau and included them in his own Testimony (Hebrew תולדות (toledoth), family history, origins history, or as used here, a written testimony.)

Esau selected his wives from among the daughters of Canaan: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Aholibamah daughter of Anah daughter of Zibeon the Hivite, and Bashemath daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebajoth.

Ferrar-Fenton Bible                History of Esau continued

Now these are the descendants of Esau, who is Edom : —

Esau took wives from the women of Canan ; Ada the daughter of Ailon the Hitite ; and Ahlibamah, the daughter of Zibaon the Hivite ; and Bashmath the daughter of Ishmael, the sister of Benaioth.

God’s Truth (Tyndale)           These are the generations of Esau which is called Edom. Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan: Ada the daughter of Elon an Hethite, and Ahalibama the daughter of Ana, which Ana was the son of Zibeon an Hevite, And Basmath Ismaels daughter and sister of Nebaioth.

HCSB                                     Esau’s Family

These are the family records of Esau (that is, Edom). Esau took his wives from the Canaanite women: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite, Oholibamah daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite, and Basemath daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.

Jubilee Bible 2000                  .

Lexham English Bible            .

H. C. Leupold                         9. The History of Esau (Chapter 36)

(1) Esau’s Wives and Children and their Settlement in Seir (v. 1-8)

And this is the history of Esau—that is Edom. Esau married women who were Canaanites: Adah, the daughter of Elon, the Hittite, and Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah, the granddaughter of Zibeon, the Hivite; and besides, Basemath, Ishmael’s daughter, the sister of Nebaioth.

NIV, ©2011                             Esau’s Descendants

This is the account of the family line of Esau (that is, Edom).

Esau took his wives from the women of Canaan: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite— also Basemath daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.

Tree of Live Version               Esau Fathers the Edomites

Now these are the genealogies of Esau (that is, Edom). Esau took his wives from the daughters of Canaan: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite, Oholibamah daughter of Anah, daughter of Tzivion the Hivite, and Basemath daughter of Ishmael, sister of Nebaioth.


Catholic Bibles (those having the imprimatur):

 

Christian Community (1988)  Esau the father of the Edomites

These are the descendants of Esau that is, Edom. Esau married women of Canaan:

Adah, the daughter of Elon the Hittite, Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah, the son of Zibeon the Horite, Base math, the daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.

The Heritage Bible                 .

New American Bible (2002)   .

New American Bible (2011)   Edomite Lists.*

These are the descendants of Esau (that is, Edom).

Esau took his wives from among the Canaanite women: Adah, daughter of Elon the Hittite; Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah the son of Zibeon the Hivite [Gn 26:34]; and Basemath, daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.

[36:2–14] The names of Esau’s wives and of their fathers given here differ considerably from their names cited from other old sources in 26:34 and 28:9. Zibeon the Hivite: in v. 20 he is called a “Horite”; see note on 34:2.

New Jerusalem Bible             These are the descendants of Esau, that is, Edom.

Esau chose his wives from the women of Canaan: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite, Oholibamah daughter of Anah, son of Zibeon the Horites, Basemath daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.

New RSV                               .

Revised English Bible            THIS is an account of the descendants of Esau, that is Edom.

Esau took Canaanite women in marriage: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite and Oholibamah daughter of Anah son of Zibeon the Horites, and Basemath, Ishmael's daughter, sister of Nebaioth.


Jewish/Hebrew Names Bibles:

 

Complete Jewish Bible           This is the genealogy of ‘Esav (that is, Edom). ‘Esav chose Kena‘ani women as his wives: ‘Adah the daughter of Eilon the Hitti; Oholivamah the daughter of ‘Anah the daughter of Tziv‘on the Hivi; and Basmat Yishma‘el’s daughter, sister of N’vayot.

exeGeses companion Bible   THE GENEALOGY OF ESAV

And these are the generations of Esav - Edom.

Esav takes his women of the daughters of Kenaan:

Adah the daughter of Elon the Hethiy;

and Oholi Bamah the daughter of Anah

the daughter of Sibon the Hivviy;

and Bosmath the daughter of Yishma El

the sister of Nebayoth.

Hebraic Transliteration           .

Hebrew Names Version         .

JPS (Tanakh—1985)               This is the line of Esau—that is, Edom.

Esau took his wives from among the Canaanite women—Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah daughter of Anah daughter of Zibeon the Hivite— and also Basemath daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.

Judaica Press Complete T.    .

Kaplan Translation                 Esau's Line

These are the chronicles of Esau, also known as Edom.

Esau took wives from the daughters of Canaan. These were Adah, daughter of Elon the Hittite [Some say that she was Basemath daughter of Elon; see note on Genesis 26:34. Others say that she may have been her sister (Ramban).], and Oholibamah [Or Aholibamah. Some say that she is Judith daughter of Beeri (Rashi; see note on Genesis 26:34). Many, however, dispute this (Rashbam; Ramban; see Sefer HaYashar). See Genesis 36:41.], daughter of Anah, daughter of Tziv'on [Most probably, 'daughter of Anah, granddaughter of Tziv'on' (Ibn Ezra; Ramban on Genesis 36:25). We thus see that Oholibamah was the daughter of Anah, who was the son of Tziv'on (Genesis 36:24,25). According to the Midrash, however, Oholibamah was the daughter of both Anah and Tziv'on, since Anah committed incest with his mother (Bereshith Rabbah 82; Rashi). According to others, Anah was a woman, the daughter of Tziv'on (Tosafoth, Bava Bathra 115b, s.v. Melamed; cf. Rashba ibid.; Ritva on Eyn Yaakov). According to this, her father could indeed have been Beeri the Hittite.] the Hivite [See note on Genesis 10:17. This is somewhat difficult, since Tziv'on and Anah are later described as Horites (Genesis 36:20,24). Some say that Hivite here does not denote a nationality, but rather, an agricultural talent (Tosafoth, Shabbath 85a s.v. Chivi). Hence, the verse here should be translated, 'Tziv'on the agriculturist.' Others say that the Horites are descended from the Hivites (Sefer HaYashar p.27), and hence the two tribes are essentially identical (Ramban on Deuteronomy 2:10).]. [He also married] Basemath [Some say that she is identical with Machlath; see note on Genesis 28:9. She may have taken the name of Esau's original wife, Basemath (Genesis 26:34).], daughter of Ishmael [and] sister of Nebayoth [See Genesis 38:9.]. The Kaplan Translation, particularly in Exodus through Deuteronomy, takes note of historic rabbinic opinions.

Natural Israelite Bible             .

Orthodox Jewish Bible           Now these are the toldot Esav, who is Edom.

Esav took his nashim of the Banot Kena’an: Adah Bat Elon the Chitti, and Oholivamah Bat Anah Bat Tziveon the Chivvy;

And Basemat Bat Yishma’el, achot Nevayot.

Restored Names Version       .

The Scriptures 1998              And this is the genealogy of Ěsaw, who is Eom.

Ěsaw took his wives from the daughters of Kenaʽan: Aah the daughter of Ělon the Ḥittite, and Oholiamah the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Tsiʽon the Ḥiwwite; and Basemath, Yishmaʽĕl’s daughter, sister of Neayoth.


Expanded/Embellished Bibles:

 

The Amplified Bible                Esau Moves

Now these are the records of the descendants of Esau, (that is, Edom).

Esau took his [three] wives from the daughters of Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah, the son of Zibeon the Hivite, and Basemath, Ishmael’s daughter, sister of Nebaioth.

The Expanded Bible              Esau’s Family

·This is the family history [LThese are the generations; 2:4] of Esau (also called Edom [25:30]). Esau ·married [Ltook] women from the ·land [Ldaughters] of Canaan: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite; and Oholibamah daughter of Anah, the son of Zibeon the Hivite; and Basemath [26:34], Ishmael’s daughter, the sister of Nebaioth.

The Geneva Bible                  .

Kretzmann’s Commentary    Verses 1-8

Esau Settles in Seir

Now these are the generations of Esau, who is Edom. Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan: Adah, the daughter of Elon, the Hittite, and Aholibamah, the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon, the Hivite, Gen. 26:34; and Bashemath, Ishmael's daughter, sister of Nebajoth, Gen. 28:9. It was just as common for a woman to have several names as for a man, it being customary to change the names at some important event in life. Although there are apparent discrepancies in the entire Chapter, they involve no contradiction.

NET Bible®                             The Descendants of Esau

What follows is the account of Esau (also known as Edom).

Esau took his wives from the Canaanites [Heb “from the daughters of Canaan.”]: Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and granddaughter [Heb “daughter,” but see Gen 36:24-25.] of Zibeon the Hivite, in addition to Basemath the daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth. When it comes to making an actual material change to the text, the NET Bible® is pretty good about indicating this. Since most of these corrections will be clear in the more literal translations below and within the Hebrew exegesis itself, I will not continue to list every NET Bible® footnote. Some of their notes will be reproduced in the exegesis of the chapter.

Syndein/Thieme                     .

The Voice                               Here is an account of Esau’s descendants (his nation is known as Edom).

Esau had taken his wives from the Canaanites: Adah (daughter of Elon the Hittite), Oholibamah (daughter of Anah, granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite), and Basemath (Ishmael’s daughter and Nebaioth’s sister).


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Brenner’s Mechanical Trans....and these are the birthings of Esav [Doing], he is Edom [Red], Esav had taken his women from the daughters of Kena'an [Lowered], Adah [Ornament], the daughter of Eylon [Strength] the one of Hhet [Shattered] and Ahalivamah [Tent of the high place], the daughter of Anah [Answer], the daughter of Tsiv'ghon [Colored] the one of Hhiw [Village], and Basmat [Spice] the daughter of Yishma'el [El will listen], the sister of Nevayot [Flourishings],...

Concordant Literal Version    .

A Conservative Version         .

Context Group Version          Now these are the generations of Esau (the same is Edom). Esau took his women of the daughters of Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite, and Basemath Ishmael's daughter, sister of Nebaioth.

Darby Translation                  .

Emphasized Bible                  .

English Standard Version      .

English Standard V. – UK       .

Evidence Bible                       .

Green’s Literal Translation    .

God’s Truth (Tyndale)           .

King James 2000 Version      .

21st Century KJV                   .

Modern English Version         Esau’s Descendants

Now these are the generations of Esau, who is Edom.

Esau took his wives from the daughters of Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite, and Basemath, Ishmael’s daughter, sister of Nebaioth.

NASB                                     Esau Moves

Now these are the records of the generations of Esau (that is, Edom).

Esau took his wives from the daughters of Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah and the granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite; also Basemath, Ishmael’s daughter, the sister of Nebaioth.

New European Version          The Family of Esau

Now this is the history of the generations of Esau (that is, Edom). Esau took his wives from the daughters of Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon, the Hittite; and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon, the Hivite; and Basemath, Ishmael’s daughter, sister of Nebaioth.

New King James Version       The Family of Esau

Now this is the genealogy of Esau, who is Edom. Esau took his wives from the daughters of Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite; Aholibamah the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite; and Basemath, Ishmael’s daughter, sister of Nebajoth.

Owen's Translation                .

Third Millennium Bible            .

Updated Bible Version 2.11   .

A Voice in the Wilderness      .

Webster’s Bible Translation  .

World English Bible                .

Young's Literal Translation     .

Young's Updated LT              And these are births of Esau, who is Edom. Esau hath taken his wives from the daughters of Canaan: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Aholibamah daughter of Anah, daughter of Zibeon the Hivite, and Bashemath daughter of Ishmael, sister of Nebajoth.

 

The gist of this verse:          We begin the line of Esau and the list of his wives.


The first verse is the title for this chapter.


Genesis 36:1a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾêlleh (אֵלֶּה) [pronounced ALE-leh]

these, these things

demonstrative plural adjective (often the verb to be is implied)

Strong's #428 BDB #41

tôwledôth (תּוֹלְדֹת) [pronounced tohle-DOTH]

generations, results, proceedings, genealogies, history, course of history; origin; families; races

feminine plural construct

Strong’s #8435 BDB #410

ʿÊsâv (עֵשָׂו) [pronounced ģay-SAWV]

 handled, made, rough handling; hairy; transliterated Esau

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #6215 BDB #796


Translation: These [are] the generations of Esau... This is the famous word toladoth, which demarcates various divisions in the book of Genesis. Many times, this indicates that we are dealing with a new section. The new writer is picking up where the previous writer left off, and he begins talking about a new group of people; or a new overall topic.


We do not find this with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Even though each man is a new generation; they represent the same family. It is generally clear when we have moved from Abraham to Isaac and then from Isaac to Jacob, so the toladoth word is not used (it will be used when Joseph picks up the pen, however).


As we have studied before, this is the tôwledôth (תּוֹלְדֹת) [pronounced tohle-DOTH], the plural construct which means generations, results, proceedings, genealogies, history, course of history; origin; families; races. Although many times, this introduces a genealogy, that is not always the case. Strong’s #8435 BDB #410.


We have studied cluster and linear genealogies. A cluster genealogy is one which looks at 2 or 3 or 4 generations, where several sons in each line are named. A cluster genealogy is rarely followed out in Scripture. What we find most often is, the cluster genealogy is never picked up and continued somewhere else. However, the people from this genealogy might be mentioned elsewhere.


A linear genealogy is the genealogy of the line of the Messiah, and every generation from Adam to Mary is carefully preserved, over centuries of recorded history. A linear genealogy is always picked up somewhere and always leads to the humanity of Jesus Christ (or to His legal father, Joseph). Many different authors in the Old Testament were inspired to record portions of the genealogy of our Lord, while not necessarily realizing where this genealogy would lead.


Occasionally, a cluster genealogy fits quite nicely between two linear genealogies. This is true of the genealogy at the end of Gen. 35.


The only exception to this classification of linear and cluster genealogies, is found in the first 9 or 10 chapters of 1Chronicles, where several lines are followed out, including the line of the Messiah. Most of these lines are the sons of Jacob.


There has been loose talk in theology over the lost ten tribes of Israel (those tribes from the northern kingdom who were dispersed in the 5th stage of national discipline). Those early chapters of 1Chronicles are God saying, “I know where everyone is.”


There is some limited overlap in these two types of genealogies. In the previous chapter, we had, more or less a cluster genealogy (Jacob and his sons); and one of those lines (Judah’s) will lead to the Lord Jesus Christ.


In this chapter, we will study the line of Esau, the other son of Isaac. The sons of Esau are known as the Edomites and they lived south of the Dead Sea. Even though there might be descendants of Esau even today, they do not carry with them the same identity as the Jewish people do. Unless a person is a Jew as the result of a conversion, every Jew that you meet has the genes of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in them (and his descendants therefore carry the genes of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob). Many times, marriages remain within the Jewish community. Because of this, many non-racial converts have children who are racially Jewish (because they marry someone who is racially Jewish).


As an aside, before we delve into Esau’s line, know that there are genetic (racial) Jews and there are religious Jews. Almost all religious Jews are racial Jews (recent converts excepted), but many modern Jews are not tied to their heritage by religion—only by genes. Most have some knowledge of their spiritual heritage, but not with any sort of full understanding of what that means. Interestingly enough, this suggests that many non-religious Modern Jews have more in common with Esau than with Abraham.


Esau did not value his spiritual heritage as much as Jacob did (even though Esau was probably a nicer person than Jacob was).

Ron Snider on, Why study the line of a man on negative volition?

1.      To demonstrate the veracity of God's Word. Gen. 17:6 25:23

2.      To demonstrate historical knowledge and accuracy which lends credibility to Moses writings. (Snider and many other fine Bible teachers believe incorrectly that Genesis was written by Moses.)

3.      To introduce certain characters or groups which play a role in the later history of Israel. Eliphaz or a close descendant is mentioned in Job 2:11; Teman is used in the prophets; Amalek is quite important as well.

Point 2 ought to be: To demonstrate the historical knowledge and accuracy that lends credibility to the Genesis record.

As I have mentioned in my exegesis of the book of Job, the Eliphaz named here may or may not be related to the Eliphaz in the book of Job.

From Makarios Bible Church; accessed December 9, 2015.

Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


Genesis 36:1b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

hûwʾ (הוּא) [pronounced hoo]

he, it; himself as a demonstrative pronoun: that, this (one); same

3rd person masculine singular, personal pronoun; sometimes the verb to be, is implied

Strong’s #1931 BDB #214

ʾĚdôwm (אֱדוֹם) [pronounced eh-DOHM]; also ʾĚdôm (אֱדֹם) [pronounced eh-DOHM

reddish; and is transliterated Edom, Edomites

masculine proper noun

Strong’s #123 BDB #10

genesis36.gif

Translation:...(that [is], Edom):... Esau is the same as Edom. Esau is the father of this region and Edom is the name of the country. Edom means reddish.


Map of Edom; from JesusWalk.com; accessed October 24, 2016. Edom has a very prominent place in Scripture. It is located south-southeast of Israel, between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba, bordered on the north by Moab.


This area was eventually populated by descendants of Esau, a man so close to the promise of God. The King's Highway passes through the eastern plateau of Edom (Num. 20:14–18) and in the time of the Exodus, the Edomites refused to allow the Jews to cross through their land on this highway (Num. 20:14–21 21:4 Judges 11:17–18). As we will see when we enter into the prophetic books, Edom has a special place in prophecy, being a powerful, Gentile nation on the day of the Lord. We will find prophecies concerning Edom in Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and Obadiah. Who would have thought that nation, now in the midst of a desert, would become powerful again? However, with the discoveries of oil in the Mideast, many nations built on sand have become powerful, political entities.












Some editing was done to turn this into an outline form.

Torrey on the Edomites

1.      Descended from Esau Gen. 36:9;

2.      Dwelt in Mount Seir Gen. 32:3 Deut. 2:4–5;

3.      WERE CALLED

         1)      Children of Esau Deut. 2:4;

         2)      Brethren of Israel Num. 20:14;

4.      Governed by dukes Gen. 36:15–30 Gen. 36:40–43 Ex. 15:15

5.      Afterwards had kings Gen. 36:31–29 Num. 20:14;

6.      Under a deputy or viceroy while subject to Judah 1Kings 22:47;

7.      CHARACTER OF

         1)      Wise Jer. 49:7;

         2)      Proud and self–confident Jer. 49:16 Oba. 1:3

         3)      Strong and cruel Jer. 49:19

         4)      Vindictive Eze. 25:12

         5)      Idolatrous 2Chron. 25:14 2Chron. 25:20

         6)      Superstitious Jer. 27:3 Jer. 27:9;

8.      Carried on extensive commerce Eze. 27:20;

9.      COUNTRY OF

         1)      Specially given to them Deut. 2:5;

         2)      Fertile and rich Gen. 27:39;

         3)      Mountainous and rocky Jer. 49:16; Mal. 1:3;

         4)      Traversed by roads Num. 20:17;

         5)      Well fortified Psalm 60:9;

         6)      Called Mount Seir Eze. 35:2;

         7)      Called Mount of Esau Oba. 1:21;

         8)      Called Duma Isa. 21:11;

         9)      Called Idumea Isa. 34:6; Mark 3:8;

         10)    Called Edom Isa. 63:1;

10.    CITIES OF

         1)      Dinhabah or Dedan Gen. 36:32 Jer. 49:8;

         2)      Avith Gen. 36:35;

         3)      Pau Gen. 36:39;

         4)      Bozrah Jer. 49:22 Amo. 1:12

         5)      Teman Jer. 49:7 Eze. 25:13;

         6)      Eziongeber, a sea port 1Kings 9:26;

11.    Implacable enemies of Israel Eze. 35:5;

12.    Israel forbidden to hate Deut. 23:7;

13.    Israel forbidden to spoil Deut. 2:4 Deut. 2:6 2Chron. 20:10;

R. A. Torrey; New Topical Textbook; from e-sword; topic: Edomites, The.

Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


Genesis 36:2a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

ʿÊsâv (עֵשָׂו) [pronounced ģay-SAWV]

 handled, made, rough handling; hairy; transliterated Esau

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #6215 BDB #796

lâqach (לָקַח) [pronounced law-KAHKH]

to take, to take away, to take in marriage; to seize

3rd person masculine singular, Qal perfect

Strong’s #3947 BDB #542

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

nâshîym (נָשִים) [pronounced naw-SHEEM]

women, wives

feminine plural noun; irregular plural of Strong’s #802with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong’s #802 BDB #61

min (מִן) [pronounced min]

from, off, out from, of, out of, away from, on account of, since, than, more than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

bath (בַּת) [pronounced bahth]

daughter; village

feminine plural construct

Strong's #1323 BDB #123

Kenaʿan (כְּנַעַן) [pronounced keNAH-ģahn]

which possibly means merchant and is transliterated Canaan

masculine proper noun; territory

Strong’s #3667 BDB #488


Translation: ...Esau took his wives from the daughters of the Canaanites:... This has already been stated in Scripture; and the wives which he took were distressing to Rebekah and Isaac, his parents. We are not given any specifics here; however, generally speaking, the Canaanites were heathen. Now, many did believe in the God of Abraham and we find this implied in many Biblical narratives; but as they turned away from Abraham’s God, they began to take a dim view of Abraham and later of Isaac.


It is easy to see the progression in Canaan of the way that the people’s opinion changed over the years.


Genesis 36:2b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

ʿÂdâh (עָדָה) [pronounced ģaw-DAW]

ornament, decoration; transliterated Adah

feminine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5711 BDB #725

bath (בַּת) [pronounced bahth]

daughter; village

feminine singular construct

Strong's #1323 BDB #123

ʾÊlôwn (אֵלוֹן) [pronounced AY-loan]

oak, terebinth, tall tree, a strong and hardy tree; a plain; transliterated Elon

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #356 BDB #19

Chittîy (חִתִּי) [pronounced khiht-TEE]

a descendant of Heth; transliterated Hittite

gentilic adjective; with the definite article

Strong’s #2850 BDB #366


Translation: ...[there was] Adah, the daughter of Elon the Hittite;... The first wife is a Hittite. It says at the beginning that these women are Canaanites; so we would understand it in this way: the land is Canaan, they live and were raised in Canaan, so, in that sense, they are called Canaanites. Jacob’s father-in-law is in his family, but Scripture refers to him in places as a Syrian. He lived in Syrian territory; in fact, he lived in Syrian territory for a very long time (probably since birth). Therefore, even though Laban is actually in Jacob’s family (he is descended from Jacob’s great grandfather); he is called a Syrian in Scripture.


So, Adah is a Hittite who lives in the land of Canaan.


Genesis 36:2c

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though; as well as

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

ʾÂchălîybâmâh (אָחֲלִיבָמָה) [pronounced oh-hohl-ee-baw

tent of the high place; transliterated Aholibamah, Oholibamah

feminine singular proper noun

Strong’s #173 BDB #14

bath (בַּת) [pronounced bahth]

daughter; village

feminine singular construct

Strong's #1323 BDB #123

ʿĂnâh (עֲנָה) [pronounced ģuhn-AW]

answer; transliterated Anah

feminine singular proper noun

Strong’s #6034 BDB #777

bath (בַּת) [pronounced bahth]

daughter; village

feminine singular construct

Strong's #1323 BDB #123

The LXX has the son of; however, the –ah ending is typically feminine.

Tsibeʿôwn (צִבְעוֹן) [pronounced tsihb-ĢOHN]

colored, dyed; speckled; transliterated Zibeon

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #6649 BDB #840

Chivvîy (חִוִּי) [pronounced khihv-VEE]

villagers, transliterated Hivite

masculine singular, gentilic adjective; with the definite article

Strong’s #2340 BDB #295


Translation: ...Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah [who was] the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite;... Esau’s second wife is also called a Canaanite.


The Septuagint, the Samaritan and the Syrian text read: Anah, the son of Zibeon the Hivite rather than the daughter of Zibeon, as is found in the Masoretic text and so translated in the KJV, the ASV and others. We have already covered the wives of Esau, who had similar names and nicknames, which is a coincidence, but not a cause for concern. Because of the difference of the Massoretic text and the LXX, we do not know whether Anah was the father or mother of Oholibamah; furthermore, it is possible that Hivite should be Horite instead. In Hebrew, a v (vav or waw) is ו and an r (res) is ר . Obviously an easy mistake to make. Making a purely superficial call, this Anah and Zibeon are probably both the same ones found in Gen. 36:20 & 29. Other than they were both men of distinction (which would make sense as Esau was also a man of distinction, being one of the riches nomadic men of the area), we know nothing about these men.


These two women (Esau’s first two wives) made life hell for Isaac and Rebekah, although we are not given specific information as to how. My guess would be their cavalier attitude toward the God of Abraham.


It is easy for your eyes to glaze over when you begin hearing the names of these various peoples of this era.

Hittites, Hivites and Horites

1.      A Hittite is a descendant of Heth, who is the son of Canaan (Gen. 10:15) (Canaan is a son of Ham), so that Hittite and Canaanite are often umbrella terms which take in many of the inhabitants of Canaan (see Gen. 10:15–19).

         1)      Many times, one group of people will settle a land, and that land will take their name.

         2)      However, as other groups of people move into that land, they assimilate become known by the name of the land. We saw this with Laban, who is called an Aramæan (Gen. 31:24).

         3)      When someone moves for a foreign country to the United States and assimilates, they become Americans. In the 2016 primary, at least 3 Republican candidates were sons of immigrants.

2.      The Hivites are a smaller, more specific clan who are descendants of Canaan (and possibly of Heth). Hamor and Shechem, from Gen. 34, were both Hivites. Anah, the father (mother?) of Oholibamah, was a Hivite. Gen. 10:15–17 34:2 36:2

3.      The Horites were the original inhabitants of Seir (also called Edom). This is not necessarily a family name, but could simply be a reference to them a cave-dwellers (hor means mountain, hill). Horites were known as cave dwellers. It appears that the Horites and the people of Esau may have formed a marriage alliance. Gen. 14:6 36:20

4.      It is possible that the name Horite is used elsewhere as a generic term, not referring specifically to the people of Seir, but to mountain people of any group.

Sometimes, it is just nice to have a scorecard.

Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


Genesis 36:3

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though; as well as

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

Bâsemath (בָּשְׂמַת) [pronounced baws-MATH]

perfume, fragrance; and is transliterated Basemath, Bashemath

femininine singular proper noun

Strong’s #1315 BDB #142

bath (בַּת) [pronounced bahth]

daughter; village

feminine singular construct

Strong's #1323 BDB #123

Yishemâʿêʾl (יִשְמָעֵאל) [pronounced yish-maw-ĢALE]

whom God hears; God is hearing and is transliterated Ishmael

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #3458 BDB #1035

ʾâchôwth (אַחוֹת) [pronounced aw-KHOWTH]

sister, half-sister; relative; beloved [bride]; figuratively of intimate connection; metaphorically for relationship between Israel and Judah; another

feminine singular construct

Strong’s #269 BDB #27

Nebâyôwth (נְבָיוֹת) [pronounced nehb-aw-YOUTH]

fruitfulness; heights; transliterated Nebajoth, Nebaioth, Nebayoth; Nabatæans, Nabateans

proper noun; gentilic singular adjective

Strong’s #5032 BDB #614


Translation: ...and Basemath, the daughter of Ishmael, [and] the sister of Nebaioth. Esau knew that his wives were headaches for his parents; and he was told that Jacob left Canaan to find a woman from their family. Taking this into consideration, Esau married a relative, Basemath, the daughter of Ishmael, Isaac’s half-brother. It is very likely that Ishmael worshiped Abraham’s God, the True God, the Revealed God; but it appears that this devotion did not continue in Ishmael’s line.


Nabaioth is the oldest son of Ishmael and the grandson of Abraham (and Hagar). His descendants became an eastern Semitic tribe of desert nomads and we find this tribe mentioned in the records of Tiglath-Pileser III (745–727b.c.). This group is also mentioned by Assurbanipal (668–633 b.c.) in the records of his campaigns in Egypt, Syria and Palestine. They are also found in 1Chron. 1:29 and Isa. 60:7, but are not to be identified with the Nabateans because of the extreme language differences.


You may recall that Esau married two Hittite women, who became the bane of their mother-in-law’s existence (Gen. 26:34–35). They lived in Canaan and Heth was a son of Canaan’s. So they can be called Canaanites or Hittites.


Genesis 26:34–35 When Esau was forty years old, he took Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite to be his wife, and Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and they made life bitter for Isaac and Rebekah.


After marrying these Hittite women, Esau married an Ishmaelite woman, because his parents were displeased with his Hittite wives. Ishmaelites are related to Esau. Esau is the son of Isaac, grandson of Abraham. Ishmael was the son of Abraham by Hagar, the Egyptian servant girl.


Genesis 28:8–9 So when Esau saw that the Canaanite women did not please Isaac his father, Esau went to Ishmael and took as his wife, besides the wives he had, Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael, Abraham's son, the sister of Nebaioth.


Going to Ishmael, simply meant that Esau went to the people of Ishmael and found a wife among them. Abraham’s son simply refers back to Abraham; the sister of Nebaioth refers back to Mahalath, Esau’s wife of the family of Ishmael.


There are some problems with exactly who were the wives of Esau.

Comparing the Wives of Esau

Genesis 26:34 28:9

Genesis 36:1–3

Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite

 

Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite

Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite

 

Oholibamah the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite

Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael, Abraham's son, the sister of Nebaioth

Basemath the daughter of Ishmael, sister of Nebajoth.

We have a few things which appear to match up—Basemath, the second Hittite woman named, is the daughter of Elon the Hittite, as is Adah. It has been asserted by most that these are the same woman, where Basemath is a nickname that means fragrance.

It is unlikely that Judith is the same as Oholibamah. However, this is not an impossibility if her father is named in Gen. 26 and mother in Gen. 36. There is a reason that Anah may have the nickname Beeri, which will be discussed in v. 24.

We do not know if Mahalath and Basemath are the same women or if they are sisters as well.

Ron Snider suggests that some husbands renamed their wives.

Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


Here is what we know about Esau’s wives.

Esau’s Wives

1.      Judith is only mentioned once and never in connection with any children.

2.      Basemath1 is never named again after Gen. 26 and never in connection with children.

3.      Mahalath is never mentioned again; and never with children.

4.      The women in this chapter are all associated with children. Their names will be repeated within this chapter. Oholibamah is given to a chief for a name (v. 41), which is unusual, as this is a feminine name.

5.      Most agree that Judith is not Oholibamah (although they could be, as Judith’s father is named in Gen. 26:34; and Oholibamah’s mother is named Gen. 36:2). However, that in itself would suggest that these are different women.

6.      Basemath1 and Adah are both said to have the same father. For this reason, they are often seen as the same person. It is not unusual for people to be known by two different names.

7.      However, bear in mind that these could be sisters. Marrying sisters was not as unusual as you might think. Jacob married two sisters.

8.      If Esau later married a woman with the name Basemath (Basemath 2), then it would make sense for them to come up with another name by which to call one of these women by a different name (a nickname, a middle name, whatever).

9.      Only the women on the right-hand side of the chart are said to have children.

10.    There are a variety of possibilities:

         1)      All 6 women are different. Therefore, Esau married two pairs of sisters. You may recall that there was a custom in that time of, when a husband died without raising up children, his brother sometimes would take his place in the marriage, and the first child would be seen as the deceased brother’s child. Could a similar thing be a part of the culture for women who have died childless?

         2)      If all 6 women are different, we have no idea what happened to the 3 women on the left-hand side of the list. Did they remain married to Esau but without children? Did they die early on? Did he divorce them? If Basemath1 is different from Adah, then it is less likely that he would divorce one sister and then marry another.

         3)      Basemath1 could be the same as Adah.

         4)      Mahalath could be the same as Basemath2.

         5)      Any of the wives from the left-side of the list could have died or been divorced.

         6)      The father of the women would be much more actively involved in their marriages than in today’s culture. A father could see to it that his daughter did not marry Charley Brown, if that is the father’s intention.

11.    Esau’s line will be given again in 1Chron. 1:35–54, but Esau’s wives will not be named.

12.    One of the few things that we can say for certain is, Basemath1 cannot be the same as Basemath2. The first was the daughter of a Hittite, and therefore was trouble for Isaac and Rebekah. Basemath2 was an Ishmaelite—part of the family of Abraham.

13.    To sum up, there are no contradictions here; just no simple answers or clear-cut explanations.

Joe Pranevich writes: Genesis is simply unclear about exactly how many wives Esau had, what their names were, and who their parents were. Clicking on this link actually gives you 3 possible charts on whether Esau had 3, 4 or 6 wives total.

Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


Keep in mind that the women named in this chapter are all associated with bearing children. In the Hebrew, names that end in –ah or –ath generally refer to women.


——————————


Since much of this chapter only lists names, there will be far fewer translations listed, as there are so few differences.


These are the children who began Esau's family while he was still living with Isaac in the land of Canaan. It would make sense that these were born around the time that Jacob left Canaan to go east.


And so gives birth Adah for Esau to Eliphaz and Basemath gives birth to Reuel. And so Oholibamah gives birth to Jeush and to Jalam and to Korah. These sons of Esau who are born in a land of Canaan.

Genesis

36:4–5

For Esau, Adah gave birth to Eliphaz and Basemath gave birth to Reuel. Oholibamah gave birth to Jeush, Jalam and Korah. These [particular] sons of Esau were born [lit., who were born] in the land of Canaan.

For Esau, Adah gave birth to Eliphaz and Basemath gave birth to Reuel. Oholibamah gave birth to Jeush, Jalam and Korah. These particular sons of Esau were born in the land of Canaan.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And so gives birth Adah for Esau to Eliphaz and Basemath gives birth to Reuel. And so Oholibamah gives birth to Jeush and to Jalam and to Korah. These sons of Esau who are born in a land of Canaan.

Dead Sea Scrolls                   .

Targum of Onkelos                .

Jerusalem targum                  .

Targum (Onkelos)                  And Ada bare to Esau Eliphaz; and Basemath bare Reuel; and Ahalivama bare Jehus, and Jaalam, and Korach. These are the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Kenaan.

Targum (Pseudo-Jonathan)   And Adah bare to Esau Eliphaz, and Basemath bare Reuel. And Ahalibama, bare to Esau Jehus, and Jaalam, and Korach. These are the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Kenaan.

Jerusalem targum                  .

Revised Douay-Rheims         And Ada bore Eliphaz: Basemath bore Raquel: Oolibama bore Jehus and Jhelon and Core. These are the sons of Esau, that were born to him in the land of Chanaan.

Aramaic ESV of Peshitta        Adah bore to Esau Eliphaz. Basemath bore Reuel. Oholibamah bore Yeush, Yalam, and Korah. These are the sons of Esau, who were born to him in the land of Canaan.

Plain English Aramaic Bible   .

Peshitta (Syriac)                    And Adah bore to Esau Eliphaz; and Bismath bore Reuel; And Aholibamah bore Jeush, Jaalan, and Korah; these are the sons of Esau that were born to him in the land of Canaan.

Septuagint (Greek)                And Ada bore to him Eliphas; and Basemath bore Raquel. And Olibema bore Jeus, and Jeglom, and Core; these are the sons of Esau, which were born to him in the land of Chanaan.

NETS (Greek)                        .

Brenton’s Septuagint             .

 

Significant differences: 


Limited Vocabulary Translations:

 

Bible in Basic English             Adah had a son Eliphaz; and Basemath was the mother of Reuel; 5 Oholibamah was the mother of Jeush, Jalam, and Korah; these are the sons of Esau, whose birth took place in the land of Canaan.

Easy English                          Adah had a son called Eliphaz. Basemath had a son called Reuel. 5 Oholibamah had 3 sons: Jeush, Jalam and Korah.

Easy-to-Read Version            Esau and Adah had a son named Eliphaz. Basemath had a son named Reuel. Oholibamah had three sons: Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These were Esau’s sons who were born in the land of Canaan.

God’s Word                         .

Good News Bible (TEV)         .

The Message                         Adah gave Esau Eliphaz;

Basemath had Reuel;

Oholibamah had Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.

These are the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan.

Names of God Bible               .

NIRV                                      Adah had Eliphaz by Esau. Basemath had Reuel. Oholibamah had Jeush, Jalam and Korah. All of them were Esau’s sons. They were born in Canaan.

New Simplified Bible              .


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           .

Contemporary English V.       Esau and his three wives had five sons while in Canaan. Adah's son was Eliphaz; Basemath's son was Reuel; Oholibamah's three sons were Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.

The Living Bible                     .

New Berkeley Version           .

New Century Version             Adah gave birth to Eliphaz for Esau. Basemath gave him Reuel, and Oholibamah gave him Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These were Esau’s sons who were born in the land of Canaan.

New Life Version                    .

New Living Translation           Adah gave birth to a son named Eliphaz for Esau. Basemath gave birth to a son named Reuel. Oholibamah gave birth to sons named Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. All these sons were born to Esau in the land of Canaan.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          Ada bore EliPhas to [Esau], BaseMath bore RaguEl, 5 and OliBema bore Jeus, Jeglom, and Core. These were Esau's sons that were born to him in the land of CanaAn.

Beck’s American Translation .

International Standard V        Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, Basemath bore Reuel, and 5Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These were Esau’s sons, who were born to him in the territory of Canaan.

New Advent (Knox) Bible       Ada became the mother of Eliphaz, Basemath of Rahuel, and Oölibama of Jehus, Ihelon and Core; all of these were born while their father still lived in the land of Chanaan.

Today’s NIV                          .

Translation for Translators     Esau's wife Adah gave birth to Eliphaz. Basemath gave birth to Reuel. 5 Oholibamah gave birth to Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. All these sons of Esau were born while he was living in Canaan land.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Awful Scroll Bible                   Adah was to bear forth to Esau, Eli-phaz, and Basemath is to have bore forth Reu-el. Aholibamah is to have bore forth Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah. These are the sons of Esau, that have bore forth to him, on the solid grounds of Canaan.

Conservapedia                       Adah gave birth to Eliphaz for Esau, and Bashemath gave birth to Reuel. Aholibamah gave birth to Jeush and Jaalam and Korah. These are the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan.

Ferrar-Fenton Bible                .

God’s Truth (Tyndale)           And Ada bare unto Esau, Eliphas: and Basmath bare Reguel: And Ahalibama bare Jeus, Jaelam and Korah. These are the sons of Esau which were born him in the land of Canaan.

HCSB                                     .

Jubilee Bible 2000                  .

Lexham English Bible            .

H. C. Leupold                         And Adah bare Eliphaz to Esau; and Basemath bare Reuel; and Oholibamah bare Jeush and Jalam and Korah. These are the sons of Esau which were born to him in the land of Canaan.

NIV, ©2011                             .

Tree of Live Version     .


Catholic Bibles (those having the imprimatur):

 

Christian Community (1988)  .

The Heritage Bible                 .

New American Bible (2002)   .

New American Bible (2011)   Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau; Basemath bore Reuel [1 Chr 1:35]; and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam and Korah. These are the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan [1 Chr 1:35].

New Jerusalem Bible             .

New RSV                               .

Revised English Bible            Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau; Basemath bore Reuel, and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah. These were Esau's sons, born to him in Canaan.


Jewish/Hebrew Names Bibles:

 

Complete Jewish Bible           ‘Adah bore to ‘Esav Elifaz, Basmat bore Re‘u’el, and Oholivamah bore Ye‘ush, Ya‘lam and Korach. These were the sons of ‘Esav born to him in the land of Kena‘an.

exeGeses companion Bible   And Adah births Eli Phaz to Esav:

and Bosmath births Reu El:

and Oholi Bamah

births Yeush and Yalam and Qorach:

these are the sons of Esav

birthed to him in the land of Kenaan.

Hebrew Names Version         .

JPS (Tanakh—1985)               .

Judaica Press Complete T.    .

Kaplan Translation                 Adah bore Esau's son Eliphaz [See Genesis 36:10. He was the father of Amalek (Genesis 36:11). Some identify him with Job's friend Eliphaz (Sekhel Tov; Rashi on Job 4:1; Ibn Ezra on Job 2:11). There is a tradition that Eliphaz had been sent by Esau to kill Jacob, but because Eliphaz had been raised by Isaac, he spared Jacob (Rashi on 29:11).].

Basemath bore Reuel [See Genesis 36:10,13,17, 1 Chronicles 1:35. Cf. Exodus 2:18, Numbers 10:29.].

Oholibamah bore Yeush [See Genesis 36:14, 18.], Yalam, and Korach [Although Korach was a son of Oholibamah, some identify him with Chief Korach, son of Eliphaz, a son of Adah (Genesis 36:16). This would be because Eliphaz fathered Korach by committing adultery with Oholibamah (Bereshith Rabbah 82; Rashi). Others say that there were two individuals with the name Korach (Rashi, Sotah 13a, s.v. Shloshim; Rashbam on Genesis 36:16. Cf. Ibn Ezra).].

The above are Esau's sons who were born in the land of Canaan.

Orthodox Jewish Bible           And Adah bore to Esav Eliphaz; and Basemat bore Reuel;

And Oholivamah bore Yeush, and Ya’alam, and Korach; these are the Bnei Esav, which were born unto him in Eretz Kena’an.

Restored Names Version       .

The Scriptures 1998              And Aah bore Eliphaz to Ěsaw, and Basemath bore Reʽuw’ĕl. And Oholiamah bore Yeʽush, and Yaʽlam, and Qoraḥ. These were the sons of Ěsaw who were born to him in the land of Kenaʽan.


Expanded/Embellished Bibles:

 

The Amplified Bible                .

The Expanded Bible              Adah gave birth to Eliphaz for Esau. Basemath gave him Reuel, and Oholibamah gave him Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These were Esau’s sons who were born in the land of Canaan.

The Geneva Bible                  .

Kretzmann’s Commentary    And Adah bare to Esau Eliphaz, 1Chron. 1:35; and Bashemath bare Reuel, 1Chron. 1:35; and Aholibamah bare Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah; these are the sons of Esau, which were born unto him in the land of Canaan, before his removal to the country in the neighborhood of Mount Hor.

NET Bible®                             .

Syndein/Thieme                     .

The Voice                               Adah gave birth to Eliphaz. Basemath gave birth to Reuel. Oholibamah gave birth to Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. All of these were Esau’s sons, born in the land of Canaan.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Brenner’s Mechanical Trans....and Adah [Ornament] brought forth for Esav [Doing] Eliphaz [My El is pure gold] and Basmat [Spice], she brought forth Re'u'el [Companion of El], and Ahalivamah [Tent of the high place] brought forth Ye'ush [He will assemble] and Yalam [He is concealed] and Qorahh [Bald], these are the sons of Esav [Doing] which were brought forth to him in the land of Kena'an [Lowered],...

Concordant Literal Version    And bearing is Adah for Esau Eliphaz, and Bashemath bears Reuel, and Aholibamah bears Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah. These are the sons of Esau, who were born for him in the land of Canaan.

A Conservative Version         .

Context Group Version          .

Darby Translation                  .

Emphasized Bible                  .

English Standard Version      .

English Standard V. – UK       .

Evidence Bible                       .

Green’s Literal Translation    .

God’s Truth (Tyndale)           .

King James 2000 Version      .

21st Century KJV                   .

Modern English Version         .

NASB                                     .

New European Version          .

New King James Version       Now Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, and Basemath bore Reuel. And Aholibamah bore Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah. These were the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan.

Owen's Translation                .

Third Millennium Bible            .

Updated Bible Version 2.11   .

A Voice in the Wilderness      .

Webster’s Bible Translation  .

World English Bible                .

Young's Literal Translation     .

Young’s Updated LT             And Adah bears to Esau, Eliphaz; and Bashemath has born Reuel; and Aholibamah has born Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah. These are sons of Esau, who were born to him in the land of Canaan.

 

The gist of this verse:          The sons born to Esau in Canaan are listed.


Genesis 36:4a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

yâlad (יָלַד) [pronounced yaw-LAHD]

to give birth, to bear, to be born, to bear, to bring forth, to beget

3rd person feminine singular, Qal perfect

Strong’s #3205 BDB #408

ʿÂdâh (עָדָה) [pronounced ģaw-DAW]

ornament, decoration; transliterated Adah

feminine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5711 BDB #725

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to

directional/relational preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #510

ʿÊsâv (עֵשָׂו) [pronounced ģay-SAWV]

 handled, made, rough handling; hairy; transliterated Esau

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #6215 BDB #796

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

ʾĔlîyphaz (אֱלִיפַז) [pronounced ehl-ee-FAHZ]

God of gold, my God is fine gold; transliterated Eliphaz

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #464 BDB #45


Translation: For Esau, Adah gave birth to Eliphaz... Interestingly enough, these women do not appear to have had a great many children (although, very likely they gave birth to girls who are not named). Adah has one son, Eliphaz, whose name means God of gold.


Eliphaz means God is fine gold or God is victorious. We don't know if this Eliphaz was the Eliphaz who was one of Job's three friends. In Job, Eliphaz from Teman, and here Teman is the name of his first-born. It is not a strain on our credulity that years after he was born, Eliphaz established himself in northern Edom, naming this area after his first son. The timing is reasonable, since there is no mention in Job of the Jew or of the Law of Moses or anything else related to Israel. Therefore, Job had to take place some time after the establishment of Teman, the city (we would call it more of a village) and probably before the Exodus. There is no conclusive proof, but it seems quite reasonable. Now, what about Esau not being the spiritual line? The line of the Messiah went through Jacob; but this does not mean that Esau was anti-God; nor does it mean that his children were anti-God. However, at some point, his line diverged from the Revealed God.


Genesis 36:4b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though; as well as

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

Bâsemath (בָּשְׂמַת) [pronounced baws-MATH]

perfume, fragrance; and is transliterated Basemath, Bashemath

feminine singular proper noun

Strong’s #1315 BDB #142

yâlad (יָלַד) [pronounced yaw-LAHD]

to give birth, to bear, to be born, to bear, to bring forth, to beget

3rd person feminine singular, Qal perfect

Strong’s #3205 BDB #408

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

Reʿûwʾêl (רְעוּאֵל) [pronounced reh-ģoo-ALE]

 friend of God; transliterated Reuel, Raguel

masculine singular, proper noun

Strong’s #7467 BDB #946


Translation: ...and Basemath gave birth to Reuel. Basemath gives birth to Reuel, whose name means friend of God. So, these women do not appear to be anti-God. However, it is also possible that these names were given by Esau.


The sons might be named in order of birth, which is why Reuel is named next, although Basemath was Esau's third wife (and generally named third). There are several Reuel's in the Bible, the most famous one being the priest of Midian who gave his daughter to Moses to wed (he is also called Jethro). Obviously not the same person. This Reuel became a man of prominence, but not prominent enough for us to know anything about him other than his name means friend/companion of God. These names given by Esau to his children make me think that he is trying to appease God for the original lack of interest in his birthright. It is not farfetched for Esau to have been bothered by that incident for years to follow (the bulk of his life) and to always look upon himself as being cursed because of his youthful failure. We all have youthful failures; it is when these failures dominate out adult life (or, for that matter, when any failure dominates our adult life) that ruins our spiritual life.


Chronicles looks back centuries later at various genealogies; but Genesis seems to have been written close to the time of these people being born, and we see them being born probably in the order that they were born. The first 9 or 10 chapters of Chronicles probably came from genealogical records which were being kept.


Genesis 36:5a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though; as well as

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾÂchălîybâmâh (אָחֲלִיבָמָה) [pronounced oh-hohl-ee-baw

tent of the high place; transliterated Aholibamah, Oholibamah

feminine singular proper noun

Strong’s #173 BDB #14

yâlad (יָלַד) [pronounced yaw-LAHD]

to give birth, to bear, to be born, to bear, to bring forth, to beget

3rd person feminine singular, Qal perfect

Strong’s #3205 BDB #408

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

Yeʿûwsh (יְעוּש) [pronounced yeh-OOSH]

he hurries to aide; transliterated Jeush

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #3266 BDB #736

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though; as well as

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

Yaʿelâm (יַעְלָם) [pronounced yahģ-LAWM]

concealed; transliterated Jalam, Jaalam

masculine singular proper noun:

Strong’s #3281 BDB #761

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though; as well as

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

Qôrach (קֹרחַ) [pronounced KOH-rahkh]

ice, hail; bald; transliterated Korah

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #7141 BDB #901


Translation: Oholibamah gave birth to Jeush, Jalam and Korah. Esau seems to have a favorite wife here, giving birth to 3 sons, but whose names are not related to God. Their names mean hurrays to aid, concealed, and ice.


The last three sons became men of prominence, but other than that, we know nothing about them.


Genesis 36:5b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

ʾêlleh (אֵלֶּה) [pronounced ALE-leh]

these, these things

demonstrative plural adjective (often the verb to be is implied)

Strong's #428 BDB #41

bânîym (בָּנִים) [pronounced baw-NEEM]

sons, descendants; children; people; sometimes rendered men

masculine plural construct

Strong’s #1121 BDB #119

ʿÊsâv (עֵשָׂו) [pronounced ģay-SAWV]

 handled, made, rough handling; hairy; transliterated Esau

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #6215 BDB #796

ʾăsher (אֲֹשֶר) [pronounced uh-SHER]

that, which, when, who, whom; where; in that, in which, in what

relative pronoun; sometimes the verb to be is implied

Strong's #834 BDB #81

yâlad (יָלַד) [pronounced yaw-LAHD]

to be born, to be born to; to be created

3rd person masculine plural, Pual perfect

Strong’s #3205 BDB #408

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

ʾerets (אֶרֶץ) [pronounced EH-rets]

earth (all or a portion thereof), land, territory, country, continent; ground, soil; under the ground [Sheol]

feminine singular construct

Strong's #776 BDB #75

Kenaʿan (כְּנַעַן) [pronounced keNAH-ģahn]

which possibly means merchant and is transliterated Canaan

masculine proper noun; territory

Strong’s #3667 BDB #488


Translation: These [particular] sons of Esau were born [lit., who were born] in the land of Canaan. So far, this is only a list of the sons born to him in Canaan. Sometime after Jacob left Canaan, Esau also left Canaan, moving south.


So far: 3 wives and 6 sons. When Esau and Jacob live near one another in Canaan, Esau sired these 6 sons.


——————————


Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


Esau and His Descendants in Seir


Again, I am theorizing that Esau became very rich in the land of Canaan and struck out on his own sometime after Jacob made a run for it. Esau left a very prosperous man and returned to the land of Canaan at his father's death a very prosperous man (we know that he was successful because of his short meeting with Jacob in Gen. 33). Isaac had a great deal of wealth which had to be dealt with. How they split is up is not told to us, but both Jacob and Esau began wealthy; and, at Isaac's death, became much more wealthy. Since Isaac's cattle and possessions were all there in the land of Canaan, they both chose to remain there to administer the estate. However, the combined wealth of all three of them made it too difficult to pasture that much cattle. Esau didn't just head off in any direction; he merely moved back to an area that he came from; an area that he was familiar with.


And so takes Esau his women and his sons and his daughters and all souls of his house and his cattle and all his beasts and all his substance which he had acquired in a land of Canaan. And so he goes unto a land from faces of Jacob his brother, for was their substance great from dwelling together and was unable a land of their residence to lift them up from faces of their cattle. And so dwells Esau in a hill country of Seir—Esau he [is] Edom.

Genesis

36:6–8

[Eventually] Esau took his women, his sons and daughters, and all the people [lit., souls] of his household, along with his cattle and all his [other] animals and all his substance which he had acquired in the land of Canaan, and he went to a land away from Jacob his brother, for their substance was [too] great for them to live together. Furthermore, the land [where] they lived was unable to support them because of their cattle. Therefore, Esau [now] lives in the hill country of Seir—Esau [is] Edom.

Eventually, Esau separated from Jacob. He took his women, his sons and daughters, the people of his household, along with his cattle and all his other animals, and all of his substance that he had acquired in the land of Canaan. Esau moved to another land because their holdings were too great for them to both live together; the land was unable to support all of their cattle. So Esau now lives in the hill country of Seir, which is now known as Edom.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And so takes Esau his women and his sons and his daughters and all souls of his house and his cattle and all his beasts and all his substance which he had acquired in a land of Canaan. And so he goes unto a land from faces of Jacob his brother, for was their substance great from dwelling together and was unable a land of their residence to lift them up from faces of their cattle. And so dwells Esau in a hill country of Seir—Esau he [is] Edom.

Dead Sea Scrolls                   .

Targum of Onkelos                .

Jerusalem targum                  .

Targum (Onkelos)                  And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the souls of his house, and his flocks, and all his cattle, and all his substance which he had gotten in the land of Kenaan, and went into another land from before Jakob his brother; because their substance was too great for them to dwell together, and the land of their habitation could not sustain them with regard to their cattle. And Esau dwelt in the mountain of Seir [Sam. Vers. "Gabla."]. Esau is Edom.

Targum (Pseudo-Jonathan)   And Esau had taken his wives and his sons and his daughters, and all the souls of his house, and his flocks and his cattle, and all the substance which he had gotten in the land of Kenaan, and had gone into another land; for there fell upon him a fear of Jakob his brother: for their possessions would be too great for them to dwell together, neither would the land of their sojourning maintain them, on account of their flocks. And Esau dwelt in the mountain of Gabal. He is Esau the prince of the Edomites.

Jerusalem targum                  .

Revised Douay-Rheims         And Esau took his wives and his sons and daughters, and every soul of his house, and his substance, and cattle, and all that he was able to acquire in the land of Chanaan: and went into another country, and departed from his brother Jacob. For they were exceeding rich, and could not dwell together: neither was the land in which they sojourned able to bear them, for the multitude of their flocks. And Esau dwelt in mount Seir: he is Edom.

Aramaic ESV of Peshitta        Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the members of his household, with his livestock, all his animals, and all his possessions, which he had gathered in the land of Canaan, and went into a land away from his brother Ya'aqub. For their substance was too great for them to dwell together, and the land of their travels could not bear them because of their livestock. Esau lived in the hill country of Seir. Esau is Edom.

Plain English Aramaic Bible   .

Peshitta (Syriac)                    And Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the persons of his household, and all his cattle, and all the wealth which he had acquired in the land of Canaan; and went to the land of Seir from the presence of his brother Jacob. For their wealth was too great for them to dwell together; and the land in which they sojourned could not sustain them because of their cattle. Thus Esau dwelt in mount Seir; Esau is Edom.

Septuagint (Greek)                And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house, and all his possessions, and all his cattle, and all that he had got, and all things whatsoever he had acquired in the land of Chanaan; and Esau went forth from the land of Chanaan, from the face of his brother Jacob. For their substance was too great for them to dwell together; and the land of their sojourning could not bear them, because of the abundance of their possessions. And Esau dwelt in mount Seir; Esau, he is Edom.

NETS (Greek)                        .

Brenton’s Septuagint             .

 

Significant differences: 


Limited Vocabulary Translations:

 

Bible in Basic English             Esau took his wives and his sons and his daughters, and all the people of his house, and his beasts and his cattle and all his goods which he had got together in the land of Canaan, and went into the land of Seir, away from his brother Jacob. For their wealth was so great that the land was not wide enough for the two of them and all their cattle. So Esau made his living-place in the hill-country of Seir Esau is Edom.

Easy English                          Esau took his wives, sons and daughters and everyone in his household. Also, he took his animals and everything that he had got in Canaan. And he went to a land some miles from his brother Jacob. They both owned too much to stay together in the same place. There was not enough land for all their animals. So Esau (that is Edom) lived in the land of Seir.

Easy-to-Read Version            Jacob and Esau’s families became too big for the land in Canaan to support them all, so Esau moved away from his brother Jacob. He took his wives, sons, daughters, all his slaves, cattle and other animals, and everything else that he had gotten in Canaan and moved to the hill country of Seir. (Esau is also named Edom.)

God’s Word                         Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, all the members of his household, his possessions, all his cattle, and everything he had accumulated in Canaan and went to another land away from his brother Jacob. He did this because they had too many possessions to live together. There wasn’t enough pastureland for all of their livestock. So Esau, who was also known as Edom, lived in the mountains of Seir.

Good News Bible (TEV)         Then Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the people of his house, along with all his livestock and all the possessions he had gotten in the land of Canaan, and went away from his brother Jacob to another land. He left because the land where he and Jacob were living was not able to support them; they had too much livestock and could no longer stay together. So Esau lived in the hill country of Edom.

The Message                         Esau gathered up his wives, sons and daughters, and everybody in his household, along with all his livestock—all the animals and possessions he had gotten in Canaan—and moved a considerable distance away from his brother Jacob. The brothers had too many possessions to live together in the same place; the land couldn’t support their combined herds of livestock. So Esau ended up settling in the hill country of Seir (Esau and Edom are the same).

Names of God Bible               .

NIRV                                      Esau moved to a land far away from his brother Jacob. Esau took with him his wives, his sons and daughters, and all the people who lived with him. He also took his livestock and all his other animals. He took everything he had acquired in Canaan. Jacob and Esau owned so much that they couldn’t remain together. There wasn’t enough land for both of them. They had too much livestock. So Esau made his home in the hill country of Seir. Esau was also called Edom.

New Simplified Bible              .


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and everyone in his household, and his livestock, all of his animals, and all of the property he had acquired in the land of Canaan; and he moved away from the land of Canaan and from his brother Jacob. They had so many possessions that they couldn’t live together. The land where they lived as immigrants couldn’t support all of their livestock. So Esau, that is, Edom, lived in the mountains of Seir.

Contemporary English V.       Esau took his children and wives, his relatives and servants, his animals and possessions he had gotten while in Canaan, and moved far from Jacob. He did this because the land was too crowded and could not support him and his brother with their flocks and herds. That's why Esau made his home in the hill country of Seir.

The Living Bible                     Then Esau took his wives, children, household servants, cattle and flocks—all the wealth he had gained in the land of Canaan—and moved away from his brother Jacob to Mount Seir. (For there was not land enough to support them both because of all their cattle.)

New Berkeley Version           .

New Century Version             Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the people who lived with him, his herds and other animals, and all the belongings he had gotten in Canaan, and he went to a land away from his brother Jacob. Esau and Jacob’s belongings were becoming too many for them to live in the same land. The land where they had lived could not support both of them, because they had too many herds. So Esau lived in the mountains of Edom. (Esau is also named Edom.)

New Life Version                    Then Esau took his wives and sons and daughters and all those of his house, and his flocks and cattle, and all his riches from the land of Canaan. And he went to another land away from his brother Jacob. For they owned too much for them to live together. The land where they were staying could not keep them alive, because of all their animals. So Esau lived in the hill country of Seir. Esau is Edom.

New Living Translation           Esau took his wives, his children, and his entire household, along with his livestock and cattle—all the wealth he had acquired in the land of Canaan—and moved away from his brother, Jacob. There was not enough land to support them both because of all the livestock and possessions they had acquired. So Esau (also known as Edom) settled in the hill country of Seir.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          Then Esau took his women, his sons, his daughters, and everyone in his house, along with all his possessions, all his cattle… yes, everything that he had and absolutely everything that he'd acquired in the land of CanaAn, and he left the land of CanaAn [to get away from] his brother Jacob, 7 because they had both acquired so much that they could no longer live close to each other; for the land where they were staying couldn't hold them, since they had so much. 8 So Esau [went to live] at Mount Seir (Esau is Edom).

Beck’s American Translation .

International Standard V        Later, Esau took his wives, his children, everyone in his household, his livestock, all his animals, and all his possessions that he had acquired in the territory of Canaan and moved far away from his brother Jacob, because their holdings were too vast to allow them to stay together, since the land where they had settled was not able to support all of their livestock. So Esau lived in Mount Seir.a (Esau was also known as Edom.)

New Advent (Knox) Bible       Afterwards Esau removed to another region, with wives and sons and daughters and all his household, with his wealth and his cattle and all that Chanaan had given him. He must needs part from his brother Jacob, now that they had become too rich to live side by side; the country in which they lived as strangers hitherto could no longer give feed for all their cattle. So Esau (or Edom) dwelt thenceforward in the hill country of Seir.

Today’s NIV                          .

Translation for Translators     Jacob and Esau had very many possessions. The result was that they needed more land for their livestock. The land where they were living was not big enough for both of them. They had too much livestock. So Esau, whose other name was Edom, had taken his wives and sons and daughters and all the other members of his household, his sheep and goats and his other animals, and all the other things he had obtained in Canaan land, and they had moved to an area that was away from Jacob. They went to live in the Seir hilly area.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Awful Scroll Bible                   Esau was to take his wives, sons, and daughters, even the breathers of his house, the livestock, and dumb beasts, and what he acquired and gathered on the solid grounds of Canaan, and was to lead out from those solid grounds, from being turned before his brother Jacob. For their possessions are become greater, than for them to dwell together. The solid grounds, where they are to stay, were not able to bear them, turned before of their livestock. Esau was to settle at Mount Seir; even is Esau to be Edom.

Conservapedia                       Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and every member of his household, and his cattle, and his beasts, and all his possessions that he had acquired in the land of Canaan, and went into the country away from the presence of his brother Jacob, because their respective goods were to many for them to live together in the same place, and the land where they were sojourning could not support them on account of their cattle. So Esau lived on Mount Seir. Esau is the same as Edom. Also known as Idumaea. Among his eventual descendants was Herod the Great.

Ferrar-Fenton Bible                Esau afterwards took his wives, and his sons and daughters, and all the persons of his house, and the flocks, and all his cattle, and all property which he had acquired in the land of Canan, and left the land from the face of his brother Jacob, for their possessions were too great to remain together, for the land was not able to lodge the both of them, because of their herds. So Esau remained in Mount Seir. (Esau is Edom. — Esau was the father of the Edomites in Mount Seir.)

God’s Truth (Tyndale)           And Esau took his wives, his sons and daughters and all the souls of his house: his goods and all his cattle and all his substance which he had got in the land of Canaan, and went into a country away from his brother Jacob: for their riches was so much, that they could not dwell together, and that the land wherein they were strangers, could not receive them: because of their cattle. Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir, which Esau is called Edom.

HCSB                                     .

Jubilee Bible 2000                  .

Lexham English Bible            .

H. C. Leupold                         .

NIV, ©2011                             .

Tree of Live Version               Now Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters and all the people of his household, as well as his livestock, all his cattle, and all his possessions that he had acquired in the land of Canaan, and went to a land away from his brother Jacob. For their possessions were too numerous for them to dwell together, and the land where they were residing was unable to support them because of their livestock. So Esau lived in Mount Seir (Esau is Edom).


Catholic Bibles (those having the imprimatur):

 

Christian Community (1988)  Esau, with his wives, his sons and daughters, all the members of his household, his livestock, all his cattle and all the goods he had acquired in the land of Ca naan, left for the land of Seir far removed from his brother Jacob. For they had acquired too much to live together. The land where they were living at that time could not support them both be cause of their cattle. That is why Edom set tled in the hilly country of Seir. Esau is Edom.

The Heritage Bible                 And Esau took his wives, and his sons and his daughters, and all the souls of his house, and his livestock, and all his animals, and all his property, which he had laid up in the land of Canaan, and he walked to the land away from the face of his brother Jacob, Because their possessions had become too great for them to dwell together, and the land of their temporary residence was not able to bear them before the face of their livestock. And Esau sat down in Mount Seir. Esau is Edom.

New American Bible (2002)   Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the members of his household, as well as his livestock comprising various animals and all the property he had acquired in the land of Canaan, and went to the land of Seir, out of the way of his brother Jacob. Their possessions had become too great for them to dwell together, and the land in which they were staying could not support them because of their livestock. So Esau settled in the highlands of Seir. (Esau is Edom.)

New American Bible (2011)   Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the members of his household, as well as his livestock, all his cattle, and all the property he had acquired in the land of Canaan, and went to the land of Seir, away from his brother Jacob [Gn 32:4]. Their possessions had become too great for them to dwell together, and the land in which they were residing could not support them because of their livestock. So Esau settled in the highlands of Seir. (Esau is Edom.) [Dt 2:4–5; Jos 24:4]

New Jerusalem Bible             Esau took his wives, his sons and daughters, all the members of his household, his livestock, all his cattle and all the goods he had acquired in Canaan and left for Seir, away from his brother Jacob. For they had acquired too much to live together. The land in which they were at that time could not support them both because of their livestock. That is why Edom settled in the mountainous region of Seir. Esau is Edom.

New RSV                               .

Revised English Bible            Esau took his wives, his sons and daughters and all the members of his household, his livestock, all the animals, and all the possessions he had acquired in Canaan, and went to the district of Seir out of the way of his brother Jacob, because they had so much stock that they could not live together. The region where they were staying could not support them because of the numbers of their livestock. So Esau lived in the hill-country of Seir. (Esau is Edom.).


Jewish/Hebrew Names Bibles:

 

Complete Jewish Bible           ‘Esav took his wives, his sons and daughters, the others in his household, his cattle and other animals and everything else he owned, which he had acquired in the land of Kena‘an, and went off to a country distant from his brother Ya‘akov. For their possessions had become too great for them to live together, and the countryside through which they were traveling couldn’t support so much livestock. So ‘Esav lived in the hill-country of Se‘ir. (‘Esav is Edom.)

exeGeses companion Bible   And Esav takes his women

and his sons and his daughters

and all the souls of his house

and his chattel and all his animals

and all he chatteled,

which he acquired in the land of Kenaan;

and goes into the land

from the face of his brother Yaaqov.

For their acquisitions were more

than to settle together;

and the land of their sojournings

could not bear them at the face of their chattel.

Thus Esav settles in mount Seir: Esav - Edom.

Hebrew Roots Bible               And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the souls of his house, and his livestock, and all the beasts of burden, and all his property which he had gained in Canaan, and he went to a land away from his brother Jacob. For their possessions had become too great for them to dwell together. And the land was not able to bear their travels, in the presence of their livestock. And Esau dwelt on Mount Seir. Esau is Edom.

JPS (Tanakh—1985)               .

Judaica Press Complete T.    .

Kaplan Translation                 Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, all the members of his household, his livestock animals, and all the possessions that he had acquired in the land of Canaan, and he moved to another area, away from his brother Jacob. This was because they had too much property to be able to live together [See Genesis 13:6.]. Because of all their livestock, the land where they were staying could not support them. Esau therefore settled in the hill country of Seir [See note on Genesis 32:4. Although Esau may have lived in Seir earlier, he could have now inherited the Hebron area, but he chose to settle in Seir (cf. Josephus 2:1:1). Other sources speak of a war between Esau and Jacob (Sefer HaYashar, Yov'loth 38:10).]. There Esau became [the nation of] Edom [Cf. Josephus 2:1:1.].

Orthodox Jewish Bible           And Esav took his nashim, and his banim, and his banot, and kol nafshot of his bais, and his mikneh, and all his behemah, and all his possessions, which he had acquired in Eretz Kena’an; and went into the eretz from the face of Ya’akov achiv.

For their wealth was more than that they might dwell together; and the eretz of their sojourns could not support them because of their mikneh.

Thus dwelt Esav in har Seir; Esav is Edom.

Restored Names Version       .

The Scriptures 1998              .


Expanded/Embellished Bibles:

 

The Amplified Bible                Now Esau took his wives and his sons and his daughters and all the members of his household, and his livestock and all his cattle and all his possessions which he had acquired in the land of Canaan, and he went to a land away from his brother Jacob. For their [great flocks and herds and] possessions made it impossible for them to live together [in the same region]; the land in which they lived temporarily could not support them because of their livestock. So Esau lived in the hill country of Seir; Esau is Edom.

The Expanded Bible              Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the people who lived with him, his herds and other animals, and all the ·belongings [property] he had ·gotten [acquired] in Canaan, and he went to a land away from his brother Jacob. ·Esau and Jacob’s [LFor their] ·belongings [property] were becoming too many for them to live ·in the same land [together]. The land where they had ·lived [sojourned; lived as aliens] could not support both of them, because they had too many herds. So Esau lived in the mountains of ·Edom [LSeir; 14:6]. (Esau is also named Edom [25:30].)

The Geneva Bible                  .

Kretzmann’s Commentary    And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house, all the servants of his household, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, which he had got in the land of Canaan; and went in to the country (of Seir)from the face of his brother Jacob. Esau had, even before this, made an expedition into the country of the Horites for the purpose of conquest, Gen. 32:3, and he now definitely removed to Seir with his entire establishment. He knew that the domain of Canaan belonged to Jacob, and it was clear, moreover, that the flocks of the brothers had grown so large as to prohibit their dwelling together. For their riches, especially in herds and flocks,were more than that they might dwell together; and the land wherein they were strangers could not bear them because of their cattle. The story of Abraham and Lot might thus have been repeated, and this was not Esau's intention, since he was at peace with his brother. Thus dwelt Esau in Mount Seir; Esau is Edom. Idumea, with the mountain range known as Seir, whose highest peak was Mount Hor, was between the Dead Sea and the Aelanitic Gulf.

NET Bible®                             Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, all the people in his household, his livestock, his animals, and all his possessions which he had acquired in the land of Canaan and went to a land some distance away from [Heb “from before.”] Jacob his brother because they had too many possessions to be able to stay together and the land where they had settled [Heb “land of their settlements.”] was not able to support them because of their livestock. So Esau (also known as Edom) lived in the hill country of Seir.

Syndein/Thieme                     .

The Voice                               Esau took his wives, sons, daughters, all of the members of his household, his cattle, his livestock, and all of the property he had acquired while living in Canaan; and he moved to a land some distance from his brother, Jacob. Since they were too wealthy to live in close proximity—that is, the land couldn’t support both of their vast numbers of livestock— Esau settled in the hill country of Seir. (Esau is also known as Edom.).


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Brenner’s Mechanical Trans....and Esav [Doing] took his women and his sons and his daughters and all the beings of his house and his livestock and all his beasts and all his possessions which he accumulated in the land of Kena'an [Lowered] and he walked to the land from the face of Ya'aqov [He restrains] his brother, given that their goods existed abundantly from their settling together and the land of their pilgrimages was not able to lift them up from the face of their livestock, and Esav [Doing] settled in the hill of Se'iyr [Hairy], Esav [Doing], he is Edom [Red],...

Concordant Literal Version    And taking is Esau his wives and his sons and his daughters and all the souls of his household, and all his cattle and all his beasts and all his acquisitions, and all that he got in the land of Canaan, and going is he from the land of Canaan, from the face of Jacob, his brother, for it comes that they get more than may dwell together, and the land of their sojourning cannot bear them, in view of the multitude of their cattle. And dwelling is Esau in mount Seir. (Esau, he is Edom).

A Conservative Version         .

Context Group Version          .

Darby Translation                  .

Emphasized Bible                  .

English Standard Version      .

English Standard V. – UK       Then Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the members of his household, his livestock, all his beasts, and all his property that he had acquired in the land of Canaan. He went into a land away from his brother Jacob. For their possessions were too great for them to dwell together. The land of their sojournings could not support them because of their livestock. So Esau settled in the hill country of Seir. (Esau is Edom.)

Evidence Bible                       .

Green’s Literal Translation    .

God’s Truth (Tyndale)           .

King James 2000 Version      .

21st Century KJV                   .

Modern English Version         Then Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the people of his house, his livestock, all his animals, and all his property that he had acquired in the land of Canaan, and he moved to a land some distance from his brother Jacob. For their possessions were too great for them to dwell together, and the land where they were foreigners could not sustain them because of their livestock. So Esau settled in the hill country of Seir. Esau is Edom.

NASB                                     Then Esau took his wives and his sons and his daughters and all his household, and his livestock and all his cattle and all his goods which he had acquired in the land of Canaan, and went to another land away from his brother Jacob. For their property had become too great for them to live together, and the land where they sojourned could not sustain them because of their livestock. So Esau lived in the hill country of Seir; Esau is Edom.

New European Version          Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the members of his household, with his livestock, all his animals, and all his possessions, which he had gathered in the land of Canaan, and went into a land away from the presence of his brother Jacob. For their substance was too great for them to dwell together, and the land of their travels couldn’t bear them because of their livestock. Esau lived in the hill country of Seir. Esau is Edom.

New King James Version       .

Owen's Translation                .

Third Millennium Bible            And Esau took his wives, and his sons and his daughters, and all the persons of his house, and his cattle and all his beasts, and all his substance which he had gotten in the land of Canaan, and went into the country from the face of his brother Jacob. For their riches were more than that they might dwell together, and the land wherein they were strangers could not bear them because of their cattle. Thus dwelt Esau in Mount Seir. Esau is Edom.

Updated Bible Version 2.11   .

A Voice in the Wilderness      .

Webster’s Bible Translation  .

World English Bible                .

Young's Literal Translation     .

Young’s Updated LT             And Esau takes his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance which he has acquired in the land of Canaan, and goes into the country from the face of Jacob his brother; for their substance was more abundant than to dwell together, and the land of their sojournings was not able to bear them because of their cattle; and Esau dwells in mount Seir: Esau is Edom.

 

The gist of this verse:          Esau chooses to leave Canaan because he and his brother Jacob could not keep their possessions separate. He took all that he owned and moved to Seir.


Genesis 36:6a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

lâqach (לָקַח) [pronounced law-KAHKH]

to take, to take away, to take in marriage; to seize

3rd person masculine singular, Qal perfect

Strong’s #3947 BDB #542

ʿÊsâv (עֵשָׂו) [pronounced ģay-SAWV]

 handled, made, rough handling; hairy; transliterated Esau

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #6215 BDB #796

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

nâshîym (נָשִים) [pronounced naw-SHEEM]

women, wives

feminine plural noun; irregular plural of Strong’s #802with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong’s #802 BDB #61

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though; as well as

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

bânîym (בָּנִים) [pronounced baw-NEEM]

sons, descendants; children; people; sometimes rendered men

masculine plural noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong’s #1121 BDB #119

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though; as well as

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

bath (בַּת) [pronounced bahth]

daughter; village

feminine plural noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong's #1323 BDB #123


Translation: [Eventually] Esau took his women, his sons and daughters,... This fills in some gaps of the relationship between Jacob and Esau. You will recall that, for many years, these men were absolute rivals with one another, at least through the age of 40, when Jacob left. When Jacob returned 20 years later, these men became friends, and apparently kept their cattle together. As far as I know, this is the only place where we find this out.


Genesis 36:6b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though; as well as

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

with a plural noun, it is rendered all of, all; any of

masculine singular construct with a masculine plural noun

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

nephâshôwth (נְפָשוֹת) [pronounced NEH-faw-shohth]

souls, lives, living beings, desire, volition; will

masculine plural construct

Strong’s #5315 BDB #659

bayith (בַּיִת) [pronounced BAH-yith]

house, residence; household, habitation as well as inward

masculine singular noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong's #1004 BDB #108


Translation: ...and all the people [lit., souls] of his household,... Both Jacob and Esau would have owned slaves; and slavery in that era was different in many ways from slavery in this era. People would sell themselves or their own children into slavery. There is no indication that Jacob or Esau plundered various peoples and took them captive, but that was another way a person might become a slave.


What was possibly socially unacceptable in that era, and was against the later Mosaic Law, was to go into a place and simply take men to make them slaves against their own will. Generally speaking, that is not the Biblical slavery that we read about.


Slaves could enjoy great upward mobility in that era. You may recall that one of Abraham’s slaves was in charge of everything in Abraham’s estate.


Genesis 36:6c

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though; as well as

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

mîqeneh (מִקְנֶה) [pronounced mik-NEH]

cattle, livestock (specifically sheep, cows and goats); herds, flocks

masculine singular (collective) plural noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong’s #4735 BDB #889

This noun is built on the verb qânâh (קָנָה) [pronounced kaw-NAWH] which means, to get, acquire, obtain; [of God] to found, to originate, to create; to possess; to redeem [His people]; [of Eve] to acquire; to acquire [knowledge, wisdom]; to buy [purchase, redeem]. Strong’s #7069 BDB #888. Furthermore, wealth in the


 ancient world was defined by the number of animals a person had, so such a word could reasonably come to mean wealth, possessions, acquisition, substance.

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though; as well as

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

behêmâh (בְּהֵמָה) [pronounced behay-MAW]

beasts [a collective of all animals]; mammal (s), beast, animal, cattle, livestock [domesticated animals]; wild beasts

feminine singular noun often used in the collective sense; with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong’s #929 BDB #96


Translation: ...along with his cattle and all his [other] animals... Wealth in that era was principally measured by the animals that a person owned. Animals are a very tangible asset and a man with a great many animals and slaves was considered rich.


Genesis 36:6d

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though; as well as

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

every, each, all of, all; any of, any

masculine singular construct not followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

qineyân (קִנְיָן) [pronounced kine-YAWN]

acquisition, possession; getting, substance, purchase, riches, goods

masculine singular noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong’s #7075 BDB #889

ʾăsher (אֲֹשֶר) [pronounced uh-SHER]

that, which, when, who, whom; where; in that, in which, in what

relative pronoun; sometimes the verb to be is implied

Strong's #834 BDB #81

râkash (רָכַש) [pronounced raw-KAHSH]

to acquire, to gain; to collect [gather, get], to gather property

3rd person masculine singular, Qal perfect

Strong’s #7408 BDB #940

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

ʾerets (אֶרֶץ) [pronounced EH-rets]

earth (all or a portion thereof), land, territory, country, continent; ground, soil; under the ground [Sheol]

feminine singular construct

Strong's #776 BDB #75

Kenaʿan (כְּנַעַן) [pronounced keNAH-ģahn]

which possibly means merchant and is transliterated Canaan

masculine proper noun; territory

Strong’s #3667 BDB #488


Translation: ...and all his substance which he had acquired in the land of Canaan,... Canaan was a trading area, and various trading caravans went through there, trading and selling their wares, from distant lands (a distant land might be 100 miles away).


Wealth is not a pie which is at a fixed size, and whoever can, grabs the biggest piece for himself. Wealth is an expanding pie. As Esau’s animals increased in number, he was not taking away from anyone else—his animals were simply breeding and producing more.


Genesis 36:6e

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

hâlake (הָלַךְ) [pronounced haw-LAHKe]

to go, to come, to depart, to walk; to advance

3rd person masculine singular, Qal imperfect

Strong’s #1980 (and #3212) BDB #229

ʾel (אֶל) [pronounced ehl]

unto; into, among, in; toward, to; against; concerning, regarding; besides, together with; as to

directional preposition (respect or deference may be implied)

Strong's #413 BDB #39

ʾerets (אֶרֶץ) [pronounced EH-rets]

earth (all or a portion thereof), land, territory, country, continent; ground, soil; under the ground [Sheol]

feminine singular noun

Strong's #776 BDB #75

min (מִן) [pronounced mihn]

from, away from, out from, out of from, off, on account of, since, above, than, so that not, beyond, more than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

pânîym (פָּנִים) [pronounced paw-NEEM]

face, faces, countenance; presence

masculine plural construct (plural acts like English singular)

Strong’s #6440 BDB #815

Together, min pânîym mean from before the face of; out from before the face, from the presence of. However, together, they can also be a reference to the cause, whether near or remote, and can therefore be rendered because of, because that; by. Literally, this means from faces of.

Yaʿăqôb (יַעֲקֹב) [pronounced yah-ģuh-KOHBV]

supplanter; insidious, deceitful; to circumvent; heel; and is transliterated Jacob

masculine proper noun

Strong’s #3290 BDB #784

ʾâch (אָח) [pronounced awhk]

brother, half-brother; kinsman or close relative; one who resembles

masculine singular noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong's #251 BDB #26


Translation: ...and he went to a land away from Jacob his brother,... So, these men, around age 60 or so, patched up their differences and lived together (or in close proximity with one another). However, it came to a point where both men were so prosperous (remember Abraham and Lot?), that they had to separate.


It appears that Esau and Jacob, for a time, after their father’s death, tried living near one another. They both have 12 sons, they both have multiple wives, they both are very rich in livestock, and they had just lost their father (Gen. 35:29); so it would make sense for them to spend time together. It would even make sense for Esau to relocate near Jacob, as they are family.


What seems to be the case is, Esau, after Jacob moved east, Esau went south and settled in Seir. Then he returned to Canaan, after the death of their father (or a little before the death of their father), and Esau and Jacob lived side-by-side. Then Esau took his people and returned to Seir.


All the wives and children named so far would have been known personally by Jacob.


Genesis 36:7a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

kîy (כִּי) [pronounced kee]

for, that, because; when, at that time, which, what time

explanatory or temporal conjunction; preposition

Strong's #3588 BDB #471

hâyâh (הָיָה) [pronounced haw-YAW]

to be, is, was, are; to become, to come into being; to come to pass

3rd person masculine singular, Qal perfect

Strong's #1961 BDB #224

Without a specific subject and object, the verb hâyâh often means and it will come to be, and it will come to pass, then it came to pass (with the wâw consecutive). It may be more idiomatically rendered subsequently, afterwards, later on, in the course of time, after which. Generally, the verb does not match the gender whatever nearby noun could be the subject (and, as often, there is no noun nearby which would fulfill the conditions of being a subject).

rekûwsh (רְכוּש) [pronounced rehk-OOSH]

that which is acquired; substance, wealth; [moveable, transportable] property, goods; possessions; livestock

masculine singular noun with the 3rd person masculine plural suffix

Strong’s #7399 BDB #940

rab (רַב) [pronounced rahbv]

many, much, great (in the sense of large or significant, not acclaimed)

masculine singular adjective

Strong's #7227 BDB #912

min (מִן) [pronounced mihn]

from, away from, out from, out of from, off, on account of, since, above, than, so that not, beyond, more than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

yâshab (יָשַב) [pronounced yaw-SHAHBV]

to remain, to stay; to dwell, to live, to inhabit, to reside; to sit

Qal infinitive construct

Strong's #3427 BDB #442

yachad (יַחַד) [pronounced YAHKH-ahd]

union, joined together, unitedness, together, in unity

masculine singular noun/adverb

Strong’s #3162 BDB #403


Translation: ...for their substance was [too] great for them to live together. It had come to a point where it was impossible to separate Esau’s wealth from Jacob’s. In other words, they could not keep their herds of animals separate and there was, apparently, no system (like branding) which easily allowed them to differentiate between their herds.


Genesis 36:7b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though; as well as

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

lôʾ (לֹא or לוֹא) [pronounced low]

not, no

negates the word or action that follows; the absolute negation

Strong’s #3808 BDB #518

yâkôl (יָכֹל) [also yâkôwl (יָכוֹל)] [pronounced yaw-COAL]

to be able, can, to have the ability, to have the power to; to be able to bear; to be able to bring oneself [to do anything]; to be lawful, to be permitted; to be powerful, to prevail

3rd person feminine singular, Qal perfect

Strong's #3201 BDB #407

With the negative, this means cannot, to be unable to, to lack the ability to, to be powerless to, to lack permission to, to lack the power to.

ʾerets (אֶרֶץ) [pronounced EH-rets]

earth (all or a portion thereof), land, territory, country, continent; ground, soil; under the ground [Sheol]

feminine singular construct

Strong's #776 BDB #75

mâgûwr (מָגוּר) [pronounced maw-GOOR]

sojourning, sojourning-place; residing, residence, dwelling-place, dwelling, abode; possibly travels, traveling

masculine plural noun with the 3rd person masculine plural suffix

Strong’s #4033 BDB #158

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to

directional/relational preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #510

nâsâʾ (נָשָׂא) [pronounced naw-SAW]

to lift up, to bear, to carry

Qal infinitive construct

Strong’s #5375 BDB #669

Nâsâʾ actually has a variety of Qal meanings: It means ➊ to take up, to lift up, to bear up; ➋ to lift up someone’s head (this is used in a favorable way; i.e., it is mused to mean to make one cheerful or merry; ➌ to lift up one’s own countenance, i.e., to be cheerful, full of confidence, ➍ to bear, to carry, ➎ to lift up in a balance, i.e., to weigh carefully; ➏ to bear one’s sin or punishment, to lift up the voice (this can be used in the sense of bewailing, crying, crying out, rejoicing, to lift up any with the voice (a song, an instrument); ➑ to lift up the soul (i.e., to wish for, to desire); ➒ to have the heart lifted up (i.e., they are ready and willing to do something; ➓ to bear one’s sin (in such a way to expiate the sin, to make atonement for the sin, to pardon the sin). This list does not exhaust the various connotations for nâsâʾ. BDB adds the following: to support, to sustain, to endure; to take, to take away, to carry off, to forgive.

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

them; untranslated mark of a direct object; occasionally to them, toward them

sign of the direct object affixed to a 3rd person masculine plural suffix

Strong's #853 BDB #84

min (מִן) [pronounced mihn]

from, away from, out from, out of from, off, on account of, since, above, than, so that not, beyond, more than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

pânîym (פָּנִים) [pronounced paw-NEEM]

face, faces, countenance; presence

masculine plural construct (plural acts like English singular)

Strong’s #6440 BDB #815

Together, min pânîym mean from before the face of; out from before the face, from the presence of. However, together, they can also be a reference to the cause, whether near or remote, and can therefore be rendered because of, because that; by. Literally, this means from faces of.

mîqeneh (מִקְנֶה) [pronounced mik-NEH]

cattle, livestock (specifically sheep, cows and goats); herds, flocks

masculine plural noun with the 3rd person masculine plural suffix

Strong’s #4735 BDB #889


Translation: Furthermore, the land [where] they lived was unable to support them because of their cattle. This phrase was more difficult to translate, and I took a less-used understanding of the verb nâsâʾ (נָשָׂא) [pronounced naw-SAW] (it means to lift up, to bear up, to carry; but it can mean to support).


However, obviously they came to a point where they had so many individual possessions that they needed to separate. They could not keep their livestock separate when living in such close proximity. God had blessed both men greatly.


Genesis 36:8a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

yâshab (יָשַב) [pronounced yaw-SHAHBV]

to remain, to stay; to dwell, to live, to inhabit, to reside; to sit

3rd person masculine singular, Qal imperfect

Strong's #3427 BDB #442

ʿÊsâv (עֵשָׂו) [pronounced ģay-SAWV]

 handled, made, rough handling; hairy; transliterated Esau

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #6215 BDB #796

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

har (הַר) [pronounced har]

hill; mountain, mount; hill-country, a mountainous area, mountain region

masculine singular construct

Strong’s #2022 (and #2042) BDB #249

Sêʿîyr (שֵׂעִיר) [pronounced say-ĢEER]

hairy, shaggy; transliterated Seir

masculine singular, proper noun

Strong’s #8165 BDB #973

The NET Bible: Traditionally “Mount Seir,” but in this case the expression בְּהַר שֵׂעִיר (bÿhar se’ir) refers to the hill country or highlands of Seir.


Translation: Therefore, Esau [now] lives in the hill country of Seir... Esau decided to go south of the Dead Sea and to establish himself there.


There are some commentators who believe that this narrative somehow got mixed up with the Abraham/Lot narrative (they had too much stuff and had to separate from one another). Similar things happen from generation to generation. My father stopped working for someone else and started his own business near the end of his life. I also stopped working for someone else and began my own business. Our realities did not become mixed up and somehow my memory is wrong; there are simply similar circumstances in our lives.


In all of the relevant passages, it is clear that God blessed both Esau and Jacob far more than either man deserved (something which is true of me as well). What appears to be the case, even though this is never stated in a careful manner—Esau first moved to Seir, lived there for awhile, and when Jacob returned to Canaan, Esau met him and encouraged him to go to Seir with him. Jacob appeared as if he might, but went back into Canaan instead. Now, their father died, and it is possible that, at that time, Esau returned to Canaan and lived near Jacob. Then, this would have been what happened, that they just had too much stuff, it all got mixed in together, and Esau decided to move back to Seir.

 

Fausset: Mount Seir is the high range from the south of the Dead Sea to Elath north of the gulf of Akabah, on the east of the Arabah, or "the plain from Elath and Ezion Geber." 


Let’s just cover this in points, as the Bible does not really tell us that, Esau lived here, then he moved there, and then he moved somewhere else.

Where exactly did Esau live?

1.      Esau first lived with his father and mother and Jacob. When Jacob headed east (for fear of being killed by Esau), Esau was living in Canaan with his parents (probably in the same compound; but indecently with his wives).

2.      When Jacob returns to Canaan, 20 years later, Esau is living in Seir. He urges his brother Jacob to join him there. Gen. 33:12–17

3.      At some point in time, Esau and Jacob are living near one another in Canaan, and Esau leaves because they have too much cattle together. Esau goes to Seir. Gen. 36:5–7

4.      Esau and Jacob had to live near one another at some point and have so much by way of cattle, that Esau felt he needed to separate from Jacob. Given the early history of Jacob and Esau and given the Jacob left Canaan with very little by way of possessions, this situation of them living near one another had to have happened later in their lives.

5.      What makes the most sense is, Isaac dies and the two brothers reunite at his funeral; and then Esau decides to stay in Canaan with his brother. Although some of this is conjecture, it would make perfect sense for Esau, at the death of his father, to want to hold on to family. Gen. 35:27–29

6.      Esau and Jacob would have been older, more mature, less jealous of one another, and even more prosperous than ever before (we tend to become more prosperous in life as we get older—provided that we are not slackers).

7.      It was not really God’s plan for Esau and Jacob to remain together as one family. The line of the Messiah was to go through Jacob, so Esau is not required for that.

 

Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


Genesis 36:8b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

ʿÊsâv (עֵשָׂו) [pronounced ģay-SAWV]

 handled, made, rough handling; hairy; transliterated Esau

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #6215 BDB #796

hûwʾ (הוּא) [pronounced hoo]

he, it; himself as a demonstrative pronoun: that, this (one); same

3rd person masculine singular, personal pronoun; sometimes the verb to be, is implied

Strong’s #1931 BDB #214

ʾĚdôwm (אֱדוֹם) [pronounced eh-DOHM]; also ʾĚdôm (אֱדֹם) [pronounced eh-DOHM

reddish; and is transliterated Edom, Edomites

masculine proper noun

Strong’s #123 BDB #10


Translation:...—Esau [is] Edom. Esau remained in this area. He appears to have named it Edom; and this is where his ancestors continued to live after him.


Edom is quite a fair distance away (in ancient world terms). When Esau and Jacob first hooked up, Esau probably took the King's Highway due south to get to Edom. This other route may have been more circuitous. Edom is located south east of the Dead Sea, below Moab.


——————————


The previously named sons and wives are named, along with new sons born to them in Seir. A more complete line is herein listed.


We first follow out the lines of Eliphaz (Esau’s son by Adah) and Reuel (Esau’s son by Basemath).


And these [are] generations of Esau, a father of Edom, in a hill country of Seir. These [are] names of sons of Esau: Eliphaz ben Adah a wife of Esau; Reuel ben Basemath a wife of Esau. And so are sons of Eliphaz: Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam and Kenaz. Timna was a mistress of Eliphaz ben Esau and so she bears to Eliphaz Amalek. These [are] sons of Adah woman of Esau. And these [are] sons of Reuel: Nahath and Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These were sons of Basemath woman of Esau. And these were sons of Oholibamah a daughter of Anah a daughter of Zibeon a woman of Esau. And so she bears to Esau Jeush and Jalam and Korah.

Genesis

36:9–14

These [are] the generations of Esau, the father of Edom, [which is] in the hill country of Seir. These [are] the names of Esau’s sons: Eliphaz, the son of Adah (Esau’s wife); Reuel the son of Basemath (Esau’s [other] wife). The sons of Eliphaz are: Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam and Kenaz. Eliphaz ben Esau had a mistress, Timna, and she bore Amalek to Eliphaz. Those [were] the sons of Adah, Esau’s wife. The sons of Reuel [are]: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. Those were the sons of Basemath, the wife of Esau. And theese are the sons of Oholibamah, Esau’s wife, [was] the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon. She bore to Esau, Jeush, Jalam and Korah.

These are the generations of Esau, the founder of Edom, which is in the hill country of Seir: Esau’s sons are as follows: Eliphaz, the son of Adah (Esau’s wife); Reuel, the son of Basemath (Esau’s other wife). And Jeush, Jalam and Korah are Esau’s sons by Oholibamah, who was the daughter of Anah, who was the daughter of Zibeon. Eliphaz fathered Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam and Kenaz. Eliphaz also had a mistress, Timna, who bore Amalek to Eliphaz. Reuel’s son are Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And these [are] generations of Esau, a father of Edom, in a hill country of Seir. These [are] names of sons of Esau: Eliphaz ben Adah a wife of Esau; Reuel ben Basemath a wife of Esau. And so are sons of Eliphaz: Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam and Kenaz. Timna was a mistress of Eliphaz ben Esau and so she bears to Eliphaz Amalek. These [are] sons of Adah woman of Esau. And these [are] sons of Reuel: Nahath and Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These were sons of Basemath woman of Esau. And these were sons of Oholibamah a daughter of Anah a daughter of Zibeon a woman of Esau. And so she bears to Esau Jeush and Jalam and Korah.

Dead Sea Scrolls                   .

Targum of Onkelos                .

Jerusalem targum                  .

Targum (Onkelos)                  And these are the generations of Esau, the father of the Edomai, in the mountain of Seir, these are the names of the sons of Esau: Eliphaz, the son of Ada, the wife of Esau; Reuel, son of Basemath, the wife of Esau. And the sons of Eliphaz were Theman, Omar, Zepho, and Gaetam, and Kenaz. And Thimna was the concubine of Eliphaz bar Esau, and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek. These are the sons of Ada, the wife of Esau. And these are the sons of Reuel, Nahath and Zara, Shamma and Meza. These are the sons of Basemath, the wife of Esau. And these are the sons of Ahalivama, the daughter of Ana, the daughter of Zebeon, the wife of Esau; and she bare unto Esau Jehus, and Jaalam, and Korach.

Targum (Pseudo-Jonathan)   And these are the kindreds of Esau the prince of the Edomites, the place of whose dwelling was in the mountain. of Gabal. These are the names of the sons of Esau, Eliphaz bar Adah, wife of Esau; Reuel bar Basemath, wife of Esau. And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman Omar, Zephu, and Gaatam, and Kenaz, and Timna. And Timna was the concubine of Eliphaz bar Esau, and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek. He is Eliphaz the companion of Job. These are the sons of Adah wife of Esau. And these are the sons of Reuel, Nachath and Zerach, Shammah and Mizzah. These are the sons of Basemath wife of Esau. And these are the sons of Ahalibama the daughter of Anah the daughter of Sebeon wife of Esau; and she bare to Esau, Jehus, and Jaalam, and Korach.

Jerusalem targum                  .

Revised Douay-Rheims         And these are the generations of Esau the father of Edom in mount Seir, And these the names of his sons: Eliphaz the son of Ada the wife of Esau: and Rahnel the son of Basemath his wife. And Eliphaz had sons: Theman, Omar, Sepho, and Gatham, and Cenee. And Thamna was the concubine of Eliphaz the son of Esau: and she bore him Amalech. These are the sons of Ada the wife of Esau. And the sons of Rahuel were Nahath and Zara, Samma and Meza. These were the sons of Basemath the wife of Esau. And these were the sons of Oolibama, the daughter of Ana, the daughter of Sebeon, the wife of Esau, whom she bore to him, Jehus, and Jhelon, and Core.

Aramaic ESV of Peshitta        This is the history of the generations of Esau the father of the Edomites in the hill country of Seir: these are the names of Esau's sons: Eliphaz, the son of Adah, the wife of Esau; and Reuel, the son of Basemath, the wife of Esau. The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz. Timna was concubine to Eliphaz, Esau's son; and she bore to Eliphaz Amalek. These are the sons of Adah, Esau's wife. These are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the sons of Basemath, Esau's wife. These were the sons of Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon, Esau's wife: she bore to Esau Yeush, Yalam, and Korah.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    And these are the generations of Esau the father of the Edomites in mount Seir; These are the names of Esaus sons: Eliphaz the son of Adah the wife of Esau, Reuel the son of Bismath the wife of Esau. And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatham, and Kenaz. And Timna was a concubine of Eliphaz, Esaus son; and she bore to Eliphaz Amalek. These were the sons of Adah, Esaus wife. And these are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah; these were the sons of Bismath, Esaus wife. These are the sons of Aholibamah, the daughter of Anah the son of Zibeon, Esaus wife; and she bore to Esau Jeush, Jaalan, and Korah.

Septuagint (Greek)                And these are the generations of Esau, the father of Edom in the mount Seir. And these are the names of the sons of Esau. Eliphas, the son of Ada, the wife of Esau; and Raguel, the son of Basemath, wife of Esau. And the sons of Eliphas were Thaeman, Omar, Sophar, Gothom, and Kenez. And Thamna was a concubine of Eliphaz, the son of Esau; and she bore Amalec to Eliphas. These are the sons of Ada, the wife of Esau. And these are the sons of Raguel; Nachoth, Zare, Some, and Moze. These were the sons of Basemath, wife of Esau. And these are the sons of Olibema, the daughter of Ana, the son of Sebegon, the wife of Esau; and she bore to Esau, Jeus, and Jeglom, and Core.

NETS (Greek)                        .

Brenton’s Septuagint             .

 

Significant differences: 


Limited Vocabulary Translations:

 

Bible in Basic English             And these are the generations of Esau, the father of the Edomites in the hill-country of Seir: These are the names of Esau's sons: Eliphaz, the son of Esau's wife Adah, and Reuel, the son of Esau's wife Basemath. The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. And Eliphaz, the son of Esau, had connection with a woman named Timna, who gave birth to Amalek: all these were the children of Esau's wife Adah. And these are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah: they were the children of Esau's wife Basemath. And these are the sons of Esau's wife Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon: she was the mother of Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.

Easy English                          This is a list of the descendants of Esau. They lived in the hill country of Seir. All the Edomites are his descendants. These are the names of Esau’s sons: Eliphaz, the son of Adah who was Esau’s wife. Reuel, the son of Basemath, who was Esau’s wife. The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam and Kenaz. Esau’s son Eliphaz also had a concubine. Her name was Timna. She had a son called Amalek. These were the grandsons of Esau’s wife Adah. The sons of Reuel were: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These were grandsons of Esau’s wife Basemath. Esau’s wife Oholibamah was the daughter of Anah. And she was the granddaughter of Zibeon. Her sons were: Jeush, Jalam and Korah.

Easy-to-Read Version            Esau is the father of the people of Edom. These are the names of Esau’s family living in the hill country of Seir:

Esau and Adah’s son was Eliphaz. Esau and Basemath’s son was Reuel.

Eliphaz had five sons: Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.

Eliphaz also had a slave woman named Timna. Timna and Eliphaz had a son named Amalek.

Reuel had four sons: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.

These were Esau’s grandsons from his wife Basemath.

Esau’s third wife was Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah. (Anah was the son of Zibeon.) Esau and Oholibamah’s children were Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.

God’s Word                         .

Good News Bible (TEV)         .

The Message                         So this is the family tree of Esau, ancestor of the people of Edom, in the hill country of Seir. The names of Esau’s sons:

Eliphaz, son of Esau’s wife Adah;

Reuel, son of Esau’s wife Basemath.

The sons of Eliphaz: Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. (Eliphaz also had a concubine Timna, who had Amalek.) These are the grandsons of Esau’s wife Adah.

And these are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah—grandsons of Esau’s wife Basemath.

These are the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah, daughter of Anah the son of Zibeon. She gave Esau his sons Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.

Names of God Bible               .

NIRV                                      Here is the story of the family line of Esau. He’s the father of the people of Edom. They live in the hill country of Seir.

Here are the names of Esau’s sons.

They are Eliphaz, the son of Esau’s wife Adah, and Reuel, the son of Esau’s wife Basemath.

The sons of Eliphaz were

Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam and Kenaz. Esau’s son Eliphaz also had a concubine named Timna. She had Amalek by Eliphaz. They were grandsons of Esau’s wife Adah.

The sons of Reuel were

Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. They were grandsons of Esau’s wife Basemath.

Esau’s wife Oholibamah was the daughter of Anah and the granddaughter of Zibeon.

She had Jeush, Jalam and Korah by Esau.

New Simplified Bible              .


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           .

Contemporary English V.       Esau lived in the hill country of Seir and was the ancestor of the Edomites. Esau had three wives: Adah, Basemath, and Oholibamah. Here is a list of his descendants: Esau and Adah had a son named Eliphaz, whose sons were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. Timna was the other wife of Esau's son Eliphaz, and she had a son named Amalek. Esau and Basemath had a son named Reuel, whose sons were Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. Esau and Oholibamah had three sons: Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.

The Living Bible                     .

New Berkeley Version           .

New Century Version             This is the family history of Esau. He is the ancestor of the Edomites, who live in the mountains of Edom.

Esau’s sons were Eliphaz, son of Adah and Esau, and Reuel, son of Basemath and Esau.

Eliphaz had five sons: Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. Eliphaz also had a slave woman named Timna, and Timna and Eliphaz gave birth to Amalek. These were Esau’s grandsons by his wife Adah.

Reuel had four sons: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were Esau’s grandsons by his wife Basemath.

Esau’s third wife was Oholibamah the daughter of Anah. (Anah was the son of Zibeon.) Esau and Oholibamah gave birth to Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.

New Life Version                    .

New Living Translation           These are the names of Esau’s sons: Eliphaz, the son of Esau’s wife Adah; and Reuel, the son of Esau’s wife Basemath.

The descendants of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. Timna, the concubine of Esau’s son Eliphaz, gave birth to a son named Amalek. These are the descendants of Esau’s wife Adah.

The descendants of Reuel were Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These are the descendants of Esau’s wife Basemath.

Esau also had sons through Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon. Their names were Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          These are the generations of Esau (the father of the Edomites) when [he lived at] Mount Seir, and these are the names of Esau's [grand]sons through EliPhas (Ada's son) and RaguEl (BaseMath's son).

The [grand]sons of Ada through EliPhas were ThaEman, Omar, Sophar, Gothom, and Kenez. Also, ThamNa (EliPhas' concubine) bore Amalec to him.

The [grand]sons of BaseMath through RaguEl were NachOth, ZaRe, SoMe, and MoZe.

These are the sons of Esau's woman OliBema (the daughter of Ana, who was the son of SebeGon): She bore JeUs, JegLom, and CoRe to Esau.

Beck’s American Translation .

International Standard V        This is a record of the family history of Esau, the ancestor of the Edomites of Mount Seir. The names of Esau’s sons were Eliphaz (the son of Esau’s wife Adah) and Reuel (the son of Esau’s wife Basemath).

Eliphaz’s sons were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. Timnah was a concubine of Esau’s son Eliphaz. She bore Amalek to Eliphaz.

Reuel’s sons were Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the sons of Esau’s wife Basemath.

These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah, who was the daughter of Zibeon. She bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah for Esau.

New Advent (Knox) Bible       Thus Esau is the father of those Edomites who live in the hill country of Seir, and this was the line that came from him through those two sons of his, Eliphaz who was his son by his wife Ada, and Rahuel, his son by his wife Basemath. The sons of Eliphaz were called Theman, Omar, Sepho, Gatham, and Cenez. He also had a concubine called Thamna, by whom he became the father, and Esau the grandfather, of Amalec. All these were descended from Esau’s wife Ada. And Rahuel’s sons were called Nahath, Zara, Samma, and Meza; these were descended from Esau’s wife Basemath. Esau’s other three sons, Jehus, Ihelon and Core, were borne to him by his wife Oölibama, daughter of Ana and grand-daughter of Sebeon.

Today’s NIV                          .

Translation for Translators     ◂This is/I will now give you► another list of the male descendants of Esau. He was the ancestor of the Edom people-group who live in the Seir area. Esau's wife Adah gave birth to Eliphaz, and Esau's wife Basemath gave birth to Reuel. The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. Esau's son Eliphaz also had a ◂concubine/female slave whom he took as a secondary wife►. Her name was Timna. She gave birth to Amalek. Those six men were grandsons of Esau's wife Adah.

Reuel's sons were Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. They were grandsons of Esau's wife Basemath.

Esau's wife Oholibamah, who was the daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon, gave birth to three sons: Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Awful Scroll Bible                   The generations of Esau, the father of Edom, on Mount Seir, the names of Esau's sons: Eli-phaz, the son of Adah, wife of Esau, Reu-el, the son of Basemath, wife of Esau. The sons of Eli-phaz: Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. Timna is a concubine to Eli-phaz, Esau's son, and she was to bear forth to Eli-phaz, Amalek. The sons of Adah, Esau's wife. The sons of Reu-el: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. The sons of Basemath, Esau's wife. The sons of Aholibamah, the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon, Esau's wife, even was she to bear forth to Esau: Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah.

Conservapedia                       These are the genealogical annals of Esau, father of the Edomites, in Mount Seir: The names of the sons of Esau were: Eliphaz son of Adah, wife of Esau, and Reuel son of Bashemath, wife of Esau. The sons of Eliphaz were: Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. Timna became a common-law wife of Eliphaz son of Esau. She gave birth, for Eliphaz, to Amalek [From Amalek come the Amalekites, who would trouble the peace of Israel for centuries. The Amalekites are also a candidate for the identity of the Hyksos, the "shepherd kings" who took over Egypt between the eras of the Middle Kingdom and the Empire.]. These were the sons of Adah, wife of Esau. The sons of Reuel were: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the sons of Bashemath, wife of Esau. These were the sons of Aholibamah, daughter of Anah daughter of Zibeon, the wife of Esau: she gave birth, for Esau, to Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah [This is not the same as Korah the Mutineer, grandson of Levi].

Ferrar-Fenton Bible                These are the names of the sons of Edom : Ailifaz the son of Ada, the wife of Esau; Rauel the son of Bashmath wife of Esau ; 1 And these are the sons of Ailifaz ; Omar, Tzifo, and Nathan, and Kenez ; and Thimna was secondary wife to Ailifaz, the son of Esau, and she bore to Ailifaz Amalek ; — these are the sons of Ada the wife of Esau. And these are the sons of Rauel ; Nahath, and Zarath, Shama, and Mizah ; these were the sons of Bashmath, wife of Esau. And these are the sons of Ahlibamah, the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Tzibaon, wife of Esau, which she bore to Esau: — Jaish; and Jalam ; and Korah.

God’s Truth (Tyndale)           These are the generations of Esau father of the Edomites in mount Seir, and these are the names of Esaus sons: Eliphas the son of Ada the wife of Esau, and Reguel the son of Basmath the wife of Esau also. And the sons of Eliphas were: Theman, Omar, Zepho, Gaetham and Kenas. And Thimna was concubine to Eliphas Esaus son, and bare unto Eliphas, Amalek. And these be the sons of Ada Esaus wife. And these are the sons of Reguel: Nahas, Serah, Samma and Misa: these were the sons of Basmath Esaus wife. And these were the sons of Ahalibama Esaus wife the daughter of Ana son of Zebeon, which she bare unto Esau: Jeus, Jaelam and Rorah.

HCSB                                     These are the family records of Esau, father of the Edomites in the mountains of Seir.

These are the names of Esau’s sons:

Eliphaz son of Esau’s wife Adah,

and Reuel son of Esau’s wife Basemath.

The sons of Eliphaz were

Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.

Timna, a concubine of Esau’s son Eliphaz,

bore Amalek to Eliphaz.

These were the sons of Esau’s wife Adah.

These are Reuel’s sons:

Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.

These were the sons of Esau’s wife Basemath.

These are the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah

daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon:

She bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah to Edom.

Jubilee Bible 2000                  And these are the lineages of Esau, the father of the Edomites in Mount Seir. These are the names of Esau’s sons: Eliphaz, the son of Adah, the wife of Esau; Reuel, the son of Bashemath, the wife of Esau. And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz, Esau’s son, and she bore to Eliphaz Amalek: these are the sons of Adah, Esau’s wife. And these are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah; these were the sons of Bashemath, Esau’s wife. And these were the sons of Aholibamah, the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon, Esau’s wife: she gave birth unto Esau Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah.

Lexham English Bible            .

H. C. Leupold                         (2) Esau’s Sons (v. 9-14)

This is the history of Esau, the father of the Edomites, in Mount Seir. These are the names of the sons of Esau: Eliphaz, the son of Adah, the wife of Esau—Reuel, the son of Basemath, the wife Esau. And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam and Kenaz. And Timnah was a concubine of Eliphaz, Esau’s son, and she bore to Eliphaz, Amalek. These are the sons of Adah, the wife of Esau. And these are the sons of Reuel: Nahath and Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These were the sons of Basemath, the wife of Esau. And the following were the sons of Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah, the granddaughter of Zibeon, Esau’s wife: she bore to Esau Jeush and Jalam and Korah.

NIV, ©2011                             This is the account of the family line of Esau the father of the Edomites in the hill country of Seir.

These are the names of Esau’s sons:

Eliphaz, the son of Esau’s wife Adah, and Reuel, the son of Esau’s wife Basemath.

The sons of Eliphaz:

Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam and Kenaz.

Esau’s son Eliphaz also had a concubine named Timna, who bore him Amalek. These were grandsons of Esau’s wife Adah.

The sons of Reuel:

Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These were grandsons of Esau’s wife Basemath.

The sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon, whom she bore to Esau:

Jeush, Jalam and Korah.

Tree of Live Version     .


Catholic Bibles (those having the imprimatur):

 

Christian Community (1988)  .

The Heritage Bible                 .

New American Bible (2002)   .

New American Bible (2011)   These are the descendants of Esau [the original heading of the genealogy is preserved in v. 10 (“These are the names of the sons of Esau”). This use of the Priestly formula is secondary and should not be counted in the list of ten such formulas in Genesis.], ancestor of the Edomites, in the highlands of Seir. These are the names of the sons of Esau: Eliphaz, son of Adah, wife of Esau, and Reuel, son of Basemath, wife of Esau. The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. Timna was a concubine of Eliphaz, the son of Esau, and she bore Amalek to Eliphaz. Those were the sons of Adah, the wife of Esau [1Chron. 1:36.]. These were the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. Those were the sons of Basemath, the wife of Esau [1Chr 1:37]. These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah—the daughter of Anah, son of Zibeon—whom she bore to Esau: Jeush, Jalam, and Korah [1Chr 1:35].

New Jerusalem Bible             These are the descendants of Esau, ancestor of Edom, in the mountainous region of Seir. These are the names of Esau's sons: Eliphaz son of Esau's wife Adah, and Reuel son of Esau's wife Basemath. The sons of Eliphaz were: Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam and Kenaz. Eliphaz son of Esau had Timna for concubine and she bore him Amalek. These were the sons of Esau's wife Adah. These were the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These were the sons of Esau's wife Basemath. And these were the sons of Esau's wife Oholibamah daughter of Anah, son of Zibeon: she bore him Jeush, Jalam and Korah.

New RSV                               .

Revised English Bible            This is an account of the descendants of Esau father of the Edomites in the hill-country of Seir. These are the names of the sons of Esau: Eliphaz was the son of Esau's wife Adah. Reuel was the son of Esau's wife Basemath. The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. Timna was the concubine of Esau's son Eliphaz, and she bore Amalek to him. These are the descendants of Esau's wife Adah. These are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the descendants of Esau's wife Basemath. These were the sons of Esau's wife Oholibamah daughter of Anah son of Zibeon: she bore him Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah.


Jewish/Hebrew Names Bibles:

 

Complete Jewish Bible           This is the genealogy of ‘Esav the father of Edom in the hill-country of Se‘ir. The names of ‘Esav’s sons were Elifaz, son of ‘Adah the wife of ‘Esav, and Re‘u’el the son of Basmat the wife of ‘Esav.

The sons of Elifaz were Teman, Omar, Tzefo, Ga‘tam and K’naz. Timnah was the concubine of Elifaz ‘Esav’s son, and she bore to Elifaz ‘Amalek. These were the descendants of ‘Adah ‘Esav’s wife.

The sons of Re‘u’el were Nachat, Zerach, Shammah and Mizah. These were the sons of Basmat ‘Esav’s wife.

These were the sons of Oholivamah, the daughter of ‘Anah the daughter of Tziv‘on, ‘Esav’s wife: she bore to ‘Esav Ye‘ush, Ya‘lam and Korach.

exeGeses companion Bible   And these are the generations of Esav

the father of the Edomiy in mount Seir.

These are the names of the sons of Esav:

Eli Phaz the son of Adah the woman of Esav,

Reu El the son of Bosmath the woman of Esav.

And the sons of Eli Phaz:

Teman, Omar, Sepho and Gatam and Qenaz.

And Timna is concubine

to Eli Phaz the son of Esav;

and she births Amaleq to Eli Phaz:

these are the sons of Adah the woman of Esav.

And these are the sons of Reu El:

Nachath and Zerach, Shammah and Mizzah

- these are the sons of Bosmath the woman of Esav.

And these are the sons of Oholi Bamah

the daughter of Anah the daughter of Sibon

the woman of Esav:

and she births Yeush and Yalam and Qorach to Esav.

Hebrew Roots Bible      .

JPS (Tanakh—1985)               .

Judaica Press Complete T.    .

Kaplan Translation                 These are the chronicles of Esau, the ancestor of Edom, in the hill country of Seir:

These are the names of Esau's sons:

Eliphaz [Reuel. See Genesis 36:4.], son of Esau's wife Adah;

Reuel, son of Esau's wife Basemath.

The sons of Eliphaz were Teman [See Genesis 36:15,42, 1 Chronicles 1:53. Also see Genesis 36:34. Teman was a city some 50 miles to the south of the Dead sea, near Petra. It might also be identified with Yemen (see note on Genesis 36:34). See Jeremiah 49:7,20, Ezekiel 25:13, Amos 1:12, Habakkuk 3:3. From the verses, Teman appears to be an area to the south of Seir; Obadiah 1:9; Ramban on Genesis 36:34. Job's friend Eliphaz was from Teman; Job 2:11, see note on Genesis 36:4.], Omar [See Genesis 36:15.], Tzefo [See Genesis 36:15. In 1 Chronicles 1:36, the name is given as Tzefi. There is a tradition that Tzefo was the military leader of Edom, and possibly one of the early settlers of Rome (Sefer HaYashar, pp. 163, 169, 175; Yossipon 2; MeAm Lo'ez/The Torah Anthology 3:551, 588, 4:8,24,233; Ramban on Genesis 49:31; Bachya on Genesis 50:9). See note on Genesis 36:43.], Gatam [See Genesis 36:16. Josephus renders this as Gotham.], and Kenaz [See Genesis 36:15,42. Also see Genesis 15:19.].

Timna [She was the daughter of Seir the Horite; Genesis 36:22. Although she was a princess, she was content to be a concubine in Abraham's family (Sanhedrin 99b; Rashi). In 1 Chronicles 1:36, however, Timna is seen as a daughter of Eliphaz. According to Talmudic tradition, Eliphaz fathered Timna by committing adultery with Seir's wife, and then he married her (Tanchuma, VaYeshev 2; Rashi; BaMidbar Rabbah 14:10). Others say that the Timna in Chronicles is a different individual (Radak on Chronicles; Ramban). See Lekach Tov; Rashbam, here. This may be the Timna in Genesis 36:40, and she may have been a woman (see Rashba, Bava Bathra 115b).] became the concubine of Esau's son Eliphaz, and she bore Eliphaz's son Amalek [Israel's arch-enemy; Exodus 17:16, Deuteronomy 25:19. See Genesis 36:16.]. All these are the descendants of Esau's wife Adah.

These are the sons of Reuel: Tachath [See Genesis 36:5,18.], Zerach [See Genesis 36:33.], Shamah, and Mizzah. These are the descendants of Esau's wife Basemath.

These are the sons of Esau's wife Oholibamah, daughter of Anah, daughter of Tziv'on: By Esau she had Yeush, Yalam, and Korach [See Genesis 36:5,18.].

Orthodox Jewish Bible           And these are the toldot Esav avi Edom in har Seir:

These are the shemot Bnei Esav; Eliphaz Ben Adah eshet Esav, Reuel Ben Basemat eshet Esav.

And the Bnei Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Tzepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz.

And Timna was pilegesh (concubine) to Eliphaz Ben Esav; and she bore to Eliphaz Amalek; these were the Bnei Adah eshet Esav.

And these are the Bnei Reuel: Nachat, and Zerach, Shammah, and Mizzah; these were the Bnei Basemat eshet Esav.

And these were the Bnei Oholivamah Bat Anah Bat Tziveon, eshet Esav: and she bore to Esav Yeush, and Yaalam, and Korach.

Restored Names Version       .

The Scriptures 1998              And this is the genealogy of Ěsaw the father of the Eomites in Mount Sĕʽir.

These were the names of Ěsaw’s sons: Eliphaz son of Aah, wife of Ěsaw, and Reʽuw’ĕl son of Basemath, wife of Ěsaw. And the sons of Eliphaz were Tĕman, Omar, Tsepho, and Gatam, and Qenaz. And Timna was the concubine of Eliphaz, Ěsaw’s son, and she bore Amalĕq to Eliphaz. These were the sons of Ad?ah, Ěsaw’s wife. These were the sons of Reʽuw’ĕl: Naḥath and Zeraḥ, Shammah and Mizzah. These were the sons of Basemath, Ěsaw’s wife. These were the sons of Oholiamah, Ěsaw’s wife, the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Tsiʽon. And she bore to Ěsaw: Yeʽush, and Yaʽlam, and Qorah.


Expanded/Embellished Bibles:

 

The Amplified Bible                .

The Expanded Bible              ·This is the family history [LThese are the generations; 2:4] of Esau. He is the ·ancestor [father] of the Edomites, who live in the mountains of ·Edom [LSeir].

·Esau’s sons were [LThese are the names of the sons of Esau:] Eliphaz, son of Adah and Esau, and Reuel, son of Basemath and Esau.

Eliphaz had five sons: Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. Eliphaz also had a ·slave woman [concubine] named Timna, and Timna and Eliphaz gave birth to Amalek. These were Esau’s ·grandsons [descendants; Lsons] by his wife Adah.

Reuel had four sons: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were Esau’s grandsons by his wife Basemath.

Esau’s third wife was Oholibamah the daughter of Anah. (Anah was the son of Zibeon.) Esau and Oholibamah gave birth to Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.

The Geneva Bible                  .

Kretzmann’s Commentary    Verses 9-14

Esau's Sons and Grandsons

And these are the generations of Esau, the father of the Edomites in Mount Seir: These are the names of Esau's sons: Eliphaz, the son of Adah, the wife of Esau; Reuel, the son of Bashemath, the wife of Esau. And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho (or Zephi, 1Chron. 1:36),and Gatam, and Kenaz. And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz, Esau's son, having probably been adopted for that purpose by Adah; and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek; these were the sons of Adah, Esau's wife. If this is the Amalek that was the ancestor of the Amalekites who afterward were such bitter enemies of the children of Israel, it was probably due to the fact that Amalek separated himself from his brethren at an early date and grew into an independent people, his descendants occupying the country immediately south of Canaan and spreading from there to the very boundaries of the Promised Land. And these are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, and Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah; these were the sons of Bashemath, Esau's wife. And these were the sons of Aholibamah, the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon, Esau's wife; and she bare to Esau Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah. In the case of Aholibamah, therefore, the sons, in the case of the other wives, the grandsons perpetuated the name of Edom and were considered the fathers of the tribes. The sons of Eliphaz continued the Canaanitic line, those of Reuel the Ishmaelitic, and the three sons of Aholibamah the Horite line.

NET Bible®                             .

Syndein/Thieme                     .

The Voice                               Here is an account of Esau’s descendants. He was the founding father of the Edomites, a people who lived in the hill country of Seir. Esau’s sons were Eliphaz (son of his wife Adah) and Reuel (son of his wife Basemath). Eliphaz’s sons were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. (Timna was a concubine of Eliphaz, Esau’s son, and she gave birth to Amalek.) These were the grandsons of Adah, Esau’s first wife. Reuel’s sons were Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the grandsons of Basemath (Esau’s wife). These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah (daughter of Anah, Zibeon’s granddaughter): Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Brenner’s Mechanical Trans....and these are the birthings of Esav [Doing], the father of Edom [Red] in the hill of Se'iyr [Hairy], these are the titles of the sons of Esav [Doing], Eliphaz [My El is pure gold], the son of Adah [Ornament], the woman of Esav [Doing], Re'u'el [Companion of El], the son of Basmat [Spice], the woman of Esav [Doing], and the sons of Eliphaz [My El is pure gold] existed, Teyman [South], Omar [Speaker], Tsepho [Watcher] and Gatam [Burnt valley] and Qeniz [Hunter], and Timna [Withhold] had existed as the concubine to Eliphaz [My El is pure gold], the son of Esav [Doing], and she brought forth to Eliphaz [My El is pure gold], Amaleq [People gathered], these are the sons of Adah [Ornament], the woman of Esav [Doing], and these are the sons of Re'u'el [Companion of El], Nahhat [Rest] and Zerahh [Dawn], Sham'mah [Desolate] and Miz'zah [Faint], these sons existed of Basmat [Spice], the woman of Esav [Doing], and these sons existed of Ahalivamah [Tent of the high place], the daughter of Anah [Answer], the daughter of Tsiv'ghon [Colored], woman of Esav [Doing], and she brought forth to Esav [Doing] Ye'ush [He will assemble] and Yalam [He is concealed] and Qorahh [Bald],...

Concordant Literal Version    .

A Conservative Version         .

Context Group Version          .

Darby Translation                  .

Emphasized Bible                  .

English Standard Version      .

English Standard V. – UK       .

Evidence Bible                       .

Green’s Literal Translation    .

God’s Truth (Tyndale)           .

King James 2000 Version      .

21st Century KJV                   .

Modern English Version         These are the generations of Esau the father of the Edomites in the hill country of Seir.

These are the names of Esau’s sons:

Eliphaz the son of Adah the wife of Esau, and Reuel the son of Basemath the wife of Esau.

The sons of Eliphaz were

Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.

Timna was a concubine to Eliphaz, Esau’s son, and she bore to Eliphaz Amalek. These were the sons of Adah, Esau’s wife.

These are the sons of Reuel:

Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the sons of Basemath, Esau’s wife.

These were the sons of Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon, Esau’s wife: she bore to Esau

Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.

NASB                                     Descendants of Esau

These then are the records of the generations of Esau the father of the Edomites in the hill country of Seir. These are the names of Esau’s sons: Eliphaz the son of Esau’s wife Adah, Reuel the son of Esau’s wife Basemath. The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho and Gatam and Kenaz. Timna was a concubine of Esau’s son Eliphaz and she bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These are the sons of Esau’s wife Adah. These are the sons of Reuel: Nahath and Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These were the sons of Esau’s wife Basemath. These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah and the granddaughter of Zibeon: she bore to Esau, Jeush and Jalam and Korah.

New European Version          .

New King James Version       .

Owen's Translation                .

Third Millennium Bible            .

Updated Bible Version 2.11   .

A Voice in the Wilderness      .

Webster’s Bible Translation  .

World English Bible                .

Young's Literal Translation     .

Young’s Updated LT             And these are births of Esau, father of Edom, in mount Seir. These are the names of the sons of Esau: Eliphaz son of Adah, wife of Esau; Reuel son of Bashemath, wife of Esau. And the sons of Eliphaz are Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz; and Timnath has been concubine to Eliphaz son of Esau, and she beares to Eliphaz, Amalek; these are sons of Adah wife of Esau. And these are sons of Reuel: Nahas and Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah; these were sons of Bashemath wife of Esau. And these have been the sons of Aholibamah daughter of Anah, daughter of Zibeon, wife of Esau; and she beares to Esau, Jeush and Jaalam and Korah.

 

The gist of this verse:          Esau’s direct descendants are listed.


Genesis 36:9

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though; as well as

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʾêlleh (אֵלֶּה) [pronounced ALE-leh]

these, these things

demonstrative plural adjective (often the verb to be is implied)

Strong's #428 BDB #41

tôwledôth (תּוֹלְדֹת) [pronounced tohle-DOTH]

generations, results, proceedings, genealogies, history, course of history; origin; families; races

feminine plural construct

Strong’s #8435 BDB #410

ʿÊsâv (עֵשָׂו) [pronounced ģay-SAWV]

 handled, made, rough handling; hairy; transliterated Esau

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #6215 BDB #796

ʾâb (אָב) [pronounced awbv]

father, both as the head of a household, clan or tribe; ancestor, grandfather; founder, civil leader, military leader; master, teacher

masculine singular construct

Strong’s #1 BDB #3

ʾĚdôwm (אֱדוֹם) [pronounced eh-DOHM]; also ʾĚdôm (אֱדֹם) [pronounced eh-DOHM

reddish; and is transliterated Edom, Edomites

masculine proper noun

Strong’s #123 BDB #10

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

har (הַר) [pronounced har]

hill; mountain, mount; hill-country, a mountainous area, mountain region

masculine singular construct

Strong’s #2022 (and #2042) BDB #249

Sêʿîyr (שֵׂעִיר) [pronounced say-ĢEER]

hairy, shaggy; transliterated Seir

masculine singular, proper noun

Strong’s #8165 BDB #973


Translation: These [are] the generations of Esau, the father of Edom, [which is] in the hill country of Seir. Esau, Jacob’s twin brother, moved south and founded Edom in the hill country of Seir.


Genesis 36:10a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

ʾêlleh (אֵלֶּה) [pronounced ALE-leh]

these, these things

demonstrative plural adjective (often the verb to be is implied)

Strong's #428 BDB #41

shêm (שֵם) [pronounced shame]

name, reputation, character; fame, glory; celebrated; renown; possibly memorial, monument

masculine plural construct

Strong’s #8034 BDB #1027

bânîym (בָּנִים) [pronounced baw-NEEM]

sons, descendants; children; people; sometimes rendered men

masculine plural construct

Strong’s #1121 BDB #119

ʿÊsâv (עֵשָׂו) [pronounced ģay-SAWV]

 handled, made, rough handling; hairy; transliterated Esau

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #6215 BDB #796

ʾĔlîyphaz (אֱלִיפַז) [pronounced ehl-ee-FAHZ]

God of gold, my God is fine gold; transliterated Eliphaz

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #464 BDB #45

bên (בֵּן) [pronounced bane]

son, descendant

masculine singular construct

Strong’s #1121 BDB #119

ʿÂdâh (עָדָה) [pronounced ģaw-DAW]

ornament, decoration; transliterated Adah

feminine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5711 BDB #725

ʾîshshâh (אִשָּה) [pronounced eesh-SHAW]

woman, wife

feminine singular construct

Strong's #802 BDB #61

ʿÊsâv (עֵשָׂו) [pronounced ģay-SAWV]

 handled, made, rough handling; hairy; transliterated Esau

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #6215 BDB #796


Translation: These [are] the names of Esau’s sons: Eliphaz, the son of Adah (Esau’s wife);... One of his sons was Eliphaz, bore to him by Adah.


Genesis 36:10b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

Reʿûwʾêl (רְעוּאֵל) [pronounced reh-ģoo-ALE]

 friend of God; transliterated Reuel, Raguel

masculine singular, proper noun

Strong’s #7467 BDB #946

bên (בֵּן) [pronounced bane]

son, descendant

masculine singular construct

Strong’s #1121 BDB #119

Bâsemath (בָּשְׂמַת) [pronounced baws-MATH]

perfume, fragrance; and is transliterated Basemath, Bashemath

feminine singular proper noun

Strong’s #1315 BDB #142

ʾîshshâh (אִשָּה) [pronounced eesh-SHAW]

woman, wife

feminine singular construct

Strong's #802 BDB #61

ʿÊsâv (עֵשָׂו) [pronounced ģay-SAWV]

 handled, made, rough handling; hairy; transliterated Esau

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #6215 BDB #796


Translation: ...Reuel the son of Basemath (Esau’s [other] wife). Reuel was another son of Esau, by Basemath, another of his wives.


Genesis 36:11

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

hâyâh (הָיָה) [pronounced haw-YAW]

to be, is, was, are; to become, to come into being; to come to pass

3rd person masculine plural, Qal imperfect

Strong's #1961 BDB #224

bânîym (בָּנִים) [pronounced baw-NEEM]

sons, descendants; children; people; sometimes rendered men

masculine plural construct

Strong’s #1121 BDB #119

ʾĔlîyphaz (אֱלִיפַז) [pronounced ehl-ee-FAHZ]

God of gold, my God is fine gold; transliterated Eliphaz

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #464 BDB #45

Têymân (תֵּימָן) [pronounced tay-MAWN]

south; transliterated Teman

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #8487 BDB #412

This name is also spelled without the yodh (י).

From BDB:

1) son of Eliphaz, grandson of Esau, and one of the dukes of Edom (noun proper masculine)

2) the tribe descended from 1 noted for the wisdom of its people (noun proper masculine)

3) the region occupied by the descendants of 1, located east of Idumea (noun proper locative)

ʾÔwmâr (אוֹמָר) [pronounced oh-MAWR]

speaker, eloquent; and is transliterated Omar

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #201 BDB #57

Tsephôw (צְפוֹ) [pronounced tsehf-OH]

watch-tower; and is transliterated Zepho

proper singular noun

Strong’s #6825 BDB #859

This is also spelled Tsephîy (צְפִי) [pronounced tsehf-EE].

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though; as well as

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

Gaʿetâm (גַעְתָּם) [pronounced gahģ-TAWM]

a burnt valley; and is transliterated Gatam

masculine singular proper noun:

Strong’s #1609 BDB #172

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though; as well as

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

Qenaz (קְנַז) [pronounced keNAHZ]

hunter; possibly side, flank; is transliterated Kenaf

masculine singular, proper noun

Strong’s #7073 BDB #889


Translation: The sons of Eliphaz are: Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam and Kenaz. Eliphaz, Esau’s son, had sons, and 5 of them are named here.


Either Eliphaz named his territory after his first-born or his first-born settled an area and named it after himself. In either case, the area of Teman is noted throughout the Old Testament. It was known as an area where there were wise men (Jer. 49:7 Obad. 8); and it was an area which came under indictment from God when Edom was castigated (Jer. 49:20 Ezek. 25:13 Amos 1:12 Obad. 9). Teman, in ordinary use in the Bible, means south, which could explain Habak. 3:3.


As was mentioned, Eliphaz of the book of Job was a Temanite and perhaps was the very same Eliphaz that we find here.


Although the name of Kenaz occurs several times throughout the Bible, they are all unrelated to this Kenaz. One of Omar's descendants who took his name formed a band in Houston and one of Zepho's descendants became one of the Marx brothers. Zepho is called Zephi in 1Chron. 1:36


Genesis 36:12a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though; as well as

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

Timenâʿ (תִמְנִַע) [pronounced tihm-NAWĢ]

restrained; and is transliterated Timna, Timnah

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #8555 BDB #586

There is a slightly different spelling in this passage.

hâyâh (הָיָה) [pronounced haw-YAW]

to be, is, was, are; to become, to come into being; to come to pass

3rd person feminine singular, Qal perfect

Strong's #1961 BDB #224

pîylegesh (פִּילֶגֶש) [pronounced pee-LEH-gesh]

mistress, paramour, illicit lover, live-in lover, concubine

feminine singular noun

Strong’s #6370 BDB #811

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to

directional/relational preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #510

ʾĔlîyphaz (אֱלִיפַז) [pronounced ehl-ee-FAHZ]

God of gold, my God is fine gold; transliterated Eliphaz

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #464 BDB #45

bên (בֵּן) [pronounced bane]

son, descendant

masculine singular construct

Strong’s #1121 BDB #119

ʿÊsâv (עֵשָׂו) [pronounced ģay-SAWV]

 handled, made, rough handling; hairy; transliterated Esau

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #6215 BDB #796


Translation: Eliphaz ben Esau had a mistress, Timna,.. Eliphaz also had a mistress, Timna, and she had at least one son.


Live-in arrangements were not an invention of the 20th century. We find concubines, or mistresses, or live-in lovers or lovers-on-the-side as early as Gen. 22:24. They represent often a lack of true commitment, an experiment which may last a lifetime, and, generally speaking, the children suffer as a result.


Genesis 36:12b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

yâlad (יָלַד) [pronounced yaw-LAHD]

to give birth, to bear, to be born, to bear, to bring forth, to beget

3rd person feminine singular, Qal imperfect

Strong’s #3205 BDB #408

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to

directional/relational preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #510

ʾĔlîyphaz (אֱלִיפַז) [pronounced ehl-ee-FAHZ]

God of gold, my God is fine gold; transliterated Eliphaz

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #464 BDB #45

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

ʿAmâlêq (עַמָלֵק) [pronounced ģah-maw-LAYK]

transliterated Amalek

masculine proper noun; used infrequently as an gentilic adjective

Strong’s #6002 BDB #766


Translation: ...and she bore Amalek to Eliphaz. She bears Amalek to Eliphaz.


This is the first mention of Amalek the man. The mention of the Amalekites back in Gen. 14:7 was probably a gloss.

Amalek, by Ron Snider

1.      This section gives us the account of Esau after he relocated from Canaan to the mountains of Seir.

2.      The significant person for our future purposes will be Amalek in vs 12.

3.      He was the illegitimate son of a concubine and was the ancestor of the Amalekites, or shepherd kings.

4.      They are known in history by the more familiar term, Hyksos.

5.      They were hostile to Israel at the time of the Exodus and moved into Egypt and took over the devastated country.

6.      Most historians cannot explain their appearance in Egypt, how they came to power, etc. since they do not identify them in the correct time frame or dynasties.

Snider is making some very strong historical statements here.

From Makarios Bible Church; accessed December 9, 2015.

Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


It is not clear whether the Amalekites famous in Scripture came from this man or from much earlier.

The Amalekites

The Amalekites were one of the most vicious enemies of Israel. They occupied an area southwest of the land of Canaan. The name, Amalekite, was mentioned back in Gen. 14:7. This is a different Amalek or a reference to people of this land which Amalek later settled. Moses, as the editor, may have inserted that, the other reference becoming too obscure even for his generation. They were a nomadic group who more or less occupied the same territory as the Ishmaelites (cp Gen. 25:18 and 1Sam. 15:7). Judges 6:3, 33 indicates that they may have also, during that time period, lived further east. and Judges 12:15 indicates that they may have lived further north also. The Amalekites attacked the wandering Israelites when they were on their exodus in Ex. 17 and Deut. 25:17–18. The became one of the peoples that God marked for extinction in Deut. 25:19. Because of the lack of faith of some of the early Israelite leaders, they were unable to defeat the Amalekites in Num. 13 & 14. The Amalekites continued to be a thorn in the side of the Israelites throughout the time of the judges through to the rulership of Saul. King David apparently all but destroyed the Amalekites, who are not mentioned again after his rule until 1Chron. 18:11.

 

Chapter Outline

Charts, Graphics and Short Doctrines


Genesis 36:12c

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

ʾêlleh (אֵלֶּה) [pronounced ALE-leh]

these, these things

demonstrative plural adjective (often the verb to be is implied)

Strong's #428 BDB #41

bânîym (בָּנִים) [pronounced baw-NEEM]

sons, descendants; children; people; sometimes rendered men

masculine plural construct

Strong’s #1121 BDB #119

ʿÂdâh (עָדָה) [pronounced ģaw-DAW]

ornament, decoration; transliterated Adah

feminine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5711 BDB #725

ʾîshshâh (אִשָּה) [pronounced eesh-SHAW]

woman, wife

feminine singular construct

Strong's #802 BDB #61

ʿÊsâv (עֵשָׂו) [pronounced ģay-SAWV]

 handled, made, rough handling; hairy; transliterated Esau

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #6215 BDB #796


Translation: Those [were] the sons of Adah, Esau’s wife. There is the line of Esau through Adah.


Genesis 36:13a