Genesis 6

 

Genesis 6:1–22

Mankind is Corrupted by Fallen Angels


These studies are designed for believers in Jesus Christ only. If you have exercised faith in Christ, then you are in the right place. If you have not, then you need to heed the words of our Lord, Who said, “For God so loved the world that He gave His only-begotten [or, uniquely-born] Son, so that every [one] believing [or, trusting] in Him shall not perish, but shall be have eternal life! For God did not send His Son into the world so that He should judge the world, but so that the world shall be saved through Him. The one believing [or, trusting] in Him is not judged, but the one not believing has already been judged, because he has not believed in the Name of the only-begotten [or, uniquely-born] Son of God.” (John 3:16–18). “I am the Way and the Truth and the Life! No one comes to the Father except through [or, by means of] Me!” (John 14:6).


Every study of the Word of God ought to be preceded by a naming of your sins to God. This restores you to fellowship with God (1John 1:8–10). If there are people around, you would name these sins silently. If there is no one around, then it does not matter if you name them silently or whether you speak aloud.


This is a collection of the weekly lessons of Genesis (HTML) (PDF) interspersed with the complete word-by-word exegesis of this chapter from the Hebrew with some information from Genesis (HTML) (PDF) thrown in. Furthermore, the examination of this chapter has been expanded with additional commentary as well. However, much of this material was thrown together without careful editing. Therefore, from time to time, there will be concepts and exegetical material which will be repeated, because there was no overall editing done once all of this material was combined. At some point in the future, I need to go back and edit this material and consider other source material as well.

 

One more thing: it is not necessary that you read the grey Hebrew exegesis tables. They are set apart from the rest of the study so that you can easily skip over them. Footnote However, if you ever doubt a translation of a phrase or a verse, these translation tables will tell you exactly where that translation came from.


This should be the most extensive examination of Gen. 6 available, where you will be able to see every word of the original text.


Outline of Chapter 6:

 

Introduction

 

         vv.     1–4           The Corruption of Mankind on Earth

         vv.     5–7           God Observes This Corruption and Regrets Making Man

         vv.     8–10         Noah Is the Exception to the Corruption

         vv.    11–13         The Earth is Completely Corrupt and God Pronounces Judgment on It

         vv.    14–16         God Tells Noah to Build an Ark

         vv.    17–18         God Says He Will Destroy the World with a Flood, Yet Establish a Covenant with Noah

         vv.    19–21         The Animals Noah is to Preserve

         v.       20           Noah Obeys God

 

Addendum


Charts, Maps and Short Doctrines:

 

         Introduction         L. S. Chafer on Satan and Cosmos Diabolicus

         Introduction         Biblical States of the Earth

 

         v.       2              Testimony to the Historical Accuracy of the Old Testament (An Integral Study)

         v.       2              What did Jesus say and what do the Apostles say? (Part of the Integral Study)

         v.       2              Amazing Things in Gen. 1–6

         v.       2              The Testimony of Jesus Concerning the Old Testament

         v.       2              Testimony of an historian of ancient history

         v.       2              Chief philosophical difference between evolution and the Bible

         v.       2              Additional reasons why the Bible is not filled with fables

         v.       2              Concluding remarks (Concludes Integral Study)

         v.       2              Why the Sons of God in Gen. 6 are Angels

         v.       3              The Principle of Grace Before Judgment

         v.       3              Satan’s Counterfeits

         v.       4              Bits and Pieces of Ancient Mythology

         v.       5              The Structure of Gen. 6:1–5

         v.       6              Definition of an anthropomorphism and an anthropopathism

         v.       6              The Doctrine of Anthropopathisms

         v.       6              Civilizations

         v.       8              The Doctrine of Sanctification

         v.       9              The Basic Mechanics of the Christian Life

         v.      12              The Parallel of the Days of Noah

         v.      13              The Organization of Genesis 6:1–13

         v.      14              What the Ark of Noah Represents

         v.      14              The Doctrine of Ark in the Bible

         v.      15              The Dimensions of the Ark/Picture of Ark with Other Ships

         v.      15              The Ark Proportions

         v.      17              Miracles in the Bible

 

         Addendum          Josephus’ History of this Time Period

         Addendum          Edersheim Summarizes Genesis 6

         Addendum          A Complete Translation of Genesis 6


Chapter Outline

 

Charts, Maps and Short Doctrines

Forward

Doctrines Covered and Alluded to

Chapters of the Bible Alluded To

Psalms Appropriately Exegeted with this Chapter

Other Chapters of the Bible Appropriately Exegeted with this Chapter

Definition of Terms

Introduction

Text

Addendum

www.kukis.org

 

Exegetical Studies in Genesis


Doctrines Covered

Doctrines Alluded To

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Chapters of the Bible Alluded To

 

 

 

 


Psalms Appropriately Exegeted with this Chapter

 

 

 

 


Other Chapters of the Bible Appropriately Exegeted with this Chapter

 

 

 

 



Many who read and study this chapter are 1st or 2nd generation students of R. B. Thieme, Jr., so that much of this vocabulary is second nature. One of Bob’s contributions to theology is a fresh vocabulary along with a number of concepts which are theologically new or reworked, yet still orthodox. Therefore, if you are unfamiliar with his work, the definitions below will help you to fully understand all that is being said. In addition to this, I will use a number of other more traditional technical theological terms which will be used and therefore defined as well.

Definition of Terms

Client Nation

Client-Nation, is a national entity in which a certain number of spiritually mature Christians (the salt of the earth) have formed a pivot sufficient to sustain the nation and through which God specifically protects this nation so that believers can fulfill the divine mandates of evangelism, communication and custodianship of Bible doctrine, providing a haven for Jews, and sending missionaries abroad. The United States is a client-nation to God. A client nation must have freedom: Freedom to seek God, freedom to use one’s own volition and self-determination to succeed or fail, freedom from anarchy and tyranny, freedom for evangelism, freedom for believers to hear Bible teaching without government interference and, therefore, to grow spiritually, and freedom to send missionaries to other nations.

Cycles of Discipline (Stage of National Discipline)

A national entity which is a client nation to God is under both God’s protection and His discipline (much like the individual believer). As a nation moves further and further from God, God may impose disciplinary measures on that nation, which include economic disaster, illness, civil unrest, military defeat, and even invasion which may include a slavery or dispersion of the people. These cycles are found in Lev. 26. Although these warnings are designed for Israel, all client nations to God may face similar downward historical trends.

Fifth Cycle of Discipline (the 5th Stage of National Discipline)

The fifth cycle of discipline involves complete loss of personal and national sovereignty, the destruction of the family and the nation. Offerings to God are unacceptable. Nations which have undergone this destruction have experienced slavery, cannibalism, and the assimilation of its surviving citizens into other cultures.

JEPD Theory

The JEPD theory is also called Documentary Hypothesis and Form Criticism. This is the theory that there were originally two manuscripts which were interwoven to make the Law of Moses. The writer of one manuscript favored the name Jehovah and the other favored the name Elohim. A priest later took these two manuscripts and wove them together, throwing in a lot of pro-priest stuff. Another writer came along later and wrote Deuteronomy. The basis of this theory is, historians did not believe that writing existed during the time of Moses. So, if writing did not exist, then Moses could not have written the Law. If Moses did not write it, then someone else wrote it. After that, they went bonkers with this theory. Even though archeologists have discovered writing which predates Moses, this theory persists in hundreds of seminaries throughout the world. The Satanic purpose of this theory is to question whether Moses wrote the Torah (Moses’ authorship is attested to in both the Old and New Testaments; and by Jesus). If Moses did not write the Torah, then the Bible is filled with inaccuracies, meaning it cannot be the Word of God. Josh McDowell deals with this theory in great detail in his book, More Evidence Which Demands a Verdict revised and reprinted in The New Evidence that Demands a Verdict. Footnote

Rebound (Restoration to fellowship with God)

In the New Testament, this is naming your sins to God, so that you are both restored to temporal fellowship with God and are then filled with the Spirit of God. In the Old Testament, naming your sins to God would result in a restoration of fellowship and, in some cases, the empowerment of the Holy Spirit once again (the Holy Spirit was not given to all Old Testament believers).

Some of these definitions are taken from

http://gracebiblechurchwichita.org/?page_id=1556

http://www.bibledoctrinechurch.org/?subpages/GLOSSARY.shtml

http://rickhughesministries.org/content/Biblical-Terms.pdf

http://www.gbible.org/index.php?proc=d4d

http://www.wordoftruthministries.org/termsanddefs.htm

http://www.realtime.net/~wdoud/topics.html

http://www.theopedia.com/


——————————


An Introduction to Genesis 6


I ntroduction: Gen. 6 has caused a lot of confusion in Christendom, but, from the very beginning, the Bible speaks of humankind as being part of a much greater struggle, namely as being right in the middle of the Angelic Conflict. We find this back in Gen. 3, Job 1–2 and here in Gen. 6. These sons of God are fallen angels; and the children they will sire will be born to women of the earth, the result being a population of half-breeds, half angels/half man. God allows both fallen angels and fallen man to consider one another and to be able to have sexual unions which result in children.


Our lives are but a drop in human history. Man is arrogant to believe that as it has been in his life, it always has been and forever will be. Eccles. 1:9 What has been is what will be, and what has been done is what will be done, and there is nothing new under the sun (ESV). Eccles. 3:15 That which is has been long ago, and that which is to be has been long ago: and God seeks again that which is passed away (WEB). The first few chapters of Genesis introduce us to an world which is much different from our own and people who are much different from us today and circumstances which are far stranger than we can imagine.


A few things ought to be noted about Satan and Satan’s world system:

L. S. Chafer on Satan and Cosmos Diabolicus

The cosmos is a vast order or system that Satan has promoted which conforms to his ideals, aims, and methods. It is civilization now functioning apart from God-a civilization in which none of its promoters really expect God to share; who assign to God no consideration in respect to their projects, nor do they ascribe any causality to Him. This system embraces its godless governments, conflicts, armaments, jealousies; its education, culture, religions of morality, and pride. It is that sphere in which man lives. It is what he sees, what he employs. To the uncounted multitude it is all they ever know so long as they live on this earth. It is properly styled "The Satanic System" which phrase is in many instances a justified interpretation of the so-meaningful word, cosmos. It is literally Kosmos Diabolou [i.e. the Devil's world].1

It is not the reason of man, but the revelation of God, which points out that governments, morals, education, art, commercialism, vast enterprises and organizations, and much of religious activity are included in the cosmos diabolicus. That is, the system which Satan has constructed includes all the good which he can incorporate into it and be consistent in the thing he aims to accomplish. A serious question arises whether the presence of gross evil in the world is due to Satan’s intention to have it so, or whether it indicates Satan’s inability to execute all he has designed. The probability is great that Satan’s ambition has led him to undertake more than any creature could ever administer. Revelation declares that the whole cosmos-system must be annihilated—not its evil alone, but all that is in it, both good and bad. God will incorporate nothing of Satan’s failure into that kingdom which He will set up in the earth.2

1 Lewis Sperry Chafer, D.D., Litt. D., The. D.; Systematic Theology; Kregel Publications; ©1976 Dallas Theological Seminary; Vol. 2, p. 77–78. I cut and pasted this quote from: http://www.christonly.com/spiritualwarfare.htm on August 27, 2012.

2 Lewis Sperry Chafer, D.D., Litt. D., The. D.; Systematic Theology; Kregel Publications; ©1976 Dallas Theological Seminary; Vol. 2, p. 100–101.


Chapter Outline

Charts, Maps and Short Doctrines


Communism and socialism are great political systems which are related to Satanic philosophy. There is an attempt to make everyone equal, and to remove those who are so foolish as to believe in God (they are removed from society, reeducated, or simply killed). You cannot suddenly impose a socialistic system without killing millions of people. However, you can slowly inundate society with socialistic trends and socialistic philosophy, which has happened in most of Europe, Canada and currently in the United States.


Back to Genesis 6: there are a great many good Christians who do not believe that angels ever were allowed to copulate with mankind, and, as J. Vernon McGee used to say, on this one point we can allow them to be wrong. We can still fellowship with them and spend eternity with them. However, since Satan took over the rulership of the earth, it is only logical to allow him a certain amount of autonomy in ruling it. Furthermore, the angels came from a lifestyle of celibacy. They did not procreate; there were not male and female angels; they do not marry or give in marriage. What occurred on the earth with the woman was a new thing. Satan’s plan was to corrupt all mankind by having angels fornicate with women. This viewpoint must be substantiated and it will be shown that every reference to angelic activity during Noah's time will indicate that more than demon-possession took place.


There is a second reason that angels cohabited with mankind (I should say womankind); fallen angels are destined for the Lake of Fire. They will spend eternity there in suffering and in separation from God. The harshness of God’s sentencing is explained in human history. God has allowed the redeeming of fallen man, but not of fallen angels. So, why can’t God just allow Satan some little corner of the universe to hang, separated from all else? First of all, God will give Satan that little corner of the universe; we call it hell, but it is properly the Lake of Fire. Secondly, Satan and his angels are doing everything possible to see that we do not choose Jesus Christ, but that we spend our eternity with him instead. However, I am deviating from the point I would like to make. Mankind can be redeemed and angels cannot. So what is God going to do when He is faced with some half-man, half-angelic beings? Won’t God have to save them if they choose to believe in Jesus Christ? And God had Moses preach the gospel for 120 years, with the only converts coming from his own family, who were uncontaminated flesh. Therefore, that remains a moot question.


The first term which we must examine is sons of God found here and in Job 1:6 2:1 and 38:7. Both Hebrew words are the common words for sons and for God. However, they are only used in conjunction in these four portions of OT Scripture. In Job, it is fairly clear that we are dealing with a convocation of angels, both fallen and elect, and Satan in the courtroom of God. This is why it is that sons of God in Genesis refers to angels. The use of Son of God in the New Testament is used only of Jesus Christ in His incarnation and sons of God in the New Testament refer to us as believers in union with Jesus Christ.


The New Testament has more to say on the subject of the times of Noah, however. In the little book of Jude, the writer is making a point by quoting several parallel judgements found in the Old Testament. In fact, the time period covered is the same as that in Genesis and Exodus (Jude mentions Cain, Enoch, Moses, Sodom and Gomorrah and the Exodus generation). In the midst of these things, Jude writes: And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, [those] He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day. (Jude 6) These are the angels who left their celibate state and cohabited with the daughters of men; the same were buried under the raging waters of the flood and held in bonds under darkness until the day of judgment. Even Jesus Christ, in his Spirit, immediately following his death by crucifixion, carried a victorious proclamation to these angels. In which [Spirit] He also went and proclaimed to the spirits in prison who once were disobedient (or unyielding) when the patience of God kept waiting in the days of Noah, during the construction of the ark, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through the water. (1Peter 3:19–20) This was not Peter's last word on this subject: For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them in pits of darkness, reserved for judgment, and did not spare the ancient [antediluvian] world, but preserved Noah, a proclaimer of righteousness, with seven others, when He brought a flood upon the world of the ungodly. (2Peter 2:4–5)


So it is clear that something occurred with some angels during the time of Noah, causing them to be put under chains of darkness, reserving them for later judgement and this transgression involved leaving their own principality or position. Our most logical conclusion is that they cohabited with the daughters of men. Remember, that women were a brand new thing on the earth. No such creature had ever existed before like this. And it is logical to have one period of time where angels could directly intervene upon human history, to reveal that they do not have the ability to correct the fallen state of man, which was caused by Satan.


The last, and weakest witness to this viewpoint is the history of man. If something like this occurred, even though the post-diluvian civilization began with believers only, the sons of Noah would certainly remember the incredible half-human half-angelic creatures that lived upon the earth and they would, tell about these beings. Stories about half man, half-god beings would certainly find its way to almost every major ancient culture. This is precisely what we find. Mythology exists for the Celts, Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Scandinavians and Hindus (among others). There are a great many parallels between these various myths. They had the same source material; each culture just embellished these myths. See the Mythology Table (PDF version). It is not unlike a rumor which has gotten out of control. In the myths which I have examined, there is parallel after parallel between God's Word and these myths, from the creation of the earth and the creation of man to the tribulation and the millennium. Recall that Satan is the great counterfeiter and he will counterfeit the truth and, whenever possible, glorify himself in the process. Most of these mythologies have a trinity of sorts; they all have Satanic figures (and usually many Satanic figures); there is a lot of marriage between brothers and sisters and nephews, and other close relatives, similar to the antediluvian civilization. There is cohabitation between gods and men and there are races of half-mortal/half-gods in these myths. The parallels between the truth and myth are amazing. As I read through various myths and synopses of various mythologies, I am amazed by the clear bastardization of the truth which is found in everything from the creation myths, to the underworld, to the chains of darkness, to even the end times.


God has sentenced Satan and the angels that fell to the Lake of Fire. Certainly, Satan objected to this sentence and brought forth many reasons why this sentence was unjust or too harsh. Human history reveals the absolute catastrophe of God allowing the coexistence of sin. However, so that there is no later objection that God stacked the deck, human history occurs in a number of environments, in a number of scenarios. We have man in innocence in perfect environment in the garden; but we also have fallen man in perfect environment in the millennium. We have man faced with signs and miracles and prophecy and we have a period of time where there are a dearth of signs and miracles and no prophecy. Throughout these various epochs of history, we also have a change in the relationship of the angels and demons to man. Whereas, angels have often been involved in our history as servants of God for our benefit and protection, the demonic role in history has changed. In the garden, Satan was allowed to indwell a serpent (or possibly even cohabit with a serpent, producing the serpent that lied to the woman). In the period of time when our Lord came to this earth, demon-possession was fairly common and almost universally acknowledged. That is, it appeared that in almost every town there were cases of demon-possession. Furthermore, this demon-possession resulted in very radical behavior. Today, there are likely many cases of demon-possession, but, for the most part, the behavior is less radical and more civilized. The multiple personality syndrom could be partially attributable to demon activity. This does not mean that all multiple personality types are demon-possessed; but it is likely that some are. In a similar vein, it is likely that some mass-murderers, with their sexual deviance and aberrant behavior beyond the murder of strangers, are demon-possessed. It is not beyond the field of logic to imagine that some world leaders, notably Stalin and Hitler, were demon-possessed, given the huge number of people whom they callously had killed. Demon-possession does not have to result in behavior which is clearly bizarre. Demons are far more intelligent than we are and their social skills would be close to perfect, if they so chose to act. This is why some mass-murderers can find so many victims and seem so normal to their victims to the point of actually seducing them to a point.


The purpose of all this introduction is to make you understand that after the fall, things could have been different than they are now in more respects than we realize. Demon activity could have been different than it is now. It is my opinion that (1) demons actually were allowed to have their own bodies and were able to copulate with mankind and produce offspring; (2) these offspring were half-demon and half-human, a counterfeit of the hypostatic union of Jesus Christ; and (3) that mythology is based upon this period of time. When Satan seduced Adam and the woman to fall, mankind and the earth underwent some dramatic changes. Had Satan not the ability to intervene in human history, he could have objected that even though he caused man to fall, he could have straightened out the earth, given the opportunity. Therefore, Satan and his demon army have always played a part in human history in one way or another. We always think of Satan as a force for sin, but he also operates in the field of good and evil. Man's many attempts for a human utopia are not continually thwarted by Satan, but a result of Satan's attempts to show that he can run the world and the world system. He is the ruler of the earth and he is in charge. The fact that there are wars, poverty, sickness, and all types of evils on this earth are not necessarily the result of Satan's direct action but a result of his ineptitude to provide a suitable environment for the inhabitants of the earth. There is a marvelous quote from Chafer which Thieme was wont to use at this point which I cannot find in my abridged Systematic Theology.


The key to this chapter is the Angelic Conflict; the key that fallen angels have corrupted all of mankind. The key result that the fallen angels want is, God cannot redeem mankind without redeeming angels as well.


Over a period of nearly 1700 years, where man’s lifespan is approximately 900 years, there would have been a significant population boom on this earth. There could have been easily a billion people. According to Robbie Dean, there were probably 6 or 7 billion people, a figure based upon each family having 6 children. Recall that men lived about 900 years, so even if they waited until age 100 to start having children, that gave them quite a bit of time to raise up a brood. In our own lifespan, 100 years ago, having 10 children was not unusual (I have found this in my own family line). There is at least one family that I am aware of which 19 or 20 children (and I am sure there are more than that). We also know that Noah had 3 children around age 500. So if a family has at 400–500 years during which they can have children, then 6 children in a family is a very conservative estimate.


What about the genealogies that we studied? There is no reason to assume that each family had 1 or 2 children and that was it. We followed specific genealogical lines, and, since we followed the genealogical line leading to Jesus, there can only be one son per family who is named to lead to the correct line. This means that the population before the flood could be the same as our population today—mathematically, that would make perfect sense. However, out of several billion people, the writer of Genesis knows which genealogical line to follow.


The weather in antediluvian times was dramatically different. The Bible has already pointed out that God watered the Garden of Eden by the 4 rivers which flowed around or through it; and we are also told that there were few plants outside the garden because God had not yet caused rain to fall upon the earth (Gen. 2:5, 10–14). This is based upon the Bible, and some people reject this because they believe there have been no dramatic changes on this earth apart from slow, gradual ones. This is called a belief in uniformity. A person might be 20 years old or 50, but they look around them and determine that the changes to the earth during their lifetimes are gradual, and therefore conclude, that there have been few grand changes to the earth (apart from an ice age or two).


It is fascinating that men simultaneously believe in uniformity and evolution. In their own minds, the earth is unchangeable yet from the earth, man evolves. Taken to an extreme, this can represent deifying the earth or some sort of earth-worship, which manifests itself in hyper-ecological movements. Man is seen as subservient to the earth or as a cause of the troubles of the earth. What is most important in the mind of the hyper-ecologist is the ability to enforce a set of ecology laws which the general public must follow (changing one’s light bulbs; driving small, fuel-efficient cars; etc.). This is also known as “Gaia (earth) worship” or “Green religion;” and those who are true believers are every bit as passionate as any Christian, if not more so.


There are a variety of theories of changes which took place because of the flood, e.g., the earth was not tilted on its axis until after the flood. I have no idea about that one. Perhaps with this, a year may have been, at one time, exactly 360 days, and the flood changed the tilt of the axis as well as time it takes the earth to circle the sun. There were bacteria after the flood; or, at least, bacteria was much more prevalent after the flood. In any case, these are various theories which have been proposed. Although we may revisit these theories, none of them find clear and unequivocal support from the Bible.

However, the Bible does speak of the earth as having at least 7 and maybe 8 dramatically different environments.

Biblical States of the Earth

Scripture

Text/Commentary

Angelic Creation

The Bible teaches that angels were created before man, that some of the angels fell, and that the earth was encased in ice. This has led many to conclude that the earth was previously inhabited by angels, but, after the angels sinned, the earth was frozen solid temporarily. We know precious little about this state (when angels lived upon the earth), assuming that it actually existed. Some have suggested that dinosaurs lived on the earth during this time.

The Frozen State (the Ice Age)

Again, just as we assume angelic creation lived upon the earth; we also assume that there was a time when the earth was packed in ice. This is by implication of the above and Gen. 1:2. We understand this to be the Great Ice Age. According to Wikipedia, which I take with a grain of salt, the most well-documented and extensive ice age, called the Cryogenian Period, produced a snowball earth and ice sheets reached all the way to the equator.

The Restored Earth

The man and the woman lived in innocence; there was no death; there were no children. This appears to have been a perfect state. However, man lived in a forested area, called the Garden of Eden; and not all of the restored earth had plants and trees growing. Man apparently was a vegetarian and animals did not have any ferocity. Gen. 1–2

We have no idea as to the period of time that any of these 3 environments existed.

Antediluvian

The Bible speaks directly of this state of the earth in Gen. 3–6. The ground is cursed because of the sin of Adam, but some of the things in the previous state are continued—e.g., the earth is not watered by rain, but obviously, there had to be some provision of water. Many have suggested that there was a canopy of water vapor about the earth, and the Bible speaks of the water under the ground. This suggests that there was perhaps a greenhouse-like atmosphere and that man had to irrigate in order to grow trees and crops. This time period lasted for almost 1700 years.

The flood

For about a year, the earth was covered with water, which destroyed all living things on the earth, apart from those in the seas and in the ark. The flood prevailed over the earth for about a year.

We can theorize, and make suggestions as to how any of these environments changed (e.g., the flood was a result of God tilting the earth on its axis). However, we have no Biblical support for that theory.

Post-diluvian

The chief difference between the antediluvian and the post-diluvian states is, rain became a regular and necessary part of man’s environment. If there are other changes which took place, they are not clearly enumerated in the Bible. However, God promised that He would never flood the entire earth again. This is the state of the earth in which we presently live.

Millennial

After the Tribulation, Jesus Christ will rule this earth from Jerusalem, sitting on David’s throne. Animals will lose their ferocity; there will be peace on earth; and the desert will bloom like a crocus (Isa. 2:4 11:6–8 35:1 65:25 Micah 4:3).

New Heavens and a New Earth

Several times in the Bible we are told that God will create a new heavens and a new earth (Isa. 65:17 66:22 2Peter 3:13 Rev. 21:1). There is little said about this near earth, and less about its environment. Rev. 21:1 tells us there will be no more sea. The city of Jerusalem appears to be suspended above the earth and in the shape of a cube, 1500 miles per edge (Rev. 21:16). There is no sun or moon, and there is no night (Rev. 21:23–25). Even though there is no sea, there will be a river, a river walk, and the Tree of Life bearing 12 kinds of fruit (Rev. 22:1–2).

The Bible is not anti-science. Back in Introductory Lesson #13, I gave many examples of the science stated or implied in the Bible, and how accurate these statements are, despite the fact that science did not develop these principles until 1000+ years later. The Bible simply gives several environments that the earth has been as well as what the earth will be. Science, by the way, agrees with at least one of these environments: the Ice Age. Historical accounts agree with regards to the flood. So we have extra-Biblical evidence that these 2 states of the earth existed.


——————————


Chapter Outline

Charts, Maps and Short Doctrines


The Corruption of Mankind on Earth


Slavishly literal:

 

Moderately literal:

And so he is that begun the man to multiply upon faces of the ground and daughters were born to them.

Genesis

6:1

And it is when man began to multiply on the face of the earth that daughters were born to them.

And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the surface of the earth that daughters were born to them.


Here is how others have translated this verse:

 

Ancient texts:                       Note: I compare the Hebrew text to English translations of the Latin, Syriac and Greek texts, using the Douay-Rheims translation Footnote ; George Lamsa’s translation, and Sir Lancelot Charles Lee Brenton’s translation as revised and edited by Paul W. Esposito, respectively. I often update these texts with non-substantive changes (e.g., you for thou, etc.). I often use the text of the Complete Apostles’ Bible instead of Brenton’s translation, because it updates the English text.

 

The Septuagint was the earliest known translation of a book (circa 200 b.c.). Since this translation was made before the textual criticism had been developed into a science and because different books appear to be translated by different men, the Greek translation can sometimes be very uneven.

 

When there are serious disparities between my translation and Brenton’s (or the text of the Complete Apostles’ Bible), I look at the Greek text of the Septuagint (the LXX) to see if a substantive difference actually exists (and I reflect these changes in the English rendering of the Greek text). I use the Greek LXX with Strong’s numbers and morphology available for e-sword. The only problem with this resource (which is a problem for similar resources) is, there is no way to further explore Greek verbs which are not found in the New Testament. Although I usually quote the Complete Apostles’ Bible here, I have begun to make changes in the translation when their translation conflicts with the Greek and note what those changes are.

 

The Masoretic text is the Hebrew text with all of the vowels (vowel points) inserted (the original Hebrew text lacked vowels). We take the Masoretic text to be the text closest to the original. However, differences between the Masoretic text and the Greek, Latin and Syriac are worth noting and, once in a great while, represent a more accurate text possessed by those other ancient translators.

 

In general, the Latin text is an outstanding translation from the Hebrew text into Latin and very trustworthy (I say this as a non-Catholic). Unfortunately, I do not read Latin—apart from some very obvious words—so I am dependent upon the English translation of the Latin (principally, the Douay-Rheims translation).

 

Underlined words indicate differences in the text.

 

Bracketed portions of the Dead Sea Scrolls are words, letters and phrases lost in the scroll due to various types of damage. Underlined words or phrases are those in the Dead Sea Scrolls but not in the Masoretic text.

 

The Targum of Onkelos is actually the Pentateuchal Targumim, which are The Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan Ben Uzziel. On the Pentateuch With The Fragments of the Jerusalem Targum From the Chaldee by J. W. Etheridge, M.A. Take from http://targum.info/targumic-texts/pentateuchal-targumim/ and first published in 1862.

 

Targum of Onkelos                And it was when the sons of men began to multiply upon the face of the earth, and fair daughters were born to them;...

Latin Vulgate                          And after that men began to be multiplied upon the earth, and daughters were born to them,...

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And so he is that begun the man to multiply upon faces of the ground and daughters were born to them.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    AND it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth and daughters were born to them,...

Septuagint (Greek)                And it came to pass when men began to be numerous upon the earth, and daughters were born to them,... This is actually v. 2 in the LXX (which bumps the subsequent verses in this chapter as well).

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           Ancient heroes

When the number of people started to increase throughout the fertile land, daughters were born to them.

Contemporary English V.       More and more people were born, until finally they spread all over the earth. Some of their daughters were so beautiful that supernatural beings came down and married the ones they wanted.

Easy English                          Everybody was very evil, 6:1-8

Men had large families on earth and they had many sons and daughters.

Easy-to-Read Version            The number of people on earth continued to increase. There were girls born to these people.

Good News Bible (TEV)         When people had spread all over the world, and daughters were being born,...

The Message                         When the human race began to increase, with more and more daughters being born,...

New Berkeley Version           WHEN THE EARTH BEGAN TO BE populated and daughters were born to the people,...

New Century Version             The Human Race Becomes Evil

The number of people on earth began to grow, and daughters were born to them.

New Living Translation           A World Gone Wrong

Then the people began to multiply on the earth, and daughters were born to them.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          Now, as the population of men grew on the earth and they fathered daughters,...

Beck’s American Translation When the people on earth were getting numerous and they had daughters,...

God’s Word                         The number of people increased all over the earth, and daughters were born to them.

New American Bible              Origin of the Nephilim.*

When human beings began to grow numerous on the earth and daughters were born to them,... [6:1-4] These enigmatic verses are a transition between the expansion of the human race illustrated in the genealogy of chap. 5 and the flood depicted in chaps. 6-9. The text, apparently alluding to an old legend, shares a common ancient view that the heavenly world was populated by a multitude of beings, some of whom were wicked and rebellious. It is incorporated here, not only in order to account for the prehistoric giants, whom the Israelites called the Nephilim, but also to introduce the story of the flood with a moral orientation-the constantly increasing wickedness of humanity. This increasing wickedness leads God to reduce the human life span imposed on the first couple. As the ages in the preceding genealogy show, life spans had been exceptionally long in the early period, but God further reduces them to something near the ordinary life span.

New Jerusalem Bible             When people began being numerous on earth, and daughters had been born to them,...

Revised English Bible            The human race began to increase and to spread over the earth and daughters were born to them.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      Humans had began to abound over the face of the earth, and they begot daughters.

Bible in Basic English             And after a time, when men were increasing on the earth, and had daughters,...

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 The Corruption of Mankind

But when corrupt Men increased upon the surface of the Earth, and sons and daughters were born to them,...

NET Bible®                             God's Grief over Humankind's Wickedness

When humankind [The Hebrew text has the article prefixed to the noun. Here the article indicates the generic use of the word אָדָם ('adam): "humankind."] began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born [This disjunctive clause (conjunction + subject + verb) is circumstantial to the initial temporal clause. It could be rendered, "with daughters being born to them." For another example of such a disjunctive clause following the construction וַיְהִיכִּי (vayehiki, "and it came to pass when"), see 2Sa_7:1.] to them [The pronominal suffix is third masculine plural, indicating that the antecedent "humankind" is collective.],... When it comes to making an actual material change to the text, the NET Bible® is pretty good about indicating this. Since most of these corrections will be clear in the more literal translations below and within the Hebrew exegesis itself, I will not continue to list every NET Bible® footnote.

NIV, ©2011                             Wickedness in the World

When human beings began to increase in number on the earth and daughters were born to them,.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Concordant Literal Version    And coming is it that humanity starts to be multitudinous on the surface of the ground, and daughters are born to them.

 

English Standard Version      Increasing Corruption on Earth

When man began to multiply on the face of the land and daughters were born to them,...

exeGeses companion Bible   SONS OF ELOHIM TAKE DAUGHTERS OF HUMANITY

And so be it,

humanity begins to abound by myriads

on the face of the soil;

and they birth daughters:.

NASB                                     The Corruption of Mankind

Now it came about, when men began to multiply on the face of the land, and daughters were born to them,...

Syndein/Thieme                     Now it came to pass, when mankind {literally 'adam - came to be used for 'mankind'} had begun to 'become numerous'/multiply on the face of the ground {adamah}, and daughters/'beautiful women' had been born unto them... {Satan's attack on the Promise of Genesis 3:15 - The Promise of God to Satan that He would bring a human - a seed of woman to defeat him. Therefore in Genesis 6, Satan tries to destroy all 'pure humanity'}

A Voice in the Wilderness      Now it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them,...

World English Bible                It happened, when men began to multiply on the surface of the ground, and daughters were born to them,...

Young’s Updated LT             And it comes to pass that mankind have begun to multiply on the face of the ground, and daughters have been born to them,...

 

The gist of this verse:          There was a population explosion, which included daughters who were born into the human race.


Genesis 6:1a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

hâyâh (הָיָה) [pronounced haw-YAW]

to be, is, was, are; to become, to come into being; to come to pass

3rd person masculine singular, Qal imperfect

Strong's #1961 BDB #224

Without a specific subject and object, the verb hâyâh often means and it will come to be, and it will come to pass, then it came to pass (with the wâw consecutive). It may be more idiomatically rendered subsequently, afterwards, later on, in the course of time, after which. Generally, the verb does not match the gender whatever nearby noun could be the subject (and, as often, there is no noun nearby which would fulfill the conditions of being a subject).


Translation: And it is... The wâw consecutive followed by to verb to be without any subject or object simply refers to something that will come to pass or something which has come to pass over the course of time. It may be more idiomatically rendered subsequently, afterwards, later on, in the course of time, after which.



Genesis 6:1b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

kîy (כִּי) [pronounced kee]

for, that, because; when, at that time, which, what time

explanatory or temporal conjunction; preposition

Strong's #3588 BDB #471

châlal (חָלַל) [pronounced khaw-LAHL]

to begin

3rd person masculine singular, Hiphil perfect

Strong's #2490 BDB #320

ʾâdâm (אָדָם) [pronounced aw-DAWM]

a man, a human being, mankind; transliterated Adam

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #120 & #121 BDB #9

The word the Adam can mean man, mankind, humankind, human beings.

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to

directional/relational preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #510

râbab (רָבַב) [pronounced rawb-VAHBV]

to become many, to become great in number, to be great in number, to increase

Qal infinitive construct

Strong's #7231 BDB #912

This is the first occurrence of this word in the Bible.

ʿal (עַל) [pronounced ģahl]

upon, beyond, on, against, above, over, by, beside

preposition of proximity

Strong’s #5921 BDB #752

pânîym (פָּנִים) [pronounced paw-NEEM]

face, faces, countenance; presence

masculine plural construct (plural acts like English singular)

Strong’s #6440 BDB #815

Together, ʿâl and pânîym mean upon the face of, facing, in front of, before (as in preference to), in addition to, overlooking.

ʾădâmâh (אֲדָמָה) [pronounced uh-daw-MAWH]

ground, soil, dirt, earth, tillable earth, land, surface of the earth

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #127 BDB #9


Translation: ...when man began to multiply on the face of the earth... There is a definite article in front of man and the idea is, Adam had children and his children had children, and they had children. Given the state of being, the number of men began to increase significantly.


Genesis 6:1c

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

bath (בַּת) [pronounced bahth]

daughter; village

feminine plural noun

Strong's #1323 BDB #123

yâlad (יָלַד) [pronounced yaw-LAHD]

to be born, to be born to; to be created

3rd person plural, Pual perfect

Strong’s #3205 BDB #408

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to

directional/relational preposition with the 3rd person masculine plural suffix

No Strong’s # BDB #510


Translation: ...that daughters were born to them. Obviously, male and female children were born, but Gen. 6 focuses upon the females who are born.


Things are going to get quite weird in this chapter. The Bible treats these matters in a very matter–of–fact way. When we compare the Bible to mythology, you will see that the Bible is much more subtle. Things which would catch our eyes or capture our imagination (the persons of this chapter and their exploits) are not recorded in the Bible, although these things appear to be the basis for mythology—and nearly every culture has mythological traditions.


The word usually translated men is actually the Adam. However, we know that this refers to mankind in general because the end of this verse reads and daughters were born to them. That is a 3rd person masculine plural suffix, but the only thing is can point back to is the Adam, which can also be reasonably translated mankind. We use our word man in the same way. The evolutionist says, man has been on this earth for a million years. Even though evolutionists are is wrong about this, we immediately understand this to refer to mankind.


——————————


And so see sons of the Elohim daughters of the man that pleasing they [are] and so they take wives to themselves from all that they chosen [or, approved, selected].

Genesis

6:2

And the sons of the Elohim saw the daughters of men, that they [are] pleasing, so they took wives for themselves from all that they chose.

And the sons of God observed that the daughters of men were pleasing, so that they took wives as they chose from the women.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                ...and the sons of the great saw that the daughters of men were beautiful, and painted, and curled, walking with revelation of the flesh, and with imaginations of wickedness; that they took them wives of all who pleased them.

Latin Vulgate                          The sons of God seeing the daughters of men, that they were fair, took to themselves wives of all which they chose.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And so see sons of the Elohim daughters of the man that pleasing they [are] and so they take wives to themselves from all that they chosen [or, approved, selected].

Peshitta (Syriac)                    That the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were fair; so they took them wives of all whom they chose.

Septuagint (Greek)                ...that the sons of God, having seen the daughters of men, that they were beautiful, took to themselves wives of all whom they chose.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           The divine beings saw how beautiful these human women were, so they married the ones they chose.

Easy English                          Then the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were pretty. The sons of God chose some daughters and they married those daughters.

Good News Bible (TEV)         ...some of the heavenly beings saw that these young women were beautiful, so they took the ones they liked.

The Message                         ...the sons of God noticed that the daughters of men were beautiful. They looked them over and picked out wives for themselves.

New Berkeley Version           ...it developed that the sons of God took notice of the daughters of men, admired their looks and married all those of them whom they chose. Some have it that this refers to fallen agnels, but there is no Scripture evidence that they could become men with body and soul; nor, if they could, would wicked men be called “sons of God.” We believe that the sons of Seth’s family married the daughters of Cain’s family; that the home thus became ungodly and children grew up without relating life to God.

New Living Translation           The sons of God saw the beautiful women [Hebrew daughters of men; also in 6:4.] and took any they wanted as their wives.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          ...the sons of God noticed that the daughters of men were beautiful; so they took all whom they chose as their women. The Greek expression uioi tou Theou literally means sons of/the God. The term was originally only used when speaking of men or heavenly messengers who are God's direct creations, never as the progeny of men, who are referred to as uioi tou anthropois - the sons of men. However, the term was later applied to adopted sons of God in Hosea and in the writings of Paul. Therefore, 'the sons of God' referred to at Genesis 6:3 must be speaking of God's heavenly sons, since the only earthly son of God up to that time was Adam. Also notice that the women it speaks of there were not called 'the daughters of God,' but 'the daughters of men.' This raises the question: Do God's heavenly messengers have sex organs that would be aroused by seeing beautiful women? No, for Jesus indicated (at Matthew 22:30) that sexual reproduction isn't a part of heavenly life. So, why would 'sons of God' want to come to earth and take 'all that they chose' to be their women? Apparently, the motivation was the same as the Slanderer's - lust for power. So they likely materialized human bodies (with sex organs) and fathered children that grew to be 'giants' and 'famous men' in their time. Apparently, unrighteous men were still recounting the exploits of these hybrid giants in Moses' time, making them (as Moses wrote) 'famous' (see Genesis 6:4). The Greek Gods and fabled strong men, such as Hercules, come immediately to mind.

Beck’s American Translation ...the sons of God saw how beautiful the daughters of men were, and they married the women they liked best.

God’s Word                         The sons of God saw that the daughters of other humans were beautiful. So they married any woman they chose.

New American Bible              ...the sons of God [The sons of God: other heavenly beings. See note on 1:26. That note reads: Then God said: Let us make* human beings in our image, after our likeness. Let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, the tame animals, all the wild animals, and all the creatures that crawl on the earth. ] saw how beautiful the daughters of human beings were, and so they took for their wives whomever they pleased. Mt 24:38; Lk 17:26-27.

New Jerusalem Bible             ...the sons of God, looking at the women, saw how beautiful they were and married as many of them as they chose.

New Simplified Bible              The sons of God saw that the daughters of men were beautiful. They married any of them they chose.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      The sons of God saw good in the daughters of Adam. They took and chose them from all the women.

Bible in Basic English             The sons of God saw that the daughters of men were fair; and they took wives for themselves from those who were pleasing to them.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 ...and the sons of God admired the daughters of Men who were beautiful; and they took to themselves wives from all they desired.

JPS (Tanakh—1985)               ...the divine beings [Others “the sons of God.”] saw how beautiful the daughters of men were and took wives from among those that pleased them.—

Judaica Press Complete T.    That the sons of the nobles saw the daughters of man when they were beautifying themselves, and they took for themselves wives from whomever they chose.

NET Bible®                             ...the sons of God saw that the daughters of humankind were beautiful. Thus they took wives for themselves from any they chose. The Hebrew phrase translated "sons of God" (בְנֵי־הָאֱלֹהִים, beneha'elohim) occurs only here (Gen. 6:2; Gen. 6:4) and in Job. 1:6; Job. 2:1; Job. 38:7. There are three major interpretations of the phrase here. (1) In the Book of Job the phrase clearly refers to angelic beings. In Genesis 6 the "sons of God" are distinct from "humankind," suggesting they were not human. This is consistent with the use of the phrase in Job. Since the passage speaks of these beings cohabiting with women, they must have taken physical form or possessed the bodies of men. An early Jewish tradition preserved in 1 En. 6–7 elaborates on this angelic revolt and even names the ringleaders. (2) Not all scholars accept the angelic interpretation of the "sons of God," however. Some argue that the "sons of God" were members of Seth's line, traced back to God through Adam in Genesis 5, while the "daughters of humankind" were descendants of Cain. But, as noted above, the text distinguishes the "sons of God" from humankind (which would include the Sethites as well as the Cainites) and suggests that the "daughters of humankind" are human women in general, not just Cainites. (3) Others identify the "sons of God" as powerful tyrants, perhaps demon–possessed, who viewed themselves as divine and, following the example of Lamech (see Gen. 4:19), practiced polygamy. But usage of the phrase "sons of God" in Job militates against this view. For literature on the subject see G. J. Wenham, Genesis (WBC), 1:135.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

The Amplified Bible                The sons of God saw that the daughters of men were fair, and they took wives of all they desired and chose.

Concordant Literal Version    And seeing are sons of the elohim the daughters of the human, that they are good, and taking are they for themselves wives of all whom they choose.

English Standard Version      ...the sons of God saw that the daughters of man were attractive. And they took as their wives any they chose.

exeGeses companion Bible   ...and the sons of Elohim

see that the daughters of humanity are goodly;

and they take women of all they choose.

LTHB                                     The sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were good, and they took wives for themselves from all those whom they chose.

Syndein                                  ...that the {fallen} angels {beni ha Elohiym idiom: literally sons of 'Elohim/gods} kept watching the daughters of mankind . . . that they were very beautiful . . . and they took/'seized passionately' to them women {'ishshah} {here is a masculine plural suffix signifying 'it happened but was irregular'} of all whom they examined and selected. {Note: 'Beni ha Elohiym' literally means 'sons of Gods'. 'Beni' means sons or children. Ha is 'of the'. And Elohiym is the Plural of God - Gods - meaning the Godhead. One in essence . . . three in personalities. 'Beni ha Elohiym' is used four times in the Old Testament and it always refers to angels - Job 1:6, 2:1, 38:7 and here.} {SideNote: This is before the flood. The Earth has not turned on its Axis. The environment all over the world was perfect and very good for the complexion of the women - never too wet or too hot! There were many beautiful women who were overwhelmed by the strength and beauty of the angelic class. Virtually all the women were seduced by the angelic men and procreated a mixed breed of children. This eventually resulted in the corruption of the human race. This was a genetic attack of Satan on the human race - his plan being that no 'real' human could come to the cross'.}.

A Voice in the Wilderness      ...that the sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were pleasing; and they took wives for themselves of all whom they chose.

World English Bible                ...that God's sons saw that men's daughters were beautiful, and they took for themselves wives of all that they chose.

Young's Literal Translation     ...and sons of God see the daughters of men that they are fair, and they take to themselves women of all whom they have chosen.

 

The gist of this verse:          The sons of God saw that the daughters of men were attractive, so they took them to themselves.


Genesis 6:2a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

râʾâh (רָאָה) [pronounced raw-AWH]

to see, to look, to look at, to view, to behold; to observe; to perceive, to understand, to learn, to know

3rd person masculine plural, Qal imperfect

Strong's #7200 BDB #906

bânîym (בָּנִים) [pronounced baw-NEEM]

sons, descendants; children; people; sometimes rendered men

masculine plural construct

Strong’s #1121 BDB #119

ʾĚlôhîym (אלֹהִים) [pronounced el-o-HEEM]

God; gods, foreign gods, god; rulers, judges; superhuman ones, angels; transliterated Elohim

masculine plural noun with the definite article

Strong's #430 BDB #43

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

bath (בַּת) [pronounced bahth]

daughter; village

feminine plural construct

Strong's #1323 BDB #123

ʾâdâm (אָדָם) [pronounced aw-DAWM]

a man, a human being, mankind; transliterated Adam

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #120 & #121 BDB #9

The word the Adam can mean man, mankind, humankind, human beings.


Translation: And the sons of the Elohim saw the daughters of men,... The sons of God here refer to angels; and, based upon what happens, fallen angels. Footnote All angelic creation is observing mankind, as if watching a great feature film with billions of cast members, with a runtime of 6000+ years.


The angels are called sons of God because God created them; they do not procreate or give birth. They do not have a male or female sex. As Jesus said, "The angels do not marry nor are they given in marriage." However, man does procreate and they began to have daughters as well as sons. Women are often impressed by foolish things, such as power, exterior beauty, fame and riches, and these fallen angels had all of these attributes, making them far more desirable than puny man. Therefore, the angels were able to chose as they so desired. God allowed this for a time to illustrate that angelic infiltration of the human race was not the answer and that Satan could not solve the problems of the fallen world in this way. This also indicates that God created the woman as a creature of great beauty, which we still see today. Only a man with real character can see beyond this tremendous exterior beauty.


We do not know exactly what access God gives angels (elect and fallen) today. They can apparently influence our thinking (doctrines of demons), and it appears as though God allows some demons to indwell some limited number of men. However, during the time of Gen. 6, God allows the angels to intermingle with mankind.


In Gen. 3, it was clear that Satan could either change forms and become a snake or that he indwelt a snake (I opt for the former, as snakes do not have vocal cords).


Throughout the Bible, we have angels appearing to man as if they are men (for instance, Gen. 18–19), with normal physical attributes (they are able to grab Lot and his two daughters). In this chapter, it is going to be apparent that these angels are not just capable of having sex with human females, but they are able to impregnate the women as well (v. 4).


In this verse, we have, literally, the sons of God. In the Hebrew, that is bene hâ Elohim (האלהים בני), which is, literally, sons of the God, but properly translated the sons of God. I have heard many theories about who these sons of God are, but only one makes sense to me: these are angels—more specifically, fallen angels. We find this phrase, the sons of God in the following passages: Gen. 6:2, 4 Job. 1:6 2:1 38:7 and similar phrasing in Psalm 29:1 Psalm 89:6 Dan. 3:25. The passages in Job unquestionably refer to angels (the scenario is Satan going before God). This would lead us to understand the other passages in the same way.


We find evidence of this understanding in the book of Jude: And the angels who did not keep their proper domain, but left their own abode, He [God] has reserved in everlasting bonds under darkness for the judgment of the Great Day (Jude 1:6). The verb to keep also means to attend to carefully, take care of; to guard; metaphorically to keep one in the state in which he is; to observe; to reserve: to undergo something. What they did not keep was their beginning, origin; the person or thing that commences, the first person or thing in a series, the leader; that by which anything begins to be, the origin, the active cause; the extremity of a thing; of the corners of a sail; the first place, principality, rule, magistracy [of angels and demons]. What these angels did not guard or keep appears to be their original state. Whatever these angels did not guard or keep, they forsook or deserted their own habitation (dwelling place). Therefore, God has placed these angels into some form of bondage and He is guarding them until the great day of judgment. There are no other specific incidents in the Bible to which this could refer other than this chapter of Genesis.


Peter also talks about this same thing: For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into Tartarus and committed them to chains of thick darkness to be kept until the [final] judgment; if he did not spare the ancient world, but preserved Noah, a herald of righteousness, with seven others, when he brought a flood upon the world of the ungodly;... (2Peter 2:4–5). The overall context is, Peter is assuring his readers that God will judge the wicked and that He will deliver the righteous (compare 2Peter 2:1, 3, 7, 9). Fallen angels had sinned from the beginning, when they went with Satan. This is not a reference to all fallen angels, as they play a prominent part in the Scriptures from beginning to end. So we are not talking about all the angels who fell with Satan, as putting all of them into chains of darkness would eliminate many of the problems we have here on earth and virtually end the Angelic Conflict. Therefore, we are speaking of a particular subset of the fallen angels. Let me submit to you that the angels spoken of here and in Jude 1:6 refer right back to this chapter of Genesis. Again, there is no other reasonable alternative.


Here is what is going on: fallen angels are somehow able to take on themselves a human form, and they are able even to impregnate women. The Bible does speak of angels coming and speaking to man, and rather than on some magnificent form, they appear to be men (e.g., Gen. 18).


Genesis 6:2b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

kîy (כִּי) [pronounced kee]

for, that, because; when, at that time, which, what time

explanatory or temporal conjunction; preposition

Strong's #3588 BDB #471

ţôwb (טוֹב) [pronounced tohbv]

pleasant, pleasing, agreeable, good, better; approved

feminine plural adjective which can act like a substantive

Strong’s #2896 BDB #373

As a noun, this can mean the good thing, that which is good [pleasing, approved, kind, upright, right]; goodness, uprightness, kindness, right; that which is fair [beautiful].

hênnâh (הֵנָּה) [pronounced hayn-nawh]

they, those; these [with the definite article]

3rd person feminine plural personal pronoun

Strong’s #2007 BDB #241


Translation: ...that they [are] pleasing,... This is interesting. You see many translations saying that they observed that the women of men were beautiful—but that is not the word that we find here. There are words used to describe human physical beauty in the Bible, and they are applied to Saul, David and to David’s granddaughter, Tamar. But that is not the word used here. Here, the woman are seen as pleasing, pleasant, agreeable, and/or good. The idea is, they will do. This is fine.


Genesis 6:2c

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

lâqach (לָקַח) [pronounced law-KAHKH]

to take, to take away, to take in marriage; to seize

3rd person masculine plural, Qal imperfect

Strong’s #3947 BDB #542

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to

directional/relational preposition with the 3rd person masculine plural suffix

No Strong’s # BDB #510

nâshîym (נָשִים) [pronounced naw-SHEEM]

women, wives

feminine plural noun; irregular plural of Strong’s #802

Strong’s #802 BDB #61

min (מִן) [pronounced min]

from, off, out from, of, out of, away from, on account of, since, than, more than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

the whole, all, the entirety, every

masculine singular noun

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

ʾăsher (אֲֹשֶר) [pronounced ash-ER]

that, which, when, who, whom

relative pronoun

Strong's #834 BDB #81

Together, kôl ʾăsher mean all whom, all that [which]; whomever, whatever, all whose, all where, wherever.

bâchar (בָּחַר) [pronounced baw-KHAHR]

to choose; Gesenius also lists to prove, to try, to examine, to approve, to choose, to select; to love, to delight in [something], to desire

3rd person plural, Qal perfect

Strong's #977 BDB #103

This is the first occurrence of this word in Scripture.


Translation: ...so they took wives for themselves from all that they chose. The Hebrew word for take can mean to take in marriage and this is what it means in this context. It is in the Qal imperfect, which means they continued to take these women as wives, that it did not all occur at once but a few of them tried it and made it work so other fallen angels decided to join in. Chose is in the Qal perfect; they made the initial choice, stuck with it, and then took these women as wives. Their choice is in the perfect tense, because it was a completed action with results that continued.


When you compare an angel to a mere mortal, there is no comparison. First of all, they offer great protection. A woman might marry a big, strong, husky guy, but, when facing an angel, that big strong, husky guy is rather impotent. Angels are smarter than men, better looking, and much stronger. So, it was not difficult for angels to simply choose the women that they wanted.


Let’s say that George Clooney knocked on your front door and said, “Honey, I”m ready to settle down.” (I am assuming that you are a female); many woman would jump at this chance. He has numerous qualities in addition to his good looks; and that is what the women saw with these angels. They were not just strong, they were powerful; they were not just intelligent, they were genius; and they were not just attractive, they were exceptionally attractive.


The angels, on the other hand, thought that the women were attractive. They were okay. They were suitable.


We do not know if angels could enjoy sexual pleasure, but, as mentioned, they could impregnate these women. And, there are a variety of pleasures in addition to or instead of sexual pleasure. Even if the angels did not enjoy pleasure as we do, this gave them a feeling of power and control, which these angels exploited.


What came from these relationships between the sons of men (angels) and the daughters of men are super-humans, for lack of a better term. If there was a period of time when something like this really did happen, doesn’t it seem reasonable that somehow, in some way, we would know about it today? Don’t you think that such a fantastic occurrence, that angelic beings bred with women, and the result were these super-humans, that we might have some history of this?


Think about mythology for a moment. No matter what mythology is studied, these are often gods who have relationships with women on this earth. There are a lot of stories and a lot of different names, but the basis for mythology is almost always the same: male gods (which would be angels) have sex with human women, and the result are these super- human creatures; and none of these super humans are noble and just and righteous; they mostly chase women and they fight.


Now, let’s to back to that passage in Jude: And the angels who did not keep their proper domain, but left their own abode, He has reserved in everlasting bonds under darkness for the judgment of the Great Day (Jude 1:6). God allowed some freedom to even the fallen angels. Let me remind you that it appears as if the earth was in some sort of limited anarchy at this time. That is, there does not appear to be any set of laws laid out with clear-cut consequences. God directly dealt with Cain; and it appears as if no one dealt with Lamech (who killed 2 people and then wrote a song about it).


However, after the flood, these same angels are now in everlasting bonds of darkness, until the Great White Throne Judgement (Rev. 20). Again, the words of Peter: For if God did not spare the angels who sinned, but cast them down to Tartarus and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved for judgment; and did not spare the ancient world, but saved Noah, one of eight people, a preacher of righteousness, bringing the flood on the world of the ungodly (2Peter 2:4–5). In the Greek, these verbs are primarily aorist tenses, which refers to a point of time, generally in the past. There is a one perfect tense, which refers to an action which takes place in the past and has results which continue into the future, and that is reserved. So they are reserved, set aside, for judgment in the past, with the result that they will be judged in the future.


So, what we have are angels which have sinned whom God cast down into Tartarus, which Thayer tells us is the name of the subterranean region, doleful and dark, regarded by the ancient Greeks as the abode of the wicked dead, where they suffer punishment for their evil deeds; it answers to Gehenna of the Jews. And from out of all this, God delivers 8 people: Noah and his wife, and his 3 sons and their wives. In other words, Peter associates the angels who sinned with Noah. These angels are cast into Tartarus and Noah and his family are delivered, while a flood is brought upon a world of the ungodly (the angels who sinned and the women they fornicated with and the man-angel race which resulted from these unions).


Testimony to the Historical Accuracy of the Old Testament

 

We have studied how God restored the earth in 6 days; how Adam and Eve were created and made, how they fell, the offerings of Cain and Abel, and the two sets of genealogies. We are about to study the flood of Noah, which is precipitated by an intermingling of fallen angels and women. Many of these things seem rather fantastic to us. Some of us believe in evolution, so we often discount the creation account is a fable or as some sort of exaggerated or spiritual account in order to make some spiritual point. And what would that point be? That God is extremely powerful? Except, just not powerful enough to create the heavens and the earth.

 

Before we move further in our study of Genesis, it has come to my attention that there are some who believe that the New Testament is true and the Old Testament is not. Or that both parts of the Bible are filled with myths and legends.

 

The Bible is a different sort of book than any other religious book; it is different from Islam, the Book of Mormon, from Mary Baker Patterson Glover Eddy’s Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, and from Buddhism’s Dhamma . The Bible presents as its background an historical narrative—an historical narrative which takes us all the way from the beginning of human history to the end of human history. At no time do we have a completely developed theological treatise by one author. That is, even though the Bible is seen as a religious book, none of the authors developed completely any theological concept by themselves. Even though Paul addressed various churches on doctrinal matters, every letter that he wrote was based upon a set of circumstances and questions which came from that particular church. Had those things not been a part of Paul’s experience, the epistles—the most concentrated doctrinal portion of the Bible—would not have existed. Furthermore, Paul never says, “Now I am going to explain to you every facet of the hypostatic union.” Nor does he say that about any other doctrine. We develop what we know about God (theology) from what is presented in the Bible, and most often, from what is presented in an historical context. No other religious book does that. No religious book is tied so directly and so completely to a series of historical events. Now, I could also add that no other book has been written over such a lengthy period of time by so many authors, and yet maintains a continuity, but I want to deal with one particular item of Scripture: its accurate historical nature in both the Old and New Testaments.

 

You have to accept the history of the Old Testament as well as the New Testament. You do not get to write off this or that chapter as just too fantastic or too weird. So there is no misunderstanding, once you have believed in Jesus Christ, regardless of how you feel about the Bible, you are saved—and you cannot lose this salvation. However, there is only one historical book which tells us Who Jesus is, before He walked this earth, while He walked this earth, and where He is now. This historical narrative. is the Bible. Every other book written about Jesus is based upon the Bible or upon the fertile imagination of some heretic.

 

Some of the information which I will present in here, I have presented before, but in more detail; and some of it I have not presented before; but the general topic will be, the historicity of the Bible (both Old and New Testaments and its absolute accuracy. The reason for this is, the historical narrative of the Bible is intertwined with what the Bible teaches; and ultimately, the basis for our faith in Jesus Christ. If I doubt the flood or the fall of Adam or the creation account, at what point do I believe something I read and when do I dismiss it as some made-up story? And, how do we somehow put ourselves up as the experts, able to determine what actually happened as opposed to what is just a story? If I can spiritualize the account of the flood, then can I spiritualize the incarnation of Jesus? When Jesus says, “I am the Way, the Truth and the Life; no man comes to the Father but by Me” can I decide not to take this literally and say, “He just wants us to act like Him because things would all be better if we did.” Or when Jesus claims to be God, “I and the Father are One” or “Before Abraham, I existed eternally” or “Your sins are forgiven;” do I get to put my own spin on His words?

 

It is quite obvious that there are myriads of writers who have put their own spin on Jesus. Most people, if you ask them, would agree that Jesus and Hitler represent the opposite ends of a spectrum of man; and Jesus is highly revered as a great teacher and philosopher; but they are unwilling to accept most of what He says. They have 5 or 10 quotations which they like a lot; but they discard the rest of it. However, it would be quite illogical to say that Jesus is a great teacher if you only like about 5% of what he says. That would make Him a pretty lousy teacher.

 

However, my larger point is, if you set yourself as the authority to dismiss this and that part of the Bible, then there is obviously nothing in the Bible that you cannot philosophically overrule, including the words and sacrifice of Jesus Christ.

 

What did Jesus say and what do the Apostles say?

 

If you accept the New Testament, then you have to accept the Old...because everyone in the New Testament accepted the Old as fact.

 

When it comes to the creation of the earth, Jesus says, “There will be affliction in those days, such as has not been the like from the beginning of creation which God created until now, and never will be.” (Mark 13:19).

 

Paul, in Rom. 1:20, writes: For the unseen things of Him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things made, both His eternal power and Godhead, for them to be without excuse. Paul points to what God has made as proof of existence, power and wisdom. God’s attributes are not seen (these are the unseen things of Him), but they are clearly understood, based upon what God has made. In fact, the more that science and biology uncover, the more we understand the incredible complexity of God’s creation. We carry within almost every cell of our body the building plans for our bodies (DNA).

 

God is called the Creator in Rom. 1:26 1Peter 4:19 and what He created is called the creation in Rom. 8:19–22 2Peter 3:4 Rev. 3:14.

 

You may recall that all members of the Godhead are involved in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the restoration of the earth (Gen. 1:1–2, 26–31), and the New Testament goes along with that. In fact, the New Testament tells us that it was Jesus Who did the actual work. In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through Him, and without Him not even one thing came into being that has come into being. And the Word became flesh and tabernacled [i.e., lived] among us. And we beheld His glory, glory as of an only begotten from the Father, full of grace and of truth (John 1:1–3, 14). Quoting from a psalm as proof of what the writer of Hebrews was saying, he wrote, And, "You, Lord, at the beginning founded the earth, and the heavens are works of Your hands. They will vanish away, but You will continue; and they will all become old, like a garment, and You shall fold them up like a covering, and they shall be changed. But You are the same, and Your years shall not fail." (Heb. 1:10–12; Psalm 101:26–28). This writer not only quotes a psalm to indicate that Jesus created the earth and the heavens, but he also asserts that the heavens and earth will become old, like a garment; yet God’s Word (which is the Bible) will stand forever.

 

Paul affirms that Jesus is the Creator of all things: [Jesus] is the image of the invisible God, the First-born of all creation [Firstborn here is used in a figurative sense, referring to the rights and responsibilities of the firstborn]. For all things were created in Him, the things in the heavens, and the things on the earth, the visible and the invisible; whether thrones, or lordships, or rulers, or authorities, all things have been created through Him and for Him. And He is before all things, and all things have subsisted in Him (Col. 1:15–17). That God created all things through Jesus Christ is also found in Eph. 3:9. Jesus is called the Creator in Rev. 4:11.

 

When released by the chief priests and elders, Peter said, “And hearing they with one passion lifted voice to God and said, Master, You are ‘the God who made the heaven and the earth and the sea, and all things in them,’  (Acts 4:24; Ex. 20:11).

 

At no time in the Bible, in the Old or New Testaments, do we have any indication that the creation and restoration of the earth is anything different from how it is portrayed in Gen. 1. Jesus told many parables, and not only was it clear that he was speaking in a parable, but He also would explain the meaning of these parables immediately afterwards. However, Jesus never explained the parable of creation (nor did any other writer of the New Testament); it was always understood as factual.

 

Jesus also taught that Adam and Eve were historical people created from the hand of God. When He was asked about divorce, Jesus said, “Have you not read that He Who created them from the beginning ‘created them male and female’? And He said, ‘For this reason a man shall leave father and mother, and shall be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.’ So that they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore, what God has joined together, let no man separate.” (Gen. 19:4b–6; Gen. 1:27 2:24).

 

Paul also treats the creation of man and woman as the basis for the differences between men and women in 1Cor. 11:8–12.

 

Jesus treats the murder of Abel as a real event in Matt. 23:35 and Luke 11:51, wherein He sets out the parameters for the Old Testament canon (these men named in that passage represent the first death and the final death of the Old Testament).

 

What transpired between Cain and Abel is treated as an actual historical event by the writer of Hebrews: By faith Abel offered a greater sacrifice to God than Cain, by which he obtained witness to be righteous, God testifying over his gifts; and through it, having died, he yet speaks. Even though Abel died, the writer of Hebrews reasons, his gift—an animal sacrifice—has meaning even today. However, so that his readers are not confused, what Jesus offered was a better sacrifice than the animal Abel offered (Heb. 12:24). John and Jude also refer to Cain as a real person in 1John 3:12 and Jude 1:11.

 

You will recall that we studied Enoch and his translation from life to life in Gen. 5:18–24. Every writer of Scripture after this treats him as a real person, including him in genealogies (1Chron. 1:3 Luke 3:37); and that God took him is spoken of by both Jude and the writer of Hebrews (Heb. 11:5 Jude 1:14–15).

 

You will recall that we used 2 New Testament passages to confirm that the sons of God in Gen. 6 were fallen angels (2Peter 2:4–5 Jude 1:6).

 

Jesus treats the flood as a real event, and Noah as a real person. Jesus compares the baptism of fire to the flood of Noah in Matt. 24:37–41 Luke 17:26–29. Adam and Noah are treated as real people in the line of Jesus in Luke 3:36–38.

 

The writer of Hebrews speaks of Noah’s great faith in Heb. 11:7. Now, what sense would it make for a writer of Scripture to commend the faith of some character in a fable? If the flood is some made-up story and Noah is some made-up guy, how can he be praised for having great faith?

 

Peter also treats Noah as a real person and confirms that 8 people went into the ark and were preserved in 1Peter 3:20. Peter again refers to Noah in 2Peter 2:4–5, associating him with the angels who sinned.

 

Let’s turn to some generalized statements made by Jesus about the Old Testament. The terms Law, Law of Moses, words of the Law, the Law and the Prophets, and the Scriptures all refer back to the Old Testament, as the New Testament was written after the resurrection of our Lord.

 

It is important to understand the historical context of the incarnation of Jesus Christ. He had come into a world where the Scribes and the Pharisees had dramatically distorted the Mosaic Law, turning it into a legalistic relationship to God. That is, you must conform to a myriad of laws and customs in order to gain God’s favor. This does not mean that there are not such things as right or wrong in this world—things which God approves of or disapproves of—but the Jewish theologians over the years had distorted the Law to explain just what Jews could and could not do. For instance, if someone drove by you and splashed mud on you tunic, you could not clean your tunic off, if it was the Sabbath. However, you could wait until the mud dried, and then give it one squeeze. So Jesus was not negating anything in the Old Testament; He was correctly interpreting the Old Testament and disregarding the religious system which had been superimposed upon it. Matt. 5:17, Jesus says, “Do not presume that I came to nullify the Law or the Prophets [one of the designations of the Old Testament]; I did not come to nullify, but to fulfill [the Law and the Prophets].” The chief problem was, these religious types knew a few passages here and there, and they knew their Talmud, but they did not really know the Bible (i.e., the Old Testament). And answering, Jesus said to them, “You are wrong, because you do not know the Scriptures or the power of God.” (Matt. 22:29). In other words, they needed to have an accurate understanding of the Old Testament. At no time did Jesus treat the Old Testament as anything less than the Word of God.

 

In Luke 16:17, Jesus said, “But it is easier for the heaven and the earth to pass away than to void even one point of the Law [i.e., the Old Testament].” In fact, Jesus elevated what He said to the permanence of the Bible, and therefore, making His wods as important as those of the Old Testament: “The heaven and the earth shall pass away, but My Words shall not pass away.” (Luke 21:33). This was a very strong statement for Jesus to make—that His words were on a par with Old Testament Scripture. This was a pretty radical thing for Jesus to say; and since that time, many people have turned this around and have elevated Jesus’ words above the Old Testament (at least, the words of Jesus which they like).

 

Jesus also said that the Old Testament Scriptures were all about Him: And beginning from Moses, and from all the prophets, He explained to them the things about Himself in all the Scriptures (Luke 24:27). “You search the Scriptures, for in them you think you have eternal life; and these [Scriptures] bear witness of Me.” (John 5:39). We have dozens of Scriptures which Jesus fulfills in His incarnation, but probably the most dramatic instance of this is found in Luke 4:16–21: And He came to Nazareth where He was brought up. And as was His custom, He went in on the day of the sabbaths, into the synagogue, and He stood up to read. And the scroll of Isaiah the prophet was handed to Him. And unrolling the book, He found the place where it was written: “The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me. Because of this He anointed Me to proclaim the gospel to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, to proclaim remission to captives, and to the blind to see again, to send away the ones being crushed, in remission, to preach an acceptable year of the Lord.” And rolling up the scroll, returning it to the attendant, He sat down. And the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on Him. And He began to say to them, “Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your ears.” (Jesus was quoting from Isa. 61:1–2).

 

You will note that Jesus, on many occasions, took a verse or a passage of Scripture and then explained it. Jesus also taught by using parables on many occasions. However, what Jesus never did was, take an historical event from the Old Testament and treat it like a parable.

 

My point is, Jesus was not revamping the Law of Moses; He was not teaching a new and better way; Jesus was teaching the Old Testament; that He fulfilled the Law and the Prophets, and that His Own words He placed on an equal footing with the Old Testament.

 

The problem with the Scribes and the Pharisees were twofold (1) they did not know the Scriptures and (2) they adhered to a whole system of traditions which did not conform to the Mosaic Law. In other words, Jesus understood the Old Testament to be authoritative, and at no time did He bring any historical incident of the Old Testament into question.

 

To sum up, no one in the New Testament treats Adam, Eve, Cain, Abel, Enoch or Noah as characters of some moral tale; they are treated as real people, and events of their lives which some people would like to spiritualize are treated as real occurrences in the New Testament by Jesus and by every writer of the New Testament. If Jesus recognized and presented this historical incidents as accurate, can we doubt them?

 

Since we are studying a part of Scripture which is quite fantastic—the angelic corruption of mankind followed by a worldwide flood—it is reasonable to first determine whether or not the Old Testament is simply filled with stories which have some sort of moral to them, or whether these are actual, historical incidents.

 

In the previous lesson, we looked at how Jesus and the Apostles used the Old Testament; did they treat it as a fictional history or as an actual history? Did Jesus, the Son of God, affirm the Old Testament or did He teach that these were fables? Our conclusion was, all Old Testament historical references made in the New Testament treats this history as accurate and authoritative.

 

We are going to approach the Old Testament in 3 ways which, if you are a believer in Jesus Christ, will help to calm your doubts about the historicity of the Old Testament. The first approach is to review some of the amazing things we have read in the first 5+ chapters of Genesis.

 

Some amazing things found in the first part of Genesis:

 

We have studied a number of things so far in the first few chapters of Genesis which are quite unusual—things which should strike you as astounding.

Amazing Things in Gen. 1–6

1)     We have the Trinity portrayed in the first chapter of Genesis. The Hebrew name for God, Elohim (first found in Gen. 1:1), is in the plural, and could reasonably be translated the Godhead. The Spirit of God is found in Gen. 1:2. That there is both a singularity and a plurality within the Singular God is found in Elohim (plural) taking a singular noun throughout; and yet, God appears to be speaking to God in Gen. 1:26a: And God [plural noun] said [this verb is in the masculine singular], “Let Us make [plural verb this time] man in Our image, according to Our likeness.” The 1st person plural suffix is affixed to 2 singular nouns: image and likeness. That is, there is a likeness and image associated with the Godhead which has both a singular and a plural connotation—likeness and image are both singular nouns, indicating a singularity of essence; and yet we have more than one person possessing this image and likeness. That God is both a singularity (God is one in essence) and simultaneously a plural Entity (God is 3 in person), is a difficult concept for many to understand; yet, a few verses in the first chapter of Genesis handle this concept quite deftly. How on earth could this possibly be found so early in the Bible? The Jews did not then and still do not believe in the Triune God; and yet, here it is, in the first chapter of Genesis, clearly laid out.

        i.      I gave you the example of building a house: it requires someone to plan how the house is to be build (God the Father); someone to actually build the house (God the Son); and there is energy involved in the building of this house—i.e., power tools (God the Holy Spirit).

2)     God creates light (day 1) before He creates the sun (day 4). If this were some fable written by imaginative writer; and various people intentionally changed some of the text from time to time, surely someone read this and said, “Let’s fix this” and make these things a simultaneous event. Man automatically associates light with the sun and does not differentiate between them. The Bible does, however.

        i.      We have already studied how God will be called light in later passages; and we observed that light can be broken down into 3 component parts which function as one complete whole.

3)     On day 2, God creates the atmosphere—and he spends all day making this atmosphere. How did ancient man even know that there is an atmosphere? Science discovers the atmosphere thousands of years later (Torricelli figured out that air has weight and takes up space in 1643 a.d.), and yet, some so-called primitive writer somehow speaks here of God spending one entire day making the atmosphere for the earth. If this is just some made-up story, then how did they know this? How did they realize the substance and importance of our atmosphere?

4)     God used the rib of Adam from which to fashion Eve. When did we first begin to understand cloning? The 20th century. How did some old ancient guy, a few generations from the cave (supposedly) decide that God would be able to clone Adam and then modify this clone (in a very good way, might I add) to produce a counterpart for Adam? This is a 20th and 21st century concept found in a book parts of which could be over 5000 years old.

5)     God does all of this restoration in 6 days, and then rests on the 7th day, initiating the concept of a 7 day week with a day of rest thrown in. Is it not an amazing coincidence that somehow, nearly all mankind (almost every race, nation and civilization) adopts a 7-day week—it is almost ingrained in our genetics. Why don’t we find evidence of 6, 8 or 10 day weeks scattered throughout ancient history? Of course, Christians, Jews and Muslims have a 7-day week. But, the Hindu Calendar is also a 7-day week.1 The Chinese calendar is a 7-day week.2

6)     In Gen. 2:7 3:19, the writer of Genesis tells us that God made man out of the dust of the earth. Now, how in the world did anyone figure out that we are made up of the same chemicals as found in the earth? Even if you want to make up some explanation, the actual chemistry of this is pretty amazing, something we have only begin to fully appreciate in the past century or so. If you want to attribute this to a really phenomenally lucky guess, that’s fine. The writer of Genesis has made some pretty amazing lucky guesses, hasn’t he? On the other hand, maybe this is not just a lucky guess; perhaps this Bible is the Word of God.

7)     You will recall that the Bible describes an unusual environment, where it did not rain during the antediluvian age. This is simply an oddity to find this aspect of the antediluvian era mentioned. We instinctively don’t want to believe this, but the writer of Genesis includes this, with the same matter-of-fact approach that he applies to everything else. It is not over-emphasized and receives little fanfare.

8)     Jesus is presented in the Gen. 3 and 4. He is called the Seed of the Woman in Gen. 3:15. An animal had to be sacrificed in order to clothe Adam and Eve with animal skins (Gen. 3:21). Furthermore, the Old Testament speaks of covering our sins whereas the New Testament speaks of the forgiveness of our sins. God covered the nakedness of Adam and the woman after they sinned. Along the same lines, Abel’s sacrifice of an animal was acceptable, but Cain’s offering of fruits and vegetables was not (Gen. 4:1–5). The slain animal speaks of Jesus on the cross, bearing our sins. Although this is subtle, it is still found in the Genesis. The use of literary subtlety does not negate theological principles. This is the death of Jesus Christ on the cross presented in shadow form. Furthermore, this theme—Jesus Christ dying on the cross for our sins—will be continually presented in shadow form again and again and again in the Old Testament.

9)     In Gen. 5, we have the first genealogy of promise—the regenerate genealogy if you will—and hidden within this genealogy is the gospel of Jesus Christ and the future history of man. Bear in mind, the Old Testament was preserved accurately by Jews; so they had no reason to try to square the Old Testament with Christian theology. At no time did some influential set of Jews look at the New Testament and decide, we need to make the Old Testament conform to the New. Given the animosity between Jews and Christians in the first century, doing something like that would make absolutely no sense. Furthermore, we have portions of the Old Testament which predate Jesus Christ by a century called the Dead Sea Scrolls.

10)   Only two names are given prominence in this genealogy, and they both prophetically speak of Jesus Christ. Enoch speaks of the resurrection of Jesus Christ and Noah speaks of the rest offered by Jesus Christ, despite the curse of the earth.

11)   This begins a series of genealogies which will connect the first Adam and the Last Adam, finally summarized in Luke 3, but a line which is continued throughout the Bible by 9 or so different authors over a period a several thousand years. It is fascinating that, even though each family has many children—particularly in Genesis—they always knew which child to go to next for each and every generation for 77 generations.

12)   What is coming up is a very unusual bit of human history, but just the opposite of what you would expect is emphasized. Whereas, the amazing exploits and personalities of corrupted mankind would capture the imagination of most writers, the writer of Genesis will focus, instead, on the flood—the judgment of God; the ark—which is the salvation of God; and then he will lay out a series of details which are surprisingly reasonable, given the circumstances.

If you believe in Jesus Christ, then these 12 amazing things by themselves ought to convince you of the accuracy of the Old Testament.

1 http://hinduism.iskcon.com/practice/402.htm accessed November 4, 2009.

2 http://www.herongyang.com/2009/2009_chinese_calendar_gb.html accessed November 4, 2009.

 

The testimony of Jesus:

 

It is worth repeating that Jesus took the Scriptures (the Old Testament) and spoke of them often, taking them as authoritative. If the Old Testament is a book of fables and tall tales, or exaggerated events, why would Jesus treat them as inerrant?

Let’s look at it this way: Jesus is view as their Savior by believers and as a great teacher or as a prophet by others. Why would a Savior, great teacher or prophet treat fables as historically accurate?

The Testimony of Jesus Concerning the Old Testament

1)      Jesus constantly referred back to the Old Testament Scriptures as authoritative. Matt. 21:42 Mark 12:10

2)      He told the sadducees that they were in error because they did not know the Scriptures, nor did they believe in the power of God. Matt. 22:29 Mark 12:24

3)      Jesus taught that the traditions of the elders confused and distorted the Word of God. Mark 7:13

4)      Jesus continually spoke of the Scriptures being fulfilled, or that He fulfilled the Scriptures, or that something was coming to pass, as prophesied in the Scriptures. Matt. 26:54–56 Mark 12:10 14:49 15:28 Luke 4:21 John 13:18 17:12 19:28

5)      Jesus proclaimed that the Scriptures could not be broken. John 10:35

6)      Jesus stood upon the Word of God when being tempted by the devil. Luke 4:4

7)      The writers of the gospels observed what things occurred and that these things fulfilled the Old Testament Scriptures. John 19:24, 36–37

8)      Jesus proclaimed that the Scriptures spoke of Him. Luke 24:27 John 5:39

9)      People were both amazed and convinced when Jesus taught them the Scriptures. Luke 24:32, 45

10)    The disciples were convinced of some things because of what they saw and were taught by Jesus from the Scriptures. John 2:22

11)    Jesus used the Scriptures to make authoritative pronouncements. John 7:38

12)    Men determined Who Jesus is, based upon the Scriptures. John 7:42

13)    The disciples were convinced because reality jived with the Scriptures. John 20:9

14)    What Jesus said was equivalent to the Word of God. When He spoke, it was quite phenomenal for any man to claim such authority. However, we now have the exact opposite situation where people cling to the words of Jesus (the ones which they like), but they discount most or all of the Old Testament. Luke 5:1 John 3:34 8:47

15)    in a similar vein, Jesus equates the phrase Word of God with the gospel (the good news of Jesus). Luke 8:4–15, 21

16)    When some woman came along and tried to elevate Mary, the mother of Jesus’ humanity, Jesus told her, “No; rather, blessed are those hearing the Word of God, and keeping it.” (Luke 11:28).

At no time did Jesus ever treat an historical event in the Old Testament as a fable or as a parable, which was designed to teach some deeper or greater meaning. Even though Jesus continually taught in parables, at no time did he take the flood, treat it as a parable, and extrapolate some kind of moral or spiritual meaning from it. Jesus continually recognized and proclaimed the authority and accuracy of the Scriptures.

 

At this point, you need to be challenged. Most people, no matter who they are, concede that Jesus was a great teacher. How is it possible for Jesus to be a great teacher in your eyes if you only agree with about 5% of what He said? I can take any miscellaneous yahoo from any crowd, and probably find a few things he and I can agree on. That does not make him a great teacher. If Jesus spent most of His public ministry affirming the absolute authority of a book of fables, then how can you call Him a great teacher?

 

Testimony of an historian of ancient history:

 

Will Durant, one of the greatest ancient historians of the 20th century, wrote: The discoveries here summarized have restored considerable credit to those chapters of Genesis that record the early traditions of the Jews. In its outline, and barring supernatural incidents, the story of the Jews as unfolded in the Old Testament has stood the test of criticism and archeology; every year adds corroboration from documents, monuments, or excavations...we must accept the Biblical account provisionally until it is disproved. Footnote If Will Durant, a man who knows far more about ancient history than you or I, and a man who doubts Old Testament miracles, can accept that which is not miraculous in the Old Testament as accurate history; how much more ought we, as believers in Jesus Christ, be able to accept the Word of God as it stands written?

 

Chief philosophical difference between evolution and the Bible:

 

The sticking point for many people is evolution. Evolution is taught as a fact in nearly every public school in the United States. It is not presented as merely a theory, but as the only reasonable and scientific explanation for everything around us. Even though I cannot personally recall a single lecture on evolution from my pre-college days (I heard many in college), I completely believed in evolution at the time that I believed in Jesus Christ (age 21). Many of those who believe in evolution have it fundamentally ingrained into their souls as much as they believe in gravity. Many believers in Jesus Christ also believe in evolution and many will automatically react if you suggest that we did not evolve, and that there is reason to support this.

 

Evolution is a philosophy build upon death and imperfection. Somehow, when the first bird mutated from reptile parents, this bird of the reptiles was not quite yet a bird. No one thinks that two lizards had a perfect bird; but that there was some kind of intermediate thing, with a bird characteristic or two, which eventually gave birth to something with more bird-like characteristics. Eventually, after millions of years, this was perfected, through many imperfect part-bird/part reptiles, and many deaths. Scales slowly morphed into feathers, and the body somehow became lightweight enough to fly; and the metabolism changed from being cold-blooded to warm-blooded. If anything sounds like a fable, that does. And the more we know about biology, the less sense this makes. How do scales turn into feathers? How do we have so many reptiles on the way to becoming birds? We know about the DNA of two mating reptiles, and we know how some of these characteristics play out. Yet, despite knowing that, intelligent, educated people believe, reptiles turned into birds (and those evolutionists who do not believe that, believe in transformations which are equally ridiculous).

 

On the other hand, the Bible reads: And God created the great sea animals, and all that creeps, having a living soul, which swarmed the waters, according to its kind; and every bird with wing according to its kind. And God saw that it was good (Gen. 1:21). There are no half-measures in the book of Genesis; God created these animals to bear young according to its kind, and that it was good. Not a tenth good, needing some evolution; just plain good. Death is seen as a result of man’s sin; not because God used death in order to cause life forms to evolve. Sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, so also death passed to all men, inasmuch as all sinned (Rom. 5:12). God’s restoration was all good, which is repeated again and again in Gen. 1. It is because of man that death came into the world.

 

Evolution is actually the thinking and philosophy of Satan. We are brought up to believe that everything is getting better and better and better. This explains why there are intelligent people who sincerely believe that we can progress to a world without nuclear weapons. They believe in man and in the evolution of man. However, the Bible teaches that we are all fallen man and that our salvation is based upon Jesus Christ, not upon man becoming better in some way (nicer, more peaceful, more religious, or more of whatever you think is better). We will see technological advances which are quite impressive, but man will stay the same.

 

Additional reasons why the Bible is not filled with fables:

 

In a previous lesson, I discussed certain scientific principles found throughout the Bible—the earth being a sphere; the earth hanging upon nothing, the earth in an orbit, for instance—and how these dozens of principles are alluded to thousands of years before man understood them. That lesson is found here.

 

There are prophecies about Jesus Christ from the very beginning of the Old Testament (Gen. 3:15) to the very end (Mal. 3:1–2). I covered a few of those prophesies in a previous lesson here. For other studies, I have gone into much greater detail on the Old Testament prophecies about Jesus Christ:

 

http://kukis.org/Doctrines/JesusChristOT.htm

 

I have done this in chart form in these places:

 

http://kukis.org/Doctrines/Chart_Jesus_Old_New.htm

 

http://kukis.org/Charts/Messianic_Prophecies.htm

 

So, if the Old Testament knows all about Jesus before His incarnation, and we know that we can trust the Bible in that regard, then it is reasonable and logical we can trust the historical events of the Bible, even if there are some unusual aspects to these events.

 

Concluding remarks:

 

I would like you to bear all of this in mind while we examine the corruption of mankind by fallen angels and the judgment of God by means of the Great Flood. And so that you do not feel as if this is some form of blind, irrational faith, always bear in mind that there are traditions in almost every ancient culture which speak of these two related events.


Several pages ago, you will recall that we determined that the sons of God in Gen. 6 (during the time of Noah) are fallen angels and that the daughters of men represent the female population of the earth.


Gen 6:1–2 And it happened, that men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them. The sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were pleasant; and they took wives for themselves from all whom they chose.


Since the idea of fallen angels cohabiting with human females seems a bit fantastic, let’s make certain that this is what is being taught, and that it is a reasonable thing to believe.

Why the Sons of God in Gen. 6 are Angels

1)      The designation here, sons of God, is found in Job 1:6 2:1 38:7, where it clearly refers to angels.

2)      Two New Testament passages look back upon this time frame, and are consistent with this being sexual unions between angels and women, and that a flood was brought to destroy all the population of the earth, except for Noah and his family. And the angels who did not keep their proper domain, but left their own abode, He has reserved in everlasting bonds under darkness for the judgment of the Great Day (Jude 1:6). Jude refers to a group of angels who did not keep to their own proper domain, and these, God has set aside in everlasting bonds under darkness until the Judgment Seat of Christ. This cannot refer simply to angels who have fallen with Satan (Rev. 12:4) who are called demons in the New Testament (Matt. 4:24 7:22 etc.), because they are active in the Old Testament, during the Dispensation of the Hypostatic Union and during the Church Age (Deut. 32:7 Psalm 106:37 Matt. 4:24 8:16 Acts 16:18 25:19 1Cor. 10:21 1Tim. 4:1 Rev. 16:14). Since demons continue to function between the time of Moses and the 2nd Advent of Christ, then demons of are reserved in bonds of darkness must refer to a specific group of demons in history, whose actions are so heinous as to require God to so restrict them. Gen. 6 is the only place in the Bible to which this could logically refer.

3)      Peter, in fact, associates these same angels with Noah and the flood: For if God did not spare the angels who sinned, but cast them down to Tartarus and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved for judgment; and did not spare the ancient world, but saved Noah, one of eight people, a man proclaiming righteousness, bringing the flood on the world of the ungodly;... (2Peter 2:4–5). Here, they are called angels who sinned; God casts them into Tartarus and they are set aside for a later judgement, held with chains of darkness. So, even if the Jude passage is not clear to you, Peter is very clear.

4)      Fallen angels cohabiting with human females is exactly what mythology is all about and helps to explain why we find various national mythologies having common themes in almost every ancient culture. Mythology is all about the gods coming to earth, having sex with women and producing superhuman offspring who chase women and fight. We have been told incorrectly that these are the ways that man either explained things or taught some kind of morality; but for this to be a consistent theme in most ancient cultures, having an historical basis for these stories makes even more sense.

5)      Gen. 6:3 tell us that the men of this earth are also flesh; that is, they are also human.

6)      Later in this chapter, God will speak of mankind being corrupted. This is the perfect word to describe the human race, which had become totally corrupted by angelic infiltration and sexual unions with angels. What remained on this earth were 8 people who were still uncorrupted. Gen. 6:11–12

7)      Throughout the Bible, God takes actual historical events and uses these to teach a greater spiritual truth. Here, corrupt mankind is analogous to man sinning and passing along the sin nature from generation to generation. In order to solve this problem, there must be a great judgment and a cleansing (which is the historical judgment and cleansing of the flood). Gen. 6–8

8)      Satan is a great Biblical scholar and a counterfeiter as well. Satan understood that the Seed of the Woman would somehow be divine; so, in this age of anarchy, Satan instructs his angels to fornicate with the daughters of men. This produces a race of half-angel/half-man creatures, who are counterfeits of the hypostatic union (Jesus Christ, the God-man). This is also an attempt to corrupt the entire human race so that it cannot be saved.

9)      In most instances where angels interact with man, they have the form of man. Gen. 18 is one example of many.

10)    The human form these angelic beings were allowed to assume would have been powerful, and they would have been extremely charming creatures with vast intelligence; characteristics which would have drawn women to them. By contrast, human women would have been pleasant enough for an angel, which is precisely the language used in Gen. 6:2. If you are a male who has dated a beautiful girl, of whom you thought, “This woman is so gorgeous; I wish she would shut the heck up,” that would probably convey the attitude of the fallen angels (except that they viewed the women as pleasant and not gorgeous).

11)    There are only 2 other theories which are presented to explain Gen. 6. The alternate, false theories are:

         i.       One of these false theories is that these sons of God are men in the line of Seth, and that they get involved with the wild women of Cain’s line. God does, from time to time, wipe out certain groups of people and certain nations when they reach a critical degeneracy point. However, removing all life from the earth is a more dramatic measure than we find anywhere else in the Bible (even at the end of the Tribulation, only unbelievers are removed from the earth).

         ii.      A second false theory is, these sons of God are powerful tyrants, perhaps demon-possessed men, who corrupt the earth. Again, this does not square with the identical terminology as is found in Job; and God destroying the entire earth seems a bit extreme, even under these circumstances.

12)    Destroying the entire population of the earth, save 8, seems to be warranted if all men have become corrupted in this way.

13)    God is just, righteous and omniscient. This means that God has all of the facts, that he acts appropriately and God does not overreact.

14)    The fact that God would destroy all life on earth would require remarkable circumstances to lead Him to do that. In fact, since we are looking at a unique occurrence in human history—a worldwide flood—it is reasonable to suppose there are unique factors leading up to the flood. A corruption of the entire human race by fallen angels would be unique and corrupting enough as to require a worldwide flood. Men being just sinful—or, more specifically, believers and unbelievers marrying and having a bunch of wild, undisciplined kids— does not seem to rise up to a point where God must destroy all mankind; there has to be more going on than just human sinfulness.

There are only 3 theories as to what is occurring in Gen. 6. The first theory is consistent with the use of the designation sons of God elsewhere; it is consistent with a limited state of anarchy; it is consistent with mythology; and it is consistent with a dramatic destruction of all flesh by a worldwide flood. The other two theories are unsatisfactory with respect to these very same things.

One speculative thought occurs to me—also in mythology, there are some who are half-animal and half-man; and we have the legend of the werewolf, which changes back and forth between being a man or a wolf; so the thought has occurred to me, perhaps angels cohabited with animals as well. There is nothing in the Bible about this, but it may help to explain why God chose to destroy all men and all animals together.


Gen 6:1–2 And it happened, that men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them. The sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were pleasant; and they took wives for themselves from all whom they chose.


There is one more thing which I find fascinating here, and that is how the sons of God found the daughters of men to be. They did not look upon these women with great lust. They did not see these women as being incredibly beautiful. The word found here is ţôwb (טוֹב) [pronounced tohbv], which means, pleasant, pleasing, agreeable, good; approved. Strong’s #2896 BDB #373. This is not a word used to describe the incredible beauty of a woman. We might use this word to say that Jennifer Lopez is a good businesswoman or that she has good taste in clothes; but we would use other words if we wanted to better describe her physical charms (and there are many common Hebrew words in the Bible used to describe incredible physical beauty; but not this word). And the Bible is not shy about identifying men or women as being particularly handsome or beautiful (e.g., Saul, David or Tamar or Tamar, her niece—1Sam. 9:2 16:12 2Sam. 13:1 14:27). So describing these women as good or pleasant is not exactly a glowing review (it is like saying, “Yeah, that was a good movie; I mean, it was okay.”).


Remember, these are angelic creatures, who are incredibly beautiful themselves. So when Satan tells his demon corps to go down to earth and to fornicate with human women, they look them over and decide, “They’re alright; they’re pleasant. I can live with that. They are attractive enough.” Because these are angels, they are not looking upon these women with incredible and uncontrollable sexual lust.


——————————


And so says Yehowah, “Will not judge My Spirit in the man to forever, in that also he [is] flesh, and will be his days a hundred and twenties a year.”

Genesis

6:3

And Yehowah said, “My Spirit will not always contend [the Greek has abide in] in mankind forever, in that he [is] also flesh. Therefore, his days will be 120 years.”

And Jehovah said, “My Spirit will not always contend with mankind forever, in that he is also flesh. Therefore, his days will be 120 years.”


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                And the Lord said by His Word, All the generations of the wicked which are to arise shall not be purged after the order of the judgments of the generation of the deluge, which shall be destroyed and exterminated from the midst of the world. Have I not imparted My Holy Spirit to them, (or, placed My Holy Spirit in them,) that they may work good works? And, behold, their works are wicked. Behold, I will give them a prolongment of a hundred and twenty years, that they may work repentance, and not perish.

Jerusalem targum                  And the Word of the Lord said, The generations which are to arise shall not be judged after (the manner of) the generation of the deluge, (which is) to be destroyed, and exterminated, and finally blotted out. Have I not imparted My Spirit to the sons of men, because they are flesh, that they may work good works? But they do works of evil. Behold, I have given them a prolongment of a hundred and twenty years, that they may work repentance; but they have not done it.

Latin Vulgate                          And God said: My spirit shall not remain in man for ever, because he is flesh, and his days shall be a hundred and twenty years.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And so says Yehowah, “Will not judge My Spirit in the man to forever, in that also he [is] flesh, and will be his days a hundred and twenties a year.”

Peshitta (Syriac)                    Then the LORD said, My spirit shall not dwell in man forever, because he is flesh; let his days be a hundred and twenty years.

Septuagint (Greek)                And the Lord God said, My Spirit shall certainly not remain among these men forever, because they are flesh, but their days shall be one hundred and twenty years.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Contemporary English V.       Then the LORD said, "I won't let my life-giving breath remain in anyone forever. No one will live for more than one hundred twenty years."

Easy English                          Then the *Lord said, `My Spirit shall not struggle with people for always because they are human. They shall live for 120 years.'

Easy-to-Read Version            Then the LORD said, "People are only human. I will not let my Spirit be troubled by them forever. I will let them live only 120 years." People...120 years Or "The spirit from me will not live in people forever, because they are flesh. They will live only 120 years." Or "My Spirit will not judge people forever, because they will all die in 120 years."

Good News Bible (TEV)         Then the LORD said, "I will not allow people to live forever; they are mortal. From now on they will live no longer than 120 years."

The Message                         Then GOD said, "I'm not going to breathe life into men and women endlessly. Eventually they're going to die; from now on they can expect a life span of 120 years."

New Berkeley Version           Then the Lord said, My Spirit shall not forever remain in man since he has gone astray; he is flesh [Flesh, as Adam spoke of it, was untainted. Now the word suggests weakness; in time it will mean human nature without God’s Spirit.], I will allow him another 120 years.

New Life Bible                        Then the Lord said, "My Spirit will not stay in man forever, for he is flesh. But yet he will live for 120 years."

New Living Translation           Then the Lord said, "My Spirit will not put up with [Greek version reads will not remain in] humans for such a long time, for they are only mortal flesh. In the future, their normal lifespan will be no more than 120 years."


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          Then Jehovah God said: 'I won't allow My Breath to stay with these men through the ages, for they are fleshly. So their [lives] will only last one hundred and twenty [more] years.'

Beck’s American Translation Then the LORD said: “My Spirit will not forever struggle with people for what is right [Greek shall not abide forever in these people], because they are flesh. But they will still have a hundred and twenty years.”

Christian Community Bible     Yahweh then said, “My spirit will not remain in man for ever, for he is flesh. His span of life will be one hundred and twenty years.”

God’s Word                         Then the LORD said, "My Spirit will not struggle with humans forever, because they are flesh and blood. They will live 120 years."

New American Bible              Then the LORD said: My spirit shall not remain in human beings forever, because they are only flesh. Their days shall comprise one hundred and twenty years.

NIRV                                      Then the Lord said, "My Spirit will not struggle with man forever. He will die. He will have only 120 years to live until I judge him."

New Jerusalem Bible             Yahweh said, 'My spirit cannot be indefinitely responsible for human beings, who are only flesh; let the time allowed each be a hundred and twenty years.'

New Simplified Bible              Jehovah said: »My Spirit will not contend (judge) (plead) with man forever, for he is mortal and corrupt. Therefore his days will be a hundred and twenty years.«

Revised English Bible            But the Lord said, ‘My spirit will not remain in a human being for ever, because he is mortal flesh, he will live only for a hundred and twenty years.’


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      Yahweh said, "My spirit-wind will not plead forever with ignorant humans. He is flesh: his days will be a hundred and twenty years."

Bible in Basic English             And the Lord said, My spirit will not be in man for ever, for he is only flesh; so the days of his life will be a hundred and twenty years.

Complete Jewish Bible           ADONAI said, "My Spirit will not live in human beings forever, for they too are flesh; therefore their life span is to be 120 years."

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 Consequently, the Ever-living said, “My spirit shall not call to man for ever, for he is sinful flesh; but they shall have one hundred and twenty years.”

HCSB                                     And the LORD said, "My Spirit will not remain with mankind forever, because they are corrupt. Their days will be 120 years."

JPS (Tanakh—1985)               The Lord said, “My breath shall not abide [Meaning of Hebrew uncertain.] in man forever, since he too is flesh; let the days allowed him be one hundred and twenty years.”—

New Advent Bible                  And God said: My spirit shall not remain in man for ever, because he is flesh, and his days shall be a hundred and twenty years.

NET Bible®                             So the LORD said, "My spirit will not remain in [The verb form יָדוֹן (yadon) only occurs here. Some derive it from the verbal root דִּין (din, "to judge") and translate "strive" or "contend with" (so NIV), but in this case one expects the form to be יָדִין (yadin). The Old Greek has "remain with," a rendering which may find support from an Arabic cognate (see C. Westermann, Genesis, 1:375). If one interprets the verb in this way, then it is possible to understand רוּחַ (ruakh) as a reference to the divine life-giving spirit or breath, rather than the LORD's personal Spirit. E. A. Speiser argues that the term is cognate with an Akkadian word meaning "protect" or "shield." In this case, the LORD's Spirit will not always protect humankind, for the race will suddenly be destroyed (E. A. Speiser, "YDWN, Gen. 6:3," JBL 75 [1956]: 126-29).] humankind indefinitely ["forever."], since [The form בְּשַגַּם (beshagam) appears to be a compound of the preposition בְּ (beth, "in"), the relative שֶ (she, "who" or "which"), and the particle גַּם (gam, "also, even"). It apparently means "because even" (see BDB 980 s.v. שֶ).] they ["he"; the plural pronoun has been used in the translation since "man" earlier in the verse has been understood as a collective ("humankind").] are mortal ["flesh."]. They [“he”] will remain for 120 more years ["his days will be 120 years." Some interpret this to mean that the age expectancy of people from this point on would be 120, but neither the subsequent narrative nor reality favors this. It is more likely that this refers to the time remaining between this announcement of judgment and the coming of the flood]."

NIV – UK                                Then the Lord said, `My Spirit will not contend with [Or My spirit will not remain in] humans for ever, for they are mortal [Or corrupt]; their days will be a hundred and twenty years.'


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

American KJV                        And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.

Concordant Literal Version    And saying is Yahweh Elohim, "Not abide shall My spirit in the human for the eon, in that moreover, he is flesh. And come shall his days to be a hundred and twenty years.

English Standard Version      Then the LORD said, "My Spirit shall not abide in man forever, for he is flesh: his days shall be 120 years."

exeGeses companion Bible   THE SHORTENED LIFE SPAN

And Yah Veh says,

My spirit pleads not eternally with humanity,

for in his erring inadvertently, he is flesh:

yet so be his days, a hundred and twenty years.

NASB                                     Then the Lord said, " My Spirit shall not strive [Or rule in; some ancient versions read abide in] with man forever, because he also is flesh [Or in his going astray he is flesh]; nevertheless [Or therefore] his days shall be one hundred and twenty years."

Syndein                                  And Jehovah/God {God the Father} said, "My Spirit {Ministry of the Holy Spirit in making the gospel real to the human women and their half-breed offspring} shall not convince {in a courtroom type setting - diyn/dun} man inside forever. For that {in the reversionism of man} he also is flesh {human with an Old Sin Nature} . . . yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years {from this point to the coming of the flood}." {Note: Diyn/dun means convict, convince, judge, rule, govern, and contend. Here it refers to the ministry of God the Holy Spirit making the gospel clear to those with positive volition at the point of God consciousness. They have this opportunity to do so every day they are still alive in time. In this case, until they die or the flood comes - 120 years.} {Note: God is stating that all the humans and half-humans on the Earth would be evangelized strongly for 120 years - grace before judgment. At the end of the 120 years, the flood would come. The sign that the flood was soon to come was the death of Methuselah. Methuselah means 'when he is dead it shall be sent'. 'It' is the flood! RBT says Methuselah lived until the year of the flood.}.

A Voice in the Wilderness      And Jehovah said, My Spirit shall not continually strive with man, for indeed it is in flesh to sin; yet his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.

World English Bible                Yahweh said, "My Spirit will not strive with man forever, because he also is flesh; yet will his days be one hundred twenty years."

Young’s Updated LT             And Jehovah says, “My Spirit does not strive in man—to the age; in their erring they are flesh:” and his days have been an hundred and twenty years.

 

The gist of this verse:          God warned that His Spirit would not continue to condemn man internally, because man is also flesh, but that He would give man 120 years before the judgment.


Genesis 6:3a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

ʾâmar (אָמַר) [pronounced aw-MAHR]

to say, to speak, to utter; to say [to oneself], to think

3rd person masculine singular, Qal imperfect

Strong’s #559 BDB #55

YHWH (יהוה) [pronunciation is possibly yhoh-WAH]

transliterated variously as Jehovah, Yahweh, Yehowah

proper noun

Strong’s #3068 BDB #217

lôʾ (לֹא or לוֹא) [pronounced low]

not, no

negates the word or action that follows; the absolute negation

Strong’s #3808 BDB #518

dîyn (דּין) [pronounced deen]

to judge, to correctly evaluate, to evaluate, to condemn, to vindicate; to defend [the right of anyone]; to rule, to regulate; to contend with

3rd person masculine singular, Qal imperfect

Strong’s #1777 BDB #192

This is the first occurrence of this verb in the Old Testament.

The Greek has this verb instead.

katamenô (καταμένω) [pronounced kaht-ahm-EHN-oh]

to remain permanently, to abide

3rd person singular, aorist active subjunctive

Strong’s #2650

rûwach (רוּחַ) [pronounced ROO-ahkh]

wind, breath, spirit, apparition

feminine singular noun with the 1st person singular suffix

Strong’s #7307 BDB #924

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

ʾâdâm (אָדָם) [pronounced aw-DAWM]

a man, a human being, mankind; transliterated Adam

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #120 & #121 BDB #9

The word the Adam can mean man, mankind, humankind, human beings.

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to, with reference to, as to, with regards to, belonging to

preposition

No Strong’s # BDB #510

ʿôwlâm (עוֹלָם) [pronounced ģo-LAWM]

long duration, forever, everlasting, eternal, perpetuity, antiquity, futurity; what is hidden, hidden time

masculine singular noun

Strong’s #5769 BDB #761

ʿôwlâm together with the lâmed preposition mean forever, always.


Translation: And Yehowah said, “My Spirit will not always contend [the Greek has abide in] in mankind forever,... First of all, just who is God speaking to? He is not speaking to man, as He speaks of man in the 3rd person. Therefore, it is logical that God is speaking to the angels, and making a pronouncement about mankind.


Although the Greek has a different verb here, it is possible that verb is a result of trying to figure out what God is saying here. However, in order for a person to be saved, they need spiritual information. Fallen man has no place where this spiritual information can be discerned, because fallen man does not have a spirit (where information about God is stored), but only a soul. So, in order to reveal the gospel to man, the Holy Spirit acts as man’s human spirit temporarily and reveals to gospel to man. Man either chooses to believe or not.


Genesis 6:3b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

ʾăsher (אֲֹשֶר) [pronounced ash-ER]

that, which, when, who, whom

relative pronoun

Strong's #834 BDB #81

Properly, this is the relative particle:

she– (–ֶש) [pronounced sheh]

who, which, that

relative particle

Strong’s #7945 (from #834) BDB #979

This is spelled shel (שֶל) [pronounced shehl], but apparently is shortened further and affixed to a word or set of words. This relative particle appears to be a form of or a synonym of the relative pronoun ʾăsher (אֲֹשֶר) [pronounced uhsh-ER], which means that, which, when, who or how. Strong's #834 BDB #81. Although BDB says that Its usage appears to be confined to later Hebrew and passages with a northern Palestine coloring Footnote ; it occurs as early as Gen. 6:3.

gam (גַם) [pronounced gahm]

also, furthermore, in addition to, even, moreover

adverb

Strong’s #1571 BDB #168

hûwʾ (הוּא) [pronounced hoo]

he, it; himself as a demonstrative pronoun: that, this (one)

3rd person masculine singular, personal pronoun; sometimes the verb is, is implied

Strong’s #1931 BDB #214

bâsâr (בָּשָׂר) [pronounced baw-SAWR]

flesh; body; animal meat

masculine singular noun

Strong's #1320 BDB #142


Translation: ...in that he [is] also flesh. This verse has a couple of slightly different renderings, mostly because the translators do not know what is going on in this passage, therefore the actually translation does not make sense to them. The first verb in the quote is dîyn (דּין) [pronounced deen]; and it can mean to judge, to exercise judgement, to punish and it can mean plead (the cause) or to strive. The latter translation is found in Gen. 30:6 Jer. 5:28 30:13. Then there is the elusive Footnote preposition shel (שֶל) [pronounced shehl], and it means on account of, because, whatsoever, whichsoever. Man is in the singular masculine meaning that it stands for mankind; and is followed by the relative pronoun in the singular masculine. Gam (םַ) [pronounced gam] is an adverb denoting addition and it can be translated also, moreover, yea or even.


God will continue to witness to mankind below, even though most of man is half-angel, half-man at this point; but God will still plead the gospel with them, because man is also flesh. God has also given man a cutoff time. For 120 years, Noah will proclaim the gospel to the masses for 120 years, regardless of their origins, and he will have but seven converts, his wife, his three sons and his three daughters-in-law, (who wisely chose to marry into Noah's family). An additional purpose fo the line of Noah is now more obvious: this line shows that Noah was descended from 100% homo sapiens. There were no angels in the woodpile for Noah. Noah's father and grandfather both died prior to the flood and the means of their death is not told to us.


There are certainly other theories on what this means. The most common theory is that the two lines represent the line of Seth and the line of Cain intermarrying; another is that the sons of God refer to kings who could choose whatever women they wanted because they were kings. It is true that Israel often became corrupt due to intermarriage with people of other religions but this is not Israel that we are speaking of here. God has said nothing about who can marry who. Furthermore, whether we have the line of Cain mixed with the line of Seth (who have the same father), does that require God to wipe them off the face of the earth with a flood? Can Cain's line really be that bad? Further, it is possible that there were kings at that time, but we must remember that we are less than a dozen generations from Adam and Eve. They have certainly populated the earth quickly, as lifetimes tended toward the millennial mark and cities began to be built, but this does not mean that man has banded into separate nations as of yet (or city-states). God seems to encourage this type of separation later in Gen. 9. The point is, these theories come very short of dealing with the passage in context, with the quotations from Jude and Peter, and when it comes to dealing with Noah being perfect and all flesh being corrupt, these theories will also prove to be inadequate.


In the previous two verses, man has been corrupted by angels, which were allowed to cohabit with man. The angels married and had sex with human females, and those females had children which are the basis for our mythology which has come down to us today from many sources. Although we tend to study Greek and Roman mythology (and sometimes Norse mythology), this is found in many ancient cultures. Wikipedia writes: The main characters in myths are usually gods, supernatural heroes and humans. As sacred stories, myths are often endorsed by rulers and priests and closely linked to religion or spirituality. In the society in which it is told, a myth is usually regarded as a true account of the remote past. Footnote As we have already studied, there are a number of creation myths, many of which have some Biblical elements within them.


What we have on earth are angels, which have bred with women, and their offspring, where are half-angel/half-man, just as we find in mythology. Apparently, we have come to a point in history where the only people who are 100% human are Noah, his family and the wives of his sons.


So far, we have: And Jehovah said, “My Spirit will not always contend with mankind forever, in that he is also flesh.” So, what is on the earth are beings which are part man, and they have free will. God has to take them into consideration. It will be important to note that no corrupted soul will appear to choose for God or choose to believe in the Revealed Member of the Trinity.


It is interesting to note that, our faith must always be directed toward the Revealed Member of the Trinity, Whom we know as Jesus Christ. Faith in God the Father is not enough; faith in the Holy Spirit is not considered enough. Only faith in the Person of Jesus Christ, whether in His preincarnate form, His incarnation or as testified to in the pages of Scripture.


There are some real problems with this verse, and an alternate reading is, And Jehovah said, “My Spirit will not always strive with man in his going astray, for he is flesh.” Although most translations are similar to the former translation, there are some problems with each translation.


The difference between the texts is in the pointing. The original text of the Old Testament was written with only consonants, and it was read so often that, most learned Jews knew how to pronounce the text, even though it lacked vowels. However, some time around the incarnation of Christ or before, the Masorites determined that, in order to preserve the text and the correct pronunciation of the words, along with the Hebrew language (which was not being used any more), vowels needed to be inserted. They did not want to simply add to the text, as this was revered as the Word of God, so they placed dots, and hyphens, and jots and tittles Footnote above and below the consonants. This way, the text was retained exactly as originally written, if one ignored the markings above and below the text itself. This is one of the few passages where the vowels are in question, and a different pointing (a different set of vowels) gives us a slightly different understanding of this verse.


I think that there is a textual error here, and that perhaps there should have been the repetition of the same consonants, but with different vowel points, yielding, And Jehovah said, “My Spirit will not always strive with man in his going astray, in that he is also flesh.” It is not out of the question for a passage like this to be missing some letters which were repeated. This is a common copyist error which is found elsewhere in the Bible, and easily explained (the copyist looks up to a specific set of letters, and then looks down and begins to copy them; when he looks up again he finds these same set of letters, and he copies what follows, leaving out one set of repeated letters).


Like almost all textual problems found in the Bible, the difference in the text is minor and has no effect upon any major or minor doctrine of Scripture. We do not find, for instance, one set of manuscripts from one part of Israel, which tout one set of doctrines, and another set of manuscripts where many passages are changed in order to reflect a different perspective from another part of Israel. There are a lot of theories out there, e.g., various people or groups of people changed or modified passages in the Old Testament, which would have resulted in dramatically different manuscripts. However, what we find, from the year 100 b.c. on up to 1400 a.d. are remarkably accurate and consistent manuscripts with very minor differences such as this particular one. And, most importantly, the ancient Hebrew manuscripts upon which we depend, do not reflect any set of doctrinal differences related to a particular family of manuscripts. Although the Bible was not as ubiquitous in those days as now, the idea of changing a passage in the Bible back then, would have been nearly impossible, as there were too many texts. The Dead Sea Scrolls are essentially the remains of a library. It would be foolish to think that this was the only ancient collection of books in the Judæan area. For much of ancient history, various books of the Old Testament no doubt existed in dozens of libraries, if not hundreds. My point in this digression is, although there are several people who say that this or that group made wholesale changes to the Bible, making such changes would have been impossible to do.


On the other hand, doctrinal differences can certainly be a part of any translation of the Hebrew and Greek (far more than any supposed changes made to the Old or New Testaments). There are particular slants and approaches which guide many English translations. A common doctrinal slant is, some English Bibles use a vocabulary which favor the charismatic movement and speaking in tongues; other English translations use a different English vocabulary which yields a text which does not support the views of the charismatic movement (one translation might use the words ecstatic utterances while another might use the word dialects). Wholesale doctrinal differences can be imbedded within an individual translation, but it is something which is not found in ancient families of manuscripts (a family of manuscripts would be manuscripts which appear to be associated with a particular city where such manuscripts were made).


What may surprise you is, the Catholic Bible, apart from the inclusion of the Apocrypha, is not dramatically different from the Protestant Bible. A Catholic Bible is a translation of a translation (Jerome translated the Hebrew and Greek into Latin—an excellent translation, might I add—and his Latin text is used as the basis for many Catholic Bibles). However, more modern Catholic-approved translations, e.g., the Revised English Bible or the New Revised Standard Version, make use of all ancient texts.


I have spent a long time on just a couple of letters in the text of Gen. 6:3, and went on quite a tangent. You may be thinking, well, then, just pick a translation of Gen. 6:3 and go with it; because, you can see that the differences are fairly insignificant. This is the case throughout the Old Testament. Human errors crept into the copying process; but they are so few and so minor, as to be remarkable. However, they ought to be pointed out, so that you realize just how trivial most of these manuscript problems are (this passage is actually a fairly significant textual problem, comparatively speaking).


Gen 6:3a And Jehovah said, “My Spirit will not always plead a cause for [or, strive with, vindicate] man in his going astray, in that he is also flesh.”


The verb translated to strive in many translations has several meanings associated with the judicial system. It can also mean to plead a cause. Although there are several theories about this particular word (Dr. Robert Dean says that recent scholarship suggests that this word means to remain, stay, or abide), it is found 25 times in the Bible, always with a judicial connotation. God is making a case with man—even with corrupted mankind—to believe in Him. I think the most accurate understanding here is, God will not permit man to have an open-ended offer of vindication in this state of being half-man/half-angel.


God has allowed, for a time, angels to have relationships with man. In fact, this antediluvian period of time appears to be a time of no specific law or government. It is not quite anarchy, as God specifically judged Cain; but judgment appears to be God’s. In the Garden of Eden, God allowed Satan to indwell a serpent. Satan could not allow the man and the woman to simply live in a peaceful existence in the Garden of Eden. We are very aware of how large this earth is, and how much larger the universe is, so even though Satan was allowed some modicum of freedom of movement, he chose to interfere with mankind very early on rather than to isolate himself.


Have you ever been to a beach and witnesses a smaller child build a sand castle, and, as soon as it is finished, a larger child comes along and wreaks havoc on this creation? This is what the fallen angels did. Satan observed the man and the woman, for days, and possibly for years, and formulated a plan to bring them down and to destroy their idyllic existence.


This is an important fact of sin. Rarely do we choose to just sin alone, and leave all others unaffected. Our sins almost always impact other people. A person in the illegal drug business, as an obvious example, is dependent upon ruining the lives of 100's or 1000's of other people, in order to be successful. Sin and rebellion against God do not just exist in a vacuum.


We isolate criminals from society by putting them in jail; and yet, most of them, when released, go back to doing the same things with their lives, which involves the corruption of many others.


In Gen. 6, we find the same thing. Fallen angels are given some leeway in their ability to interact with man, and their desire is to corrupt mankind. God had promised Adam and Eve is that they would be delivered (saved) through Eve’s childbearing. The fallen angels heard this and, when given the opportunity, attempted to corrupt that process. They were allowed to take on a physical form to interact with mankind, and their purpose in this was to woo women and to corrupt their children by a sexual union between angels and women.


Note how consistent this is with the psyche of women. Women tend to like men they see as intelligent, strong, and powerful; they are attracted to men with whom they feel some measure of inferiority. What could be more impressive and attractive to a woman than an angel, in the form of a man? If I was at a party with Brad Pitt, George Clooney and Jude Law, I would suspect that the women at that party would pay much more attention to these guys than to me.


Man’s erring or going astray refers to this corruption of the seed of the woman. One of Satan’s consistent aims is to take a promise of God and try to corrupt it, nullify it or distort in some way. Satan, who is the father of lies, treats all truth in this manner—he corrupts it, distorts it or attempts to nullify it.


Genesis 6:3c

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

The wâw conjunction can be used before causal sentences and rendered because, for, that, in that (Gen. 18:32 30:27 Psalm 5:12 60:13); before conclusions or inferences, and therefore rendered so that, therefore, wherefore (2Kings 4:41 Isa. 3:14 Ezek. 18:32 Zech. 2:10); and before final and consecutive sentences, which mark an end or an object: in order that (Gen. 42:34 Job 20:10 Isa. 13:2). To paraphrase Gesenius, frequently, it is put after verbs and sentences standing absolutely, especially those which imply time or condition and is reasonably rendered then. Footnote

hâyâh (הָיָה) [pronounced haw-YAW]

to be, is, was, are; to become, to come into being; to come to pass

3rd person plural, Qal perfect

Strong's #1961 BDB #224

yâmîym (יָמִים) [pronounced yaw-MEEM]

days, a set of days; time of life, lifetime; a specific time period, a year

masculine plural noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong’s #3117 BDB #398

That the plural of days often refers to a year can be seen in Lev. 25:29 1Sam. 1:3, 20 2:19.

mêʾâh (מֵאָה) [pronounced may-AW]

one hundred, a hundred, hundred

feminine singular numeral

Strong’s #3967 BDB #547

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʿeserîym (עֶשְׂרִים) [pronounced ģese-REEM]

twenty

plural numeral adjective

Strong’s #6242 BDB #797

shânâh (שָנָה) [pronounced shaw-NAW]

year

feminine singular noun

Strong’s #8141 BDB #1040


Translation: Therefore, his days will be 120 years.” Although many of the translations suggest that man had his life in general shortened, that does not really appear to be the thrust of this passage (particularly since many people prior to the flood lived for way more than 120 years). What makes much more sense is, this is the countdown to the worldwide flood. At the time that God spoke, there would be 120 years remaining.


The first 3 verses of Gen. 6 read:


Gen 6:1–3 And it was that men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them. The sons of God [i.e., fallen angels] saw the daughters of men, that they were pleasant; and they took wives for themselves from all whom they chose. And Jehovah said, “My Spirit will not always plead a cause for [or, strive with, vindicate] man in his going astray, in that he is also flesh. Yet his days will be 120 years.”


We have already studied and confirmed that these are fallen angels who have taken human females as their sexual partners, producing offspring which are half-man/half-angel, which is an attempt to corrupt the Seed of the Woman. All flesh on the earth, apart from Noah’s immediate family, had been so corrupted.


There are only 2 other theories which have been offered up to explain this passage, and, as we studied, neither theory holds water.


You may wonder, how could women allow themselves to be violated by demonic beings? We may reasonably assume that the fallen angels were allowed to take some sort of human form just as we will see angels who come to deliver messages to man seem to have a human form as well. Furthermore, women are drawn to men who are strong and powerful and intelligent. We mortals are nothing compared to angels. So when a woman was to choose between an angelic creature and a human male, the choice was easy. Besides, these fallen angels would simply kill any man who challenged them.


Gen 6:3 And Jehovah said, “My Spirit will not always plead a cause for [or, strive with, vindicate] man in his going astray, in that he is also flesh. Yet his days will be 120 years.”


The one primary mistake made with this verse is to think that it assigns a life expectancy of 120 years to man; it does not do that. This would make no sense, as in previous passages and future passages, in this same book, men will show a gradual decrease in their lifespan, from over 900 years down to about 70 years.


Let’s first of all touch on life expectancy. In working with the isolation of genetic traits in animals (e.g., with cats and dogs), we have, in a very short amount of time (in less than 1000 years), been able to develop breeds with specific physical and personality traits. We have also found that, such breeding generally reduces the lifespan, strength or other positive aspects of the dog (or cat). Therefore, if we take the line of Adam and Eve, but continue to restrict this line, to remain within certain families of this line, then we would expect to also negatively impact man’s lifespan, which is exactly what has occurred.


This 120 years simply means that, from that point, God gave this generation 120 years to believe in Jesus Christ (i.e., Jehovah Elohim). As we have seen in the study of the previous chapter, when Noah was about 480 years old, God started him on this mission. About 20 years later, in this midst of all this, Noah sires 3 sons. Before the ark was completed and the rains came, these 3 sons found wives who were also uncorrupted. It is even possible that these wives are their sisters, as incest was not forbidden until the Mosaic Law.


God allows 120 years during which mankind, such as it was, would be given the chance to change their minds and turn to God. This sort of thing is found throughout the Bible and throughout human history. God is going to judge a group of men (e.g., a nation), but there is a period of grace where man is allowed to turn toward Him (e.g., Nineveh during the time of Jonah; [northern] Israel before being militarily defeated and dispersed in 721 b.c.; or Judæa during the incarnation of Jesus).


God gives grace to man before judgment; that is, there is always a time period during which God reveals the truth, and allows those who believe in His Son to be saved. These are edited notes from one of Robbie Dean’s sermons:

The Principle of Grace Before Judgment

1.     Before every divine judgment throughout human history, God always gives mankind a period of grace during which to be saved. God does this for nations, and He does this for individuals. God gives us grace before judgment in our own personal spiritual lives. Before He lowers the boom in divine discipline, He will precede that with grace to give us an opportunity to rebound (to confess our sins), and to get back into fellowship so that we walk by means of the Holy Spirit. At this particular time there was a 120-year period time of intense evangelism before the judgment of the flood. However, what often happens in human history is, God gives grace and man rejects it.

2.     There never has been a time in history when mankind did not have the opportunity to believe in Jesus Christ. No matter what the dispensation was, man was always given a chance to believe in Jesus Christ. In the antediluvian civilization, there was a period of time there for them to respond to the gospel. In the Old Testament period, the gospel always anticipated deliverance, it looked forward to the promised seed of the woman, and that was the focal point of salvation. Just because we don't know how the gospel got around, just because we don't have historical records, doesn't mean the gospel did not make its way to many different nations. In fact, from the little bit of evidence that we do have in the New Testament era we know that the gospel has made it to a lot of places in many different eras by a variety of means.

3.     God's grace before judgment prior to the flood: God granted the human race 120 years of warning, according to Genesis 6:3—120 years of hearing Noah proclaim the gospel. Methuselah, in the line of promise, doesn't die until just before the flood. So there were others in that line who were believers who were also proclaiming the gospel. Noah was not the only one, but all of the others were older and they would have died physically prior to the flood. And as Hebrews 11:7 points out (By faith Noah, being warned by God concerning events as yet unseen, in reverent fear constructed an ark for the saving of his household. By this he condemned the world and became an heir of the righteousness that comes by faith.). They not only proclaimed the gospel verbally but the fact that he and his sons were building the ark was a visual statement of condemnation of that antediluvian civilization.

4.     In the Old Testament the prophets warned the Jews about the approaching judgments of 722 B.C. when the Assyrians took out the northern kingdom of Israel, and they warned the southern kingdom about the judgment of Babylon coming in 586 B.C. In fact, 100 years earlier Isaiah was prophesying about the approaching of the Babylonian destruction of Israel.

5.     Jesus warned the Jews in Matthew 24 about the coming judgment for rejecting Him as Messiah. They were warned about the Roman armies coming and destroying Jerusalem.

6.     Every person has adequate testimony to the existence of God prior to death. Romans 1:20 says: So that they are without excuse. That tells us that every human being has common grace that presents clear evidence that God exists. His invisible attributes are made clear in the heavens, but man rejects that and suppresses the truth by means of unrighteousness.

7.     In the Tribulation period the gospel will be proclaimed as never before in human history and there will be numerous warnings; grace will precede the judgments.

Taken from Robert Dean’s Genesis-041 series (The Flood: Grace) (slightly edited).


Noah would have been in one place building this ark with his sons. So Noah probably did not travel about proclaiming the coming of the flood (although this is possible). Half-angel/half-man creatures probably came to Noah. Remember, those who sin cannot leave those who do not sin alone (this is a principle; I am not asserting that Noah is sinless). Sin has an innate desire to corrupt others. Just as a drug user will try to encourage others to use drugs, just as an atheist will try to convert believers, Footnote so would corrupt humanity come to Noah’s project to alternately ridicule or dissuade him. This is how fallen man and fallen angels operate. Noah would, at their arrival, answer their jibes and proclaim the coming flood, which would be God’s judgment on this world.


An interesting theological question is, what if some of these half-angel/half-man creatures believed in Jehovah Elohim? That is, trusted in Him for their salvation? I have pondered this from time to time and I don’t really have an answer, apart from saying, God would be just in His actions in such a case. However, none did, so this question is moot. We do know that God gave corrupt mankind 120 years to believe in Him, and no one did, apart from Noah’s uncorrupted family.


A better question is, why didn’t any of these half-angel/half-men believe in Jehovah Elohim? Here, I have a theory. Angels and fallen angels are brilliant. Fallen angels have chosen to take a stand against God. They would be persuasive enough to either convince their young that they could not be saved; or that there was no loving God out there. Is it possible for extremely intelligent creatures to convince inferior intellects of things which are false? Of course. That is what some aspects of public education are all about. That is how you can have intelligent, educated people believe in evolution or man-caused global warming; and argue for it as if their lives depended upon it. Both theories are being taught to our children as fact in our schools today without any opposing evidence being presented (and there is a lot of scientific evidence out there which calls both theories into question).


Gen 6:3 And Jehovah said, “My Spirit will not always plead a cause for [or, strive with, vindicate] man in his going astray, in that he is also flesh. Yet his days will be 120 years.”


There was probably a very practical aspect to this 120 year time period: this gave Noah enough time to design the Ark; build the ark; to establish a zoo of sorts, so that animals may be collected and kept on his land; and to gather the food and water necessary for the animals and for his family Although the Bible devotes a lot of time to the flood itself (from Noah’s perspective), it tells us precious little about the preparations which Noah and his family made. At the suggestion of Dr. Dean on his Genesis series, I have been reading a book called Noah’s Ark: A Feasibility Study by John Woodmorappe. Quite frankly, it is not the most entertaining book that tI have ever read; Woodmorappe goes through every conceivable detail of an undertaking such as we have here. He determines how many animals there were; what their sizes would have been; what their food and water needs would be (to the point of discussing the diets of these animals); and he even deals with the waste made by these animals and the smell. Woodmorappe takes nothing as being accomplished supernaturally, apart from the flood itself. He considers far more details than ever occurred to me, and shows how these things could have been accomplished. There are 5 or 10 citations on each page to back up the assertions that he makes (that is, actual studies which have been done in animal husbandry as related to each aspect of the ark). He goes as far as to examine decomposing excreta—its odor and the hazardous gas it produces. I don’t necessarily recommend this book as a good and interesting read; but, if you doubt that the situation to be herein described could occur, then you need to get Woodmorappe’s book to see that it is entirely possible and even reasonable. One additional point on Woodmorappe’s book—he always looks at the worst case scenario; the maximum number of animals; the assumption that there is no hibernation which takes place; the assumption that there is nothing supernatural about this endeavor (apart from the actual flood itself, which is certainly not completely supernatural).


This chapter and this passage open up a Pandora’s Box of questions. If you have something which is born of man (with a sin nature) and from a fallen angel (which do not procreate among one another), can this person/demon be saved? We really do not know, but, we do know that none of them trusted in Jehovah Elohim. Even at this time, Noah was offering up animal sacrifices, and yet, he was only able to evangelize his own immediate family.


Today, we are impressed by numbers. When a mega-church has a membership of 10,000 and there are hundreds added to the rolls each month, we see this as being a successful and blessed ministry. When Billy Graham would go out to evangelize, and thousands of people would show up, and hundreds and even thousands would come forward, we see this as being successful. However, success is not in numbers. A large church may or may not teach accurate doctrine. An evangelist may speak to large crowds or small crowds, and the response might be large and it might be small (and it might be nonexistent)—that is immaterial. The key is, are you faithful to God’s calling? Are you faithful to the Word of God?. A pastor may preside over a handful of people and he may preside over several thousand. No matter what the numbers are, the pastor needs to faithfully and accurately teach the Word of God.


Here, Noah is given the responsibility to evangelize the earth, and he does this by the building of an ark and offering up animals. People knew about this ark. And when they asked Noah, he would tell them, “God is going to judge this earth and cover it with water. You need to believe in Jehovah Elohim.” And, for 120 years, Noah ended up with a total congregation of 7. And, he probably made his sons come and participate when they were young (they were apparently born after God gave this warning).


You need to contemplate these numbers: there could have been as many as several billion people on the earth (half-fallen angel, half-person); and Noah evangelized for 120 years, and he ended up with 7 regular congregants. This indicates great faithfulness to the plan of God on the part of Noah. How many pastors are out there with a congregation of 20, and they are holding down a second job in order to make ends meet, and this congregation does not ever seem to grow in numbers, whereas, the mega-church down the street seems to grow by leaps and bounds? Such an experience can be difficult for a pastor to endure, but if that is your spiritual gift, then you go with it. If you have a congregation of 10 or 20, and you are accurately teaching the Word of God, then you are doing the will of God. Noah here is a great man of God, and he proclaims the Word of God daily, and his congregation reaches a grand total of 7 and stays right there. For all we know, his son’s wives might even be their sisters, which would indicate that all Noah was able to evangelize as his own family (and not necessarily every member).


In your life, you may impact a very small number of people. You might lead 3 people to Jesus Christ and you might start 1 or 2 other people on the road to spiritual growth. The key is not numbers, it is your faithfulness.


So that there is no confusion, faith is meaningless without an object. There is no substance to some ethereal, unfocused faith. Faith needs an object, and that object is first Jesus Christ, and then Bible doctrine, the Word of God. It is only through the Bible that we have a direction for our faith. It is only in the truth of the Word of God which gives meaning and substance to our faith. This is why the believer must begin to know the Word of God after salvation.


Noah, in order to act, will have to exercise faith. It cannot be some undirected faith toward the undefined; he had to place his faith in something very specific. Being divinely warned by God about the things not yet having been seen, moved by reverence and fear, by faith Noah prepared an ark for the salvation of his house; through which he condemned the world and became heir of the righteousness according to faith (Heb. 11:7). Noah had a faith toward God and toward God’s Word. He acted based upon his faith in what God told him.


There has to be more to your life that simply believing in Jesus Christ and then exercising a nebulous, unfocused, directionless faith in whatever happens. Faith in Jesus Christ is very specific, and that faith in Christ is the door to your salvation. Faith in what God says (the Bible) is the key to the rest of your life on earth. And you must know the Word of God in order to have faith in the Word of God.


The first 3 verses of Gen. 6 read:


Gen 6:1–3 And it was that men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them. The sons of God [i.e., fallen angels] saw the daughters of men, that they were pleasant; and they took wives for themselves from all whom they chose. And Jehovah said, “My Spirit will not always plead a cause for [or, strive with, vindicate] man in his going astray, in that he is also flesh. Yet his days will be 120 years.”


We have studied these verses quite thoroughly, and I have shown that this is a demonic corruption of humanity. I believe that, even at this time, Satan had some understanding of the redemption of mankind as well as some knowledge of the Seed of the Woman (and possibly the Hypostatic Union?), and that this was his response to those doctrines.


There are 2 things which Satan does well: he lies and he counterfeits:

Satan’s Counterfeits

1.     The Hypostatic Union is the union of God and man into One Person forever, the Person of Jesus Christ. Whether this was intentional or not, Satan has counterfeited the Hypostatic Union with the mixture of fallen angels and man. Satan’s intention was undoubtedly to corrupt all mankind; however, he ended up counterfeiting the Hypostatic Union. Gen. 6:1–5 Jude 1:6 2Peter 2:4–5

2.     Satan has a semi-organized system of evangelists, preachers, and apostles. That there are counterfeit religious types should not be surprising, as Satan presents himself as an angel of light. For such men are sham apostles, dishonest workmen, masquerading as apostles of Christ. And no wonder, for even Satan himself masquerades as an angel of light. So it is no surprise if his servants also masquerade as ministers for doing right, whose doom will be in accordance with what they do (2Cor. 11:13–15). See also Matt. 13:24–30

        a.     There are false apostles in 2Cor. 11:13 Rev. 2:2

        b.     False prophets in Matt. 7:15 Mark 13:22 2Peter 2:1 1John 4:1.

        c.     False teachers in 2Peter 2:1.

        d.     False Christs, also called antiChrists. These are those who deny that Jesus is the Messiah (the Christ): Who is the liar but he who denies that Jesus is the Christ? This is the antichrist, he who denies the Father and the Son (1John 2:22). See also Mark 13:22 1John 2:18

3.     These false evangelists and counterfeit ministers proclaim a false gospel. Paul writes to the Galatians: I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel--not that there is another one, but there are some who trouble you and want to distort the gospel of Christ. But even if we or an angel from heaven should proclaim to you a gospel contrary to the one we [originally] proclaimed to you, let him be accursed. As we have said before, so now I say again: If anyone is proclaiming to you a gospel contrary to the one you received, let him be accursed (Gal. 1:6–9). For if someone comes and proclaims another Jesus than the one we proclaimed, or if you receive a different spirit from the one you received, or if you accept a different gospel from the one you accepted, you are ready to put up with [these means purveyors of truth] (2Cor. 11:4). These false prophets and false teachers even deny the Lord Who bought them (2Peter 2:1).

4.     Satan has developed his own system of false doctrine. Now the Spirit expressly says that in later times some will depart from the faith by devoting themselves to deceitful spirits and teachings of demons, through the hypocrisy of men who speak lies, branded in their own conscience as with a hot iron, who forbid marriage and require abstinence from foods that God created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and know the truth (1Tim. 4:1–3). Certainly you know one religion which forbids marriage to its ministers and another religion which forbids the eating of certain kinds of food.

5.     Satan even has a counterfeit Communion Table. You cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons. You cannot partake of the table of the Lord and the table of demons (1Cor. 10:21). These are simply false religious rites and rituals.

6.     Satan has a counterfeit righteousness, a counterfeit system of morality and a counterfeit system of religion. An example of such rites and rituals is criticized and condemned by Christ in Matthew 23:23–35: “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint and dill and cumin, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law: justice and mercy and faithfulness. These you ought to have done, without neglecting the others. You blind guides, straining out a gnat and swallowing a camel! Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you clean the outside of the cup and the plate, but inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence. You blind Pharisee! First clean the inside of the cup and the plate, that the outside also may be clean. Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs, which outwardly appear beautiful, but within are full of dead people's bones and all uncleanness. So you also outwardly appear righteous to others, but within you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness. Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you build the tombs of the prophets and decorate the monuments of the righteous, saying, 'If we had lived in the days of our fathers, we would not have taken part with them in shedding the blood of the prophets.' Thus you witness against yourselves that you are [truly] the sons of those who murdered the prophets. Fulill, then, the standard of your fathers. You serpents, you brood of vipers, how are you to escape being sentenced to hell? Therefore I send you prophets and wise men and scribes, some of whom you will kill and crucify, and some you will flog in your synagogues and persecute from town to town, so that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of innocent Abel to the blood of Zechariah the son of Barachiah, whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar.” The scribes and pharisees were the primary religious groups in Jerusalem during the time of Christ. They would do exactly what they said they would not do—they would participate in the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, the God-man, the greatest of the prophets. They presented a religious exterior, but, because they had not believed in Jesus Christ and therefore, were not regenerated (born again), they were filled with sin (or, controlled constantly by their sin natures). Even today, we have religions which kill those with whom they disagree.1

7.     The purpose of Satan in the employment of all of these counterfeits is to blind man and to keep him from the truth. In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God (2Cor. 4:4).

8.     The purpose of these false teachers and false doctrine is to lure men away from the truth, to cause them to depart from the faith. Now the Spirit expressly says that in later times some will depart from the faith by devoting themselves to deceitful spirits and teachings of demons (1Tim. 4:1). For among them [the proud and the arrogant; those completely under the control of their sin nature] are those who creep into households [where churches met] and capture weak women, burdened with sins and led astray by various passions, always learning and never able to arrive at a knowledge of the truth (2Tim. 3:6–7). For the time is coming when people will not endure sound teaching, but having itching ears they will accumulate for themselves teachers to suit their own passions, and will turn away from listening to the truth and wander off into myths (2Tim. 4:3–4).

9.     Satan desires to remove the focus and spiritual walk of the believer by getting him to concentrate on temporal things (Mark 4:16–19). All of this is done by Satan to snare even believers and cause them to do Satan’s will (2Tim. 2:22–26).

10.   Satan has a demon organization, which is a counterfeit of God’s church and His angelic creation (these are the angels which Satan persuaded to sin against God). This unseen demon organization more powerful than any human organization. For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places (Eph. 6:12). If you ever wonder how can such evil things occur and how can man be so blinded or so blatantly cruel, this is why. We are presently at war with spiritual darkness in high places.

11.   Satan’s supreme desire is to be God. Satan, in his fall, said, “I will be like the Most High” (i.e., like God). This corruption of mankind is another Satanic attempt to take back the earth and to rule over it, taking this authority away from man, to whom God had given authority over the earth. Because of this desire to be God, Paul calls Satan the god of this world (2Cor. 4:4) and the prince of the power of the air (Eph. 2:2).

12.   Satan has a counterfeit fatherhood, as Jesus accused some religious types of being like their father, the devil. John 8:44

13.   Since Satan’s religious systems are filled with lies, it is only appropriate that Jesus should also call him a liar and the father of lies (John 8:44). In this way, Satan is the antithesis of Jesus Christ, Who is the way, the truth and the life (John 14:6).

1 See http://thereligionofpeace.com/

References: http://www.divineviewpoint.com/satan_counterfeits.pdf which was written by Buddy Dano (but also taught similarly by R. B. Thieme Jr. and L. S. Chafer before him).

Also see http://www.lakeeriebiblechurch.org/Doctrine/pdf/SATANANDSATANICCOUNTERFEITS.pdf

We may rest assured that Satan did everything that he could to lead people away from God and into doing Satan’s will. At that time, this involved sexual union between fallen angels and human females.


You will recall in Gen. 3 that God covered up the nakedness of Adam and Eve, something which God did not do for Satan and the fallen angels; so that indicated from the beginning that God’s dealings with fallen man would be different than His dealings with fallen angels. Satan noticed this.


Satan was also aware of the importance of the Seed of the Woman (Gen. 3:15), so that, even if Satan did not have a rudimentary understanding of the Hypostatic Union (Jesus Christ being the God-man), he at least understood that the Seed of the Woman was a threat to him; so Satan sought to corrupt the seed of all women.


Satan also wanted his earth back, so corrupting all mankind was his way of taking it back and establishing his dominion over the earth.


Recall that Satan has already been judged (along with the fallen angels), but that judgment has not been carried out yet. Satan is out on appeal, and he will continue to condemn himself and damn himself to the Lake of Fire based upon all of his subsequent acts (subsequent to his own fall).


We find out from Job 1–2 that there is a lot which goes on behind the scenes, some of which we are privy to and some which we are not. Most of us understand the concept of power-lust, even though only a few of us are stricken with that defect of the soul. Given all that we know about Satan from the Bible, we may reasonably assume that he suffers from great power lust and would like to rule over the earth. First leading man to fall and then corrupting mankind is no doubt a part of Satan’s plan to take control of the earth along with all mankind.


We do not know all that goes on behind the scenes. However, it is clear that God gives Satan great latitude in his function. This may seem wrong to you, but remember, God gives both you and I a great deal of latitude on our own lives as well. It is not unreasonable to suppose that Satan was organizing a kingdom of sorts on earth at this time. That would be Satan wanting to be like God.


If you want to understand Satan, outside of the Bible, study Mao, Stalin or Hitler. These men were probably demon-possessed, if not Satan-possessed. They did not want disorderly, chaotic societies. They had a vision for their nations and their people. These men were both feared and beloved by their people, and, amazingly enough, despite the fact that Mao killed more innocent people than any other single person on this earth, he is still held in high regard by many Chinese (I personally know one of them who will fervently argue for the goodness of Mao). It is not a coincidence that both Mao and Stalin forbade evangelism and all 3 men killed millions of Christians and Jews. This is both a practical approach to their tyranny, as well as a clear signature of Satan, who desires fame and will nearly always make his presence known. Killing millions of Christians and Jews, while, at the same time garnering the devotion of the masses, is a clear signature of Satan.


However, the governments that these men set in place were doomed to fail. Paraphrasing what L. S. Chafer said decades ago, “Poverty, war and chaos are not necessarily the intention of Satan but the natural result of his inability to establish a millennial-type rule over this earth.”


The resulting chaos of sin and the intermingling of fallen angels and man resulted in great chaos and violence. This is not necessarily Satan’s objective but the natural result of his inability to establish order and civility.


One of Satan’s great platitudes is that of equality, and the mixture of fallen angels with mankind accomplishes some sort of equality (although all rulers who seek to impose equality, always see themselves as far above those who are made equal). Recall Satan’s lie to the woman, “You will be like God.” He was simply trying to establish an equality of sorts, even though, in no way, did he see himself as low as this lowly creature.


Satan never actually establishes any sort of lasting order, but he polarizes a society, and even if Satan is able to exert the goal of some sort of equality over a country, that leaves a lot of very unhappy people (who are then jailed, reeducated, and/or killed). The few early verses of this chapter give us a glimpse into Satan’s intentions and shortcomings.


——————————


The Nephilim were in the earth in the days the those and also following then, that came in sons of Elohim unto daughters of the man and they bore to them. These [were] the mighty men who [were] from long duration, mortals of the name.

Genesis

6:4

The Nephilim were on the earth in those days; and furthermore, after that, the sons of Elohim went into the daughters of man and they bore (children) to them. These [were] the mighty men who [were] from long ago, mortals of renown.

The Nephilim [giants] were on the earth back in those days; and after that, these sons of God went into the daughters of men and the women bore children to them. These children became the mighty men of long ago, who were mortals of renown.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                Schamchazai and Uzziel, who fell from heaven, were on the earth in those days; and also, after the sons of the Great had gone in with the daughters of men, they bare to them: and these are they who are called men who are of the world, men of names.

Latin Vulgate                          Now giants were upon the earth in those days. For after the sons of God went in to the daughters of men, and they brought forth children, these are the mighty men of old, men of renown.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        The Nephilim were in the earth in the days the those and also following then, that came in sons of Elohim unto daughters of the man and they bore to them. These [were] the mighty men who [were] from long duration, mortals of the name.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    There were giants on the earth in those days; and also after that, for the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bore children to them, and they became giants who in the olden days were mighty men of renown.

Septuagint (Greek)                Now the giants were upon the earth in those days; and after that when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, they bore children to them, those were the giants of old, the men of renown.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Contemporary English V.       The children of the supernatural beings who had married these women became famous heroes and warriors. They were called Nephilim and lived on the earth at that time and even later.

Easy English                          The Nephilim (giant people) were on the earth at that time. They were also there afterwards. The sons of God lay with the daughters of men. And so the sons of God had children. Those children became the famous men that lived a long time ago. They were famous because they were very strong and brave.

Easy-to-Read Version            During this time and also later, the Nephilim people lived in the land. They have been famous as powerful soldiers since ancient times.

Good News Bible (TEV)         In those days, and even later, there were giants on the earth who were descendants of human women and the heavenly beings. They were the great heroes and famous men of long ago.

The Message                         This was back in the days (and also later) when there were giants in the land. The giants came from the union of the sons of God and the daughters of men. These were the mighty men of ancient lore, the famous ones.

New Berkeley Version           There were giants on the earth in those days, and later, too, when the sons of God used to cohabit with the daughters of men, who bore them children, those mighty men of old who made a name.

New Century Version             The Nephilim were on the earth in those days and also later. That was when the sons of God had sexual relations with the daughters of human beings. These women gave birth to children, who became famous and were the mighty warriors of long ago.

New Life Bible                        Very large men were on the earth in those days, and later also, when the sons of God lived with the daughters of men, who gave birth to their children. These were the powerful men of long ago, men of much strength.

New Living Translation           In those days, and for some time after, giant Nephilites lived on the earth, for whenever the sons of God had intercourse with women, they gave birth to children who became the heroes and famous warriors of ancient times.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          Well, there were giants on the earth in those days; for the sons of God were [having sex] with the daughters of mankind, fathering for themselves [children] who were giants and the famous men of that age.

Beck’s American Translation In those days, as well as later, there were tyrants [Or giants; meaning of Hebrew word uncertain; see Num. 13:33] on the earth when the sons of God had intercourse with the daughters of men and they had children. These were the heroes who were famous in the old days.

God’s Word                         The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, as well as later, when the sons of God slept with the daughters of other humans and had children by them. These children were famous long ago.

New American Bible              The Nephilim appeared on earth in those days, as well as later [As well as later: the belief was common that human beings of gigantic stature once lived on earth. In some cultures, such heroes could make positive contributions, but the Bible generally regards them in a negative light (cf. Nm 13:33; Ez 32:27). The point here is that even these heroes, filled with vitality from their semi-divine origin, come under God's decree in v. 3.], after the sons of God had intercourse with the daughters of human beings, who bore them sons. They were the heroes of old, the men of renown.

NIRV                                      The Nephilim were on the earth in those days. That was when the sons of God went to the daughters of men and had children by them. The Nephilim were the heroes of long ago. They were famous men. Nephilim were also on the earth later on.

New Jerusalem Bible             The Nephilim were on earth in those days (and even afterwards) when the sons of God resorted to the women, and had children by them. These were the heroes of days gone by, men of renown.

New Simplified Bible              The NEPHILIM were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God had sexual intercourse with the daughters of men and had children by them. They were the heroes of old, men of renown.

Revised English Bible            In those days as well as later, when the sons of the gods had intercourse with the daughters of mortals and children were born to them, the Nephilim were on the earth; they were the heroes of old, people of renown.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      Barbarians were in the land in those days, and also afterwards. So the sons of God came into the daughters of Adam, and they begot to them their ever mighty men of name.

Bible in Basic English             There were men of great strength and size on the earth in those days; and after that, when the sons of God had connection with the daughters of men, they gave birth to children: these were the great men of old days, the men of great name.

HCSB                                     The Nephilim were on the earth both in those days and afterwards, when the sons of God came to the daughters of man, who bore children to them. They were the powerful men of old, the famous men.

JPS (Tanakh—1985)               It was then, and later too, that the Nephilim appeared on the earth—when the divine beings cohabited with the daughters of men, who bore them offspring. They were the heroes of old, the men of renown.

NET Bible®                             The Nephilim [The Hebrew word נְפִילִים (nÿfilim) is simply transliterated here, because the meaning of the term is uncertain. According to the text, the Nephilim became mighty warriors and gained great fame in the antediluvian world. The text may imply they were the offspring of the sexual union of the “sons of God” and the “daughters of humankind” (v. 2), but it stops short of saying this in a direct manner. The Nephilim are mentioned in the OT only here and in Num 13:33, where it is stated that they were giants (thus KJV, TEV, NLT “giants” here). The narrator observes that the Anakites of Canaan were descendants of the Nephilim. Certainly these later Anakite Nephilim could not be descendants of the antediluvian Nephilim (see also the following note on the word “this”).] were on the earth in those days (and also after this) [This observation is parenthetical, explaining that there were Nephilim even after the flood. If all humankind, with the exception of Noah and his family, died in the flood, it is difficult to understand how the postdiluvian Nephilim could be related to the antediluvian Nephilim or how the Anakites of Canaan could be their descendants (see Num 13:33). It is likely that the term Nephilim refers generally to “giants” (see HALOT 709 s.v. נְפִילִים) without implying any ethnic connection between the antediluvian and postdiluvian varieties.] when the sons of God were having sexual relations with [Heb "were entering to," referring euphemistically to sexual intercourse here. The Hebrew imperfect verbal form draws attention to the ongoing nature of such sexual unions during the time before the flood.] the daughters of humankind, who gave birth to their children [Heb “and they gave birth to them.” The masculine plural suffix “them” refers to the “sons of God,” to whom the “daughters of humankind” bore children. After the Qal form of the verb יָלָד (yalad, “to give birth”) the preposition לְ (lÿ, “to”) introduces the father of the child(ren). See Gen 16:1, 15; 17:19, 21; 21:2-3, 9; 22:23; 24:24, 47; 25:2, etc.]. They were the mighty heroes [The parenthetical/explanatory clause uses the word הַגִּבֹּרִים (haggibborim) to describe these Nephilim. The word means “warriors; mighty men; heroes.” The appositional statement further explains that they were “men of renown.” The text refers to superhuman beings who held the world in their power and who lived on in ancient lore outside the Bible. See E. A. Speiser, Genesis (AB), 45-46; C. Westermann, Genesis, 1:379-80; and Anne D. Kilmer, “The Mesopotamian Counterparts of the Biblical Nephilim,” Perspectives on Language and Text, 39-43.] of old, the famous men [Heb "men of name" (i.e., famous men).].


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Concordant Literal Version    Now the distinguished come to be in the earth in those days, and, moreover, afterward, coming are those who are sons of the elohim to the daughters of the human, and they bear for them. They are the masters, who are from the eon, mortals with the name.

Context Group Version          The Nephilim { or giants } were in the land { or earth } in those days, and also after that, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of man, and they bore [ children ] to them: the same were the mighty men that were of old, the men of renown.

Darby Translation                  In those days were the giants on the earth, and also afterwards, when the sons of God had come in to the daughters of men, and they had borne [children] to them; these were the heroes, who of old were men of renown.

English Standard Version      The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of man and they bore children to them. These were the mighty men who were of old, the men of renown.

exeGeses companion Bible   There are Nephilim in the earth in those days;

and also thus:

when the sons of Elohim

come in to the daughters of humanity

and they birth to them, mighty ones;

originally men of name:...

Green’s Literal Translation    The giants were in the earth in those days, and even afterwards when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore to them; they were heroes which existed from ancient time, the men of name.

LTHB                                     The giants were in the earth in those days, and even afterwards when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore to them; they were heroes which existed from ancient time, the men of name.

Syndein                                  And there were Nephilim/'fallen ones' {from Numbers 13:33 we learn they were Giants in size but 'fallen' may mean 'less than human here'} in the earth in those days {the 120 years before the flood}. Also after that the {fallen} angels {beni ha Elohiym idiom: literally sons of 'Elohim/gods} came in unto the daughters of men and they {the women} gave birth to those same {also half-breed creatures} Nephilim to them . . . {now the Nephilim include half human race that is more powerful than regular mankind - half angelic} the same ones {angelic-human offspring} became mighty men of old . . . men of renown. {Note: RBT indicated that the first half of the sentence indicates that before the flood bestiality may have resulted in creatures less then human - like 'half-man/half -horse' type of creatures. The second half of the sentence then adds that the angels did their cross-species breeding with human women. From that time on, the Nephilim/N@phiyl included half-angelic and half-human children as part of Satan's attack on pure humanity.} {SideNote: It is possible that many of the 'super-human' myths of false religions were based on the qualities that both of these half-breeds possessed. Many of the myths were based on the procreation of human women and animals and women and the fallen angels. These fallen angels are imprisoned in Tartarus today.}.

A Voice in the Wilderness      There were giants on the earth in those days. And also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them, these were the mighty men from antiquity, men of renown.

Young's Literal Translation     The fallen ones were in the earth in those days, and even afterwards when sons of God come in unto daughters of men, and they have borne to them--they are the heroes, who, from of old, are the men of name.

 

The gist of this verse:          The Nephilim, which are called both giants and fallen ones, lived on the earth at this time. And the sons of God had relations with the daughters of men, producing the men and women of mythology.


Genesis 6:4a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

Nephîlîym (נְפִלִים) [pronounced nef-eel-EEM]

giants; fallen ones; and is transliterated Nephilim

masculine singular proper noun with the definite article

Strong's #5303 BDB #658

hâyâh (הָיָה) [pronounced haw-YAW]

to be, is, was, are; to become, to come into being; to come to pass

3rd person plural, Qal perfect

Strong's #1961 BDB #224

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

ʾerets (אֶרֶץ) [pronounced EH-rets]

earth (all or a portion thereof), land, territory, country, continent; ground, soil; under the ground [Sheol]

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #776 BDB #75

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

yâmîym (יָמִים) [pronounced yaw-MEEM]

days, a set of days; time of life, lifetime; a specific time period, a year

masculine plural noun with the definite article

Strong’s #3117 BDB #398

hêm (הֵם) [pronounced haym]

they, those; themselves; these [with the definite article]

3rd person masculine plural personal pronoun

Strong’s #1992 BDB #241


Translation: The Nephilim were on the earth in those days;... We have two logical applications of this name, Nephilim: this can either be applied to the sons of God or to their offspring via the women of earth. Because of the phrase which follows, I would say these are the fallen angels, also called sons of God.

 

ISBE: Nephilim, which is nef´i–lim (נפילים, nephīlīm): This word, translated “giants” in the King James Version, but retained in the Revised Version (British and American), is found in two passages of the Old Testament – one in Gen. 6:4, relating to the antediluvians; the other in Num. 13:33, relating to the sons of Anak in Canaan. In the former place the Nephilim are not necessarily to be identified with the children said to be borne “the daughters of men” to “the sons of God” (Gen. 6:2, 4); indeed, they seem to be distinguished from the latter as upon the earth before this unholy commingling took place (see SONS OF GOD). But it is not easy to be certain as to the interpretation of this strange passage. In the second case they clearly represent men of gigantic stature, in comparison with whom the Israelites felt as if they were “grasshopers.” This agrees with Gen. 6:4, “the mighty men that were of old, the men of renow.” Septuagint, therefore, was warranted in translating by gígantes. Footnote


There was a time period when angels and man coexisted on the earth, prior to the flood, during the antediluvian era. As a part of the appeals process, angels were allowed to have direct and open contact with mankind, although there were certain limitations placed upon them (it is likely that an angel would not be allowed to kill a human—Job 1:12).


Again, examine the other two, incorrect theories of the mixture of the two lines (whether kings and women or Cain's line and Seth's line); if these are men of renown, heroes of the past, why do we not know anything about them today? However, if they are a mixture of angels and man, then almost every ancient culture knows about these men and this information has been brought down to us even to today. A mixture of Seth's line and Cain's line is not going to account for men who are looked back upon as heroes or as men of renown. Properly interpreted, God's Word makes perfect sense at this point. Being that we are in an age where miracles and signs and wonders are rare, people tend to want to remove any hint of supernatural from the Bible. Critics for centuries have tried to discount the miracles of Moses, Elijah and Jesus Christ, claiming that these are but myths. Some fundamentalists get caught in the same trap and more subtly persuaded that since there is no cohabitation between women and angels today, that it therefore never took place before. There are a lot of things in the antediluvian state which is different from our present age. This allowance by God is but one of many drastic dissimilarities between our age and that age.


The Hebrew word for giants is Nephilim. We only find this word used one other time, and this is where the size and power of the people living in Canaan are exaggerated (Num. 13:33). This word is probably taken from the verb nâphal (נָפַל) [pronounced naw-FAHL], which means to fall, to lie, to die a violent death, to be brought down, to settle, to sleep deeply. Strong's #5307 BDB #656. There is also the related word nêphel (נֵפֶל) [pronounced NAY-fell], which means miscarriage, untimely birth, abortion; premature birth. It does not mean an unnatural birth; but a related word might mean that. Strong’s #5309 BDB #658. So, by tradition and use, Nephilim means giants; but etymologically, it means fallen; untimely birth; and possibly, unnatural birth.


It's meaning of Nephîlîym (נְפִלִים) [pronounced nef-eel-EEM] is disputed, which is why it is often transliterated. It is found only elsewhere in Num. 13:33 where a patrol sent out by Moses to the land of Canaan comes back, one of them, Caleb, desiring to overtake the peoples in the land, the majority report was afraid to attack because the people were nephilim and the Jews, by comparison, were grasshoppers in their sight. It is for this reason, the word is sometimes translated giants. This is probably a technical term for these half-angel/half-human beings. They are related to an untimely birth; they are probably larger in stature and much stronger than the Jews; the are fallen creatures. The use in Num. 13:33 could have been an exaggeration based upon this passage. The spies in those circumstances were so nervous and afraid, that they saw these people as not the mythological people of old but similar to these gods. That is, the word was used to incite fear among the Jews (which it did).


The Bible is quite straightforward here: the sons of God (fallen angels) had sex with the daughters of men, and the resultant children were mighty men, warriors; and these men were well-known, even to this day. They were called the Nephilim, a word found nowhere else except as where it is used as an exaggeration. Even though the text of this verse is not decisive in this approach, there is no other that makes sense.


Genesis 6:4b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

gam (גַם) [pronounced gahm]

also, furthermore, in addition to, even, moreover

adverb

Strong’s #1571 BDB #168

Together, the wâw conjunction and the gam particle might mean together with, along with, joined with, and, furthermore, and furthermore. This is the first time that they appear together in Scripture.

ʾachărêy (אַחֲרֵי) [pronounced ah-kuh-RAY]

behind, after; following; after that, afterwards; hinder parts

preposition; plural form

Strong’s #310 BDB #29

kên (כֵּן) [pronounced kane]

so, therefore, thus; then, afterwards; upright, honest; rightly, well; [it is] so, such, so constituted

properly, an active participle; used primarily as an adverb

Strong's #3651 BDB #485

These two words together literally mean after so; however, they appear to mean afterward, afterwards, after these things, after this, [and] after that. See Gen. 15:14 23:19 25:26 Lev. 14:36 Deut. 21:13 1Sam. 10:5.

This is the first time that this word combination occurs.


Translation: ...and furthermore, after that,... This little phrase has caused all kinds of confusion. If place with the previous phrase, it appears that, during this time period, angels (Nephilim) were on the earth; and, sometime after that. However, the next word after this phrase is a relative pronoun, which would naturally refer back to this phrase. Therefore, it is proper to associate this phrase with what follows rather than with what came before.


Genesis 6:4c

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

ʾăsher (אֲֹשֶר) [pronounced ash-ER]

that, which, when, who, whom

relative pronoun

Strong's #834 BDB #81

bôwʾ (בּוֹא) [pronounced boh]

to come in, to come, to go in, to go, to enter, to advance

3rd person masculine plural, Qal imperfect

Strong’s #935 BDB #97

bânîym (בָּנִים) [pronounced baw-NEEM]

sons, descendants; children; people; sometimes rendered men

masculine plural construct

Strong’s #1121 BDB #119

ʾĚlôhîym (אלֹהִים) [pronounced el-o-HEEM]

God; gods, foreign gods, god; rulers, judges; superhuman ones, angels; transliterated Elohim

masculine plural noun with the definite article

Strong's #430 BDB #43

ʾel (אֶל) [pronounced ehl]

unto; into, among, in; toward, to; against; concerning, regarding; besides, together with; as to

directional preposition (respect or deference may be implied)

Strong's #413 BDB #39

bath (בַּת) [pronounced bahth]

daughter; village

feminine plural construct

Strong's #1323 BDB #123

ʾâdâm (אָדָם) [pronounced aw-DAWM]

a man, a human being, mankind; transliterated Adam

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #120 & #121 BDB #9

The word the Adam can mean man, mankind, humankind, men, human beings.


Translation: ...the sons of Elohim went into the daughters of man... First, there are angels on the earth; then these angels find that they are able to have sexual unions with human women.


Although we clearly have male and female people; it appears as though we only have male angels (Matt. 22:30).


Genesis 6:4d

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

yâlad (יָלַד) [pronounced yaw-LAHD]

to give birth, to bear, to be born, to bear, to bring forth, to beget

3rd person plural, Qal perfect

Strong’s #3205 BDB #408

lâmed (לְ) [pronounced le]

to, for, towards, in regards to, with reference to, as to, with regards to, belonging to

preposition with the 3rd person masculine plural suffix

No Strong’s # BDB #510


Translation: ...and they bore (children) to them. Not only did God allow sexual intercourse between angels and women, but He allows for their unions to bear fruit.


Genesis 6:4e

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

hêmmâh (הֵמָּה) [pronounced haym-mawh]

they, those; themselves; these [with the definite article]

3rd person masculine plural personal pronoun

Strong’s #1992 BDB #241

gibbôwr (גִּבּוֹר) [pronounced gib-BOAR]

strong men, mighty men, soldiers

masculine plural noun with the definite article

Strong’s #1368 BDB #150

The original word would be properly applied to one of rank or distinction; a man of “power” — power derived either from office, from talent, or from wealth. It is a word which is often applied to a hero or warrior: Isa. 3:2 Ezek. 39:20 2Sam. 17:10 Psalm 33:16 120:4 127:4 Daniel 11:3 Gen. 6:4 Jer. 51:30. Footnote

This is the first occurrence of this word in Scripture.

ʾăsher (אֲֹשֶר) [pronounced ash-ER]

that, which, when, who, whom

relative pronoun

Strong's #834 BDB #81

min (מִן) [pronounced min]

from, off, out from, of, out of, away from, on account of, since, than, more than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

ʿôwlâm (עוֹלָם) [pronounced ģo-LAWM]

long duration, forever, everlasting, eternal, perpetuity, antiquity, futurity; what is hidden, hidden time

masculine singular noun

Strong’s #5769 BDB #761


Translation: These [were] the mighty men who [were] from long ago,... The plural personal pronoun would reasonable refer back to the result of these angel/female unions. So they produced a race of beings, half angel and half man, whose exploits were known from long ago.


This suggests that the words recorded here, whether written down or spoken and memorized, looks back on antediluvian history.


Genesis 6:4f

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

ʾănâshîym (אֲנָשִים) [pronounced uh-NAW-sheem]

mortals, mortal men, mankind; fallen men, depraved men, feeble men [liable to disease and calamity]; peons, hoi polloi, the great unwashed, rabble

masculine plural construct

Strong's #376 (& #582?) BDB #35 (& 60)

When this word is used for man, the emphasis is either a reference to man in his fallen state (the emphasis does not have to be upon sin; it can be upon man’s fragility and mortal nature) or upon the lower classes of man, the peons, peasants, hoi polloi, the great unwashed, rabble.

However, in times like this, the reference is to angels. My educated guess here is, they have taken upon the form of mortal man. To anyone else, they could not be distinguished from mortal men.

shêm (שֵם) [pronounced shame]

name, reputation, character; fame, glory; celebrated; renown; possibly memorial, monument

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong’s #8034 BDB #1027


Translation: ...mortals of renown. These half-angelic creatures were known for centuries after they had died—in fact, millenniums later.


As you can find out with a google or dogpile search, there is lot out there about mythological figures. All of our greatest ancient cultures have stories about these mythological creatures. What is most often the case, gods come down, have sex with the women on earth, and then children are born to them—men of great renown, just exactly as the Bible tells us.


I simply went through a few myths to pick and choose a few interesting tidbits from them:

Bits and Pieces of Ancient Mythology

Culture

Myth and Commentary

Sumerian (this would be from ancient Iraq, often called the cradle of civilization)

Gilgamish (the protagonist of Epic of Gilgamish) is two thirds-god and one third-man. In the 9th tablet of this epic (out of 12), Gilgamesh makes a perilous journey to visit Utnapishtim (the Faraway, a Sumerian mythological counterpart of Noah) and his wife, the only humans to have survived the Great Flood and who were granted immortality by the gods, in the hope that he too can attain immortality.

Babylonian (this is the same area)

There are two gods from which all others were descended, Apsu (male) and Tiamat (female). From the union of these two were born Lahmu and Lahamu, who are represented as snakes. Each generation brings more gods: Lahmu and Lahamu begat Anshar and Kishar, who bore a son named Anu. Anu sired a son most often called Ea, known as the "all-wise". Each new god born was more perfect and powerful than his predecessors (evolution is not a new idea). In anger, Apsu decided to unmake that which he had made; but Ea learned of Apsu's plans, and kills Apsu.

Babylonian

Marduk is the greatest king of the gods, goes to war against Tiamat, also presented as an ocean. Marduk crafts seven windstorms and fills his body with fire, then mounted his storm chariot and rode off to battle, with 7 hurricanes trailed behind him, causing disturbances in Tiamat's ocean. After defeating Tiamat, Marduk develops the calendar and creates man. Mankind he crafted from the blood of Kingu, and man's purpose was to toil and do physical labor so that the gods might spend their time in leisure.

Persian (same general area, but a more recent culture)

The characters of Persian mythology are generally good or evil. The result is continual discord. There was Zahhak (Azi Dhaka), who was guarded by two vipers which grew out of his shoulders. No matter how many times they were beheaded, new heads grew on them to guard him. The snake is a symbol of evil, as in many other Oriental mythologies.

There is certainly not a direct parallel between these various mythologies and the Bible, but there are interesting similarities which we come across. I chose these particular myths in order to (1) illustrate their weirdness (any myths would have worked for that) and to (2) show some of the parallels which exist between mythology and Biblical history.


You may wonder, why are these myths so dramatically different from one another? At the time of Noah, there was a population on earth of perhaps several billion people. Therefore, there were billions of man-angels to speak of. No doubt, one of Noah’s sons (and perhaps all 3) remembered these men, their exploits, and told these stories of the antediluvian era to their own sons. Furthermore, unlike the Bible, these stories became distorted, skewed and embellished as time went on.


If you spend any amount of time examining the myths of other cultures, they are often very weird and supernatural. The person who tries to convince you that they are no different from the narratives in the Bible is the same kind of person who treats Islam and Christianity as morally and functionally equivalent. No doubt, you have spoken to someone who truly believe that Christianity and Islam are no different, and they might make reference the Crusades, the killing of abortion doctors, and Tim McVeigh in order to make their case. However, there is a great difference both in scope and acceptance. Both Catholic and Protestant groups have nearly universally condemned the Crusades and the killing of abortion clinic workers all the way from the congregations to the highest levels of the denominations (I don’t know of any exceptions; but there are crazies, even in Christianity). There is not this same universal condemnation from Islam concerning, say, suicide bombers. Even in the United States, 8% of the Muslim population believe that suicide bombings of citizens is sometimes justified when in the defense of Islam. For U.S. Muslims under 30, this rises to 15%. Quite obviously, surveys to determine how many Christians approve of the Crusades or Tim McVeigh are non-existent, because the answer would be uninteresting. I could not locate numbers for Christian approval of killing abortion clinic workers, but surely it is far below 1%. Footnote There is a difference in scope as well. Throughout the 1990's and the first decade of 2000, 6 abortion doctors or workers have been killed in the United States and Canada. Footnote On any given day of the year, that would be considered a very slow day for Islamic extremist killings (typically, Muslim extremists kill 5–30 people every single day of the year, including on Ramadan—and most of their victims are civilians and/or fellow Muslims). Footnote Even in war zones like Afghanistan and Iraq, the number of innocent civilians killed by Muslim extremists is about 20x those killed by the establishment military forces there (the United States, its allies, and the establishment military and police force in those countries), as these extremists intentionally target civilians.


Please remember that the Crusades occurred hundreds of years ago with a very corrupt religious institution. The last Muslim attack occurred within the past hour or two. There are more killings by Muslims any given year than during the entire 350 years of the Spanish Inquisition.


Please bear in mind that Satan has a great ego, and when he takes control, he wants you to know who he is. So, even though Hitler, for instance, inspired and moved his nation; we know that he killed millions of Christians and Jews—that is Satan telling us who he is. That is his ego at work.


Back to our topic—the Biblical narrative and mythology: choose any ancient mythology and compare it to the first 10 chapters of Genesis, and it will be clear, even from a cursory reading, that there is a dramatic difference between them. If you maintain that there is no difference between them, you are simply being intellectually dishonest. You might as well set the writings of William Shakespear next to the written howlings of Alan Ginsberg Footnote and claim that they are identical.


Our passage reads:


Gen 6:1–4 And it was that men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them. The sons of God [i.e., fallen angels] saw the daughters of men, that they were pleasant; and they took wives for themselves from all whom they chose. And Jehovah said, “My Spirit will not always plead a cause for [or, strive with, vindicate] man in his going astray, in that he is also flesh. Yet his days will be 120 years.” There were giants in the earth in those days. And also after that, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore to them, these were the mighty men of old, men of renown.


——————————


Chapter Outline

Charts, Maps and Short Doctrines


God Observes This Corruption and Regrets Making Man


Most writers of fiction (or even of history), at this point, would have talked about some of these men; about the gods, about the women, about their children, and exploits of their superhuman children. Instead, this is what the writer of Genesis says:


And so sees Yehowah that great [is] evil of the man in the earth and every imagination of his heart [is] only evil all the day.

Genesis

6:5

And Yehowah observed that great [was] the evil of mankind on the earth and [that] every category of his thinking [was] altogether evil continually.

And Jehovah observed that the evil of mankind on the earth was great and that his every category of thinking was completely infused with evil continually.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                And the Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and all the imagery of the thought of his heart was only evil every day.

Latin Vulgate                          And God said: My spirit shall not remain in man for ever, because he is flesh, and his days shall be a hundred and twenty years.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And so sees Yehowah that great [is] evil of the man in the earth and every imagination of his heart [is] only evil all the day.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    And the LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was evil continually.

Septuagint (Greek)                And the Lord God, having seen that the wicked actions of men were multiplied upon the earth, and that everyone in his heart was intently brooding over evil continually.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           The Lord saw that humanity had become thoroughly evil on the earth and that every idea their minds thought up was always completely evil.

Contemporary English V.       The LORD saw how bad the people on earth were and that everything they thought and planned was evil.

Easy-to-Read Version            The Lord saw that the people on the earth were very evil. The Lord saw that people thought only about evil things all the time.

Good News Bible (TEV)         When the LORD saw how wicked everyone on earth was and how evil their thoughts were all the time,...

The Message                         GOD saw that human evil was out of control. People thought evil, imagined evil--evil, evil, evil from morning to night.

New Berkeley Version           God saw that human wickedness was growing out of bounds on earth; that the intention of all human thinking produced nothing but evil all day.

New Living Translation           The Lord observed the extent of human wickedness on the earth, and he saw that everything they thought or imagined was consistently and totally evil.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          Now, Jehovah God saw that all the badness which men were doing on the earth was increasing, and that the entire motivation of their hearts was always twisted toward evil.

Christian Community Bible     Yahweh saw how great was the wickedness of man on the earth and that evil was always the only thought of his heart.

God’s Word                         The LORD saw how evil humans had become on the earth. All day long their deepest thoughts were nothing but evil.

New American Bible              When the LORD saw how great the wickedness of human beings was on earth, and how every desire that their heart conceived was always nothing but evil,... [6:5-8:22] The story of the great flood is commonly regarded as a composite narrative based on separate sources woven together. To the Yahwist source, with some later editorial additions, are usually assigned 6:5-8; 7:1-5, 7-10, 12, 16b, 17b, 22-23; 8:2b-3a, 6-12, 13b, 20-22. The other sections are usually attributed to the Priestly writer. There are differences between the two sources: the Priestly source has two pairs of every animal, whereas the Yahwist source has seven pairs of clean animals and two pairs of unclean; the floodwater in the Priestly source is the waters under and over the earth that burst forth, whereas in the Yahwist source the floodwater is the rain lasting forty days and nights. In spite of many obvious discrepancies in these two sources, one should read the story as a coherent narrative. The biblical story ultimately draws upon an ancient Mesopotamian tradition of a great flood, preserved in the Sumerian flood story, the eleventh tablet of the Gilgamesh Epic, and (embedded in a longer creation story) the Atrahasis Epic.Ps 14:2-3.

NIRV                                      The Lord saw how bad the sins of man had become on the earth. All of the thoughts in his heart were always directed only toward what was evil.

New Jerusalem Bible             Yahweh saw that human wickedness was great on earth and that human hearts contrived nothing but wicked schemes all day long.

New Simplified Bible              Jehovah saw how great man’s wickedness on the earth had become. Every inclination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil all the time.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      Yahweh saw the evil of many humans in the land, with all the thoughts of the heart designing only evil all the days.

Bible in Basic English             And the Lord saw that the sin of man was great on the earth, and that all the thoughts of his heart were evil.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 And the Ever-living saw that the sin of man increased upon the earth, and that every effort of the thought of his heart was to promote sin every day.

HCSB                                     When the LORD saw that man's wickedness was widespread on the earth and that every scheme his mind thought of was nothing but evil all the time,...

New Advent Bible                  And God seeing that the wickedness of men was great on the earth, and that all the thought of their heart was bent upon evil at all times,...

NET Bible®                             But the LORD saw [The Hebrew verb translated “saw” (רָאָה, ra’ah), used here of God’s evaluation of humankind’s evil deeds, contrasts with God’s evaluation of creative work in Gen 1, when he observed that everything was good.] that the wickedness of humankind had become great on the earth. Every inclination [The noun יֵצֶר (yetser) is related to the verb יָצָר (yatsar, “to form, to fashion [with a design]”). Here it refers to human plans or intentions (see Gen 8:21; 1 Chr 28:9; 29:18). People had taken their God-given capacities and used them to devise evil. The word יֵצֶר (yetser) became a significant theological term in Rabbinic literature for what might be called the sin nature – the evil inclination (see also R. E. Murphy, “Yeser in the Qumran Literature,” Bib 39 [1958]: 334-44).] of the thoughts [The related verb הָשָב (hashav) means “to think, to devise, to reckon.” The noun (here) refers to thoughts or considerations”] of their minds [Heb “his heart” (referring to collective “humankind”). The Hebrew term לֵב (lev, “heart”) frequently refers to the seat of one’s thoughts (see BDB 524 s.v. לֵב). In contemporary English this is typically referred to as the “mind.] was only evil [Every inclination of the thoughts of their minds was only evil. There is hardly a stronger statement of the wickedness of the human race than this. Here is the result of falling into the "knowledge of good and evil": Evil becomes dominant, and the good is ruined by the evil.] all the time [Heb "all the day."] [The author of Genesis goes out of his way to emphasize the depth of human evil at this time. Note the expressions "every inclination," "only evil," and "all the time."].


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Concordant Literal Version    And seeing is Yahweh Elohim that much is the evil of humanity in the earth, and every form of the devices of its heart is but evil all its days.

exeGeses companion Bible   ...and Yah Veh sees

that the evil of humanity is great in the earth

and that every imagination

of the fabrications of his heart

is only evil every day.

LTHB                                     And Jehovah saw that the evil of man was great on the earth, and every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil all the day long.

Syndein                                   {Concentrated Reversionism on the Earth}

And Jehovah/God observed {historically as it occurred} that the evil/wickedness/impurity {ra'} of mankind . . . {was} intensified/saturated on the earth . . . and that every 'frame of reference'/imagination of the thinking/thoughts of his right lobe/heart was only malignant/cancerous evil . . . continually/'all the day'. {Note: Persistent rejection of the gospel and God's plan for man.}.

Young’s Updated LT             And Jehovah sees that abundant is the wickedness of man in the earth, and every imagination of the thoughts of his heart only evil all the day.

 

The gist of this verse:          God observed the great wickedness of man (this would be the corrupted man) and how his thinking was constantly evil.


Genesis 6:5a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

râʾâh (רָאָה) [pronounced raw-AWH]

to see, to look, to look at, to view, to behold; to observe; to perceive, to understand, to learn, to know

3rd person masculine singular, Qal imperfect

Strong's #7200 BDB #906

YHWH (יהוה) [pronunciation is possibly yhoh-WAH]

transliterated variously as Jehovah, Yahweh, Yehowah

proper noun

Strong’s #3068 BDB #217

kîy (כִּי) [pronounced kee]

for, that, because; when, at that time, which, what time

explanatory or temporal conjunction; preposition

Strong's #3588 BDB #471

rabbâh (רָבָּה) [pronounced rahb-BAW]

many, much, great (in the sense of large or significant, not acclaimed)

feminine singular adjective

Strong's #7227 BDB #912

The BDB definitions are much, many, great; much; many; abounding in; more numerous than; abundant, enough; great; strong; greater than; much, exceedingly; [as a masculine noun] captain, chief.

râʿâh (רִַעַה) [pronounced raw-ĢAW]

evil, misery, distress, disaster, injury, iniquity, aberration, that which is morally reprehensible

feminine singular construct

Strong’s #7451 BDB #949

ʾâdâm (אָדָם) [pronounced aw-DAWM]

a man, a human being, mankind; transliterated Adam

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #120 & #121 BDB #9

The word the Adam can mean man, mankind, humankind, men, human beings.

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

ʾerets (אֶרֶץ) [pronounced EH-rets]

earth (all or a portion thereof), land, territory, country, continent; ground, soil; under the ground [Sheol]

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #776 BDB #75


Translation: And Yehowah observed that great [was] the evil of mankind on the earth... Quite obviously, the writer of Scripture here does not go off on a tangent and pontificate about the amazing exploits of these half-angelic creatures, but looks at this time period from God’s vantage point.


We do not have the repetition of the same thought in this verse, but it says two things. First of all, God observes the evil of mankind on the earth. That means that what man did and said each and every day was evil.


Genesis 6:5b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

every, each, all of, all; any of, any

masculine singular construct not followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

yêtser (יֵצֶר) [pronounced YAY-tser]

body, form; ethereally, it means purpose

masculine singular construct

Strong’s #3336 BDB #428

BDB gives this list of definitions: 1) form, framing, purpose, framework; 1a) form; 1a1) pottery; 1a2) graven image; 1a3) man (as formed from the dust); 1b) purpose, imagination, device (intellectual framework).

lêb (לֵב) [pronounced laybv]

heart, inner man, mind, will, thinking; midst

masculine singular noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong's #3820 BDB #524

This is the first tie that this word is used in the Bible.

raq (רַק) [pronounced rahk]

only, provided, altogether, surely—this adverb carries with it restrictive force

adverb

Strong’s #7534 & #7535 BDB #956

raʿ (רַע) [pronounced rahģ]

evil, bad, wicked; evil in appearance, deformed; misery, distress, injury; that which is displeasing [disagreeable, unhappy, unfortunate, sad]

masculine singular adjective used as a noun

Strong’s #7451 BDB #948

kôl (כֹּל) [pronounced kohl]

the whole, all of, the entirety of, all; can also be rendered any of

masculine singular construct followed by a definite article

Strong’s #3605 BDB #481

yôwm (יוֹם) [pronounced yohm]

day; time; today (with a definite article); possibly immediately

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong’s #3117 BDB #398

Together, kôl + yôwm are literally rendered all the day; together, they can also mean all the time, continually, every day; throughout the entire day; perpetually, always.


Translation: ...and [that] every category of his thinking [was] altogether evil continually. The rest of this verse explains where evil comes from: it comes from the thinking of man. The earth was given over more and more to half-angel/half-man beings—half-breeds, if you will—but every category of their thinking was evil continually.


How is it likely that man, left to his own devices, could reach a state of evil this great? Man, throughout history, has always had pockets of evil. But the only difference here, by many expositors, is that man was able to pick and chose the women that he wanted and he lived a lot longer than man today. This is not going to account for this concentration of evil. Again, the only logical explanation for what is going on is that God has allowed the angels to cohabit with women. There has to be more going on here than men just being able to choose women, or the men of Seth choosing women from the line of Cain. That cannot explain the mythological heroes or the incredible concentration of evil. It is difficult to draw a logical line from that to even the continual violence on the earth.


The thinking part of the mind, which is called the heart here arranges material into categories. People are so arranged; ideas are so arranged, places are so arranged; so that, whenever you pull something out of your thinking, it comes from one of these categories that you have set up yourself. Every category of thinking was infused with evil. That is, every category of thinking was only evil.


Have you ever tried to reason with a liberal, and it seems like you are getting so close, and they are beginning to recognize, say, the importance of family and the training of exactly one man and one woman on a brood of children; and how such an upbringing can completely change the thinking of such a person. And then, you talk to them the next day, and there brain is right back where it was before. That is because their souls are infused with liberalism; everything that they think is surrounded by and infused with liberalism. Each structure of thought, each category of thought is all related to liberalism.


This is what we have here; every category of thought was surrounding and infused with evil. There was nothing in their thinking which could be separated from evil.


You may not have caught this, but there appears to be a structural problem in Gen. 6:1–5. Let’s look at these verses again (we have not yet examined v. 5, by the way), and I will boldface the problematic phrase:


Gen 6:1–5 And it was that men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them. The sons of God [i.e., fallen angels] saw the daughters of men, that they were pleasant; and they took wives for themselves from all whom they chose. And Jehovah said, “My Spirit will not always plead a cause for [or, strive with, vindicate] man in his going astray, in that he is also flesh. Yet his days will be 120 years.” There were giants in the earth in those days. And also after that, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore to them, these were the mighty men of old, men of renown. And Jehovah saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.


At first glance, there appears to be 4 classes of creatures: giants (Nephilim), sons of God, daughters of men, and mighty men of old. The language is a little tricky here, and requires some explanation. The general principle is, the Hebrew often goes back and covers the same ground again, as we saw in Gen. 1 and 2.


There is no punctuation in the Hebrew. There are no paragraphs; letters are not separated by spaces. So the syntax of the language itself provides us the structure of a paragraph or a chapter.

The Structure of Gen. 6:1–5

A      And it happened, that men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them.

         B      The sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were pleasant; and they took wives for themselves from all whom they chose.

                  C      And Jehovah said, “My Spirit will not always plead a cause for man [or, vindicate or strive with man] in his going astray, in that he is also flesh. Yet his days will be 120 years.” (There were giants in the earth in those days).

         B      And also after that, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore to them, these were the mighty men of old, men of renown.

                  C      And Jehovah saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

The first A B C gives us a logical progression—there is a population explosion of humankind; followed by the corruption of mankind by angels; followed by a warning of the judgment of God. The writer adds the parenthetical there were giants on the earth in those days.

For the second B and C, we go back to A. This gives us: And it happened, that men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them. And also after that, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore to them, these were the mighty men of old, men of renown. And Jehovah saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

In other words, the phrase and also after that does not mean after God pronounced judgment and there were giants on the earth; but it goes back to after the population explosion of humankind.

 The first progression is: population explosion, corruption of mankind, judgment of God.

The second progression is: population explosion, corruption of mankind, that these were men of great renown whose every thought was evil, and this tells us why God is judging this population of the earth.

The plural demonstrative adjective is applied first to the days in which giants (the Nephilim) are on the earth (There were giants in the earth in those days); and the second time it is used, it is applied to the mighty men (these were the mighty men of old, men of renown).

The author uses this structure to take this situation in two directions; yet he throws in a plural demonstrative adjective twice to suggest that, the Nephilim are the mighty men, the men of renown.

This gives us 3 sets of creatures in total: fallen angels who take on a human form; human women who have sex with these angels in human form, and their offspring, who are called Nephilim, mighty men and men of renown .

My apologies to those of you who think this is far too much detail, but there is some interpretation involved in all of this, so I wanted to give the grammatical structure in order to explain the interpretation. Although this is not exactly the way some Bible translations translate these verses, what I have given here is accurate with respect to the Hebrew text and with respect to a common recurring Hebrew style.


Gen 6:5 And Jehovah saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.


You and I, we’re interested in this half-demon/half-human creatures. What can they do? What are they like? What kind of adventures are they involved in? God focuses in on their thinking instead.


Gen 6:1–4 And it happened, that men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them. The sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were pleasant; and they took wives for themselves from all whom they chose. And Jehovah said, “My Spirit will not always plead a cause for [or, strive with, vindicate] man in his going astray, in that he is also flesh. Yet his days will be 120 years.” There were giants in the earth in those days. And also after that, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore to them, these were the mighty men of old, men of renown.


This, as we have studied, speaks of the corruption of mankind by angels, who were allowed to cohabit with women. The result of their unions has been preserved, to some extent, in the mythology found in nearly every ancient culture.


Gen 6:5 And Jehovah saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.


You will notice the key to these men is not their great strength or their great exploits or even their violence, but their evil thinking. You are what you think. This is what is important. The Bible emphasizes what we think; as what we think is who we are. As a man thinks in his heart, so he is (Prov. 23:7a). What goes on in our frontal lobes is the key to our lives—even our spiritual lives (Rom. 12:1 2Cor. 10:5). Every thought of these Nephilim was anti-God and anti-Bible doctrine (that is, anti-truth).


You may ask, why did God allow this corruption of man to happen? God allows free will; God allows the free will of man and of angels. In the antediluvian age, there does not appear to be a codified law laid out; nor are there specific consequences laid out. God allows human history to teach us a number of things. There is this angelic creation, some of whom are fallen. One objection which people make against the Bible and against God is, how can God cast some of His creatures into hell [more accurately, a Lake of Fire]? Why doesn’t God just let them live somewhere else? The universe is huge and apparently, angels can travel with ease from the earth to the Throne Room of God (Job 1–2). There are apparently millions of planets out there; but fallen angels choose to congregate here, on earth, and do what they can to interfere with God’s creation—specifically with man. The more freedom these angels are given, then more that they bring chaos, harm and suffering to God’s creation.


When you put a criminal in jail for life, what is one of his chief thoughts? How can I escape and reenter society? What crimes can I commit when back in society and how can keep from being re-arrested? Those who are evil will not leave others alone. People are not content to sin alone. Their desire is to bring others into their fold. The criminal, fresh out of jail, does not make a 5–year plan to remove himself from society. He does not determine, I am going to establish a legitimate business, save all of my profits, and buy a house and a plot of land away from society. Most recently-released criminals do not shun illegal activity; they just make a more concentrated effort not to be caught next time around. And all illegal activity has a negative impact on those in the criminal’s periphery.


Criminals do not desire to lead a life apart from society. The example I have given many times in the past is, a person who takes drugs will not do so quietly and alone; he is going to spend some time evangelizing his friends and family to take drugs as well. It is the nature of evil to try to corrupt others; and, as the Bible says, a little leaven, leavens the whole lump (Gal. 5:9). Therefore, God cannot allow any sin. Nor can He allow the tiniest of sins to go unpunished.


Some who take drugs also sell drugs. This person, in order to be successful, has to, for all intents and purposes, ruin the lives of hundreds, if not thousands, of people, to whom he sells drugs; and these people, in turn, cause a great deal of grief to others (they may steal in order to support their own drug habit; they may prostitute themselves in order to support their own drug habit, which leads to a whole other set of problems). Essentially, they must perpetrate chemical murder upon others in order to make their lives work for them.


One of the greatest problems in our society is alcoholism; and this sin does not simply affect the alcoholic. It is a strain on his every human relationship, whether by blood, marriage or vocation. Sin never functions in complete isolation.


We will see this same thing in the Gog and Magog rebellion in the end times. Satan and the fallen angels will be released from their prison after 1000 years (at the end of the Millennium), and the first thing they do is lead man to rebel against God and against perfect environment. So, even after being incarcerated for 1000 years, Satan and his angels are not rehabilitated; they don’t think, let’s just go to some other planet, far away from here, and hang out; they rebel against God and try to take as many people with them as possible. This is in Rev. 20:7–8; and God will judge them and throw them all into the Lake of Fire forever (Rev. 20:9–10).


Continuing on this tangent: how does Satan get man to rebel against Jesus Christ and against perfect environment? Easy. Our election of 2008 is a classic example. At the end of President George W. Bush’s 2nd term, we had enjoyed 28 years of great prosperity in the United States under 4 different presidents. Although there had been 3 recessions during this 28 years (and the beginning of a 4th in 2008), our lives here in America were quite good. Unemployment was in the 4–6% range, inflation was nearly non-existent; interest rates were low, and even though we were engaged in 2 wars, total military death rates were not that different from military deaths during peacetime (a fact which receives no press whatsoever). And for the environmentalists, the United States even had at least one year of economic growth and, simultaneously, a reduction of greenhouse gases. Yet, a significant majority Americans were convinced that we were on the wrong track, despite nearly 3 decades of prosperity—prosperity that almost all America enjoyed and a prosperity and way of life almost unheard of in the rest of the world. In early 2008, newspapers and other media outlets began to report on the horrendous economic situation (using the words Great Depression over and over again), until, by the end of 2008, Americans had been convinced that the United States was in desperate economic peril (there were some terrific economic problems which were occurring, but the media all but ignored the actual origins of those problems). The end result was, people who had no concept of what had occurred economically, were convinced that President Bush systematically spent 8 years destroying the economy (and many of these continue to blame Bush a year later). My point is not to begin a political argument here, but to show that men can be convinced that things are bad without requiring details, clear explanations or even actual facts (at the time that these articles had begun to appear, there were no apparent problems in our economy). All they have to do is hear falsehood again and again from different sources, and they begin to believe it. Lies and propaganda tend to be very effective when someone does not know the truth.


If that example ruffled your feathers, let me give you another. Mao Tse-tung was the greatest mass murderer of the 20th century, killing somewhere between 49,000,000 and 78,000,000 of his own people. Footnote Even though Hitler was an evil son-of-a-bitch, he was not in the same league as Mao when it came to viciously murdering one’s own people. However, today, there is this great stigma attached to Hitler (and rightly so); and when a modern politician is compared to him (like Presidents Bush and Obama), this is a grave insult (and rightly so). However, Mao is not seen the same way, even though he killed at least 4x as many people as Hitler did. In fact, one White House aide recently cited Mao as a philosopher for whom she has high regard. I personally know one Chinese-American woman who is incensed when I tell her that Mao was the worst murderer in the 20th century. She still looks upon Mao with great affection, as do most Chinese (and some governmental officials). Again, my point is, lies and propaganda can be very effective.


In a similar fashion, Satan, in the end times, after 1000 years of perfect environment, will be loosed from confinement and he will lead man in a rebellion against God and against perfect environment, and man will follow him (I suspect that inequality will be one of the issues that Satan will focus upon, because, if there is freedom, there is automatically inequality). That is the nature of sin; and, more specifically, the nature of lies and propaganda.


How did we get from Noah’s ark to here? We began with evil filling the imagination of those upon the earth, which led us to the concept of sin and evil being pervasive and persuasive, which requires God to completely remove sin and evil. This is also true from a practical standpoint and because of God’s perfect character. Since God is perfect righteousness and perfect justice, all sin must be judged, punished and removed. This led us to the fact that man can be led astray by evil, even under conditions of perfect environment (and I then gave the illustration of leading man astray during a good environment).


We are in a situation where God is going to judge the entire world and remove all life from this earth, except for those saved by being associated with Noah. That will be an application of divine justice.


Now lets approach the application of justice in a different way: when you raise a child, and you try to teach him right from wrong, in doing so, consequences have to be real. If you threaten a child with discipline, but never follow through, the child picks up on this rather quickly (a 3-year-old of my acquaintance knew she could pester daddy and get whatever she wanted; but when her mom said no, she did not ask a second time). When a child figures out that there are no consequences—no justice applied to his or her unrighteousness—then he or she will continue to do the things you don’t want them to do. You have given the child a standard of righteousness but he has not received any justice. The two things have to go together. Righteous standards require the application of justice; and justice has to be based upon a set of righteous standards. These things must go hand-in-hand, even in a secular society.


This is exactly what is happening in American schools right now—there are no real consequences for bad behavior, either at the school or at home, so kids are doing whatever they want to do. When I first moved to Texas as a teacher, the ultimate punishment was, a child could be expelled from the school district. There were no alternative schools. So, a kid who took things too far was expelled. Even back then, there were bad kids and bad parents. However, even if a bad kid had lousy parents, that lousy parent would nag this kid every day for an hour while driving him to and from a different school district 20 miles away. Spending an hour a day in a car with a nagging parent was a real consequence (for both parent and child). If this kid gets thrown out of school again, that means he would spend perhaps an hour and a half in a car each day driving to a third school district—and the nagging would increase exponentially. This was a great system of righteousness and justice. Unrighteousness behavior resulted in real consequences (justice), both for the child and the adult or adults in charge of that child. Also, just as importantly, the problem child was removed entirely from his environment where he continued to do wrong (his previous school); which was a good thing for the students there. They saw unrighteousness and they saw it punished; and it was removed from them. There have to be real consequences for wrongdoing. That is, there must be justice applied to a set of righteous standards. There must be righteous standards and there must be justice applied to the person who violates these standards. When dealing with children, it is best when there is participation in and application of this justice by the parents, as they are the most important factors in the life of that child, and God’s authority over that child. The Texas school system, at that time, automatically involved the parent, even if that parent did not want to be involved.


God is perfect and any form of sin, no matter how minor, is an affront to His perfect character. There are real consequences for bad behavior in God’s universe; and the flood of Noah and the destruction of the corrupted human race exemplifies this.


Gen 6:5 And Jehovah saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.


Right now, there are pockets of evil in this world, albeit, very large pockets of evil (in fact, there are entire nations which are evil). There are a great many believers who think evil, who fall into this cosmic system, and support this cosmic system. And, of course, there are believers who are in and out of fellowship, who sometimes sin and sometimes think evil. However, this was all the thinking of all living creatures on this earth who had the capacity to think (apart from Noah and his family, of course).


The LORD saw how evil humans had become on the earth. All day long their deepest thoughts were nothing but evil (God’s Word™).


The LORD saw that man's wickedness was widespread on the earth and that every scheme his mind thought of was nothing but evil all the time (the Holman Christian Standard Bible).


Yahweh saw that human wickedness was great on earth and that human hearts contrived nothing but wicked schemes all day long (the New Jerusalem Bible).


Whereas, a writer of fiction would have told us all about these mighty men, these men of renown, as we find in so many mythologies, God the Holy Spirit focuses our attention upon the thinking of these men.


The human race had become completely polluted, in its humanity and in its thinking.


——————————


And so was sorry Yehowah for he had made the man in the earth; and so He was grieved unto His heart.

Genesis

6:6

Consequently, Yehowah was sorry that He had made man on earth and He was grieved in His heart.

Consequently, Jehovah was sorry that he had made mankind on this earth and this grieved Him in His heart.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                And it repented the Lord in His Word that He had made man upon the earth; and He passed judgment upon them by His Word.

Jerusalem targum                  And there was repentance before the Lord in His Word that He had made man upon the earth...And He said, and judged in His heart.

Latin Vulgate                          It repented him that he had made man on the earth. And being touched inwardly with sorrow of heart.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And so was sorry Yehowah for he had made the man in the earth; and so He was grieved unto His heart.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    And the LORD was sorry that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him in his heart.

Septuagint (Greek)                ...that God took it to heart that He had made man upon the earth, and He pondered it deeply.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Contemporary English V.       He was very sorry that he had made them,...

Easy English                          And the *Lord was sorry that He had made man on the earth. He was bitterly angry.

Easy-to-Read Version            The Lord was sorry that he had made people on the earth. It made the Lord very sad in his heart.

Good News Bible (TEV)         ...he was sorry that he had ever made them and put them on the earth. He was so filled with regret...

The Message                         GOD was sorry that he had made the human race in the first place; it broke his heart.

New Berkeley Version           Then it was grief to the Lord ever having made man on the earth; He felt grieved at heart.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          So God thought about His creating men on the earth, and He reconsidered i.

Beck’s American Translation Then the LORD was sorry He made people on the earth, and He felt sick at heart.

God’s Word                         The LORD was sorry that he had made humans on the earth, and he was heartbroken.

New American Bible              ...the LORD regretted making human beings on the earth, and his heart was grieved. His heart was grieved: the expression can be misleading in English, for "heart" in Hebrew is the seat of memory and judgment rather than emotion. The phrase is actually parallel to the first half of the sentence ("the LORD regretted.").

NIRV                                      The Lord was very sad that he had made man on the earth. His heart was filled with pain.

New Jerusalem Bible             Yahweh regretted having made human beings on earth and was grieved at heart.

New Simplified Bible              Jehovah was grieved that he had made man on the earth. His heart was grieved with pain.

Revised English Bible            ...he bitterly regretted that he had made mankind on earth.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      Yahweh regretted making humans on the land, and grieved in his heart.

Bible in Basic English             And the Lord had sorrow because he had made man on the earth, and grief was in his heart.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 And the Ever-living sighed for the doings of man upon the earth, and it grieved his heart.

HCSB                                     ...the LORD regretted that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart.

JPS (Tanakh—1985)               And the Lord regretted that He had made man on earth, and His heart was saddened.

New Advent Bible                  ...it repented him that he had made man on the earth. And being touched inwardly with sorrow of heart,...

NET Bible®                             The LORD regretted [Or “was grieved”; “was sorry.” In the Niphal stem the verb נָחָם (nakham) can carry one of four semantic meanings, depending on the context: (1) “to experience emotional pain or weakness,” “to feel regret,” often concerning a past action (see Exod 13:17; Judg 21:6, 15; 1 Sam 15:11, 35; Job 42:6; Jer 31:19). In several of these texts כִּי (ki, “because”) introduces the cause of the emotional sorrow. (2) Another meaning is “to be comforted” or “to comfort oneself” (sometimes by taking vengeance). See Gen 24:67; 38:12; 2 Sam 13:39; Ps 77:3; Isa 1:24; Jer 31:15; Ezek 14:22; 31:16; 32:31. (This second category represents a polarization of category one.) (3) The meaning “to relent from” or “to repudiate” a course of action which is already underway is also possible (see Judg 2:18; 2 Sam 24:16 = 1 Chr 21:15; Pss 90:13; 106:45; Jer 8:6; 20:16; 42:10). (4) Finally, “to retract” (a statement) or “to relent or change one’s mind concerning,” “to deviate from” (a stated course of action) is possible (see Exod 32:12, 14; 1 Sam 15:29; Ps 110:4; Isa 57:6; Jer 4:28; 15:6; 18:8, 10; 26:3, 13, 19; Ezek 24:14; Joel 2:13-14; Am 7:3, 6; Jonah 3:9-10; 4:2; Zech 8:14). See R. B. Chisholm, “Does God ‘Change His Mind’?” BSac 152 (1995): 388. The first category applies here because the context speaks of God’s grief and emotional pain (see the following statement in v. 6) as a result of a past action (his making humankind). For a thorough study of the word נָחָם?, see H. Van Dyke Parunak, “A Semantic Survey of NHM,” Bib 56 (1975): 512-32.] that he had made humankind on the earth, and he was highly offended [Heb “and he was grieved to his heart.” The verb עָצָב (’atsav) can carry one of three semantic senses, depending on the context: (1) “to be injured” (Ps 56:5; Eccl 10:9; 1 Chr 4:10); (2) “to experience emotional pain”; “to be depressed emotionally”; “to be worried” (2 Sam 19:2; Isa 54:6; Neh 8:10-11); (3) “to be embarrassed”; “to be offended” (to the point of anger at another or oneself); “to be insulted” (Gen 34:7; 45:5; 1 Sam 20:3, 34; 1 Kgs 1:6; Isa 63:10; Ps 78:40). This third category develops from the second by metonymy. In certain contexts emotional pain leads to embarrassment and/or anger. In this last use the subject sometimes directs his anger against the source of grief (see especially Gen 34:7). The third category fits best in Gen 6:6 because humankind’s sin does not merely wound God emotionally. On the contrary, it prompts him to strike out in judgment against the source of his distress (see v. 7). The verb וַיִּתְעַצֵּב (vayyit’atsev), a Hitpael from עָצָב, alludes to the judgment oracles in Gen 3:16-19. Because Adam and Eve sinned, their life would be filled with pain; but sin in the human race also brought pain to God. The wording of v. 6 is ironic when compared to Gen 5:29. Lamech anticipated relief (נָחָם, nakham) from their work (מַעֲשֶׂה, ma’aseh) and their painful toil (עִצְּבֹן, ’itsÿvon), but now we read that God was sorry (נָחָם, nakham) that he had made (עָשָׂה, ’asah) humankind for it brought him great pain (עָצָב, ’atsav).].

NIV – UK                                The Lord regretted that he had made human beings on the earth, and his heart was deeply troubled.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Concordant Literal Version    And regretting is Yahweh Elohim that He made humanity on the earth, and grieving to His heart.

Context Group Version          And YHWH considered { LXX, Heb., repented } that he had made man on the land { or earth }, and it grieved him at his heart.

exeGeses companion Bible   And Yah Veh sighs

that he worked humanity on the earth

and it contorts at his heart:...

Syndein                                  And Jehovah/God, Himself, 'changed His mind'/repented that He had manufactured {asah} man on the earth, and He was constantly grieved in His right lobe/heart {His thinking}. {Note: There are two anthropopathisms in this verse. That means to attribute to God human characteristics in order to make certain issues clear to the limited mentality of man. God's omniscience always knew what would happen and how He would react to the evil - His response to evil is perfectly consistent. Secondly, because of His immutability {He does not ever change), His state of happiness is always 'perfect happiness' - He does not really grieve - this is to explain Divine Judgment in terms a human might understand.}.

World English Bible                Yahweh was sorry that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him in his heart.

Young’s Updated LT             And Jehovah repents that He has made man in the earth, and He grieves Himself—unto His heart.

 

The gist of this verse:          God was sorry that He had made man.


Genesis 6:6a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

nâcham (נָחַם) [pronounced naw-KHAHM]

to be sorry, to be moved to pity, to lament, to grieve, to have compassion, to pity, to suffer grief, to rue; to repent, to regret; to comfort [console] oneself, be comforted, to comfort oneself, ease oneself

3rd person masculine singular, Niphal imperfect

Strong’s #5162 BDB #636

YHWH (יהוה) [pronunciation is possibly yhoh-WAH]

transliterated variously as Jehovah, Yahweh, Yehowah

proper noun

Strong’s #3068 BDB #217

kîy (כִּי) [pronounced kee]

for, that, because; when, at that time, which, what time

explanatory or temporal conjunction; preposition

Strong's #3588 BDB #471

ʿâsâh (עָשָֹה) [pronounced ģaw-SAWH]

to do, to make, to construct, to fashion, to form, to prepare, to manufacture

3rd person masculine singular, Qal perfect

Strong's #6213 BDB #793

ʾâdâm (אָדָם) [pronounced aw-DAWM]

a man, a human being, mankind; transliterated Adam

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #120 & #121 BDB #9

The word the Adam can mean man, mankind, humankind, men, human beings.

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, through; at, by, near, on, upon; with, before, against; by means of; among; within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

ʾerets (אֶרֶץ) [pronounced EH-rets]

earth (all or a portion thereof), land, territory, country, continent; ground, soil; under the ground [Sheol]

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #776 BDB #75


Translation: Consequently, Yehowah was sorry that He had made man on earth... Again, the word the Adam can mean man, mankind, humankind, human beings. It says that God is sorry that He made mankind. Other translations say that He repented or that He regretted making mankind. God knows the end from the beginning. What happened here did not catch God off-guard. The evil that resulted did not surprise God. Therefore, what we have here is an anthropopathism.

 

Scofield: In the O.T., “repentance” is the English word used to translate the Hebrew nacham, to be eased or comforted. It is used of both God and man. Notwithstanding the literal meaning of nacham it is evident, from a study of all the passages, that the sacred writers use it in the sense of metanoia in the N.T., meaning a change of mind. See Mt. 3:2; acts 17:30, note. As in the N.T., such change of mind is often accompanied by contrition and self-judgment. When applied to God, the word is used phenomenally, according to O.T. custom. God seems to change His mind. The phenomena are such as, in the case of a man, would indicate a change of mind. Footnote


Here is where we have to understand common figures of speech. The Bible also tells us that, God is not a man that He should change His mind (Num. 23:19a—by the way, the old King James’ word for this is repent). However, it says right here that God changed His mind. So, which is it? Does God change His mind or not?


God changing His mind is called an anthropopathism, where a human characteristic is applied to God—a human characteristic which He does not possess—and this is done in order to help explain the actions of an infinite God to finite man. An anthropopathism brings God’s thinking and motivation down to our level. It is like saying, “God, in His anger, will cast Satan and his minions into the Lake of Fire.” God is not angry at anyone, but, at some point in time, God will cast all the angels who sinned and all fallen men into the Lake of Fire. There must be a time of justice. God does not do this out of anger; but from His justice, His righteousness and His love. That can be explained (i.e., the interaction of these 3 facets of God’s character), but it is moderately difficult to explain, so the Bible sometimes shortcuts the explanation by ascribing anger to God’s actions, a human characteristic that He does not possess.


You may object. You may say, shouldn’t we always take the Bible literally? The Bible is filled with figures of speech, most of which are very common, and many of which, we use and recognize ourselves in a different setting. There is a 1000 page book written by E. W. Bullinger which enumerates and explains these figures of speech which are found in the Bible, and it is a book that I refer to often. Here’s the deal: most of the time, we take the Bible literally. If there is an apparent contradiction (i.e., it appears to be a contradiction, but it actually is not), then we have to decide how to deal with that discrepancy. In some passages, God is said to repent (which means, to change His mind); however, Num. 23:19 unequivocally states that God is not a man, so He does not repent. The explanation is not difficult to grasp. We have passages referring to God’s eyes or God’s hands, even though He does not have hands or eyes (this is called an anthropomorphism); so we should not be confused when human thoughts and feelings are occasionally applied to God, even though He does not actually possess these human characteristics.


Definition of an anthropomorphism: the ascribing of human characteristics to God. Although this is properly the ascribing of physical characteristics to God (e.g., the hand of God), this word is also taken to mean, the ascribing of mental and emotional characteristics of man to God. These are characteristics which God does not possess, but are used in order to explain divine action through the use of a human attribute. Footnote

 

Definition of an anthropopathism: the ascribing of human emotions, passions or thinking to God which do not inherently belong to Him. The Webster definition is: The affections of man, or the application of human passions to the Supreme Being. My point in quoting Webster is, this concept has been around for a long time; I did not just suddenly invent it in order to explain this passage.


This concept of anthropopathisms has been covered by many theologians in the past. Therefore, I will not attempt to reinvent the wheel but borrow this doctrine from Wenstrom Ministries.

The Doctrine of Anthropopathisms

1.      An anthropopathism is language of accommodation through which infinite God reveals Himself to the finite man.

2.      Anthopopathism is derived from the Greek:

         1)      Anthropos (ανθροπος), “man.”

         2)      Pathos (παθος), “an inner function of the soul with overt manifestations.”

3.      Anthropopathisms ascribe to God human characteristics which He does not have, in order to explain God’s policy or viewpoint to us in terms of human attitudes.

4.      The Bible ascribes the following human emotions to God that He does not possess in order to convey His attitude towards man in terms that man can understand.

5.      The following is a brief list of anthropopathisms found in the Word of God.

6.      Examples of anthropopathisms:

         1)      God hates (Rom. 9:13).

         2)      God harbors jealousy (Ex. 20:5a 34:14 Deut. 4:24 6:15a).

         3)      God changes His mind (Gen. 6:6).

         4)      God vents violent anger (Jer. 4:8 12:13 25:37 51:45 Ezek. 5:15).

         5)      R. B. Thieme, Jr. would add the emotion of love to this, as is found in John 3:16. However, that is quite difficult for Christians to wrap their minds around.

7.      These qualities are incompatible with God’s essence, but such statements are descriptive and gain the attention of the reader.

8.      In Ephesians 4:30 the apostle Paul under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit employs an anthropathism, ascribing the human emotion of grieving to the Holy Spirit, which He does not possess in order to communicate the Spirit’s attitude towards us when we live in our old sin natures.

9.      He is using language of accommodation to communicate the Spirit’s attitude toward us when we sin.

One difficult thing for new Christians to understand is, orthodox believers take the Bible literally, but this does not mean that we ignore figures of speech, which are found throughout Scripture. The Bible was written by man so there will be literary devices that man commonly uses thrown into Scripture. This does not make the Bible inaccurate; it just means that we need to take into consideration these figures of speech in order to understand what a passage means. The premier reference book on this is Bullinger’s 1898 classic Figures of Speech Used in the Bible, which can be found online in several places. Other authors have worked on this and there is even a lesson on this online.

Doctrine taken from: http://www.wenstrom.org/downloads/written/word_studies/greek/anthropopathism.pdf (with some slight editing).


Chapter Outline

Charts, Maps and Short Doctrines


Genesis 6:6b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

ʿâtsab (עָצַב) [pronounced ģaw-TSAHBV]

to grieve [onself]; to become angry

3rd person masculine singular, Hithpael imperfect

Strong’s #6087 BDB #780

This is the first occurrence of this word in Scripture.

ʾel (אֶל) [pronounced ehl]

unto; into, among, in; toward, to; against; concerning, regarding; besides, together with; as to

directional preposition (respect or deference may be implied)

Strong's #413 BDB #39

lêb (לֵב) [pronounced laybv]

heart, inner man, mind, will, thinking; midst

masculine singular noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong's #3820 BDB #524


Translation: ...and He was grieved in His heart. Again, the grief spoken of here is an anthropopathism, ascribing to God characteristics which He does not have, in order to explain his actions to man.


Gen 6:6 And Jehovah changed His mind that He had made man on the earth, and He was angry to His heart.


God does not change His mind. He does not have to. God knows the end from the beginning (Isa. 41:22–24 46:10 Jer. 1:5); He knows everything (Job 28:24 Psalm 139:1–4). So when we do some evil thing, this does not totally shock God and take Him by surprise (although we may surprise ourselves by our own depravity). God does not look down on some heinous thing that we do and say, “I had no idea he was going to do that; I am so p.o.’ed that I am going to smite him.”


God does not become angry. God is not happy and smiling one day, then looks down from heaven, sees the sins which you or I commit, and suddenly, He is mad or upset. We cannot ruin God’s day. God is not subject to wide, emotional swings. Anger is used here to describe God’s relationship to mankind in terms that we understand; and to foreshadow the death of all flesh upon the earth as a result of God’s judgment. You and I—we’ve been angry before. We understand that concept. Anger expresses God's motivation and response to a situation in human terms; ascribing to God emotions and feelings which He does not have, yet explaining in somewhat of a shorthand manner God’s thinking to man through the use of these well-understood emotions. If God was actually angry, He could have destroyed corrupted man then and there, raining down fire from heaven and done this instantly. However, God gives this corrupted mankind 120 years. However, if man does not turn toward God, then He will destroy man from this earth in order to preserve the human race as a whole.


God has given us many parallels in our lives in order to understand Him and what He does. We have the illustration of cancer, which is an undisciplined growth of cells, not functioning cohesively or in concert with the rest of the body and its functions. The only solution which will preserve one’s life is to remove the cancerous cells altogether, whether this be by surgery or some other means. This is how God must deal with some of the most corrupt subsets of mankind. In this case, God will have to remove all of corrupted man, with the exception of Noah + 7. Today, we have almost figured out that we cannot allow militant Muslim extremists to function without constraints. Most of us understand that it is better to simply find them and remove them from the human race, as a cancer. God has to do this periodically with portions of the human race.


Each time that God begins again, it is referred to by some theologians as a civilization. Each civilization begins with believers only. You will note that there is a correspondence between the civilizations below and the environments of the earth, previously discussed in Lesson #51.

Each civilization begins with believers only. Every civilization, except for the last one, ends with a judgment, and those who are in rebellion against God are removed from the earth.

Civilizations

Civilization

Explanation/Commentary

Original angelic creation

God apparently created all angels and gave them the earth to dwell in. When Satan fell and took a third of the angels with him, the earth was apparently packed in ice. The details of this are sketchy at best. Some of these details are postulated. Gen. 1:1–2 Rev. 12:4

The antediluvian civilization:

Adam and Eve were created and began living in the Garden of Eden on the restored earth. After they sinned, children began to be born to them. Later on, mankind was corrupted by angelic beings, who left their first estate. God will remove corrupted mankind from this earth with a flood and He will put the angels who sinned (those who corrupted mankind) into chains of darkness. Gen. 2:1–8:22 2Peter 2:4–5 Jude 1:6

The post-diluvian civilization:

God destroyed all mankind, except for Noah and his family, by the Great Flood. Noah and his family will survive this flood and we are all descended from them. This is where we are now, and this civilization will come to an end with the Great Tribulation (Matt. 24:14–51 Rev. 4–19). At the end of the Great Tribulation will be the baptism of fire, which will remove all unbelievers from the earth. From Gen. 9:1 to Rev. 3. This is the civilization which we are in today.

The Millennium:

God will remove all unbelievers from the earth by the baptism of fire (Matt. 24) and Satan and his minions will be bound for 1000 years (Rev. 20:2–3a) and the Millennium will begin with believers only. The Millennium will be a time of perfect environment (Isa. 11).

The New Heavens and the New Earth

At the end of the Millennium, Satan and his minions will be loosed from prison and he will convince some men (apparently a lot of men) to rebel against God and against perfect environment (Rev. 20:1–9). God will destroy those who rebel against Him and cast them into the Lake of Fire (Rev. 20:10–15), along with the unregenerate men from previous civilizations . He will then create a new heavens and a new earth, which will begin a new civilization, about which we know very little (Isa. 65:17–22 Rev. 21:1–22:5).

You will note that there is an overlap between this and the different environments of the earth.


——————————


And so says Yehowah, “I will blot out the man whom I have created from off faces of the earth, from man as far as a beast, as far as a crawling creature and as far as a bird of the two heavens; for I have been sorry that I made them.”

Genesis

6:7

Then Yehowah said, “I will blot out mankind whom I have created from off the face of the earth—from man to beast and crawling things and the birds of the heavens—for I am sorry that I made them.”

Then Jehovah said, “I will destroy mankind, whom I created, from off the face of this earth—including men, animals of all kinds, and the birds of the heavens—for I regret that I have made them.”


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                And the Lord said, I will abolish by My Word man, whom I have created upon the face of the earth, from man to cattle, to the reptile, and to the fowl of the heavens; because I have repented in My Word that I have made them.

Latin Vulgate                          He said: I will destroy man, whom I have created, from the face of the earth, from man even to beasts, from the creeping thing even to the fowls of the air, for it repents Me that I have made them.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And so says Yehowah, “I will blot out the man whom I have created from off faces of the earth, from man as far as a beast, as far as a crawling creature and as far as a bird of the two heavens; for I have been sorry that I made them.”

Peshitta (Syriac)                    So the LORD said, I will destroy men whom I have created from the face of the earth; both men and animals, and the creeping things, and the fowls of the air; I am sorry that I have made them.

Septuagint (Greek)                And God said, I will blot out man whom I have made from the face of the earth, even man and beast, and reptiles with flying creatures of the sky, for I am grieved that I have made them.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           So the Lord said, "I will wipe off of the land the human race that I've created: from human beings to livestock to the crawling things to the birds in the skies, because I regret I ever made them."

Contemporary English V.       ...and he said, "I'll destroy every living creature on earth! I'll wipe out people, animals, birds, and reptiles. I'm sorry I ever made them."

Easy-to-Read Version            So the Lord said, “I will destroy all the people that I made on the earth. I will destroy every man and every animal and everything that crawls on the earth. And I will destroy all the birds in the air. Why? Because I am sorry that I have made all these things.”

Good News Bible (TEV)         ...that he said, "I will wipe out these people I have created, and also the animals and the birds, because I am sorry that I made any of them."

The Message                         GOD said, "I'll get rid of my ruined creation, make a clean sweep: people, animals, snakes and bugs, birds--the works. I'm sorry I made them."

New Berkeley Version           The Lord said, “ will wipe the human race I have created from the face of the earth, man and beast, reptile and birds of the air; for it is grief to Me that I have made them.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          Then God said, 'I will wipe these men that I made off the face of the earth - from men, to the cattle and the winged creatures of the sky - for I have reconsidered the fact that I made them.'

God’s Word                         So he said, "I will wipe off the face of the earth these humans that I created. I will wipe out not only humans, but also domestic animals, crawling animals, and birds. I'm sorry that I made them."

New American Bible              So the LORD said: I will wipe out from the earth the human beings I have created, and not only the human beings, but also the animals and the crawling things and the birds of the air, for I regret that I made them. Human beings are an essential part of their environment, which includes all living things. In the new beginning after the flood, God makes a covenant with human beings and every living creature (9:9-10). The same close link between human beings and nature is found elsewhere in the Bible; e.g., in Is 35, God's healing transforms human beings along with their physical environment, and in Rom 8:19-23, all creation, not merely human beings, groans in labor pains awaiting the salvation of God.

NIRV                                      So the Lord said, "I created man on the earth. But I will wipe them out. I will destroy people and animals alike. I will also destroy the creatures that move along the ground and the birds of the air. I am very sad that I have made man."


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Bible in Basic English             And the Lord said, I will take away man, whom I have made, from the face of the earth, even man and beast and that which goes on the earth and every bird of the air; for I have sorrow for having made them.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 The Lord therefore said, “I will sweep away man whom I created from off the surface of the earth, from man to beast and reptile, and birds of the skies, for I regret that I made them.”

HCSB                                     Then the LORD said, "I will wipe off the face of the earth: man, whom I created, together with the animals, creatures that crawl, and birds of the sky--for I regret that I made them."

NET Bible®                             So the LORD said, "I will wipe humankind, whom I have created, from the face of the earth — everything from humankind to animals [The text simply has “from man to beast, to creatures, and to birds of the air.” The use of the prepositions עַד … מִן (min...’ad) stresses the extent of the judgment in creation.], including creatures that move on the ground and birds of the air, for I regret that I have made them."

NIV, ©2011                             So the Lord said, "I will wipe from the face of the earth the human race I have created-and with them the animals, the birds and the creatures that move along the ground-for I regret that I have made them. "


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

The Amplified Bible                So the Lord said, I will destroy, blot out, and wipe away mankind, whom I have created from the face of the ground-not only man, [but] the beasts and the creeping things and the birds of the air-for it grieves Me and makes Me regretful that I have made them.

Concordant Literal Version    And saying is Yahweh Elohim, "Wipe will I the humanity, which I have created, off the surface of the ground, from human unto beast, and unto the moving animal, and unto the flyer of the heavens, for I regret that I have made them.”

Context Group Version          And YHWH said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the ground; both man and beast, and creeping things, and birds of the skies { or heavens }; for it angers { LXX, Heb., repents } me that I have made them.

English Standard Version      So the LORD said, "I will blot out man whom I have created from the face of the land, man and animals and creeping things and birds of the heavens, for I am sorry that I have made them."

exeGeses companion Bible   ...and Yah Veh says,

I wipe out humanity whom I have created

from the face of the soil

- from human to animal

and the creeper and the flyers of the heavens;

for I sigh that I worked them.

Fred Miller’s Revised KJV     And The LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man and animal and the creeping thing and the fowls of the air; for I have been caused to regret that I made them.

Hebrew Names Version         The LORD said, "I will destroy man whom I have created from the surface of the ground; man, along with animals, creeping things, and birds of the sky; for I am sorry that I have made them."

Syndein                                  {Verses 7-11: Divine Decision and the SuperGrace Victory of Noah}

Then Jehovah/God said, "I will wipe-out/destroy mankind - whom I have created out of nothing {bara} - from off the face of the ground {refers to a universal flood}. Man, and animals, and the reptiles/creeping thing, and the birds/fowls of the air {will I wipe-out} . . . for I have changed my mind/repented that I have manufactured {asah} them.".

Updated Bible Version 2.11   And Yahweh said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the ground; both man and beast, and creeping things, and birds of the heavens; for it repents me that I have made them.

A Voice in the Wilderness      And Jehovah said, I will obliterate man whom I have created from off the face of the earth, both man and beast, creeping thing and flying creatures of the heavens, for I regret having made them.

World English Bible                Yahweh said, "I will destroy man whom I have created from the surface of the ground; man, along with animals, creeping things, and birds of the sky; for I am sorry that I have made them."

Young’s Updated LT             And Jehovah says, “I wipe away man whom I have prepared from off the face of the ground, from man unto beast, unto creeping thing, and unto fowl of the heavens, for I have repented that I have made them.”

 

The gist of this verse:          God says that he will wipe out the human race, along with all of the animals; and that He regrets making them.


Genesis 6:7a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253

ʾâmar (אָמַר) [pronounced aw-MAHR]

to say, to speak, to utter; to say [to oneself], to think

3rd person masculine singular, Qal imperfect

Strong’s #559 BDB #55

YHWH (יהוה) [pronunciation is possibly yhoh-WAH]

transliterated variously as Jehovah, Yahweh, Yehowah

proper noun

Strong’s #3068 BDB #217

mâchâh (מָחָה) [pronounced maw-KHAWH]

to wipe, to wipe out, to blot out, to obliterate, to exterminate; to completely blot out, to completely obliterate, to completely remove something

1st person singular, Qal imperfect

Strong's #4229 BDB #562

This is the first use of this word in Scripture.

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

untranslated generally; occasionally to, toward

indicates that the following substantive is a direct object

Strong's #853 BDB #84

ʾâdâm (אָדָם) [pronounced aw-DAWM]

a man, a human being, mankind; transliterated Adam

masculine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #120 & #121 BDB #9

The word the Adam can mean man, mankind, humankind, men, human beings.

ʾăsher (אֲֹשֶר) [pronounced ash-ER]

that, which, when, who, whom

relative pronoun

Strong's #834 BDB #81

bârâʾ (בָּרָא) [pronounced baw-RAWH]

to create; to create something from energy [or from the immaterial]; to create that which is immaterial; to produce; to shape, to fashion

1st person singular, Qal perfect

Strong’s #1254 BDB #135

min (מִן) [pronounced mihn]

from, away from, out from, out of from, off, on account of, since, above, than, so that not, beyond, more than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

ʿal (עַל) [pronounced ģahl ]

upon, beyond, on, against, above, over, by, beside

preposition of proximity

Strong’s #5920, #5921 BDB #752

Together, they mean from upon, from over, from by, from beside, from attachment to, from companionship with, from accompanying [in a protective manner], from adhesion to, from. Some translators rendered this away from.

pânîym (פָּנִים) [pronounced paw-NEEM]

face, faces, countenance; presence

masculine plural construct (plural acts like English singular)

Strong’s #6440 BDB #815

Gesenius suggests that this means in front of a thing; before a thing. However, various translators rendered this as from upon the face [surface] of, from the face [surface] of, on.

ʾădâmâh (אֲדָמָה) [pronounced uh-daw-MAWH]

ground, soil, dirt, earth, tillable earth, land, surface of the earth

feminine singular noun with the definite article

Strong's #127 BDB #9


Translation: Then Yehowah said, “I will blot out mankind whom I have created from off the face of the earth... All men on the earth, who are now almost 100% half-breeds, can only think in terms of evil, and God must destroy them all.


It is worthwhile to note that God is a trinity and is speaking amongst Himself and speaking aloud so that (1) the angels may hear Him and learn and (2) that man might have a recording of what God thought in our historical past prior to the flood. What God plans to do to the man who is on the earth is mâchâh (מָחָה) [pronounced maw-KHAWH] and its proper meaning is to stroke or rub, its derived meanings is to blot out, to erase, to rub out, to obliterate. It is always used in the latter sense and not in the former.


Genesis 6:7b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

min (מִן) [pronounced mihn]

from, away from, out from, out of from, off, on account of, since, above, than, so that not, beyond, more than

preposition of separation

Strong's #4480 BDB #577

ʾâdâm (אָדָם) [pronounced aw-DAWM]

a man, a human being, mankind; transliterated Adam

masculine singular noun

Strong's #120 & #121 BDB #9

The wâw conjunction will be added at the end of a list of the animals.

ʿad (עַד) [pronounced ģahd]

as far as, even to, up to, until

preposition

Strong’s #5704 BDB #723

Together, min...wa ʿad (וְעַד ... מִן) mean from...to or both...and; as in from soup to nuts or both young and old.

behêmâh (בְּהֵמָה) [pronounced behay-MAW]

beasts [a collective of all animals]; mammal (s), beast, animal, cattle, livestock [domesticated animals]; wild beasts

feminine singular noun often used in the collective sense

Strong’s #929 BDB #96

ʿad (עַד) [pronounced ģahd]

as far as, even to, up to, until

preposition

Strong’s #5704 BDB #723

remes (רֶמֶשׂ) [pronounced REH-mes]

active life forms, animated and active organisms, lively creatures, animated things, bustling creatures, reptiles

collective masculine singular noun

Strong’s #7431 BDB #943

We are dealing with the smaller creatures who have four feet or more and are close to the ground, e.g., lizards, snakes, worms, mice, crabs, etc. It is used at least once of a sea animal in Psalm 104:25.

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

ʿad (עַד) [pronounced ģahd]

as far as, even to, up to, until

preposition

Strong’s #5704 BDB #723

Together, min...wa ʿad (וְעַד ... מִן) mean from...to or both...and; as in from soup to nuts or both young and old.

ʿôwph (עוֹף) [pronounced ģohf]

birds; used collectively for anything that flies, including bats and flying insects

masculine singular collective noun; construct form

Strong’s #5775 BDB #733

shâmayîm (שָמַיִם) [pronounced shaw-MAH-yim]

heaven, heavens, skies; the visible heavens, as in as abode of the stars or as the visible universe, the sky, atmosphere, etc.; Heaven (as the abode of God)

masculine dual noun with the definite article

Strong’s #8064 BDB #1029


Translation:...—from man to beast and crawling things and the birds of the heavens—... In fact, God promises to destroy virtually all life on earth. One might wonder why God would destroy all animal life as well, and it is possible that it had become greatly corrupted as well. This is not told to us, but mythology also brings down to us myths of half-animal/half-men creatures.


Genesis 6:7c

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

kîy (כִּי) [pronounced kee]

for, that, because; when, at that time, which, what time

explanatory or temporal conjunction; preposition

Strong's #3588 BDB #471

nâcham (נָחַם) [pronounced naw-KHAHM]

to be sorry, to be moved to pity, to lament, to grieve, to have compassion, to pity, to suffer grief, to rue; to repent, to regret; to comfort [console] oneself, be comforted, to comfort oneself, ease oneself

1st person singular, Niphal perfect

Strong’s #5162 BDB #636

kîy (כִּי) [pronounced kee]

for, that, because; when, at that time, which, what time

explanatory or temporal conjunction; preposition

Strong's #3588 BDB #471

ʿâsâh (עָשָֹה) [pronounced ģaw-SAWH]

to do, to make, to construct, to fashion, to form, to prepare, to manufacture

1st person singular, Qal perfect; with the 3rd person masculine plural suffix

Strong's #6213 BDB #793


Translation: ...for I am sorry that I made them.” We have the repetition of the verb nâcham, which is, again, an anthropopathism—an expression of God’s thinking in terms that man can understand.


Gen 6:7 And Jehovah said, “I will blot out man whom I have created, from the face of the earth, both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air. For I have changed My mind that I have made them.”


To whom is God speaking? God is speaking to the other members of the Godhead. Furthermore, He is speaking aloud for the benefit of the angels who have sinned and those who have not. I was a substitute teacher for several years, and I had to establish my authority early on in the classroom. Often, the best way to do this was to make an example of the first problem child I encountered. He became an example who sometimes provided me with reasonable discipline for the rest of the day. The benefit was to those kids who might act up, but they knew that there would be justice applied to violations of a righteous standard. So making an example of one was also important to the other students and to classroom discipline. Along these same lines, we, fallen man, and angels who have not sinned, also learn from these pronouncements of God.


What God thinks, says and does is for our benefit. We learn from His Words. So what God says here in v. 7 speaks to us even today. There is an absolute cleansing which must take place. God must eventually remove all sin. In every civilization, under a variety of environments (including perfect environment in the Garden and in the Millennium), as long as God allows sin to go unpunished, everything always turns to crap.


The second verb is mâchâh (מָחָה) [pronounced maw-KHAWH], which means to wipe, to wipe out, to blot out, to obliterate, to exterminate. Strong's #4229 BDB #562. This is a very strong word, even in the Qal stem (the normal Hebrew verb stem), and it means to completely blot out, to completely obliterate, to completely remove something.


God promises to destroy all that He has created—all mankind and all of the animals; as the sin of fallen angels has corrupted everything. A little leaven, leavens the whole lump (Gal. 5:9).


Gen 6:7 And Jehovah said, “I will blot out man whom I have created, from the face of the earth, both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air. For I have changed My mind that I have made them.”


In this verse, the anthropopathism that God has changed His mind about creating man is repeated. Again, this does not mean that God actually changed His mind, but this is something that we, as men, can understand; as we understand what it means to change our minds. God knew that this would happen and He is dealing with it. God’s righteousness is absolute and His justice is perfect; the result will be the flooding (cleansing) of the entire earth.


The Bible does not tell us whether animals are corrupted by angels or not. It is not unreasonable to suppose that animals were corrupted as well (as mankind was corrupted), since God chose to destroy them from the earth. However, we do not really know. We know that there are mythological characters which are half animal and half human (or half demon), but the Bible does not tell us one way or the other.


Furthermore, let me suggest that, at the point at which God judges the world with a flood—cleanses the world—from that point on, no one else would have believed in Jesus Christ. It was the point at which corruption had become maximum. Whereas we would have focused on the exploits of these real creatures of mythology, God looked into their souls and determined that they had reached a point of no return.


Bear in mind, even though the earth was filled with billions of half-angel/half-man creatures, it is Noah and his family who survive (who are far less powerful than these creatures). God preserves them for Noah’s 600 years in the antediluvian age and He will preserve them in the flood and He will preserve them when the earth begins the post-diluvian era.


Application: We live in the greatest nation in the world in the United States and the most blessed nation in human history. Most kings in previous centuries would have changed places with us in a heartbeat (apart from their power lust). However, we also live during a time in the United States where anything could happen, and our lives could change dramatically over the next 10 years. If there are dramatic changes which come about—war, famine, disease, depression, inflation—think about Noah and how God preserved him. Any of the mythological creatures could have destroyed Noah and his family. God preserved Noah and his family. The flood destroys every living creature on this earth (apart from fish); but God preserve Noah. Noah knew God’s Word; he knew why God created him (he had a personal sense of destiny); he knew what he was supposed to do (which requires knowing God’s thinking and God’s plan for his life); and he executed this plan. God preserved Noah, not because he was a really good person, but because he knew God’s plan for his life, and he executed that plan. If this seems far-fetched to you, and if knowing the will of God seems to be an abstruse (or even, meaningless) concept, then you simply do not know the Word of God. Our guide and our directions for our lives today are just as perspicuous as they were for Noah some 5000 or so years ago. If the Word of God is an integral part of our souls and if we have a personal sense of destiny, then God uses us and preserves us under the most difficult of circumstances.


——————————


Chapter Outline

Charts, Maps and Short Doctrines


Noah Is the Exception to the Corruption


And Noah finds grace in [the two] eyes of Yehowah.

Genesis

6:8

But Noah discovered grace in the eyes of Yehowah.

But Noah discovered grace in the estimation of Jehovah.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                But Noah, who was righteous, found favour before the Lord.

Jerusalem targum                  But Noah, because he was righteous in his generation, found favour and mercy before the Lord.

Latin Vulgate                          But Noe found grace before the Lord.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And Noah finds grace in [the two] eyes of Yehowah.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    But Noah found mercy in the eyes of the LORD.

Septuagint (Greek)                But Noah found grace before the Lord God.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           But as for Noah, the Lord approved of him.

Contemporary English V.       But the LORD was pleased with Noah,...

Easy-to-Read Version            But there was one man on earth that pleased the Lord—Noah. This name is like the Hebrew word meaning "to be sorry," "to comfort," or "to rest."

The Message                         But Noah was different. GOD liked what he saw in Noah.

New Century Version             But Noah pleased the Lord.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          However, Noah found mercy in the eyes of God Jehovah.

Beck’s American Translation But the LORD was kind to Noah.

Christian Community Bible     But Noah was pleasing to God.

New Jerusalem Bible             But Noah won Yahweh's favour.

Revised English Bible            Noah, however, had won the Lord’s favor.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 But Noah found favour in the presence of the Ever-living.

HCSB                                     Noah, however, found favor in the eyes of the LORD.

NET Bible®                             But [The disjunctive clause (conjunction + subject + verb) is contrastive here: God condemns the human race, but he is pleased with Noah.] Noah found favor [The Hebrew expression "find favor [in the eyes of]" is an idiom meaning "to be an object of another's favorable disposition or action," "to be a recipient of another's favor, kindness, mercy." The favor/kindness is often earned, coming in response to an action or condition (see Gen 32:5; 39:4; Deut 24:1; 1 Sam 25:8; Prov 3:4; Ruth 2:10). This is the case in Gen 6:8, where v. 9 gives the basis (Noah's righteous character) for the divine favor.] in the sight of [Heb "in the eyes of," an anthropomorphic expression for God's opinion or decision. The Lord saw that the whole human race was corrupt, but he looked in favor on Noah.] the LORD.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

Concordant Literal Version    Yet Noah finds grace in the eyes of Yahweh Elohim.

exeGeses companion Bible   ... - but Noach found charism in the eyes of Yah Veh.

Syndein                                  But Noah/Noach attained/acquired grace {attained UltraSuperGrace status} in the eyes of Jehovah/God {Divine Viewpoint}. {Note: On all the face of the earth at this time, there were very few left who were of pure humanity. Noah and his family remained separated from the Nephilim. Noah was one of the few men that was saved and understood the plan of God - that which we call 'grace'.}.

World English Bible                But Noah found favor in Yahweh's eyes.

Young's Literal Translation     And Noah found grace in the eyes of Jehovah.

 

The gist of this verse:          Noah discovered grace before God.


Genesis 6:8

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

we (or ve) (וְ or וּ) [pronounced weh]

and, even, then; namely; when; since, that; though

simple wâw conjunction

No Strong’s # BDB #251

Nôach (נֹחַ) [pronounced NOH-ahkh]

rest, repose; consolation; transliterated Noah

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5146 BDB #629

mâtsâʾ (מָצָא) [pronounced maw-TSAW]

to attain to, to find, to detect, to happen upon, to come upon, to find unexpectedly, to discover; to meet (encounter)

3rd person masculine singular, Qal perfect

Strong’s #4672 BDB #592

According to the NET Bible footnotes: The disjunctive clause (conjunction + subject + verb) is contrastive here: God condemns the human race, but he is pleased with Noah. Footnote I have noticed this construction from time to time, but I cannot recall whether this is a common way to express a disjunction.

chên (חֵן) [pronounced khayn]

grace, favor, blessing

masculine singular noun

Strong’s #2580 BDB #336

This is the first occurrence of this word in Scripture. The other very common word for grace, which is cheçed (חֶסֶד) [pronounced KHEH-sed] (Strong's #2617 BDB #338) will not be found until Gen. 19 and 20.

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, at, by, near, on, with, before, against, by means of, among, within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

ʿêynayim (עֵינַיִם) [pronounced ģay-nah-YIM]

eyes, two eyes, literal eye(s), spiritual eyes; face, appearance, form; surface

feminine dual construct

Strong’s #5869 (and #5871) BDB #744

Together, the bêyth preposition and the construct form ʿîynêy (י̤ני.ע) [pronounced ģee-NAY], literally mean in the eyes of; it can be understood to mean in the opinion of, in the thinking of, in the estimation of; as ____ sees things to be.

YHWH (יהוה) [pronunciation is possibly yhoh-WAH]

transliterated variously as Jehovah, Yahweh, Yehowah

proper noun

Strong’s #3068 BDB #217


Translation: But Noah discovered grace in the eyes of Yehowah. There is a huge population of people and mostly half-breeds on the earth—a population which God intends to destroy in its entirety.


God deals with man corporately as well as individually, and we often do not recognize or give much thought to this corporate relationship. All mankind on earth had turned against God, with the exception of Noah and his small family. There is Noah, his wife, his 3 sons and their wives—8 in all. When God looks at a large population of people with whom He has a corporate relationship, He looks at the number of believers in that population in order to determine what He can do. With this population, God saw no alternative apart from destroying them; but He will deliver Noah, because Noah discovered grace in His sight.


We will find this phrase to find favor in the eyes of many times in the Bible. In Genesis alone, we find this phrase 11 times (Gen. 6:8 19:19 32:5 33:8, 10, 15 34:11 39:4 47:25, 29 50:4). Most of the occurrences are between men, where one looks to be in the favor of another.


With Noah and God, this suggests that Noah has reached a level of spiritual maturity before God. The result of this will be Noah’s obedience, which will result in deliverance for Noah and his family.


Gen 6:8 But Noah found grace in the eyes of Jehovah.


The verb here means to find, to discover; and it is in the Qal perfect, indicating a completed action and/or an action completed in a point in time. If Noah had, by a long life of good deeds and good behavior found grace in Jehovah’s eyes, this would have been the Qal imperfect (or the verb would be expressed with a Qal active participle), either of which would have indicated continuous action.


Because it would be nice to see the Hebrew word for grace, it is chên (חֵן) [pronounced khayn]. It means graciousness, kindness, favor, elegance. This particular phrase, discovering grace in the eyes of Yahweh, is found throughout the Old Testament. Genesis, being the book where all great doctrines have their origin, introduces grace for the first time. The definition of grace by R. B. Thieme, Jr., all that God is free to do for us on the basis of the cross is much preferable to the more common unmerited favor. Footnote Grace is a true doctrine for every dispensation, as we all receive far more than we could ever deserve, it is not found in the Old Testament as often as it is in the New. We are given the Holy Spirit in the age of grace, the church age, as believers in Jesus Christ, whereas, in the Old Testament, only a very small percentage of believers, one-tenth of one percent, received the Holy Spirit (which could then be withdrawn). In fact, many believers in the Old Testament did not even realize that such a thing as the Holy Spirit existed. Those who had It and those who knew some doctrine realized that God did give to some a Helper; but because the cross was presented in shadow form, the full revelation of God's plan had not been given. The life of the believer in the Old Testament was on more of a legal basis. There was grace because Israel was given certain covenants that would stand forever and would be fulfilled no matter what. On the other hand, of the Law, God told Israel, "Do this and live." Man by his effort, was to attempt to keep the law and if he did not, he was to avail himself of the grace of God through animal sacrifices to cover his sin. Why are we the privileged dispensation? As I have mentioned, man is teaching the angels in human history, as well as resolving the angelic conflict. Every stated objection and unstated objection of Satan is being answered. We have seen man under perfect environment, under long life and intermingling with the demon army of Satan, and we will see man in several dispensations without the fully guidance of the Holy Spirit (which will show that we cannot live a spiritual life—a life pleasing to God—apart from the Holy Spirit). Although it is not stated, I would think that God had given Noah, and very likely his entire family, the Holy Spirit. This is implied by v. 3; God's Sprit would not always strive with man. Is the Spirit some ethereal essence for good? Certainly not; the Holy Spirit usually, but not always, functions through someone. That someone is at least Noah, and possibly some or all of the members of his family.


This is the first time in the Bible that we are introduced to grace. Grace is generally understood to mean undeserved favor; it is more accurately defined as all that God is free to do for man on the basis of the cross. Footnote You need to be clear on the fact that grace is not something which we earn or deserve, nor is it some kind of religiosity which becomes infused into our character when we believe in Jesus Christ. Noah discovered (perfect tense) this grace in God’s eyes (in God’s estimation, in God’s opinion).


There are several Hebrew words translated grace. This particular word is chên (חֵן) [pronounced khayn], which means grace, favor, blessing. Strong’s #2580 BDB #336. In most instances, this involves an inferior discovering grace in the eyes (estimation) of a superior (e.g., between man and God, between a subject and a king). Another very common word for grace is cheçed (חֶסֶד) [pronounced KHEH-sed], which means grace, benevolence, mercy, kindness. Strong's #2617 BDB #338. This word is often tied to an act of kindness of benevolence of one person to another based upon a relationship. Chên is found about 70 times in the Old Testament; cheçed about 250 times.


Noah did not earn God’s grace. Noah did not work for God’s grace. He discovered God’s grace. It did not happen over a period of time; it happened in a point of time. This eliminates the concept of infused grace, that, for whatever reason, God is so pleased with you so that He pumps this quality of grace into your soul, which begins to seep out into your life (which is, in itself, illogical; if God is pleased with you in the first place, why does He need to infuse you with grace?). Instead, this reads, Noah discovered [point of time] grace in God’s estimation.


Even though the word sanctification is only found once in the book of Genesis (Gen. 2:3), we need to examine the doctrine of sanctification in order to separate certain concepts in our minds.

The Doctrine of Sanctification

1.      Sanctification comes from the Hebrew verb qâdash (קָדַש) [pronounced kaw-DAHSH], which means to be [make] pure [clean, holy, separate, sacred]; to consecrate [sanctify, dedicate, hallow, set apart]. Strong's #6942 BDB #872.

         1)      This verb means that something is set apart to God or it is set apart for God; this something takes on the quality of being sacred, holy, different from that which is tied to the earth.

         2)      This verb occurs only once in Genesis (Gen. 2:3), but the concepts are pertinent to this passage.

2.      Sanctification from the standpoint of man:

         1)      Eternal Sanctification: When we believe in Jesus Christ (or Jehovah of the Old Testament), we are eternally set apart to God. This happens in a point of time; in this case, when Noah discovered grace in the estimation of God (Gen. 6:8). In Gen. 15:6, we are told that Abram believed in Jehovah, and it was credited [to his account] as righteousness.

         2)      Temporal or Progressive Sanctification: After salvation, when we fall out of fellowship, we get back into fellowship by naming our sins to God. As we grow spiritually (from learning the Word of God), we are sanctified in our spiritual growth. Noah grew spiritually to the point where, God issued some unusual orders to him and Noah obeyed these orders.

         3)      Ultimate Sanctification: When we receive our resurrection body in the end time and our sin nature is completely removed from us, cut out like a cancer. This occurs after we have died (or been raptured). When Noah is raised up in the future, he will be in a resurrection body without the sin nature.

3.      R. B. Thieme Jr. called this phase I–III sanctification.

         1)      Phase I sanctification: salvation;

         2)      Phase II sanctification: the believer in time growing in grace and knowledge of Jesus Christ.

         3)      Phase III sanctification: ultimate sanctification, occurring after death or the rapture, and receiving the resurrection body minus the old sin nature.

4.      Sanctification from the standpoint of God:

         1)      God sets something aside for Himself.

         2)       We might reasonably say, God sets something aside to be in service to Him or to glorify Him.

         3)      As Noah grew spiritually, he began to function in service to God. Being divinely warned by God about the things not yet having been seen, moved by reverence and fear, by faith Noah prepared an ark for the salvation [or, deliverance] of his house; through which [preparation] he condemned the world and became heir of the righteousness according to faith (Heb. 11:7). This lines up with temporal sanctification above.

More information on this doctrine can be found at:

http://kukis.org/Doctrines/OTSanctification.htm or http://kukis.org/Doctrines/OTSanctification.pdf

Additional links to the Doctrine of Sanctification:

http://www.theopedia.com/Sanctification

http://www.versebyverse.org/doctrine/sanctification.html


By the time that Noah is born, Adam has died and so has Seth. So Noah hears about the garden, man’s fall, and God’s judgment through someone who heard it from someone else or he heard it directly from God. Whether the first few chapters of Genesis existed in written form or as memorized history, we do not know. However, probably Noah and then his son Shem preserved what we know of the antediluvian period. Whether this was written down or preserved verbally, we do not know. However, it is because of these men we know the events of Gen. 1–9.


At the same time, there is this corrupt human-demon population, who, when they choose to speak, speak lies. The environment that Noah was in would have been quite disconcerting—the bulk of the population are stronger and more intelligent than he is and they would be quite hostile toward Noah. He is being told something entirely different from the truth from all of these sources, and, again, bear in mind that these who are corrupt flesh are extremely intelligent, and could argue circles around you and me.


Application: Great intelligence and an extensive educational background does not make a person correct or a source of truth. If that were true, the United States educational system would be the most phenomenal education system in the world and in the history of mankind, because we have a huge number of educators with masters degrees and with PhD’s. In many public school districts, a PhD in education is required for the superintendent’s position (40 years ago, not so much). As a result, we would have expected schools to have dramatically improved over the past 40 years, but they have gotten worse and worse as time goes on. The key to educational outcomes is one’s relationship to God and the control of the old sin nature (or lack thereof). Our school system in the United States at the first was primarily developed for the teaching of the Bible (which required a person be able to read and write); and for the teaching of ministers and missionaries. The ultra-secular approach to education has been a relatively recent thing (no longer celebrating Christmas or singing Christmas carols, no more prayer in schools, and the removal of the paddle). And as schools become more and more secular—which is the approach of most well-educated administrators and teachers—schools become worse, as well as far more expensive. As a former educator, I have seen a tremendous amount of waste in our schools. I recall one bed-ridden mentally challenged 20-year-old kid being educated at public expense to the age of 20, whose education had culminated in his being able to distinguish shapes (squares, triangles and circles). I attended a meeting for this young man, and teachers were bragging that he was doing well with these concepts. I am not against educating children with disabilities, but their needs to be some honest recognition that there are real limitations on how much some children can be educated.


Application: Where is the best education occurring today? In homes and in private schools (most of which are religious), often at the hand of those with fewer masters degrees and PhD’s. In many cases, their parents may struggle with algebra or geometry, and yet the kid who is home-schooled somehow learns these subjects better than under trained and certified teachers with degrees. All the education in the world cannot replace common sense or spiritual discernment.


Noah was acquainted with the truth, but corrupted man all around him thought evil in their hearts continually, and could probably debate circles around Noah because of their great intelligence. It would have been fascinating to see the interaction between Noah and the rest of corrupted mankind during his 600 years before the flood. However, the details of such debates and interactions are not recorded in the Bible.


Noah chose to believe in Jehovah Elohim, which is an act of volition. Maybe you have had this experience: you make judgments on the truth or validity of what someone says based upon their life. One person I have known for many years has, for many of these years, led a very corrupt life, from his earliest youth. Therefore, I have tended to discount all that he says when it comes to truth. So, even though Noah is hearing a cacophony of well-spoken and convincing lies from all directions, he obviously does not trust them, based upon their lives. There is no room for self-delusion. Any one of you who thinks he is wise by worldly standards must learn to be a fool in order to be really wise. For the wisdom of the world is folly to God. As scripture says: He traps the crafty in the snare of their own cunning and again: The Lord knows the plans of the wise and how insipid they are (1Cor. 3:18–20; Job 5:12–13).


Therefore, Noah finds grace from the Lord because he believes in the Lord. Trusting in Jehovah Elohim is not a matter of merit; it is a matter of choice. Being divinely warned by God about the things not yet having been seen, moved with fear, by faith Noah prepared an ark for the deliverance of his house; through which [preparations] he condemned the world and became heir of the righteousness according to faith (Heb. 11:7). In order to be saved, we must make this choice at some point in our lives—to believe in Jesus Christ. In order to be lost, we must spend every second of our lives choosing not to depend upon Jesus Christ; choosing not to believe in Jesus Christ. This faith in Jesus Christ is followed by a step-by-step walk with God (when we are in fellowship), which takes us into temporal sanctification (in this situation, it is Noah, by faith, preparing the ark). Our temporal sanctification comes through knowing the Word of God and believing the Word of God. We do not grow spiritually because we give money to a church or teach Sunday School or wander about doing good deeds; we grow spiritually because we know and believe the Word of God. It is by faith [that] Noah constructed the ark. Noah did not grow spiritually because he constructed the ark; he knew the Word of God and he believed the Word of God, and because of his spiritual growth, he built the ark. Furthermore, Noah had a personal sense of destiny, which is a characteristic of mature believers.


——————————


What occurs next is difficult to explain in terms of authorship. It seems very likely that Noah wrote Gen. 5–10, but the next few verses seem to indicate that a new author has logged on. We have the famous phrase, these are the beginnings (or the generations) of Noah, v. 10 ties us to the previous increment of Scripture, but that generally indicates a new author. At first, I would guess that Lamech, Noah's father, wrote Gen. 4:25–6:8 (or, Gen. 5:1–6:8), because he lived long enough to see the sons of Abraham being born and lived to see the corruption of the earth. Furthermore, a great spiritual man needs to have been taught from someone. The only logical place for Noah to have matured spiritually is under the tutelage of his father, who learned from his father. This would indicate that Lamech, although little is said about him, was also spiritually mature. However, he is not likely the author as his death is recorded. Because of the personal conversations recorded in Gen. 6, it is more likely that Noah wrote the latter portion than the former, so my educated guess would be that chapter 4 and the first part of 5 were written by Noah before the flood and that he carried the manuscripts with him on the ark (or carried onto the ark in his mind, as I think antediluvian people were much smarter than man today). This portion of Scripture was probably written by Noah after the flood.


These [are] generations of Noah: Noah [was] a man righteous, complete he was in his generations; with Elohim walked Noah.

Genesis

6:9

These [are] the genealogies of Noah: Noah [was] a righteous man; he was complete in his time period; Noah walked with Elohim.

What follows is the historical account of Noah: Noah was a righteous man, [spiritually] complete during his time; Noah walked with God.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                These are the genealogies of the race of Noah. Noah was a just man, complete in good works in his generation, (and) in the fear of the Lord walked Noah.

Latin Vulgate                          These are the generations of Noe: Noe was a just and perfect man in his generations, he walked with God.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        These [are] generations of Noah: Noah [was] a man righteous, complete he was in his generations; with Elohim walked Noah.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man and innocent in his days, and God was pleased with Noah.

Septuagint (Greek)                And these are the generations of Noah. Noah was a just man; being perfect in his generation; Noah was well pleasing to God.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Common English Bible           These are Noah's descendants. In his generation, Noah was a moral and exemplary man; he [Heb Noah] walked with God.

Contemporary English V.       ...and this is the story about him. Noah was the only person who lived right and obeyed God.

Easy English                          God warns Noah, 6:9-22

These are Noah's *descendants. Noah was a good man. Among the people that were alive then, he was without blame. Noah walked with God.

Easy-to-Read Version            This is the story about the family of Noah. Noah was a good man all his life. Noah always followed God.

Good News Bible (TEV)         This is the story of Noah. He had three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. Noah had no faults and was the only good man of his time. He lived in fellowship with God,...

The Message                         This is the story of Noah: Noah was a good man, a man of integrity in his community. Noah walked with God.

New Berkeley Version           This is the Noah genealogy: Noah was an upright man, blameless among his fellow-men; Noah walked with God.

New Century Version             Noah and the Great Flood

This is the family history of Noah. Noah was a good man, the most innocent man of his time, and he walked with God.

New Living Translation           The Story of Noah

This is the account of Noah and his family. Noah was a righteous man, the only blameless person living on earth at the time, and he walked in close fellowship with God.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          This is the account of Noah's generation:

Noah was a righteous man. perfect [when compared to] that generation. Noah pleased God well,.

Beck’s American Translation This is the history of Noah. Noah was altogether righteous among the people of his time. Noah walked with God.

Christian Community Bible     This is the story of Noah. Noah was a just man, blameless among the people of his time, a man who walked with God.

God’s Word                         This is the account of Noah and his descendants. Noah had God's approval and was a man of integrity among the people of his time. He walked with God.

NIRV                                      Here is the story of Noah.

Noah was a godly man. He was without blame among the people of his time. He walked with God.

New Jerusalem Bible             This is the story of Noah: Noah was a good man, an upright man among his contemporaries, and he walked with God.

New Simplified Bible              This is the ACCOUNT OF NOAH. Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time. He walked with God.

Revised English Bible            This is the story of Noah. Noah was a righteous man, the one blamesless man of his time, and he walked with God.

Today’s NIV                          Noah and the Flood

This is the account of Noah and his family.

Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time, and he walked faithfully with God.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Ancient Roots Translinear      These are the progeny of Noah: Noah was a righteous and faultless man in his generation. Noah went with God.

Bible in Basic English             These are the generations of Noah. Noah was an upright man and without sin in his generation: he went in the ways of God.

Complete Jewish Bible           Here is the history of Noach. In his generation, Noach was a man righteous and wholehearted; Noach walked with God.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 The History of Noah

The following are the genealogies from Noah. Noah was a good man; His Word was upright in his age. Noah walked with God.

HCSB                                     These are the family records of Noah. Noah was a righteous man, blameless among his contemporaries; Noah walked with God.

NET Bible®                             The Judgment of the Flood

This is the account of Noah. [There is a vast body of scholarly literature about the flood story. The following studies are particularly helpful: A. Heidel, The Gilgamesh Epic and the Old Testament Parallels; M. Kessler, "Rhetorical Criticism of Genesis 7," Rhetorical Criticism: Essays in Honor of James Muilenburg (PTMS), 1-17; I. M. Kikawada and A. Quinn, Before Abraham Was; A. R. Millard, "A New Babylonian `Genesis Story'," TynBul 18 (1967): 3-18; G. J. Wenham, "The Coherence of the Flood Narrative," VT 28 (1978): 336-48.]

Noah was a godly man; he was blameless [The Hebrew term תָּמִים (tamim, “blameless”) is used of men in Gen 17:1 (associated with the idiom “walk before,” which means “maintain a proper relationship with,” see 24:40); Deut 18:13 (where it means “blameless” in the sense of not guilty of the idolatrous practices listed before this; see Josh 24:14); Pss 18:23, 26 (“blameless” in the sense of not having violated God’s commands); 37:18 (in contrast to the wicked); 101:2, 6 (in contrast to proud, deceitful slanderers; see 15:2); Prov 2:21; 11:5 (in contrast to the wicked); 28:10; Job 12:4] among his contemporaries [Heb “Noah was a godly man, blameless in his generations.” The singular “generation” can refer to one’s contemporaries, i.e., those living at a particular point in time. The plural “generations” can refer to successive generations in the past or the future. Here, where it is qualified by “his” (i.e., Noah’s), it refers to Noah’s contemporaries, comprised of the preceding generation (his father’s generation), those of Noah’s generation, and the next generation (those the same age as his children). In other words, “his generations” means the generations contemporary with him. See BDB 190 s.v. דוֹר.]. He [Heb "Noah." The proper name has been replaced with the pronoun in the translation for stylistic reasons] walked with [The construction translated "walked with" is used in Gen 5:22, 24 (see the note on this phrase in 5:22) and in 1 Sam 25:15, where it refers to David's and Nabal's men "rubbing shoulders" in the fields. Based on the use in 1 Sam 25:15, the expression seems to mean "live in close proximity to," which may, by metonymy, mean "maintain cordial relations with."] God.

NIV – UK                                Noah and the flood

This is the account of Noah and his family.

Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time, and he walked faithfully with God.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

The Amplified Bible                This is the history of the generations of Noah. Noah was a just and righteous man, blameless in his [evil] generation; Noah walked [in habitual fellowship] with God.

Concordant Literal Version    These are the genealogical annals of Noah: Noah is a just man. Flawless became he in his generations. With the Elohim walks Noah.

Context Group Version          These are the generations of Noah. Noah was a vindicated man, [ and ] whole { or fully-developed } in his generations: Noah walked with God.

Darby Translation                  This is the history of Noah. Noah was a just man, perfect amongst his generations: Noah walked with God.

LTHB                                     These are the generations of Noah. Noah, a righteous man, had been perfected among his family. Noah walked with God.

NASB                                     These are the records of the generations of Noah. Noah was a righteous man, blameless [Lit complete, perfect; or having integrity] in his time [Lit generations]; Noah walked with God.

Syndein                                  {Next Chapter Should Begin Here - Begins with Chapter Title}

The following . . . the 'family history'/generations of Noah/Noach. Noah . . . a justified man {spiritual heritage - adjusted to the justice of God - Noah shared the righteousness of God at the point of salvation} . . . was uncontaminated throughout his family history {no Nephilim in his family line}. Noah himself walked with the Elohim/Godhead {Noah remained in fellowship with God most of his days before the flood - very spiritually mature and operated from the doctrine resident in his own soul}.

A Voice in the Wilderness      These are the generations of Noah. Noah was a just man, perfect in his generation. Noah walked with God.

World English Bible                This is the history of the generations of Noah. Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time. Noah walked with God.

Young’s Updated LT             These are births of Noah: Noah is a righteous man; perfect he has been among his generations; with God has Noah walked habitually.

 

The gist of this verse:          This begins the story of Noah. Noah was a believer in Yehowah God and he was a mature believer.


Genesis 6:9a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

ʾêlleh (אֵלֶּה) [pronounced ALE-leh]

these, these things

demonstrative plural adjective with the definite article

Strong's #428 BDB #41

tôwledôth (תּוֹלְדֹת) [pronounced tohle-DOTH]

generations, results, proceedings, genealogies, history, course of history; origin; families; races

feminine plural construct

Strong’s #8435 BDB #410

Nôach (נֹחַ) [pronounced NOH-ahkh]

rest, repose; consolation; transliterated Noah

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5146 BDB #629


Translation: These [are] the genealogies of Noah:... When we followed out the genealogies of Adam, we looked at one particular line and followed it all the way to Noah (back in Gen. 5). This time, we are going to follow out the genealogies of Noah, but, we only go out one generation, and we parenthetically look at the Great Flood, and then pick up this his genealogy with Gen. 10:1 and following.


Genesis 6:9b

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

Nôach (נֹחַ) [pronounced NOH-ahkh]

rest, repose; consolation; transliterated Noah

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5146 BDB #629

ʾîysh (אִיש) [pronounced eesh]

a man, a husband; anyone; a certain one; each, each one, everyone

masculine singular noun (sometimes found where we would use a plural)

Strong's #376 BDB #35

tsaddîyq (צַדִּיק) [pronounced tsahd-DEEK]

just, righteous, justified, vindicated; absolute or perfect righteousness [if applied to God]

masculine singular adjective, often used as a substantive

Strong’s #6662 BDB #843

This is the first occurrence of this word in Scripture.


Translation: ...Noah [was] a righteous man;... Noah is being contrasted with the fallen earth; the half-breeds whose thoughts were evil continually; whose every category of thinking was submerged with evil. Noah, on the other hand, was righteous. We will later find out that this means, Noah placed his trust in the second Member of the Trinity and was saved because of that. God righteousness was credited to Noah.


In this verse we have the first use of the word righteous in the Bible (or, just, justified, vindicated). It is the word tsaddîyq (צַדִּיק) [pronounced tsahd-DEEK]. It is used of both man and God and is quite similar to our use of it in the New Testament. However, we have righteousness because we share Christ's righteousness. We are in Christ. We do not know how much that man knew about what was right adn what was not during thisperiod of time. The revelation which has come down to us says very little about the moral codes, other than that when Cain murdered his brother, God protected him because it had not been revealed yet that murder was a sin against God. However, for as much as was revealed at that time as being righteous, Noah was this.


Genesis 6:9c

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

tâmîym (תָּמִים) [pronounced taw-MEEM]

complete, whole, entire, sufficient, without blemish

masculine singular adjective

Strong’s #8549 BDB #1071

This is the first occurrence of this word in the Bible.

hâyâh (הָיָה) [pronounced haw-YAW]

to be, is, was, are; to become, to come into being; to come to pass

3rd person masculine singular, Qal perfect

Strong's #1961 BDB #224

be (בְּ) [pronounced beh]

in, into, at, by, near, on, with, before, against, by means of, among, within

a preposition of proximity

No Strong’s # BDB #88

dôwr (דּוֹר) [pronounced dohr]

generation; race; people; age, period, time period [of a generation], a time slice

masculine plural noun with the 3rd person masculine singular suffix

Strong’s #1755 BDB #189


Translation: ...he was complete in his time period;... Noah was also complete, whole, sufficient in his generations. Noah lived for 600 years prior to the Flood, and we might see this as covering a period of time of 6 generations.


Many Bibles use the word generation twice in this verse, but there are two different Hebrew words (the ESV reads: These are the generations of Noah. Noah was a righteous man, blameless in his generation. Noah walked with God.). The first one is the one used several times previous, transliterated from the Greek genesis. It might be more literally translated begettings. It is similar to the words for born, kindred, offspring. The second word often translated generation is dôwr (דּוֹר) [pronounced dohr] and it has a variety of meanings. It is quite similar to our understanding of the word dispensation or age. It is properly a revolution of time, which is why it can be translated as age or dispensation. It can also mean dwelling place. It also means circle or ball.


We may think that 40 years or 70 years or 90 years is not sufficient time for a man to make a decision about God and his relationship to God. Noah lived during a time when men lived nearly a millennium, and they spent all of this time thinking evil and engaging in evil. So the additional time was not put to any good use.


Gen 6:9a These are the generations of Noah. Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations.


There are 2 different Hebrew words translated generations in this verse. We have had the first word before: tôwledôth (תּוֹלְדֹת) [pronounced tohle-DOHTH], which means generations, results, proceedings, genealogies, course of history. Strong’s #8435 BDB #410. We would update this translation to, This is the genealogy of Noah. Although Noah’s sons will be named in v. 10, the emphasis is more upon what God demands of Noah, as well as the corruption of the earth during the time of Noah. We could very loosely render this: This is about the history of Noah. Most of the time, when we come across that phrase, these are the generations of ___, we may understand it to mean both this is the genealogy of ___ and this is the history of ___. That understanding would allow for us to examine his genealogy of his life.


The second Hebrew word makes its debut in this verse: dôwr (דּוֹר) [pronounced dohr], which means generation; race; people; age, period, time period [of a generation], a time slice. Strong’s #1755 BDB #189. Here we are looking at Noah as contrasted with those of his generation—those who are alive—during his time period.


We might better render this verse:


Gen 6:9 This is the genealogical line and history of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect [spiritually mature] during his time period [or, in his generation, or among his contemporaries].


There is also in this verse the word that the KJV translates perfect, which caused problems theologically speaking for many. We all know that all of sinned and come short of the glory of God so people have trouble with this word perfect. The word is tâmîym (תָּמִים) [pronounced taw-MEEM] and it means to be without blemish, to have integrity, being complete, wholesome, innocent, unimpaired. His character has already been alluded to in this verse. In another context, with another verb, this would refer to spiritual maturity. However, the verb used here is in the perfect tense; it is a completed actions viewed as a whole. What this is, is an unchangeable fact. Therefore, this refers to the fact that Noah is 100% homo sapiens without any mixture of demonic blood. This is the word used for sacrificial animals who have no external blemishes or imperfections. When used of Noah, it meant that his parents were Homo sapiens, as were theirs. This is important enough to record the generations prior to this portion of God's Word.


Genesis 6:9d

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

ʾêth (אֶח) [pronounced ayth]

with, at, near, by, among, directly from

preposition (which is identical to the sign of the direct object)

Strong's #854 BDB #85

ʾĚlôhîym (אלֹהִים) [pronounced el-o-HEEM]

God; gods, foreign gods, god; rulers, judges; superhuman ones, angels; transliterated Elohim

masculine plural noun with the definite article

Strong's #430 BDB #43

hâlake (הָלַךְ) [pronounced haw-LAHKe]

to go, to come, to depart, to walk [up and down, about]; to wander, to prowl; to go for oneself, to go about, to live [walk] [in truth]; to flow

3rd person masculine singular, Hithpael perfect

Strong’s #1980 (and #3212) BDB #229

Nôach (נֹחַ) [pronounced NOH-ahkh]

rest, repose; consolation; transliterated Noah

masculine singular proper noun

Strong’s #5146 BDB #629


Translation: ...Noah walked with Elohim. Finally, we are told that Noah walked with God. It would be reasonable to assume that Noah enjoyed face to face fellowship with God while on earth, and that they walked and talked and that Noah believed God and trusted in Him.


Walking refers to a lifestyle or to a way of life. We can be justified in the past with results which continue on forever. However, our lives can be an ungodly mess. That is, the vindication that we possess is not seen by anyone else, often not even ourselves. However, this walk is the day-in, day-out experience of the mature believer who recognizes his salvation and exploits his relationship with God to the maximum. Therefore, in this verse, we have three words which describe Noah and they are not synonymous. He was saved, justified or vindicated; he had not been corrupted; and his walk with God indicated an ongoing maturity.


Gen 6:6–7 And Jehovah changed His mind that He had made man on the earth, and He was angry to His heart. And Jehovah said, I will blot out man whom I have created, from the face of the earth, both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the birds of the air. For I have changed My mind that I have made them.”


In contrast to corrupted mankind, whom God regretting making, there was Noah.


Gen 6:8 But Noah found grace in the eyes of Jehovah.


However, Noah discovered [perfect tense (which is past tense, completed action)] grace [first mention] in Yehowah’s estimation. As was previously discussed, Noah found grace in God’s eyes not by living a day-by-day good life, which would have been the imperfect tense, but in the past, as a completed action, which is sanctification phase I (we covered this in lesson #60). Noah grew spiritually, which is sanctification phase II, and this prepared him for the task that God had for him. We find out more about Noah’s temporal sanctification in the next verse:


Gen 6:9 This is the genealogical line and history of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect [spiritually mature] during his time period [or, among his contemporaries]. Noah walked with God.


So far, in the book of Genesis, we are short on mechanics. That is, we cannot examine these first few chapters of Genesis figure out just exactly how Noah became just and perfect. We do not know exactly what it means for Noah to walk with God, based on these first few chapters. However, there were spiritual mechanics in the days of Noah just as there as spiritual mechanics today (that is, there are basic steps involved in Noah becoming spiritually mature). There was certainly more truth in Noah’s soul and doctrinal information than we find in these first few chapters (Noah certainly knows more than we are told in Gen. 6). When we get to Abraham, we will be given the most fundamental mechanic: believe in Jehovah Elohim and He will credit righteousness to you (Gen. 15:6 Rom. 4:3–6). Noah was aware of this mechanic, and, given his actions which will follow, it is clear that he trusts Jehovah Elohim—not just for salvation, but for the deliverance of his life.


In this chapter, we see Noah’s salvation, but from the God-ward side, and expressed in terms that we can understand:


Gen 6:8 But Noah found grace in the eyes of Jehovah.


This is Noah’s salvation. Perfect tense (as we previously discussed) refers to a completed action, as opposed to an ongoing or future action (imperfect tense) or a continuous action (Qal active participle). At some point in time, Noah found grace in Jehovah’s eyes. We know from Gen. 15:6 and Rom. 4:3–6 that the mechanics were believing in Jehovah Elohim. However, in Gen. 6:8, we see this as God’s grace; and in Gen. 6:9, we see the results as being justified by God.


Here, in this verse, we are given the most fundamental information about Noah which outlines, to a limited extent, the spiritual life of the antediluvial believers.


Gen 6:9 This is the genealogical line and history of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect [spiritually mature] during his time period [or, among his contemporaries]. Noah walked with God.


Noah is called a man justified, the latter word being tsaddîyq (צַדִּיק) [pronounced tsahd-DEEK], which means just, righteous, justified. Strong’s #6662 BDB #843. This is the first time that this word is used in the Bible. This adjective is applied to both man and God. When applied to man, this is a reference to someone who has been saved or justified (Gen. 6:9 18:23 Psalm 1:5 5:12 7:9). This word can also refer to a nation with a pivot of believers (Gen. 20:4) (a pivot of believers are those who are spiritually mature within that nation, thus giving it some protection—something we will study later on in Genesis and eventually in Exodus). Justification can also refer to a state which is not absolute, but relative, meaning someone who is spiritually mature or more correct or more righteous (Gen. 9:6 1Kings 2:32). When used as a substantive, it would mean righteous ones, justified ones. When used of God, this means absolute or perfect righteousness. In this case, we are establishing that Noah has believed in Jehovah Elohim and he stands justified because of it. The verb to be is in the perfect tense, indicating a past action or a completed action.


The precise mechanics are given to us in Gen. 15:6: And he [Abram] believed [perfect tense, a completed action] in Yehowah and He [God] credited [imperfect tense, which is continuous action or future action] him with righteousness. Righteousness is very similar to the word translated just in Gen. 6:9 (they come from the same root).


So, salvation is seen from God’s side in Gen. 6:8–9a (But Noah found grace in the eyes of Jehovah. This is the genealogical line and history of Noah: Noah was a righteous man) and its mechanics will be given in Gen. 15:6 (And he [Abram] believed [perfect tense, a completed action] in Yehowah and He [God] credited [imperfect tense, which is continuous action or future action] him with righteousness.).


Many English Bibles also tell us that Noah is perfect. This Hebrew word is tâmîym (תָּמִים) [pronounced taw-MEEM], and it means complete, whole, entire, sufficient, without blemish. Strong’s #8549 BDB #1071. This is also the first use of this word. This adjective is used most often when referring to a sacrificial animal being without blemish (Ex. 12:5 29:1 Lev. 1:3, 10 3:1, 9 4:3). It is an adjective used of Noah (Gen. 6:9) and God ordered this of Abram (Gen. 17:1). This word refers to the completion of seven Sabbaths in Lev. 23:15. When spoken of a man, it means a man who operates on the basis of spiritual integrity; i.e., he is spiritually mature and in fellowship). When spoken of God, it is a reference to His character or His works being perfect integrity, which means perfect justice and perfect righteousness are key to what is being examined. Noah has believed in Jehovah Elohim and has been made righteous before God. Noah has discovered grace in God’s sight; and he has grown spiritually. We grow spiritually by means of the grace assets which God has given us, according to a grace process, which is learning the truth while filled with the Spirit and, therefore, in fellowship with Him. Calling Noah perfect means that Noah is spiritually mature, but not sinless. Being spiritually mature means that Noah has grown spiritually. In order to grow spiritually, Noah required grace and doctrine (divine truth).


There is a second understanding of tâmîym which may be reasonably applied here as well: just as this word is used to describe sacrificial animals which are without defect or blemish, it also describes Noah’s humanity. Noah is 100% human, as were his sons and his sons’ wives (who, as I have mentioned before, may have been his sons’ sisters). Noah is uncorrupted humanity, insofar as, he had no angel-blood in him.


Speaking of which, I wonder if vampire myths and stories had their ultimate origin in Gen. 6.


The final phrase is, Noah walked with God. Noah’s life is marked as a whole by spiritual maturity. He remains in fellowship with God. You may recall that Enoch was said to walk with God and then he was not, for God took him. Noah walks with God and God will preserve Noah and his family in the great flood.


Although mechanics are not clearly laid out in the first 6 chapters of Genesis, in our dispensation, all of the fundamental mechanics of the spiritual life are clearly laid out. We find a few things back in the book of Genesis which give us an idea of how things were, but it is not as clearly laid out as it is in the New Testament.

The Basic Mechanics of the Christian Life

Mechanic or Principle

Text/Commentary

Salvation

Salvation comes through faith in Christ. For God so loved the world, that He gave His only-born Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have eternal life (John 3:16). In the Old Testament, this is faith in Jehovah Elohim (the Lord God). Salvation occurs one time and never has to be repeated. We cannot lose our salvation because it depends upon what Jesus did on the cross, and not what we do in our lives. See also John 3:18, 36 Eph. 2:8–9 Titus 3:5. This is equivalent to Noah being justified in this passage or Gen. 15:6, which reads, And Abram believed [perfect tense; completed action] in Jehovah and it was accounted [imperfect tense; continuous, prolonged or future action] to him as righteousness.

Fellowship (filling of the Holy Spirit)

Sin takes us out of fellowship, and naming these sins directly to God puts us back into fellowship. If we acknowledge our sins, He [God] is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness (1John 1:9). See 1Cor. 11:31 and 1John 1:6–10. Although we find the naming of one’s sins to God in the Old Testament (Psalm 51:4); it is more difficult to find in the book of Genesis. God kept on Adam and Eve until they admitted what they had done, when they sinned in the garden. Jacob’s sons will admit what they did to Joseph, their half-brother (Gen. 42:21–22). So we see the seeds of this technique in Genesis; however, it is not specifically laid out.

Spiritual growth

Spiritual growth is a matter of learning Bible doctrine on a grace basis. Grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ (1Peter 3:18). That is a command, not an option, for the believer. See also Prov. 8 Luke 2:40, 52 and the dozens of times Paul writes, do you not know... At salvation, we as believers know practically nothing. We barely know the gospel. Knowledge must be acquired and we acquire it through the accurate teaching of the Word of God.


Spiritual growth is implied in our passage, where Noah is said to be complete in his generations (during the time periods in which he lived). That is an indication of spiritual growth, although the mechanics are not given. The importance of knowledge of divine truth is found throughout the Old Testament. Prov. 8 is a particularly important passage in this regard: Take my instruction instead of silver, and knowledge rather than choice gold, for wisdom is better than jewels, and all that you may desire cannot compare with her (wisdom) (Prov. 8:10–11).

The grace aspect of spiritual growth

All believers are able to understand and to store knowledge of the Word of God. I pray that He [God] may grant you, according to the riches of His glory, to be strengthened with power through His Spirit in the inner man, and that the Messiah may dwell in your hearts through faith. I pray that you, being rooted and firmly established in love, may be able to comprehend with all the saints what is the length and width, height and depth of God's love, and to know the Messiah's love that surpasses knowledge, so you may be filled with all the fullness of God (Eph. 3:16–19). Being able to grow spiritually from the Word of God is not limited to people with high IQ’s. If a person has an IQ high enough to understand having faith in Jesus Christ, that same person is able to comprehend with all the saints Bible doctrine. This appears to be strictly a New Testament phenomenon.

This grace system requires that we be taught; ideally by a pastor-teacher

Paul and the other Apostles taught Bible doctrine; however, this was eventually handed off to men like Titus and Timothy, who were pastor-teachers (an Apostle had authority over all churches; a pastor-teacher has authority over only one church at a time). If you have been in a church for over a year, and they have never made it clear to you how to have your fellowship with God restored; if they have never made to perspicuous that the filling of the Holy Spirit comes with the naming of your sins to God, then you are in the wrong church. That is the most fundamental mechanic of the spiritual life after salvation. The authority of your pastor-teacher means very little if they are not teaching you the most fundamental doctrine. See also Heb. 13:7, 17. In the book of Genesis, God appears to teach many men directly (He speaks directly to Adam and the woman in the spiritual part of the day; He spoke directly to Cain after his sin; God is said to walk with Noah and with Enoch, which suggests conversation).


If you are geographically removed from a good church, then may I commend to you one of the pastors from this list:

http://kukis.org/Links/thelist.htm Most of these pastors have a means by which you can hear the Word of God taught regularly and carefully (they either stream their sermons online, or they make their lessons available as MP3 files, or you can call and have CD’s or DVD’s of their lessons sent to you. In all cases, there is no charge and none of the pastors listed should ever ask you for money.

Such a grace system involves believing Bible doctrine

There is more to spiritual growth than simply academic excellence; the key is believing in what you are taught. Now without faith it is impossible to please God, for the one who draws near to Him must believe that He exists and rewards those who seek Him [which is positive volition toward Bible doctrine] (Heb. 11:6). This particular chapter (Gen. 6) is about men who, having believed in Jesus Christ, then took their faith even further to believe in the Word of God and to conduct their lives in the sphere of that faith. The Word did not profit those hearing it, not having been mixed with faith in the ones who heard (Heb. 4:2). Hearing the Word of God is not enough; one must believe the Word of God; your hearing must be mixed with faith. By faith Noah, being warned by God concerning events as yet unseen, in reverent fear constructed an ark for the saving of his household. By this he condemned the world and became an heir of the righteousness that comes by faith (Heb. 11:7). Noah believed what God told him and built an ark, and, by this, condemned the world.

As an aside, faith gets a bum rap in our age of science, where people are falsely led to believe that all that we know can be proven or reasoned out. If this were true, then all scientists and all philosophers would agree on everything, but they don’t. Faith is an integral part of every person’s perception—even the perception of a scientist. This is why some scientists, for instance, believe in man-caused global warming and other scientists repudiate this notion.

Such grace growth is available only to believers

For who among men knows the concerns of a man except the spirit of the man that is in him? In the same way, no one knows the concerns of God except the Spirit of God. Now we have not received the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, in order to know what has been freely given to us by God. We also speak these things, not in words taught by human wisdom, but in those taught by the Spirit, explaining spiritual things to spiritual people. But the natural man does not welcome what comes from God's Spirit, because it is foolishness to him; he is not able to know it since it is evaluated spiritually. The spiritual person, however, can evaluate everything, yet he himself cannot be evaluated by anyone. For: who has known the Lord's mind, that he may instruct Him? But we have the mind of Christ (1Cor. 2:11–16). In Genesis (as in the rest of the Bible), the key is always the spiritual line (or genealogy). God follows the lives of some and some genealogies, but these are always limited in scope. The Bible focuses on those who believe in Jehovah Elohim and who exercise faith in God’s teachings after they have believed.

Spiritual maturity

Believers reach spiritual maturity by being in fellowship and learning Bible doctrine at the foot of an accurate pastor-teacher (metaphorically speaking). Jesus Christ spent most of His ministry teaching. Paul, after he did the work of an evangelist, then established churches for the purpose of disseminating truth. This is equivalent to Noah being called perfect or complete.

Walking with God

A spiritually mature believer then has his remaining years called walking with God. You cannot walk with God if you have limited spiritual growth. If you are spiritually immature, then God will go one way and you will go another. Walking with God means that you, as a mature believer, remain in fellowship for extended periods of time and operate according to the truth that is within you. We find this with Enoch (Gen. 5:22, 24) and Noah (Gen. 6:9). We find this same kind of phrasing in the New Testament as well (Luke 1:6 1Cor. 7:17 Col. 1:10). For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared before that we would walk in them (Eph. 2:10).

These are the foundational steps in the Christian life: faith in Jesus Christ, returning to fellowship with God by naming your sins to Him, and growth through knowledge of the Word of God.

Noah and his family would have had a similar spiritual support system. However, the mechanics (which may be almost identical) are not fully enumerated in the first few chapters of Genesis. These stages are only alluded to in this verse: Noah was a justified [righteous] man and perfect [complete, spiritually mature] in his generations. Noah walked with God (Gen. 6:9b).

As an aside, when you witness to another person, it is not necessary to convince them of the validity of the Bible, the truth of Bible doctrine, the power of the filling of the Holy Spirit or of the importance of free enterprise and limited government. You make one thing clear to them: Believe in Jesus Christ, and you are saved. You may get to this point in a number of different ways, but that is the essence of the gospel (good news) of Jesus Christ. For the unbeliever, whose thinking may be far removed from the truth, you can only reach them only through the gospel of Jesus Christ (and, if you know them, through the integrity of your life).


We will next begin to examine Noah, the ark and the deluge.


Gen 6:9 This is the genealogical line and history of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect [spiritually mature] during his time period [or, among his contemporaries]. Noah walked with God.


We would reasonably have to understand the Noah’s knowledge was vast and that he was spiritually mature. How else could he live in a world which is so corrupted and so filled with false knowledge pontificated by brilliant and lying speakers, and yet still be able to maintain his own moral and spiritual clarity? It would be like going to the typical college or university today, being exposed to almost nothing but liberal political thought, presented as facts, and walking out unaffected by it. When I was in college, I had 3 different teachers present their material as being founded upon evolution (a child development course, a math course, and, if memory serves, a course either on religion or education). This all occurred during the same year. Now, had I not some education up until that point, I might have just accepted evolution as being true (I realize that some of you reading this believe in evolution, and that is fine). If everyone believes in evolution, and no one but crazy flat-earth types believe anything different (or, so it is presented), then a person without any knowledge in this field is going to believe in evolution. This is even more likely when you have been taught evolution in your earliest science class in grammar school, where it is presented as fact (what 7 or 8 year old understands scientific theory as versus scientific fact?). The fact that some of you believe in evolution with great conviction with a faith which is stronger than your faith in Jesus Christ is the sort of pressure Noah was under, philosophically and spiritually speaking.


This is the environment in which Noah found himself—an environment filled with lies and falsehoods and half-truths, as presented by the most brilliant minds ever to be on this earth. With the exception of his own family, Noah only knew a few people in his life who understood truth (he apparently learned some truth from his ancestors). Everyone else spouted lies and distortions. The truth is a difficult thing to hold onto if everyone around you holds that to be false.


As an interesting diversion, during the Korean War, Communists captured Americans and studied their psyche, and they found it quite easy to sway and convince the American mind using a variety of psychological techniques. The Communists also discovered that the hardest people to manipulate were born again believers in Jesus Christ. They were able to confuse and manipulate many of the Americans which they captured, but they had a much more difficult time with the Christians.


The Communists even developed a plan by which to conquer the United States from the inside, all based upon the thinking of the American soldier. They learned how to manipulate him, and a plan was developed to manipulate the thinking of Americans in a similar fashion.


Had Noah been an American, his thinking would not have been affected. He lived in an environment of lies and distortions, and yet his own thinking was uncorrupted.


Gen 6:9 This is the genealogical line and history of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect [spiritually mature] during his time period [or, among his contemporaries]. Noah walked with God.


We have discussed this in the previous lesson: Noah was justified (saved) and he was spiritual mature (perfect, complete, uncorrupted).


——————————


And so caused [a woman] to bring forth Noah three sons: Shem, Ham and Japheth.

Genesis

6:10

Noah sired three sons: Shem, Ham and Japheth.

Noah became the father of three sons: Shem, Ham and Japheth.


Here is how others have translated this verse:


Ancient texts:

 

Targum of Onkelos                And Noah begat three sons, Shem, Cham, and Japheth.

Latin Vulgate                          And he begot three sons, Sem, Cham, and Japheth.

Masoretic Text (Hebrew)        And so caused [a woman] to bring forth Noah three sons: Shem, Ham and Japheth.

Peshitta (Syriac)                    And Noah begot three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

Septuagint (Greek)                And Noah begot three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

 

Significant differences: 


Thought-for-thought translations; paraphrases:

 

Easy English                          Noah had three sons called Shem, Ham and Japheth.

New Living Translation           Noah was the father of three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.


Partially literal and partially paraphrased translations:

 

American English Bible          ...and he fathered three sons; Shem, Ham, and JaPheth.

New American Bible              ...for he walked with God, begot three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

NIRV                                      Noah had three sons. Their names were Shem, Ham and Japheth.

New Jerusalem Bible             Noah fathered three sons, Shem, Ham and Japheth.


Mostly literal renderings (with some occasional paraphrasing):

 

Complete Jewish Bible           Noach fathered three sons, Shem, Ham and Yefet.

Ferar-Fenton Bible                 And Noah had three sons given to him, Shem, Ham and Japheth.

New Advent Bible                  And he begot three sons, Sem, Cham, and Japheth.

NET Bible®                             Noah had [Heb "fathered."] three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

The Scriptures 1998              And Noaḥ brought forth three sons: Shĕm, Ḥam, and Yepheth.


Literal, almost word-for-word, renderings:

 

English Standard Version      And Noah had three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

exeGeses companion Bible   ...and Noach births three sons,

Shem, Ham and Yepheth.

Fred Miller’s Revised KJV     And three were born sons to Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth.

Hebrew Names Version         Noach became the father of three sons: Shem, Cham, and Yefet.

LTHB                                     And Noah fathered three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

Syndein                                   And Noah sired/'caused the birth of' three sons: Shem, Ham/Cham, and Japheth/Yepheth. {Note: Noah's 3 sons were also believers and pure humanity. They all had wives who were believers and pure humanity also.}.

World English Bible                Noah became the father of three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

Young's Updated LT              And Noah begets three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

 

The gist of this verse:          Noah had three sons: Shem, Ham and Japheth.


Genesis 6:10a

Hebrew/Pronunciation

Common English Meanings

Notes/Morphology

BDB and Strong’s Numbers

wa (or va) (וַ) [pronounced wah]

and so, and then, then, and; so, that, yet, therefore, consequently; because

wâw consecutive

No Strong’s # BDB #253