Robert L. Dean Jr. February 15, 2004
He’ll be teaching all this week, including tonight (7:00 pm tonight and 7:30 throughout the week).
Robert was in the teen class, and Bob called on him several times. He went to Dallas Theological Seminary in 1975, since they were already on the road to destruction by then. He’s taught in Arizona, I think, in a small town (Preston City). Tribute to Thieme. Can’t be replaced. God’s plan always goes forward.
He plans to cover a lot of material in 5 days; very little review. Double-session; I guess that refers to the communion service. He will look at it as a Passover.
The Church Age Pleroma and Your Spiritual Life
Being a covenant theologian will affect how you interpret many of the passages that we will cover. Chafer tells us that we cannot fully exploit the meaning of many ascension passages with that bend.
He’s doing a power point presentation. We’re in Eph. 4:7–
Eph. 4:7 God's favor has been given to each of us. It was measured out to us by Christ who gave it.
Paul is trying to address the principles of unity. Nobody asks you what you think anymore; they ask you how you feel. Paul jumps from the idea of unity to the ascension. He doesn’t go into practical application, as we would today.
You can change your behavior without really affecting the way that you think. Paul starts with your thinking. There must be a core shift in your thinking. Often changing your behavior only camouflages a spiritual problem. You don’t focus in on your behavior and relationships with other people. You focus in on the principles behind this.
Eph. 4:8 That's why the Scriptures say: "When he went to the highest place, he took captive those who had captured us and gave gifts to people." (Psalm 68:18)
Jesus Christ ascended and after the ascension, He gave gifts. Vv. 9–10, he explains what ascension is all about. Vv. 11–12 deals with the giving of gifts. The purpose of these gifts is maturity?
Fullness is pleroma (πληρωμα). As a child, we want to be treated like adults. Unfortunately, too many believers want to remain babies. A speaker that he recalls said that the problem today is that churches are day care centers which never get the children out of diapers.
Why did Jesus Christ have to ascend at all? Why not just begin the kingdom (Acts 1:6)? Why did He have to ascend before sending the Holy Spirit (John 16:7)? Why did He have to ascend prior to giving spiritual gifts? What is the relationship between ascension and spiritual gifts? These are the questions that Dean will deal with.
Why the ascension of Christ and what is its purpose. Therefore, we need to look at the background of the ascension? The ascension was not prophesied in the Old Testament. Christ’s coming was seen only as one event. There was no distinction between the 1st and 2nd advents in the Old Testament. What happened, was the Jews rejected their Messiah. The Jews misunderstood the thrust of the Old Testament issues. They were looking for a king. They wanted the glories of the Messiah and they had forgotten about the sufferings of the Messiah. John 12:34: The crowd responded to him, "We have heard from the Scriptures that the Messiah will remain here forever. So how can you say, 'The Son of Man must be lifted up from the earth'? Who is this 'Son of Man'?" Son of Man is generally connected with the ascension. Dan. 7 is where this word is found where we can get the background for the gospels.
Jesus didn’t come to suffer simply to suffer. He came to die for our sins to pay the penalty for our sins; He is our substitute. Problem solving does not begin with practical admonitions, because human solutions have, at best, temporary success.
Isa. 40:3–4: A voice cries out in the desert: "Clear a way for the LORD. Make a straight highway in the wilderness for our God. Every valley will be raised. Every mountain and hill will be lowered. Steep places will be made level. Rough places will be made smooth. There is an element of contingency in Christ’s offering. There was a shift in God’s plan because the Jews rejected the Messiah. We need to focus on contingency and kingdom in this study.
In the first couple years of our Lord’s ministry focused on the offering of the kingdom. When it became clear that the Messiah was being rejected, Jesus refocused His teaching.
Dispensationalism can exploit this but covenant theology does not. Amillenialism. Latin and Greek were combined to say, there is not kingdom. 1000 is seen as a non-literal number and the kingdom is seen as now. In Pre-millennialism, the rapture occurs at the end of the Church Age and the Tribulation begins when the Anti-Christ signs a peace treaty with Israel.
It is not small mystery that the greatest things of Jesus Christ are ignored by most theological writers (Chafer). “If this is the kingdom, we must be in the ghetto.” Dean’s friend.
The message originally was, “Repent for the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand.” The Jews knew what this was, so it is never defined.
Universal or sovereign reign of God over His creation. In Eden, there was the presence of God on earth. Dean doesn’t think that God left when they sinned, but thinks that He left when the flood came. God did not delegate authority to others until after the flood, meaning that he adjudicated affairs.
A pernicious movement came out of Dallas Seminary a few years ago: progressive dispensationalism. We are in some form of the kingdom, but we are not fully there. They think that Jesus came and inaugurated the kingdom in His 1st coming, and that we are in some stage of this.
Matt. 4:17: From then on, Jesus began to tell people, "Turn to God and change the way you think and act, because the kingdom of heaven is near!" Jesus began to teach what John taught and His disciples also taught this (Matt. 10:5). There would not have been a Church Age, had the Jews believed in Jesus and responded positively to Him. When we act in negative volition, this impacts our blessings. There was real contingency. If the Jews accepted our Lord, then we would have moved into the kingdom. Since they rejected the kingdom of heaven, we had to have the Church Age. If they had accepted Him, then John would have been Elijah. “Elijah is coming first and he will restore all things.” Mat 17:11 Jesus answered, "Elijah is coming and will put everything in order again. Actually, I can guarantee that Elijah has already come. Yet, people treated him as they pleased because they didn't recognize him. In the same way they're going to make the Son of Man suffer." The Jews exercised negative volition and the kingdom was postponed.
The postponement of the kingdom means a postponement of glories.
The issue of the kingdom relates to the distinct plan of God for Israel and the Church. Theology is so important today.
Postponement means there would be an unforseen departure. There must be a parenthesis between Jesus’ first and second comings. John 6:61–68: Jesus was aware that his disciples were criticizing his message. So Jesus asked them, "Did what I say make you lose faith? What if you see the Son of Man go where he was before? Life is spiritual. Your physical existence doesn't contribute to that life. The words that I have spoken to you are spiritual. They are life. But some of you don't believe." Jesus knew from the beginning those who wouldn't believe and the one who would betray him. So he added, "That is why I told you that people cannot come to me unless the Father provides the way." 16:28: I left the Father and came into the world. Again, as I've said, I'm going to leave the world and go back to the Father."
Earthly destiny for the Jews; and heavenly destiny for the Gentiles.
Eph. 4:9 Now what does it mean that he went up except that he also had gone down to the lowest parts of the earth?
February 15, 2004
Review. Jews outright rejected the kingdom. There was a real contingency based upon the Jews acceptance or rejection of the kingdom. The result of the rejection was that the king was crucified. There would be a shift in message from a Jewish emphasis to one which included both Jews and Gentiles. Jesus said, “I must ascend to the Father that I may send the Holy Spirit.” The Church does not replace Israel in God’s plan. All of the promises to Israel will be fulfilled literally. Replacement theology is recent—last 10 years, and they teach that Israel has been replaced by the Church altogether (the most popular is Covenant theology). Many other forms of replacement theology, which does include the Roman Catholics. Lutheran is also replacement theology. Only dispensational theology holds to a differentiation between the Church and Israel. Although replacement theology is not in and of itself anti-Semitic, but from it, anti-Semitism can emerge.
You don’t just choose a theology and impose it on the Bible. Dean is visited Walford (at Dallas Theological Seminary). We believe dispensationalism because it is Biblical, and not simply because we like it. Once the Church is removed from the scene, then God will return to an emphasis on the nation Israel. The ascension of Christ is essential to what we are doing. Why was it necessary for Jesus to ascend before He could send the Holy Spirit and before He could grant spiritual gifts. Also, what was the purpose of the ascension. Second piece of the puzzle: what happened at the ascension.
Two ascensions revealed in the New Testament. At the time of Jesus’ death, His physical body ceased functioning and He committed His Spirit into God’s hands. His body was put into the tomb after the crucifixion. Mary was so taken at the ascension and she hugged Jesus. Jesus said, “Stop clinging to me.” Haptô (ἄπτω) has several meanings. Jesus ascended to the Father on that resurrection Sunday. He appeared to His disciples later that day after ascending to God; and He encouraged His disciples to touch Him. There was no shimmering ethereal presence. This was not an overwhelming collective hallucination, but a genuine experience. God doesn’t do anything in private that He does substantiate publically. Example of Saul (or of David). God appointed Saul privately through Samuel, but this was confirmed through various external evidences. The same thing occurred to Paul, Saul of Tarsus.
Jesus receives the action of the verb of being received into heaven. Acts 1:11 etc. for analambanô (ἀναλαμβάνω). When Stephen sees Jesus standing at the right hand of God; Jesus is standing to receive Stephen. This is the only time that any one refers to Jesus as the Son of Man and the last time as well. Jesus always was the person to refer to Himself that way. Luke 24:50 Bethany was about 2 miles away from Jerusalem on the southeast corner of the Mount of Olives. It was from this mount that Jesus would ascend into heaven. While Jesus was pronouncing a blessing upon His disciples, He as taken into heaven. Anapherô (ἀναφέρω). While they watched, He was taken up and a cloud received Him out of sight. Jesus receives this action as He is speaking to His disciples. We have seen things ascend into heaven. The disciples had never seen anything like this before. Hupolambano (aorist active indicative). It is the cloud which lifts Him up or takes Him up. The cloud in the Old Testament was often a manifestation of God (or of God the Holy Spirit?). Jesus parting words were, “You will receive power from the Holy Spirit.” While He watched, a cloud received Him out of sight.
Dean shows a painting of this with some humor. He physically ascends into heaven which the disciples observe. These disciples continue to gaze into the sky. The angels then ask them, “What do you continue to gaze up into heaven? This Jesus will return much in the same way.” This is a crucial phrase to understand.
God has a tremendous way of being consistent. There are a lot of things which take place on the Mount of Olives.
I Peter 3:22: Jesus is in heaven at the right side of God. Aorist passive participle (deponent verb). Peruomai = to go on a journey to go from one location to another. Heb. 4:14: We have a great High Priest Who has passed through the heavens. The Bible uses very physical words to describe our Lord going from one place to another (in terms of His ascension). Somewhere out there, there is a physical location where Jesus is at the edge of a finite heaven. Eph. 1:20 The emphasis is on the strategic victory. In His Deity, Jesus was already in authority; but He did not take that on until His humanity. We’ll tie this directly to Eph. 4.
In Satan’s great moment, when he was tasting victory, that God turned the tables and it was his own defeat.
Ascension of Christ and Pleroma and our Spiritual Life February 16, 2004
There are additional lessons at www.Prestoncitybible.org.
What was the purpose of the ascension. The elevation of the humanity of Christ in authority over the angels. Psalm 68 and Daniel 7. Old Testament passages are utilized by the Apostles. Heb. 4:14 Therefore since we have the great High Priest Who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast to our profession. Heb. 2:1 or so (Psalm 110:1). Heb. 1:13 To which of the angels did he say, “Sit on My right hand.” Or “You are my Son, today I have begotten you.” Psalm 110:4 quoted again. Acts 5:31 Heb. 10:12–13 (another reference to Psalm 110:1). Jesus in the session is waiting for something to happen. Acts 2:30, 34 (Psalm 132:11). Acts 2:34 (Psalm 110:1). Acts 3:20–21. (Daniel 7 and Isaiah). Certain key Old Testament texts which are used again and again in the New Testament. John 6:62. A clear statement by Jesus about His pre-existence. Biblical evidence is that Jesus presented Himself as God.
Jesus can only be one of 3 things. Most people will say He is basically a good man. But He claimed to be the only way to heaven; that He previously existed. (1) Jesus was lying, in which case He was a deceiver and we have all been deceived. (2) He could have been a lunatic. If he claimed to be God, he would have been a crazy guy. (3) Or He was exactlyWho He claimed to be—the Passover Lamb Who takes away the sin of the world.
Psalm 2, 89, 132, 110 are all tied together along with Daniel 7. Son of Man, Son of God, Son of David, etc. are foundational when it comes to understanding our Lord. When Jesus begins to speak of Himself as the Son of Man. Psalm 2 Son of God. Son of David from Davidic covenant. Davidic covenant is the foundation for all of this (II Sam. 7). Hebrew applies the priesthood of Melchizadek to Jesus. . Grace is given to each and every believer.
To explain this giving of grace, he goes to Psalm 68:17. Therefore it says, when He ascended on high, he led captive a host of captives and gave gifts to men. Several changes: 2nd person masculine singular to the 3rd person masculine singular. Receiving gifts is changed to giving gifts. Psa 68:14 Meanwhile, the Almighty was still scattering kings there like snow falling on Mount Zalmon." The mountain of Bashan is the mountain of God. The mountain of Bashan is the mountain with many peaks. Why do you look with envy, you mountains with many peaks, at the mountain where God has chosen to live? Certainly, the LORD will live there forever. The chariots of God are twenty thousand in number, thousands upon thousands. The Lord is among them. The God of Sinai is in his holy place. You went to the highest place. You took prisoners captive. You received gifts from people, even from rebellious people, so that the LORD God may live there. Thanks be to the Lord, who daily carries our burdens for us. God is our salvation. Selah Jews want to establish a new Temple today and the Arabs want to block this. They have seen your profession, O God,... (v. 24). God rising over His enemies: Psalm 17:3 David is calling upon God to rise up to protect His people. Num. 35 or Heb. 10:35. The Ark of the Covenant going ahead of the people of Israel. The picture is of Yehowah leading His people in victory. David in II Sam. 6 brings the Ark into Jerusalem. He captures Jerusalem from the Jebusites. The Philistines are finally defeated. This virtually ends their invasion and dominance of Israel. The Philistines made certain that the Jews had no weapons of iron. This is the general idea of II Sam. 5. The Ark is then taken to Jerusalem. Psalm 68 describes this. David brought up the Ark with gladness. Inner happiness which results in external jubilation. As we look at this, we are struck of its oddness; a very different sort of culture. We have a very non-demonstrative culture. When the bearers had gone 6 paces, 12–15 feet, there is an animal sacrificed; an ox and a young fatling calf. There is blood all the way to the temple mount. This is a picture of the sacrificial death of Christ. David is, at the same time, dancing and celebrating and he is wearing a linen ephod. It hangs to mid thigh or lower and there is nothing under it. He’s not a Levite, he is not a priest, but he is wearing this ephod. Psalm 110:4 The Lord has sworn and will not change His mind. There is this Gentile priesthood, the Gentile priest king of Jerusalem, Melchizedek. The traditional Jewish literature has this guy as being Shem. He would have lived until that point. David sees himself in this victorious procession into Jerusalem. He is a royal priest. Michal saw David dancing and leaping before the Ark, and she despises him in he heart. David brings the Ark to Mount Zion and David as king distributes gifts to men. This imagery of David taking the Ark into Jerusalem, the victorious military conquest, with a result of a distribution of gifts to men.
Psalm 68:18 refers to Jesus, the God of Abraham Isaac and Jacob and these passages ae applied to Jesus of Nazareth. When a passage like this was applied to Jesus, this means that He is seen as deity. Daniel 7: the Son of Man will ascend to where He was before. Babylon then defeated by the Medio-Persian empire, then Alexander the Great and then the Romans. These are the 4 beasts of Daniel 7. Notice how this stops at the end of the Jewish Age. These are the kingdoms of man as God sees them. They will be defeated by the Son of Man. True humanity is seen as their destroyer. Implicit statement of the Trinity. Ancient of Days sitting on His throne as a picture of judgment. Myriads upon myriads stand before Him. V. 13 with the clouds of heaven, one like the Son of Man was coming. He goes up and is enveloped by a cloud. He comes up to the Ancient of Days and to Him is given dominion over all.
To Him, the Son of Man is given the kingdom. Prior to this, He does not have the kingdom. There is a point in time when He receive the kingdom, which means that there was a point in time where there was no kingdom. Dan 7:18 saints of the highest one will possess the kingdom (and this was yet future). But the saints of the Most High shall receive the kingdom. Jesus legitimately offered the kingdom to the Jews, but this was contingent upon their taking the kingdom. The saints of the highest one. The Church will rule and reign with Christ, but Israel temporarily lost out because of their position. This leads to a 3rd point that the kingdom is future. The character of this king will be a world wide leader. Matt. 28:18: all authority is given to Jesus. Amillenialism—there is no true Millennium kingdom. These 1000 years are symbolic and Jesus is on this throne right now. Christ will return at the end of this age. In contrast to that, we believe in Premillennialism, where Jesus comes back prior to the Millennium. 7 year tribulation will be the worst time of war and violence for Israel. Great white throne judgment, then the Millennium, and later, a new heavens and new earth. Some recent believe that the kingdom gradually comes in until it is fully established, and they see Christ currently seated on David’s throne. This changes everything. It is a pernicious and destructive shift which deceives many people today.
Ascension, Church Age, Pleroma February 17, 2004
At a conference, Bob used to take 40-50 hours and cram it all into one conference. This guy is doing essentially the same thing.
New Testament writers would often quote Old Testament passages with different sorts of applications. David had taken the Ark of the Covenant into Jerusalem after defeating the Jebusites and the Philistines. We’re just now beginning the ascension of Christ and relating it to the giving of gifts to men. There is no indication of a Church Age in the Old Testament. However, the offer of the kingdom was contingent on Israel’s positive volition.
The writers of the New Testament continually quote from the OT passages, but in different ways. Paul was simply drawing a parallel here with the incident of David bringing the Ark into Jerusalem. Christ in hypostatic union is currently seated at the right hand of God the Father. The king would bring in a new kingdom. The king would be fully human and the kingdom would be for all nations. To Him was given. A time frame exists so that there was a time when the kingdom was not His. Many have various interpretations here because they do not take Scripture literally.
We add a 4th piece to the puzzle tonight. Psalm 110. They will open up a whole new understanding of the purpose of the Church Age today. The ascension validated and certified Christ’s prophecy that He would go to the Father (John 14:8). 11 witnesses saw Him ascend. Passive voice verbs used with the ascension; God the Father receives Jesus into heaven. Mark 16:9 Acts 1:2. The ascension is pictured as a rapture and is therefore a type of the rapture to come. Rev. 12 Israel gives birth to a male child (Jesus) Who will rule all the nations with a rod of iron and her child is caught up to God and His throne. I Thess. 5:17. Rapto is the Latin term used here. Jesus ascension is just one of several raptures found in Scripture. This is a shadow or type of the pretribulation rapture.
The ascension completes the strategic victory. All of the sins of humanity were poured out Jesus. Second aspect of the ascension is the resurrection where Jesus has victory over the consequences of sin. If Jesus can solve the greatest problem that we will every face, then He can solve all problems. The ascension itself. 4th accomplishment: man was elevated to God the Father and this man is in authority over all creation. Matt. 28:18 Acts 2:32–35. The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit on my right hand until I make Your enemies your footstool.” High priestly ministry is begun with the ascension. 7th: in the ascension, the Messiah is the forerunning into heaven (Heb. 6:20). Psalm 110:4; Hebrews is such a dynamic book, that it pulls so many passages together. Important and misunderstood book. 8th: Jesus’ present position in heaven marks the position of believers from the Church Age. We are in Him at the Father’s right hand. This never happened with any Old Testament saint. “In like manner He will return.” He went up bodily, physical, empirically observable, at the Mount of Olives. Eph. 4:8–10 Jesus made the victorious proclamation in Hades. 11th Jesus sent the Holy Spirit to perform the post salvation ministries: Baptism by means of God the Holy Spirit; the indwelling of God the Holy Spirit. Filling ministry of God the Holy Spirit. Distribution of spiritual gifts. 12th point: the ascension marks the beginning of the waiting period for the kingdom, as a new people are being called out. 3 royal titles: God the Son, the Son of David, and ?
Psalm 2 is a key psalm which is quoted many times. It is quoted 4 times in the New Testament; one verse is quoted 3 times.
Psa. 2:1 Why do the nations gather together? Why do their people devise useless plots?
Psa 2:2 Kings take their stands. Rulers make plans together against the LORD and against his Messiah by saying,
Psa 2:3 "Let's break apart their chains and shake off their ropes."
Psa 2:4 The one enthroned in heaven laughs. The Lord makes fun of them. Anthropopathism. Plans and policies of God are taught to man in language that we understand.
Psa 2:5 Then he speaks to them in his anger. In his burning anger he terrifies them by saying, It would make little sense for this to be literal. An anthropomorphism is used to communicate and anthropopathism. God has known from eternity past about Israel’s rejection of His plan. He would then therefore have been angry from eternity past; but this is not to be taken literally. God is objective. This event takes place in the future. It then gives us the time frame. God the Father is saying, I am inaugurating a king; My Son.” The old city of David that he conquered. Zion refers to the oald city of David. Mt. Zion then shifted northwest. Mount Zion is the dwelling place of God. It can refer to Jerusalem itself and also for the inhabitants of Jerusalem. This idea of My King goes back to the Davidic covenant. 3 elements of that covenant. He promised the land; then there would be the seed; then there would be blessing to all the nations. Deut. 29–30 has the land grant. There will be a future return of the jews to the land, and Satan is trying to prevent this from occurring. Seed portion is the Davidic covenant. You cannot change the terms of the covenant after the covenant is made. You can’t have a 9.5% mortgage and decide on your own that you will now pay only 5.5%. Amillenialists want to change the contract that God made. II Sam. 7:14. “Your house and your kingdom will be established forever.” Psalm 2 envisions a divine human king. In v. 7 there is a shift of speakers. I will announce the decree of the Lord. You are My Begotten Son. Divinity is emphasized. Daniel 7 humanity and Psalm 2 divinity.
Psa 2:6 "I have installed my own king on Zion, my holy mountain."
Psa 2:7 I will announce the LORD'S decree. He said to me: "You are my Son. Today I have become your Father.
Psa 2:8 Ask me, and I will give you the nations as your inheritance and the ends of the earth as your own possession. What qualifies Him for blessings is what will qualify us for our blessings. No rule of iron from God the Son today. This verse is picked up and quoted in Rev. 2:26–27. He will rule them with a rod of iron. Psalm 2 sets up a rule of iron, similar to that of agan believers tat the same time. The decisions that we make today we don’t just join a church as a matter of a hobby. Rev. 12 simply refers to this rule.
Royal divine king is accepted by God. There is a delay of the establishment of that position. When the king comes and exercises his crown, he will rule with a reign of iron. Overcomer believers will share in that rule of iron.
Next Psalm 110:1, 4: This is quoted 7 times in Hebrews. Heb. 1:3, 13 5:6 6:20 7:17, 21 Mark 12:36 Acts 2:34–35. Used at least 12 times in the New Testament. The LORD said to my Lord, "Sit in the highest position in heaven until I make your enemies your footstool."
The LORD has taken an oath and will not change his mind: "You are a priest forever, in the way Melchizedek was a priest." (Psalm 110:1, 4).
Melchizedek was a priest-king; a gentile priesthood. It is not related to the tribe of Levi. The royal divine king is currently sitting at the Father’s right hand. Heb. To which of the angels has He said, “Sit at My right hand.” This royal priesthood provides a certainty for us. No matter how much we blow it in life, we cannot lose our salvation. An anchor is what gives us stability of soul During the session, the emphasis is on Christ’s priestly work, which is in preparation for his royal work. We participate in His priesthood.
Jesus’ intercessory ministry is not a rule of iron. He is awaiting the kingdom. The emphasis of his royal priesthood is emphasizes that He is one of us and can represent us before God. What qualified Him for the inheritance is His obedience. As a result, He is given a full inheritance. Psalm 2:7 the writer of Hebrews takes all of these passages and he weaves them together in order to demonstrate the unique privileges that we have as believers in the Lord Jesus Christ. The strategic victory of Christ. Jesus Christ defeats sin. It is a remarkable strategy. Satan wants a head to head assault. God does not do that. Successful military campaigns have indirect attacks. A frontal assault is used against the aggressor. Satan thinks that the cross is his great victory and God turns it into His victory. The indirect approach has a much wider application. In a conflict...the direct assault provokes stubborn resistance. Difficulty to change the outlook. God originates this indirect approach.
Qualification of Jesus Christ. In His hypostatic union, Jesus depended upon God the Holy Spirit in His humanity, He had to handle all the tests and all the pressures. Matt. 26 an insight into His humanity. He asks Matt and John to hang with Him. He knows what He will go through the next day and He understands the dimensions of what will happen when He bears our sins. My soul is exceedingly sorrowful. He depended upon God the Holy Spirit to deal with this anxiety. I could call to My Father and He would provide 10,000 angels. Jesus Christ was mature. He had to go through spiritual growth so that we could follow in His footsteps. Heb. 5:7–9 with vehement cries to deliver Him. This is what we all experience when we are under pressure. It is just physical and it has nothing to do with any emotion or any sin. He learned obedience by the things that He suffered. You do not have to commit a sin in order to know a sin is wrong. Jesus learned obedience; he went through that same process of spiritual growth that we go through. Jesus never depended upon His deity but on His humanity.
Psa 2:9 You will break them with an iron scepter. You will smash them to pieces like pottery."
Psa 2:10 Now, you kings, act wisely. Be warned, you rulers of the earth!
February 18, 2004
He teaches in Kiev 5–6 hours a day. Seminaries and Bible Institutes are being set up in Russia. He’s going back there. A lot of the stuff there was wack. Very little Biblical. Russian culture is very mystical, so they have an attraction to that type of teaching. Problems with translation, as the main translation there was made from the NIV, which is not a good translation to begin with. Also, there are no words for specific theological concepts.
Context is important in teaching. It is important to know the context of the Old Testament along with the book as a whole. The NT writers used a lot of OT passages in a variety of ways. Not simply as a fulfillment of prophecy. The OT presents just one coming of the Messiah. The Jews were given a legitimate offer of the kingdom at that time, yet they rejected it, bringing about plan B. Jesus will call out a new people to Himself. This will make up the church. Psalm 68:18, a picture of the victorious ascent of the Ark of the Covenant. Paul borrows this and applies it to Christ on the cross and His victories over Satan and sin. In effect, Jesus takes the high ground and He has control and command of the universe.
Psalm 2 gives us the . Picture of Jerusalem and the Ghenan valley. Jesus ascended to heaven from the Mount of Olives. Mount Mariah is the temple mount. Zion began to be applied to Mount Mariah because Solomon built the temple there. Dan 7; the kingdom for all nations. There is not a divine kingdom over the earth right now. There will be a world wide leader. The Messiah is the Son of God and the Son of Man and the Son of David. End of millennial kingdom when Jesus is established king of the Jews. Psalm 2:8. The entire world was given to the Lord in His inheritance. Rule with a rod of iron (Rev. 2:26–27). When we apply doctrine, we are developing the ability to reign and rule with Christ. The winner believer has developed capacity to rule and reign with Christ. The future king would be divine (Psalm 2) and human (Daniel 7). We are not now in any form of the kingdom. Overcomer believers will share that rule of iron. The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand until I make Your enemies Your footstool.” Royal divine king sits at the Father’s right hand. Jesus is doing something specific in this age for preparation for the kingdom.
The last piece in this puzzle is the Holy Spirit.
We were all made the drink of the h. Something is poured out and something else is taken in. The Spirit poured out from on high. I will make My words known to you. Joel 2:28: I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh. This is the giving and the understanding of revelation. This is how God revealed His Word. Jesus uses the same imagery in John 7. Feast of Tabernacles. Water being poured out to parallel Moses and the water coming from the rock. Then Jesus stands up and speaks and says “This He spoke concerning the Holy Spirit.”
February 19, 2004
Dean moves slower at home. Ascension, Church Age, pleroma, and the spiritual life. We have been setting up the unique qualities of the spiritual life. David took the Ark to Jerusalem in anticipation of an eventual Temple. Christ has taken the high ground in the universe. Psalm 68 a new Temple will be established in the Millennium for all nations. There is a time period or waiting period before Christ is given the kingdom. During this time, the Lord is accomplishing something. The title Son of God as per Psalm 2 was covered. Christ is eternally the Son of God. Son of David is His royal title. His future reign is to be characterized by a rod of iron. Rev. 2:26–27. A delaying in he establishment of that position. The king will rule with a reign of iron and believers who overcome will share this rule of iron.
Psalm 110:1, 4 are two of he most quoted passages in Scripture. The unique royal priesthood of Jesus Christ. NT uses this imagery in two ways. The royal divine king sits at the Father’s right hand. In Biblical studies, the middle east was considered to be oriental culture. The person sitting to the right hand of the God is equal in essence to God. What is God doing during that time? The Jews rejected Christ as Messiah. All of the unconditional covenants will still be fulfilled. The elements of communion turn into the blood of Christ. Psalm 68 and Daniel 7; the Holy Spirit is the last piece of the puzzle. Christ’s body. Every name that is named, not only in this age, but in the age which is to come. Jesus Christ is the head over the body. He is ultimately in charge of the body. Left circle has the eternal realities (for his picture) and the right circle has the temporal realities. You cannot commit any sin which can cause you to lose God the Holy Spirit (or your spiritual gift). The one revokable ministry of God the Holy Spirit is the filling of the Holy Spirit. This filling ministry is the pre-requisite for spiritual growth. You can assimilate notebooks of doctrine in the flesh, but it is just wood, hay and straw; human good. Baptism of the Holy Spirit is baptism by means of the Holy Spirit. The work of Christ. Acts 1:5 Matt. 3:11. The baptism is the work of Christ and Christ uses the Holy Spirit to identify the believer with his own death, burial and resurrection.
We were created for good works; back to Eph. 4:7ff. We are simply hitting the high points of this. Emphasis on unity in vv. 4–6. We don’t just lose ourselves into the body of Christ like a Hindu in nirvana. We never lose our personal identities. This goes back to the trinity. Perfect unity but distinctions within that unity. There is a difference in the post salvation gifts to believers. Eph. 4:7 God's favor has been given to each of us. It was measured out to us by Christ who gave it. Eph. 4:8 That's why the Scriptures say: "When he went to the highest place, he took captive those who had captured us and gave gifts to people." (Psalm 68:18) dômi is gift, which is related to didimi. These gifts are given to men; this is the glorious conqueror who shares his gifts with his people. Paul is doing basis word-by-word exegesis. Ascend is covered in vv. 9–10 and vv. 1–12 he explains the gifts that were given.
Eph. 4:10 The one who had gone down also went up above all the heavens so that he fills everything. Christ was elevated to a position of authority over all angels.
Eph. 4:11 He also gave apostles, prophets, missionaries, as well as pastors and teachers as gifts to his church. These were given for the building up of the body of Christ. Didomi = to give, to grant, to bestow. 4 gifts mentioned here.
Eph. 4:12 Their purpose is to prepare God's people, to serve, and to build up the body of Christ.
Aorist active subjuntive is to arrive at a goal or a plan. This is to complete the training of the believer. It is the unity of the faith (doctrine). He mature man and the fullness of Christ. Telios. This has to do with completion of a process or a reaching maturity. It is used in this passage for a synonym for pleroma.
If we don’t stay with doctrine, we will not rule and reign with Him.
Eph. 4:13 This is to continue until all of us are united in our faith and in our knowledge about God's Son, until we become mature, until we measure up to Christ, who is the standard.
Eph. 4:14 Then we will no longer be little children, tossed and carried about by all kinds of teachings that change like the wind. We will no longer be influenced by people who use cunning and clever strategies to lead us astray.